xt700000086f https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt700000086f/data/mets.xml University of Kentucky. Libraries Lexington, Kentucky University of Kentucky Alumni Association 191512 journals  English University of Kentucky Alumni Association Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky alumnus Kentucky Alumnus, vol. 7, no. 3, December 1915 text images Kentucky Alumnus, vol. 7, no. 3, December 1915 1915 2012 true xt700000086f section xt700000086f Em i     ‘»~··     - ~ 2= 7 3 `··» t ‘ · ‘ » 'v‘#‘‘ ‘ ‘ 5 " ·‘ I °·i *‘·`   `‘‘‘,·. ·   ‘* “’·‘*‘ ``'`’ · ”*’v°’ ·‘»* *’· 'i 1 “‘i’*  ·*i~*1****7*·<*5:‘*fi*’”¤’¥’?"é`??W§?*·~ .·.» · .—   2
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Bulletin of the State University of Kentucky (
r VOL. VII. DECEMBER, 1915. No. 3
§ -—— 1
The Policy of The Alumnus . ..................... 5
Associate Members . ......................... 5
Alumnus Sentiment . ......................... 6
Life Members. ............................ 6
Does It Appeal To You?. ....................... 7
Our Infants. . . . ........................ 8
Just Supposing .............................. 8
Sketches of the Origin and Growth of The State University . .......
........................ Dr, Jas. K. Patterson 9
Maxwell Springs ................... Mrs. M. A. Scovell 11
The Home Coming ............................ 17
Review of the Foot Ball Season, 1915 ................... 18
John Allen Dean, "74 ........,................ 22
James H. Gardner, ’04 ........,.............,. 22
Frank G. Cutler, ’01 ......................... 22
Flemen C. Taylor, ’02 ......................... 23
Leonard B. Allen, ’99 ......................... 24
W. L. Bronaugh, ’99 ......................... 25
Henry C. Anderson, ’97 . ....................... 26
Mary E. Sweeny, ’06 ......................... 26
McHenry Holbrook, ’14 . ..,... -- ................ 27
A. S. Reese . ............................. 28
James T. Ellis ...... ` ...................... 28
Harry S. Brower ........................... 29
Taylor Tarletin .......................... _ . . 30
Early History of Athletics at State ............. A. M. Mzller 30
Sad Accident to a Freshman ....................... 40
Removal of the Weather Bureau ..................... 41
The University .............................. 42
Student Life ............................... 45
Class Secretary Section . ......................... 51
Alumnus Clubs ........... 2 . ................ 56
, Marriages, Births, Deaths——In Memoriam . ................ 63
The next issue of the Alumnus will appear in February, 1916.
To Alumni the dues and subscription are $2.00 per year; to former students
and friends, $1.00; single copies, 20 cents.
J. D. TURNER, Editor.

Alumni Representatives on Board of Trustees
GEoRcE G. BROCK, London, Ky.
J01»1N E. BROWN, Shelbyville, Ky. A 
A P1—1IL11· P. JOHNSTON, JR., Lexington, Ky. I
SAMUEL B. MARKS, Lexington, Ky.
JoHN W. Woons, Ashland, Ky.
General Association
M. E. Jo1—1NsToN, President, Lexington, Ky.
MRs. MARTHA WHITE BLESSING, Vice—President, Swarthmore, Pa.
J. D. TURNER, Acting Secretary-Treasurer, Lexington, Ky.
Executive Committee
W. E. FREEMAN, Chairman, Lexington, Ky.
FRANK BATTAILE, Lexington, Ky.
J. W. MCFARLIN, Franklin, Ky.
Miss LUcY K. HUTc11cRAI~·T, Lexington, Ky. '
MRs. CHARLES J. SMITH, Lexington, Ky.
WALLAcE HOEINc, Louisville, Ky.
