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Image 2 of Kentucky fruit notes, vol. 2, No. 12, -11- 1945

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

* in most Kentucky orchards if per- satisfactory spray or dust control. ‘~ manent injury is to be avoided. Spray tests _with DDT in Kentucky - Curculio. Unusually warm weath· $1150 ¥3eli,l§?/Eoullfglahiilrzlgl g*i;¤Q,,;g¤ c er late in March and in early_ April isis ‘CSt `Dcmiis of the tests wig caused overwintering curculros to bc sgiwéd in the next number of l * appear quite early but theyt did th0rFl_u“it Notes ‘ cgi not appear in numbers excep on ' . _ 1 · the outside rows of a few problem 'Cot Péoco $or`§.o°mg oai p°o°tr;o’ fui r orchards. This early, spotty appear- o'oS_ og mtueitnod o. pro Veo';1 (FS are i ance of adults. plus early peach riee1_n_ eugiret (fr ie mtiie els r` BV development along with cold weath- om; 5 ro leo e ess on per' be er during much of April was cori- wo omdge no fusing to growers and made e- U fective timing of sprays difficult. All _ IHDEEAIEES ’ _ qu 1-sis ¤¤1‘¤¤1i<· 1¤1¤i‘>’ t¤ 1‘1¤<=¤i¤g pr·0bri>i'§ ethic Iifa-St driiiicén $23; it Y peaches oeveropoo ro o few prob' within the memory of most Ken- Of . lem orchards. In one Henderson iuciv fl.ungl.Owc1.s Of the major st orchard, for example, the Elberta n.ui`{ diseases apnic scan peach C0 · Crop rem about ro percent wormy scab cherryeleaf spot brown rot dr - while a small block of Hales near On émchss and piumS’ fire biighi W a ravine was 50_ D€1`€€¤t \‘·’01`mY· On pggys and ;;pples—ail were gen- ti· Jorrmg ooo roorrog reeoroe. eug` erally serious and caused verv gest that much of this late rniury Severe dsmagc to the i9_i5 {mi, · was due to delayed first-brood at- Cm Biiicr mt ususiiy imoihmi , teek rsthsr theo o true Seemed serious apple disease in Kentucky. brood In generer growers who for did not develop to the degree that lowsd e fom spray program emoe other diseases did Black rot of through with very good Cureuho grapes caused some serious local _ control. This season adds more iosscs mit was not igenersny as · evidence to the belief that western mvaigm Or as destructive as the Kentucky Peach grewere in geoereh other diseases mentioned Peach ‘ need to include the mOoth`befOre` leaf curl ewaseserious in a Ifew un- . harvest dust or spray 1n the control sprayed Orchards Whiie appic Cedar 1 program' rust and quince rust caused un- Much 31`$€¤i€31 injury to Dcéloh usually heavy losses in apple or- foliage T€$U1r€d this YQQY fmm thi? chards that were near large growths €3T1Y lead 3Y$€‘Yl3t€ SDYZIYS f0I` €U1`· of red cedar and in sections where V culio control. Defoliation was so thsgg djssascs me pl-Gv;;1.gm_ · serious rn some orchards that many Discsscs in gcncisi were cnccni, growers are considering the use of used by thc, Very Wet, Qsriy spring moro door opprroorrorrs m Amo ro“ and summer which combined con- turon Whlch Seom to ooose much ditions favorable for their develop- ross mJurY· ment and unfavorable for effective Oriental Fruit Moth. Twig injury $ProYmg· Toror ross or o ¤¤mb~1` Z on peaches was hard to find early or _oPPro Crops from mb, rotor or" i in the Season but the Of iiO1lE]tlOI`1 of 'HYHUY SOUP Ch€l`l`y p1Hni‘ K June, when twig collections were mgs from Chewy roar $Por» Commoro L made for parasite studiesywilted ross Of Some peach CYOPS {rom F twigs were rather abundant in broom rot amd rho loo poroom i many Wcsicin Kcnincks, ci.cnai.cis_ speckrng or frecklrng of other peach g Harvest counts indicate that orien- orooo rrom pooorrooob brought our i ini mOth cininiicc Wns nnnsnciiy just how destructive these diseases severe this past season, running as can be and wamcd CVQYY €l`0“’°r` ; high as a fourth of the Elbepta cl-Op that 111 Such years none but the Q inini.cd_ in cnc ci.chcn.ci7 hciwcvcn best control measures can be ex- , Wncrc inc bcncficini ncncsiicy pec_ted to succeed. In spite of these I Malcroccntrus ancvlivrous Rcnwci. serious disease conditions, a num- is well established, only 3-percent bor or groofors were omo te Pro' damage was found. Unfortunately dues, oxooprromrrry ororm amd mgrr _. most attempts to colonize this para- ooorrrY crops or rrmro rroooroso to s site in our orchards have failed. Sgiicigr v<;;1;l1sg&ii1;;$t1i*Os { MON? damage f1`01T1 0Y1€¤'¤€1l 1110th did not pay off, qand these men are has increased the demand for some due a great deal of credit. . I 2 I