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Page 431 of Nineteenth century and after : a history year by year from A.D. 1800 to the present (vol. 1)/ by Edwin Emerson, Jr. and Marion Mills Miller ; illustrated with eight colored plates and sixteen full-page engravings and two maps.

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FALL OF RICHELIEU'S MINISTRY Belgians, Dutch, Spanish, or inhabitants of the departments of the Rhine, under the directions of my executors, one hun- dred thousand francs. To be distributed among those who suffered amputation or were severely wounded at Liguy or Waterloo, who may be still living, according to lists drawn up by my executors. The Guards shall be paid double, those of the Island of Elba quadruple, two hundred thousand francs." A curious bequest was that of 10,000 francs to Cantillon, a French subaltern, who was tried and acquitted for the at- tempted assassination of the Duke of Wellington in Paris February 11, 1818. Napoleon thus explained this bequest: "Cantillon had as much right to assassinate that oli- garchist as the latter had to send me to perish upon the rock of St. Helena. Wellington, who proposed this outrage, at- tempted to justify it by pleading the interest of Great Brit- ain. Cantillon, if he had really assassinated that lord, would have pleaded the same excuse, and been justified by the same motive-the interest of France-to get rid of this general, who, moreover, by violating the capitulation of Paris, had rendered himself responsible for the blood of the martyrs Nev, Labedoyere, etc., and for the crime of having pillaged the museums, contrary to the text of the treaties." This last legacy was not paid until 1855, when Napoleon III discharged it. Late in the year the Ministry of Duc de Richelieu suc- cuimbed to the machinations of Comte d'Artois, The ex- plosion of a barrel of gunpowder in the royal palace raised apprehensions of another painful scene, like that preceding the fall of the Ministry of Decazes. Richelien resigned, and Villele took his place. Chateaubriand was sent to London as Ambassador. The 4th of March fell on a Sunday, and Monroe was the first American President to be inaugurated on the 5th. Mis- 431 1821