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Image 5 of Kentucky fruit notes, vol. 3, No. 2, July 1946

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

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inet t apples, fall apples and winter lll)- tion that ripen before Transparent { a I prog makes the problem ot control Most ot` them, like Early May Live; or · more dit'l'icult. ln a mixed orchard land. and Colton, are so poor yin one 3rop i it ig much easier for the t‘t_»tllln_lL \\'it)' 0i` another that they are not ries, moth to develop. and maintain his worth considering. The variety the t two or three hroods if he can select Early Ripe is the same as Trans- 2 of — the riper fruit for his home as the parent. lher season develops. A Jonathan and We have only three trees of row- Ti·anspai·etit orchard mixed will (.`l`|lTlStlH Beauty, sometimes called ap- 4 have more worms on both varieties liarly lied Bird, growing at the sta- cky, than if either were grown alone. tion. They are on poor ground and arly Summer apples are as resistant to interplanted in an older orchard so na- winter and frost damage as the we have no fair basis to formlan Oli]- later varieties. llitter rot is more opinion of them from our exper- f. I ` extensive on late apples than on ience. According to those three no ‘ early apples. in south l\ilissouri. trees, which were planted in 1937, that . ljarly apples bring in money at at they are very light croppers when rket time when it is most needed. The young; in fact, they have borne only j risk of drouth. hail and wind is re- a few apples on each tree in the s to doeed_ if we harvest the crop early. last two vears. However most all The eost of raising a bushel of ap- trees I have observed ini North V ples is less on early apples. Missouri are splendid growing trees. .hcy _ _ _ They ripen at or about the time of list- \iU`l€tl€S Transparent and can be picked a Mlli ' \\'hen ve select early varieties to {UW 05i early HDPl€ W9 g1`0W at bs enough. the station is Lodi. Although it does Sui - The picking and ripening date NUT l`ll>€¤ until H f€\‘\' days Bftef lily. g Of lh,. gigs,. hpp],. is upout tho Transparent. it can be picked at the ` de - same, as it will color almost over same time. It is unquestionably *1 a> night. and it should have some eolor larger and although it does not bear (H to sell. At Mountain Grove. that as hezivy as the "on" year of an al- l‘ date is about June 28. or about lwtliltllléi T1`iin$l381`€nt»1th35 H CFOP ples . seven days earlier than Transpar- every year. Tree characteristics are C ls - ent. I have never seen a commer- llettei`. as it produces a tree with I cial planting of Close trees. The \\`€ll·Fl¤il¢‘l‘€l l€‘ild€1`$ and 800d fm few trees we have at the station ¢‘l`t>tt‘lieS. At the Station it does not Qt . are 14 years t>ltl_ and hayo l)(ii‘i]t~ blight as much as Transparent. The I it about t; t-i—ops_ Tho treo olimaetoi-- fruit has the texture and quality istics are good It is riprigltt__ of Transparent. which the con- H€i— sturdy. and a vigorous grower. The sinner of early apples looks for. ove; leaves are large like the Astrachan, So much depends on size in an t on ‘ one of its parents. Production has early apple of the Lodi. Transpar- nies _ not been heavy, nor has it been ent. or Wrixparent type. that we 9nl_}' ~ light. It is not an alternate bearer. as can overlook some less important t is yet. As you knotv. it ripens very adverse characteristics. I have less unevenly and must he picked six seen large Transparents sell for ` ·osts or eighttimes. The apple is incdium $1.50 per bushel. when small ones HSGS _ Sized, of good quality, juicy and would not bring 75e. Ihave seen that - briskly acid. It is the earliest ripen- scabby large ones sell, when clean yles, ing apple of over 500 varieties test- small ones would not sell. ’ the ed at the station. When we re- When we see a new variety pro- of eeived our Close trees t`rom the dueing large apples on a young . The U. S. D. A., we also received the tree. it may be a mistake to take it »rms _ following: U. S. 15. 48. 49, 30. and tor granted the fruit will always be orm 3l2. All of tlicm resemble Close large. They may be large on a So, butripen later. Some arcbettcr in young tree and too small on a ieen size, color and cvenness of ripen- mature tree. I believe it is agreed DCKS lng. So far as I know, Close ($57) that the Transparent—type apple ere is the only one named. 'l`here are makes excellent applesauce. In a mer several other varieties at the sta- New York report recently, it was 5 ' ` ~ A.?