Class Secretaries
1915 CLYDE TAYLoR, Nicholasville, Ky.
1914 R. C. DAENEY and E. H. NOLLAU, Lexington, Ky.
1913 A. T. BRYs0N, Ashland, Ky.
1912 J. R. DUNCAN, State University, Lexington, Ky.
1911 OLLINE CRUICKSHANK, Georgetown, Ky.
1910 D. V. TERRELL, State University, Lexington, Ky.
1909 H. H. LO\VRY, 401 Eighth Avenue, LaGrange, Ill.
1908 FRANK BATTAILE, Lexington, Ky.
1907 L. E. HILLENINIEYER, Lexington, Ky.
1906 ANNA WALLIS, 326 Aylesford Place, Lexington, Ky.
1905 HARRY EDVVARDS, R. F. D., Lexington, Ky.
1904 W. E. FREEMAN, State University, Lexington, Ky.
1903 MARGUERITE MCLAUGPILIN, 226 E. Maxwell St., Lexington, Ky.
1902 T. J. BARR, State University, Lexington, Ky.
1901 G. H. HAILEY, Cleary—Wl1ite Construction C0., Chicago, Ill.
1900 L. K. FRANKEL, State University, Lexington, Ky.
1899 GEORGE ROBERTS, Experiment Station, Lexington, Ky.
1898 HENRY CLAY WILSON, Lexington, Ky. ,
1897 MAIKY E. CLARKE, Lexington, Ky. }
1896 J. I. LYLE, 39 Cortlandt Street, New York City. ·
1895 ZMVARY L. DIIILARE, Experiment Station, Lexington, Ky. i
` 1894 MRs. P. F. KESHEILIER, Madison Place, Lexington, Ky.
1893 J. R. JOHNSON, Richmond, Ky.
1892, 1891 and 1890 (To be selected). ’
1889, 1888 and 1887 H. E. CURTIS, Experiment Station, Lexington, Ky.
1886 to 1869 A. M. PETER, Experiment Station, Lexington, Ky.

·Alumni Clubs I
Birmingham, Alabama. ,
J. Miles Sprague, ,07, President, Ensley, Ala.
H. J. Wurtele, ’04, Vice-President, Ensley, Ala.
A. B. Haswell, ’13, Secretary-Treasurer, Ensley, Ala.
l  Chicago, Illinois. ‘
~ H. H. Lowry, ’09, President, 401 Eighth Avenue, LaGrange, Ill. 9
J. B. Sanders, ,11, Vice-President, 108 S. Stone Ave., LaGrange, Ill.
F. H. Graham, ’08, Secretary-Treasurer, 204 N. Mason Ave., Chicago, Ill.
Columbus, Ohio.
A. E. Waller, ’14, President, Department of Agronomy, O. S. U., Columbus, O.
Phil E. Richards, ’15, Secretary, Dept. of Agronomy, O. S. U., Columbus, O.
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Paul S. Ward, ’98, President, 1646 Cedar Ave., Cincinnati, O.
W. P. Sayers, Vice-President, 219 W. Fourth St., Cincinnati, O.
J. J. Thompson, ’03, Secretary-Treasurer, 201 Pearl St., Cincinnati, O.
Detroit, Michigan.
. J. E. Bolling, 'I5, Secretary, 212 Medbury Ave., Detroit, Mich.
I Lexington, Kentucky.
M. E. Johnston, ’00, President, 230 S. Limestone St., Lexington, Ky.
S. B. Marks, ’99, Vice-President, 243 Rodes Ave., Lexington, Ky.
Margaret McLaughlin, ’03, Secty., 226 E. Maxwell St., Lexington, Ky.
Mary L. Didlake, ’95, Treasurer, 481 E. Main St., Lexington, Ky.
Lexington Alumnae Club.
· Mary E. Clarke, ,97, President, Lexington, Ky.
Inez Gillis, ,13, Vice President, Lexington, Ky.
Mrs. J. H. Kastle, ,91, Secretary, Lexington, Ky.
Louisville, Kentucky.
