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Image 7 of Kentucky fruit notes, vol. 1, No. 11, August, 1939 to September, 1939

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

.k t and to listen to the discussions. In this is affected with the same " the morning a large group was lead on diseases. This is an example of the 1 inspection trips through the orchards damage being done by these diseases Y` by Mr. W. W. Magill, Extension Horti- generally over the state this year. 1 enlturlst. The raspberries and small The raspberry spray test plots were l` truit plantings were visited by smaller digcugggd_ Ou the Latham variety r groups. the portion that was unsprayed in . W In the peach orchard a study of 1938 lost practically all of the over- 0 various degrees of pruning was made. winterlng canes and produced no V D Trees cut back moderately after the berries this season. The sprayed por- t crop was lost in 1938 were not carry- tions that received three bordeaux B ing as large a crop as trees that were sprays during the summer of 1938 . 2 not cut back. The Bile of the fruit came through in excellent condition ` on the cut trees was larger however. and produced a good crop this season. is Some breakage of limbs in high topped The Flaming Giant variety of rasp- xt trees was observed. Trees in les- berries on both the sprayed and un- lg pedeze sod and in various types of sprayed portions lived through the p ld cultivation were studied. Due to the winter and produced a fair crop. On , lc Shorliige of Ydlu during July many this variety also the sprayed portion of the trees carrying a full crop of yielded fifty per cent more than the _ S' fruit on thin soil were suffering for unsprayed portion. It is this ability _ lg moisture. Spray tests were studied. of the Flaming Giant variety to par- ; ad Brown Rot was found in the Hale tially survive without sprays, along Dr variety while none was found in the with its earliness, that explains why 'S' Elberta trees. Four varieties of early most of the raspberries produced in . l` `p` peaches, Cumberland, Radiance, De- western Kentucky at present are of ; if licious, and Viceroy were ripe and the this variety. 3 e V ui visitors enjoyed some treo rioened rn the afternoon, the Horticul- I lh fruit. Thi? Elbefm and Hale V1'1 ture section presided over by Prof. g UBS WETB & \'k to ten days f1`01 A. J. Olney, Head of the Department V i in maturity. of Horticulture at the University of 2 ` th The new variety peach orchard Kentucky, was attended by about 75 I L ge planted this spring on terraced land growers from tlfteen counties who (_ Z M and cultivated on the contour was of heard discussions on subjects of time- 1 .j___ ud much interest. It is planted down to ly interest to the fruit grower. Dr. be soy beans. The portions that were Joe H. Gourley, Chief of Horticulture, E t.. limed aud Dhosphated iu the fall of Ohio State University, discussed M; 1938 are supporting a much heav- orchard soil management problems, Bp ier bean growth than the untreated relating experimental results which ji portions, were or great interest to the assem- In the apple orchard disease and bled growers. He related the flue 5S if insect specimens were studied. Lack results that had been had in Ohio of pollination was pointed out in this using a continuous heavy mulch under planting which consists of stayman, apple trees and stated that trials Delicious, Winesap, and Transparents. there showed organic matter in soils Cedar rust and quince rust are very under mulch remained at a high level in bad in this planting which is located but that when clean cultivation was of near a great many wild cedars. It was used, the organic matter was burned Bm pointed out that over 1,000 apples that up in spite of heavy crops of organic 2S had been knocked off by these diseases matter being turned under. He sug- um had been picked up to date under one gested the use of XlZr8. nitrates ap- "'' Stayman tree, This tree at present is plied to the sod in orchards 8.11d 8d- ESS carrying a light crop and a portion of joing meadows and lespedeza fields