xt70p26q0n2d https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt70p26q0n2d/data/mets.xml   Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. 1974 journals 219 English Lexington. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Regulatory series, bulletin. n.219 text Regulatory series, bulletin. n.219 1974 2014 true xt70p26q0n2d section xt70p26q0n2d C i I Regulatory Bulletin 219
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Agricultural Experiment Station - Regulatory Services • Lexington
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KENTUCKY COMMERCIAL FEED LAW i
DIVISION OF REGULATORY SERVICES A
UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY M
  V
KENTUCKY AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION
H. F. Massey, Director ;
Ed Lindstrom, Assistant Director ;
Eli Miller, Feed Coordinator
F:
Henry Spencer, Auditor
4
Wilson Routt, Program Coordinator
K.
LABORATORY ‘
Valva C. Midkiff, Coordinator
Robert L. Beine Norma Holbrook Allen Thio
Elizabeth Brown Robert Kiser Tasanee Thitakamol
Ellen Denniston Charles Miller David Tompkins
Sue Herald Robert Price
 
CONTENTS _
Page
Introduction ...................... 3
Estimated Tonnage of Feed Distributed in l974 ...... 5
Kentucky Regulatory Inspection Districts ........ 6 I
Regulatory Inspectors ........... . ...... 7
Collective Terms .................... 8
Special Labeling for Medicated Custom Mixed Feeds .... l2 A
Feed Registrants as of May l, l975 ........... l4
Report of Official Feed Samples Analyzed (1974) ..... 23 ‘
d
(Cover Picture) Offices of the Division of Regulatory Services K
are in the Experiment Station Building
l.
The Callcgu af Agriculture ix an Equal Oppnnunizy Organization authorized ta pmuide `
rrxearrh, cducalimml in/annamm and miner uruntvx only m individuals and ivurilulicru
rlmr funcnan wizlmur rrgnrd In race, calm, lex av nalianal origin.
4
B
K
•

 COMMERCIAL FEEDS IN KENTUCKY-—-1974 3 »
t INTRODUCTION .
L The Kentucky Commercial Feed Law functions as a consumer
protection law for the feed purchaser by insuring compli— ·
? ance with feed labeling and manufacturing standards. The
b law further creates a strong base for fair and equitable
competition among feed manufacturers. Commercial feed,
v as defined, includes all materials which are offered for
·* sale as feed or for mixing in feed, except unprocessed
Q and unmixed seed and other exempt commodities such as:
raw meat, hay, straw, stover, silage, cobs, husks and
e hulls when unground and not mixed. Presently, 6,l20
A commercial feeds are registered for distribution or
· sale by 506 feed companies. Products under the purview
of the Kentucky Commercial Feed Law ranges from
• speciality pet foods to ingredients such as soybean
* meal.
P The primary intent of the law is to insure that com-
¢ mercial feeds are accurately labeled to advise the buy-
er of the composition of the feed and to provide ade-
` quate directions for safe and effective use. The re-
quirement for registration of commercial feeds with the
a Division of Regulatory Services prior to distribution
within the State provides an initial opportunity to re-
* view product labeling. During l974 the labeling of
A approximately 3,000 commercial feeds was reviewed.
Regulatory inspectors made 5,309 calls on manufacturers
and retailers of bagged, bulk and liquid feed. Official
samples of 2,491 commercial feeds were collected for
7 laboratory analysis to determine if product guarantees
were being met. Laboratory analyses were made for 36
different feed components for a total of 7,810 laboratory
_ determinations. This total includes 2,396 crude protein,
>
»

 4 KENTUCKYREGULATORYBULLEHN219
1
672 urea, l78 fat, 2,025 crude fiber, 487 calcium, l05 -
phosphorus, 527 salt, l39 invert sugar, 41 trace mineral ,
and 1,040 drug and antibiotic determinations. Of the E
official samples tested 13% failed to meet one or more
guarantees. The comparable figure for 1973 was 13%. ;
J
In a cooperative program with The Federal Food and Drug
Administration regulatory inspectors performed 256 in- Q
spections of feed mills to determine compliance with L
Good Manufacturing Practice Regulations for medicated A
feeds. Violations observed during inspection were dis-
cussed with management and commitments made for correc— i
tive measures. Follow-up reinspections were made to i
insure compliance. The GMP Regulations require adequate ‘
precautions and manufacturing controls be employed to
insure that medicated feeds produced are both safe and g
effective to the consuming animal and the consumer of 4
livestock products. The primary purpose of this program
is to help assure that safe and effective medications re- 9
main available to the agricultural industry. Kentucky *
currently has approximately 400 commercial mills which 1
manufacture and custom mix medicated feeds.
Information presented in this bulletin was compiled 4
from data collected from analysis of official feed
samples taken during 1974. This bulletin is intended i
to provide the feed purchaser with knowledge as to the *
manufacturing standards maintained by feed manufacturers .
distributing feed in Kentucky. The intent is not to in-
dicate feed quality but to show the frequency a feed
manufacturer failed to meet the guaranteed analysis for 4
one or more feed components.
a
4