S. L. Pottinger, ,92, President, 627 E. Broadway, Louisville, Ky.
Eugenia S. McCullough, ’06, Secretary, 2304 Alta Ave., Louisville, Ky.
Nashville, Tennessee.
J. M. Foster, 7II, President, 1909 Division St., Nashville, Tenn.
Eugene Gilliland, ’o4, Vice-President, 845 Meridian St., Nashville, Tenn.
John J. Tigert, ,09, Secretary-Treasurer, 1905 West End Ave., Nashville, Tenn.
New York City.
` Perry West, ’01, President, 6 Ninth St., Newark, N. J.
j L. L. Lewis, ,07, Vice-President, 39 Cortlandt St., New York.
` Chas. White, ’09, Secretary-Treasurer, 521 W. 122d St., New York.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
V Frank Daugherty, ’0I, President, 2109 Chestnut St., Philadelphia. _
K. F. Anderson, ,07, Vice-President, University of Pa., Philadelphia.
H. Logan, ,10, Secretary—Treasurer, 1530 S. 55th St., Philadelphia.

i Pittsburg, Pennsylvania.
{ H. S. Fry, ’o4, President, Box 247, Rochester, Pa.
D. C. Estill, ’07, Secretary-Treasurer, 1312 Oliver Bldg., Pittsburg, Pa.
, Schenectady, New York.
_ C. M. Roswell, ’08, President, 724 Brandywine Ave., Schenectady, N. Y.
j L. C. Hardesty, ,12, Secretary, 2I Royle St., Schenectady, N. Y. ,
' South Africa. _
H. W. Taylor, ’o6, President, Rustenburg, Transvaal, South Africa. {
I J. du P. Oosthuizen, ’I2, Secretary-Treasurer, Vredefort, O. F. S., South Africa.
St. Louis, Missouri.
A. C. Ball, ,II, President, 721 Chemical Bldg., St. Louis, Mo.
Washington, District of Columbia.
P. M. Riefkin, ’06, President, Department of Interior, Bureau of Mines, Wash-
ington, D. C.
` W. G. Campbell, ,02, Vice-President, Department of Agriculture, Bureau of
Chemistry, Washington, D. C.
F. H. Tucker, ’09, Secretary, Chemist, Bureau of Standards, Washington, D. C.
Without doubt the address of nearly every one on the list below is known
j to some alumnus. The price of a post card, which will be refunded upon
` request, and a little effort would bring the desired information to the oihce
of the Secretary. The tragedy is that "1ittle effort" is so big for some of us.
~ Really, how big is it to you? Let the effort be a pleasure to serve and send
along the information with other alumni news.
Moses S. Cole, ’78. F. Y. Johnson, ’o4.
Caleb S. Perry, ’79. C. F. Pearce, ’05.
Henry M. Wright, ,79. Herman F. Scholtz, ’05.
B. P. Eubank, 84. Charles R. Wright, ’05.
R. B. Walker, ’89. R. E. Dragoo, ’06.
Margaret Wilson, ’9o. R. P. Duvalle, ’0O.
John G. Maxey, ,92. W. H. Magee, ’o6.
U. A. Garred, ’o4. Fanny Weir (Mrs. H. Wilson) ’o6.
B. C. Keiser, ’94. Mary L. Bagby, ’07.
NV. C. Trigg, ’94. Florence M. Maddocks, ,07.
W. H. Sasser, ’99. F. M. Wheat, ’08.
Leslie Hundley, ’oo. ` L. D. Wallace, ’09.
, T. A. Jones, ’oo. W. O. Stackhouse, ’09.
Mary E. Neal, ’oo. W. E. Mosby, ,10.
Thomas B. Moore, ,01. S. W. Salyers, ’10.
W. H. Perkins, ’o1. J. A. Boyd, ,11.
U. A. Hatfield, ,02. John Rogers, ’11.
J. L. Stoner, ,02. J. T. Lowe, ,12.
T. F. Finneran, ’o3. R. A. Robinson, ,12. »
. Edward Rand, ’03. L. D. Covitz, ,13.
R. H. Arnett, ’o4. L. J.. Heinrich, ,13.
Lillian Austin, ’o4. Roy H. Thomas, ,13.
W. D. Gray, ’o4. Henry VV. Schoening, ,14.
Nancy B. Buford, ’o4. C. E. Blevins, ,14.
Bev. P. House, ’o4.

J o o v
Editorial Comment l
The policy of The Alumnus is fundamentally
The Policy of the Alumnus 3-5 follows: A
1. To serve as a medium between the `
University and the alumni, and among the alumni themselves.
2. To speak plainly and without color on all subjects under consideration ‘
affecting the Association and the University.
3. To assist in the development of the Association for service to the Uni- l
versity and the Commonwealth. |
4. It refuses to advance the propaganda or interest of any individual or i
set of individuals, clique or clan, for personal or selfish reasons. i
5. The spirit of The Alumnus is to freely give so far as it lies within .
its power to give, with no desire for reward except the consciousness of duty
well performed.
6. In this age of commercialism and materialism there is need that now
and then we have our attention withdrawn from such pursuits and have it
directed to the altruistic things of life. The Alumnus hopes to serve this
purpose to some extent.
=•= =•= >s< * =•=
It is proper to assume that every graduate of
Associate Members Kentucky State University should be considered
a member of the Alumni Association, because he
desires to keep alive his interest in his Alma Mater, to do what he can to make
it greater and better and to keep in touch with his fellow alumni and classmates.
It is then the bounden duty——more than a debt of honor, a debt of gratitude as
well—that he should support the Association and The Alumnus. For this
reason, every member is considered ex-officio an associate editor of The Alumnus
whose privileges as such are: To pay dues promptly; to iind fault; to send in
_ news items regularly; to goad the class secretary good and strong; and to show
1 his fellow alumni that he is a "ginger jar" in the work.
l There is considerable disposition on the part of the alumni to use The
`  Alumnus as a means of communication and as a medium for the expression
of opinion, which is very gratifying indeed. Communications on every subject
of possible interest, from alumni and old students as well, are solicited, but the
policy of The Alumnus should always be kept in mind in the preparation of such

` I
{ The most powerful thing in the world is senti-
Mumn; s,,,t;m,,,; ment. If unorganized, it is powerless; if organ-
i ized and concentrated, it is omnipotent.
There is nothing so bad in our civilization but that there are enough indi-
‘ viduals who oppose it to crush it. And likewise, there is not a good thing but
  that there are enough individuals who approve it to put it into effective opera- I
tion. The tragedy is that those whose sentiments are against evil and for good -
are generally unorganized. Selhsh interests are always organized. Our greatest .
problem is how to combine in an active organized body those whose sentiments
on any question of common weal are fundamentally sound.
This is no less true of alumni sentiment—sentiment of old students and
friends—for worthwhile service to Kentucky State. If this sentiment in the
citizenship of the State could be organized, Kentucky State University would
not suffer for want of adequate funds for such development as would enable her
to best serve the Commonwealth. If the Board of Trustees were one in senti-
ment and purpose, she would not suffer for want of proper guidance. If the
better sentiment of the citizenship of Lexington were organized and active, such
moral and home-like conditions would exist in our city that it would attract
hundreds of students to the University. If the faculty of the University could
become completely dominated by the one sentiment of supreme importance,
I public service through the training of young men and women for service to the
w State, we would be unique among the institutions of the country. Above all, if
rthe alumni and old students could be dominated by this conception of the pur-
pose of the University, they could bring to pass all the desirable things so many
long to see come to pass in Kentucky through the agency of the University.
We have graduated, accepting what Kentucky State had to offer, proud to
be numbered among her alumni, but we seldom realize our individual responsi-
bility for her present needs and future development. We have all formed some
college ideal, though we have done little to realize that ideal. We are possessed
of a degree of loyalty unknown to ourselves, as it has been so little cultivated.