 COMMERCIAL FEEDS IN KENTUCKY———1974 5
" Table 1 . ESTIMATED TONNAGE OF MIXED FEED DISTRIBUTED IN KENTUCKY (1974) 4 n
{ Mixed Feed
( Type Complete Supplement _
 T...(Ton);;T--
y Beef 19,214 32,499
Dairy 184,540 41,674
` Swine 67,003 61,052
"’ Poultry
Chicken Starter—Grower 7,993 1,135
Chicken Layer-Breeder 53,461 3,561
T Chicken Broiler 28,438 294
4. Turkey 416 7
Horse 30, 723
Sheep 97 182
,5 Calf Feed 5,236
Mineral Supplement 13 , 527
A Pet Foods 41,128
` Miscellaneous 17, 213
Total 455,462 153,931
A
h
Table 2 . ESTIMATED TONNAGE OF INGREDIENTS DISTRIBUTED IN KENTUCKY (1974)
t Ingredient
(Ton)
r Alfalfa Products 1,627
Animal Products 3,412
¢ Barley Products 592
Beet Products 56
Brewery Products 958
Corn Products 16,646
Cottonseed Products 5,296
Distillers Products 11,419
Drugs 6
_ Linseed & Flax Products 186
’ Milk Products 161
Minerals 3,787
Molasses 12,140
Oat Products 2,956
Rice Products 10
' Soybean Products 29,771
Urea 256
Vitamins 658
Wheat Products 12,349
Miscellaneous 6 , 103
Total 108 , 38 9
 
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 REGULATORY INSPECTORS
- ' " _ ini?  ‘ ~ __ .
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'"Director, Regulatory Services Feed Coordinator Program Coordinator
.5 H. F. Massey Eli Miller Wilson Routt
Lexington Lexington Nicholasville
· ~ X     *%     t *5* r~,    ;
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District 1 District 2 District 3
William Robertson Ellis Hugh Ray Noel jolmston
* Murray Sacramento Munfordville
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[V 5 , lk. V ·   MQ;  4  
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—       ,       R 5  r t·“· .  .-_  
District 4 District 5 District 6
David Buckingham Ben Cox Sam Whitehead
Park City Versailles Lexington
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r Qi or  A tt "’"   s e  R ’l ·"'°   *  tl
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7 District 7 District 8 Djstyict 9
Dewey Coffey Claude Hensley wauacc King
,]&b€Z Stamping Ground lgxington

 8 KENTUCKY REGULATORY BULLETIN 219
2
COLLECTIVE TERMS ·
The use of collective terms, in lieu of actual list- ¤
ing of ingredients, has become an accepted practice _
for many feed manufacturers. A collective term rec-
ognizes a general classification of ingredient origin, *
which perform a similar function, but does not imply
equivalent nutritional values. ;
The Kentucky Commercial Feed Law provides for the use ·
of collective terms for the grouping of feed ingre- i
dients as defined in the Official Definitions of
Feed Ingredients published in the Official`Publica- A
tion of the Association of American Feed Control A
Officials in lieu of listing the individual ingre-
dients: Provided that:
( i) When a collective term for a group of in- ·
gredients is used on the label, indi-
vidual ingredients within that group shall a
not be listed on the label. 3
(ii) The manufacturer shall provide the Director ·
of Regulatory Services, upon request, with
a listing of individual ingredients, with-
in a defined group, that are or have been '
used at manufacturing facilities distribut-
ing in or into the state. V
Collective terms are acceptable listing of ingredients ,
on labeling of commercial feed with the exception of
pet foods and custom mixed feed.
The 1975 Official Publication of the American Feed
Control Officials lists the following ingredients with-
in each collective term:

 COMMERCIAL FEEDS IN KENTUCKY-—-1974 9
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