We have sentiment, but it is a mere feeling and not active. It must be trans-
formed into action. The question is: How can we weld alumni sentiment into
an effective instrument for Alma Mater?
* * ¤•= =•= =•< ‘
Some twenty-tive years ago, when the Association ‘
Life Members was organized, there were only a few to answer
the roll call. The dues were inadequate for the
needed funds of the organization. Four of the Old Guard—Floete, Peter, ;
Kastle and Curtis—took out life membership in order to help the cause by fur- i
nishing immediate funds. A
` Since that time only five others have taken life membership in the Asso-
ciation, making a total of nine, as follows:
Franklin Floete, ,77, Spencer, Ia.
A. M. Peter, ’8o, Experiment Station, Lexington, Ky.

]. H. Kastle, ’84, Experiment Station, Lexington, Ky.
H. E. Curtis, ’88, Experiment Station, Lexington, Ky. ¢
]`. D. Turner, ’98, Experiment Station, Lexington, Ky.
W. H. Scherllius, ,99; Pretoria, South Africa.
G. W. Rice, (OI, Lakeview, Oregon.
_ F. C. Mahan, ’o6, Bureau of Lands, Manito, P. I. .
l Frank Battaile, ’08, Lexington, Ky. l
The life-membership fee is $20.00. It is thought desirable to raise the fee
to $30.00 or $40.00 at an early date. Those who would like to take advantage
of the $20.00 rate should make application at once. There should be at
least one hundred life members. ·
~ * * =•= =•= =•=
At the annual meeting in 1913, the following
poe, yl Appggl t., You? resolutions were presented to the Asocia- `
“Be it Resolved, That the several classes that have been `
graduated from the University be asked by this Association to  
contribute to the cost of painting and properly framing portraits E
of the distinguished men who have served the University-— 1
Prof. Helveti, Prof. Neville, Dr. Peter, Prof. Shackleford, P
Prof. White and President Patterson, said portraits to be hung `
on the walls of the University."  
This resolution was received and passed with unanimous approval, and with
a degree of reverence and gratitude that showed the deep interest that was ,
felt in the matter. A committee was appointed to carry out the purpose of
the Association, but it failed to organize, giving as its reason that the indi-
vidual members of the committee were too busy to give the work the attention ~
it deserved, and for this reason the work has been neglected.
- There are thousand of alumni and old students whose hardships have been
made lighter, whose memories have been made brighter, and whose lives have
been made better and happier by the help and guidance, by the intimate and
personal friendship, by the inspiration and influence of the personal contact A
of these great characters. Surely there are none of us but who believes that
this is a small way of expressing our love, our respect, our reverence and
· appreciation of these grand old men.
The treasurer holds only eleven dollars which have been given for this
cause. If it were possible to reach every alumnus and old student, it is believed
` that each and every one would contribute liberally. Since this is impossible, it
  means that a smaller number will have to take care of the proposition. It is a
* cause that should appeal to us all and we should give what we can towards it.
If it appeals to you, send the treasurer your check for whatever you feel you
can give.

‘ Since the last issue of The Alumnus, two new
0,,, hgut, clubs have been formed—one at Columbus, Ohio,
and the other at Detroit, Michigan. Both of
these clubs are made up largely of recent graduates and are full of "pep" and
enthusiasm. Their doings and activities will be watched with interest, as it is I
. confidently expected they will set a warm pace for some of the older clubs in .
this respect.
The Columbus Club is small in number, but makes up in enthusiasm. The
officers are: A. E. Waller, ,14, President; Phil E. Richards, ’I5, Secretary.
The Detroit Club is composed of twelve members and is a lively bunch, as
will be observed from the Secretary’s letter, John Esten Bolling. The Alumnus
has not been advised of the names of the other officers.
The Alumnus is pleased to introduce these infants to the Association and
congratulate the members on their loyalty and spirit of co-operation to the
Association and Alma Mater.
I If I should die tonight
s And you should come to my cold corpse and say,
Weeping and heartsick 0’er my lifeless clay-
If I should die tonight,
And you should come in deepest grief and w0e——
And say: "Here’s that ten dollars that I owe,"
I might arise in my large white cravat
And say, "What’s that?"
If I should die tonight
And you should come to my cold corpse and kneel,
Clasping my bier to show the grief you feel,
I say, if I should die tonight
And you should come to me, and there and then
Just even hint ’bout payin' me that ten,
I might arise the while,
But I’d drop dead again.
Our secrctary—treasurer is not the author of the above lines, but he says he
likes them. Ben King, the author, died suddenly in a hotel at Bowling Green,
Ky. The cause of his death is not stated in his biographical sketch. Perhaps _
some Kentucky Alumnus offered to give him ten dollars. Our secretary—treas—
urer is a man of strong constitution and robust build. He says he will guaran-

tee no evil consequence if any Alumnus in arrears should decide to send him in ,
two or four dollars to square up his account. But don’t overwhelm him.
. It is suggested that all delinquent members whose names begin with “A" send
him a check on Ianuary 1, the succeeding letters following on succeeding days.
In this way the shock will be distributed over a month and no evil effects will _
= follow. 1
All together now, let’s give the locomotive yell. l
A D1z1.1NQUaNr. ~
BY JAMES K. PATTERSON, PH. D., LL. D., F. R. H. S., Pmzsrnranr-EM12R1rUs. `
I have been requested by the editor of this magazine to prepare for its  
pages some sketches or reminiscences of the more important incidents connected i
with the origin and growth of the State University, formerly the Agricultural ll
and Mechanical, or State College of Kentucky, incidents with which I was more f
or less closely and personally concerned.  
To enable the reader to accompany me intelligently, it is expedient to begin  
at the beginning. ,
First in the order of time, is the Transylvania University from its origin `
until 1865; second, Kentucky University until 1865; third, the consolidation of .
Transylvania University and Kentucky University in 1865 under the corporate `
designation of Kentucky University; fourth, the alliance during the pleasure of ,
the Commonwealth of the Agricultural and Mechanical College with Kentucky
University as one of its colleges, 1865 to 1878; fifth, the dissolution of this
alliance in 1878 and the establishment of the Agricultural College on an inde- l
pendent basis.  
In consenting to prepare these sketches, I made it clear to the editor that .
I should not attempt to write a continuous history of the State University, leav-
ing this to my literary executor, from papers now in my possession, but only
some of the more important incidents in a corporate life full of interest and
. fraught with important results, I said to him that in these sketches, or reminis-
i cences, it would be impossible to eliminate the personal element in as much as
I was closely identified with much that will be embodied in them. I am the
only living person who was personally contemporary with and closely identified
· with much of what will be recorded. My connection with these educational
interests came about as follows:
Immediately after graduation from Hanover College, Indiana, in 1856, I
became Principal of the Presbyterian Academy in Greenville, Muhlenburg

i ° County, Kentucky, where I remained until 1859. I was then elected Principal
of the Preparatory Department of Stewart College, Clarksville, Tennessee, now
the Southwestem University, and removed thither in the autumn of that year.
Upon the resignation of Dr. Alexander Doak the year following, I was elected
Professor of Latin and Greek and so continued until the end of April, 1861,
‘ when the college, upon the outbreak of the Civil War, closed its doors, some
of the professors and a large number of the students having volunteered for
service in the Confederate army.
At this time the Principalship of Transylvania became vacant and the trus-
tees, of whom Madison Johnson was President and W. A. Dudley, Secretary,
elected me to fill the vacancy. I took charge of what was left of Transylvania
in September, 1861. Transylvania, during the greater part of the first half of
the nineteenth century, was the largest and best known institution of learning
west of the Alleghenies. Many men, celebrated as clergymen, lawyers, physi-
cians, statesmen and diplomats, received their education within its walls. Liberal
grants of land had been made by Virginia early in its history, for its main-
tenance. Little permanent income, however, accrued from these benefactions.
These grants of land had, through culpable mismanagement, been dissipated ‘
and lost. The City of Lexington had at different times, appropriated large
sums for its benefit and a considerable amount had been obtained from private
benefactors. Its College of Liberal Arts stood high, whileits College of Medi-
ii cine and its College of Law, surpassed all other professional colleges of the
VVest or South. The fees collected from its students added to the meager
income from other sources, supplied the necessary means of carrying on its
operations. But as State Universities grew in neighboring states, the patronage
of Transylvania declined. The removal of some of the ablest of its medical
faculty to Louisville and the establishment of a rival medical college in that city
was a severe blow. A corresponding blight fell upon the College of Law.
Shortly afterwards Transylvania ceased to discharge collegiate functions and
became, while retaining the corporate name of University, a high school only.
lt had beautiful grounds, good buildings, good scientific apparatus and labora-
tories and an annual income, including fees, of about $4,500. This income pro-
vided for the salaries of the principal and two competent assistants. The en-
rollment of students was about eighty or ninety and a finer lot of young men
could not be found in the Commonwealth.
Mathematics, Latin, Greek and English were the principal subjects of
study aud in these, students were prepared for the senior classes at Center and i
Georgetown colleges.
The next chapter will deal with the old Kentucky University and the transi-
tion period from 1861 to 1865. ~

By Mas. M. A. SCOVELL.
A ridge of land lying to the southeast of Lexington separates the head-
waters of Hickman Creek, the present city water supply, from those of the ~..
Town Fork of the Elkhorn Creek. This ridge extends from “Ashland," the  
home of Henry Clay, on the Richmond road, across the Tates Creek road to
beyond the old Montague place on the Nicholasville road. Most appropriately
were the waters flowing west from this ridge called Elkhorn. A map tracing
their course would bear more than a fancied resemblance to the outlines of a
noble pair of antlers. Some of the very tips of the town branch of this Elkhorn ,
have their origin on the Experiment Station farm or its environs.
The most notable of these groups is a series beginning with what was called -
in pioneer days a "Sinking Spring," which, gushing from a hillside, runs a dis-  
tance of two hundred yards or so, never going dry, to disappear in a natural 1
well in the ground. In the course of several hundreds yards it reappears in a i
` group of gently bubbling springs, a stone’s throw from one to the other—one at l
the foot of the home lawn of the late judge Mulligan, the second on the Uni-  
versity grounds, and the third between the rear of Patterson Hall and Winslow {
Street. 1*
These tips of the antler branches were nestled in the depths of majestic I
forests when they were first discovered by the hunters and trappers who pre-
ceded the earliest pioneers. The sunrises of many centuries glistened on these `
trickling waters through cane brake or shaded fern and moss to guide the deni- I
zens of the surrounding forests to drink at their life-giving fountains. Bear
and buffalo and wolf and panther met here and fought for domination and died. ,
Flights of wild birds darkened the air as they descended to these brimming cups.
Timid squirrels and all the lesser denizens also found their turn. The red
man, more swift and cunning than them all, took toll of them here with bow and `
arrow. Or, perhaps, these dusky warriors in war paint were wont to track here
the enemy and fight out their battles. A hundred years of plow and hoe have l
not sufficed to wholly clear the soil of the Hints sped from the bows of these l
warriors of the “dark and bloody ground." `
In the course of time the settlers of the white race came. A tip of the  
Elkhorn was enclosed by the Block House of Lexington, between Main Street
l and the railroad and between Mill Street and Broadway. Here, in this Block
‘ House, April 13, 1778, were married john and Sarah Maxwell, the iirst bride
` and groom to receive congratulations in this favored land. They chose the site `
» of their cabin and future home near the larger of the three springs, a stone’s
_ throw from one another, where Patterson Hall now stands. They lived here
forty years, giving their name to this group of beautiful springs and, later, to
the historic homes of Maxwelton and Maxwell Place.
Mr. Ranck, to whom local history is much indebted, fortunately copied

]ohn Maxwell’s epitaph from the old Maxwell graveyard on Bolivar Street
before it was destroyed by the encroachments of workhouse and tobacco ware-
` houses. The old pioneer had elected that his body should rest near the foot of
the gently sloping hill of his own front woodland and the murmur of the rippling
, rill running from his own household fountain. Here he buried his mother in
i 1804 and his wife in 1811, and was himself laid to rest by his children in 1819.
His epitaph read:
“_lohn Maxwell,
. Died July 13, 1819. _
Aged 72 years.
Emigrated from Scotland to the United States in 1751,
and to the wilds of Kentucky in 1774.,,
He was one of the founders of Lexington and owned a thousand acres of
land east of Broadway and south of High Street. He was the first coroner of
Fayette County and one of the original members of the first Presbyterian
church established in Lexington and one of the founders of the old St. Andrew’s
While there is no record of a deed by John Maxwell to the City of Lexing-
ton, or to the State of Kentucky, for a public park, he seems to have provided
, one de fact0,* Here, around Maxwell Springs, a half or three-quarters of a
nl mile over the hill south from the Court House, were held the picnics and militia
musters and Fourth of july celebrations of pioneer days. Here was the rally-
ing point for political gatherings and barbecues and oratory of such men as
Davies, Barry, Scott, Clay, Menefee and others, for which Kentucky was
famous. Here were mobilized the soldiers of every army Kentucky sent out,
except that of the late war with Spain. From here went the soldiers to St.
Clair’s defeat. Here joseph Hamilton Davies rallied his men that followed
him to the Battle of Tippicanoe in 1811 and that brought him home dead. Here,
in 1812, gathered the troops from Harrodsburg and that portion of the State
down the Danville road through Nicholasville and met those of Fayette and
Scott and Lincoln, all mounted upon their own horses, carrying their own guns,
and marched from here to battle at the Thames, to avenge the massacre of
their fellow citizens at the River Raisin who, but the year before, had here bade
good-bye to their friends to follow Harrison.
Generous as ]ohn Maxwell seems to have been, there were free uses of his
springs from which even his generous spirit seems to have turned, for we read
in an old Lexington paper, published in his day, that householders or their
_ servants would no longer be permitted to do family washings at Maxwell
The will of ]ohn Maxwell, dated ]uly 9, 1819, is found in the county
archives and mentions seven devises. That portion of the estate containing
Maxwell Springs was given to his daughter Sarah, wife of Hallet M, Wins-
low, a descendant of the New England colonial governor, Winslow. The mem-
*He gave his graveyard tract on Bolivar Street to the city for use as a
gr:1.vg=yard and provided that when it ceased to be used as such. it should revert
to his heirs. That document has disznppcaired from the city records.

 x l
i  2
ory of this name is preserved in Winslow Street and, as the favored street
intersecting the famous springs, probably was so named by himself. In 1846, he, ‘
with Luther Stevens, another son-in-law of John Maxwell, platted the south
side of Lexington, extending from Maxwell Street south and Broadway east,
which was known as Stevens and Winslow addition and in its day was con-
sidered the most desirable residence property in Lexington. Here were the *-·=
acreage homes of the banker, Matthew T. Scott, of Chief Justice Robertson, Q
the johnsons, Bullocks, Fraziers, of James O. Harrison, the intimate personal
friend of Henry Clay and the executor of his will, and of other distinguished ‘
· citizens.
One can easily fancy Henry Clay mounting his horse and going over by `
the short way to see his friend Harrison. He would ride through "Winslow’s j
Woods," where are now Aylesford and Clifton Heights, and while his negro i
attendant would put up the bars at the crossing of Van Pelt’s Lane, now Rose
Street, we can well imagine the restful joy o