xt712j683x2d https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt712j683x2d/data/mets.xml Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station 1956  journals  English Lexington, Ky Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Kentucky farm and home science, vol. 2 No. 2 spring 1956 text Kentucky farm and home science, vol. 2 No. 2 spring 1956 1956 2012 true xt712j683x2d section xt712j683x2d 2 - - A · A ’ A V,·’ '   "`     A     _ `    g Volume 2
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; MANY FACTORS REQUIRE STUDY IN MAKING
V a*
  P f°t bl I ° t' I t t
Ai _
_` By JOHN C. REDMAN
· The principles involved in making a decision to in- case depends upon the ability and willingness of the
vest in irrigation are no different from those used in farmer to risk the uncertain rainfall distribution and
 . deciding OH l`lOW 1TlLlCl1 f€I`tllIZG1' to USG} OH \’VllHt CFOPS, IlZS effect 011 l]lS l1lC0ll]G.
or how much and what combination of feed to give a To seek an increase in yield over that from a normal
V dairy cow. The prospect for profitable investment de- rainfall involves a good knowledge of the response to
ytends on a ver careful observation and analysis of water as well as a knowledfe of fertilitv and other
all related factors as to the need for a svstem. Some factors influencing ilant Trowth. Ex yerimental data
. ¤ l
it the questions which must be answered include: are somewhat lacking to guide these decisions, but
V (1) Is irrigation the best available use of capital?   many farmers have an idea of what they could pro-
Vill the benefits from irrigation exceed the costs? duce with adequate water. These benefits must bc
(3) Are there any other m·eth0ds for counteracting worth the cost of obtaining them.
 he effects of a drouth? C f I _ _
Farmers who are limited in capital should use it °$ts ° r"g°f'°n_ _ I I _
H VaI.iOus alternatives in Such a xvay that ud: funn (posts Illilyr 211iSo l1t)lll llzlvlllg llgzlt C tlCV lllVGStlllOllt
.€tu1.nS   be greatest- SODIB who have highly d€_ O1 IIOITI Gzlflllllgs l()l(3‘gOll€ f10ll1 ot IGI p()SSll)lG llS€S lOl
Gloped farlns lnay End irrigation the lnost ploductivg tllti Ill0ll€y ll1VOlV€Ll. h'l()Il€tz11‘y 0LltlilyS (l€p€1l(l Oll
 'nvestment, while others, particularly those farmers on Sevfiml factors- Such us; (1) msi Ol €Sf“l)l‘Sl““g il (1** `
 Qlatively uuilnproved farms) lnay End 8 uulnbel. of pClI(lLll)l€ S(>ll1'C(‘ (ll \VzllQl:’l',   SIZU 2Ul(l (lCSlgll of SyS-
 ilternatives more profitable, such as more fertilizer, t€m» (jg) “°1`°`*lE€°` uml CYOP V) lw '1`*"ti*‘t“SiS. J·.l)()lll 40 to Ol) pCI‘C(‘llt of tlle lll-
Vf;‘Sli1llGllt Cklll l)O Szlvtkl ll \\’L1it‘1' Cllll l)L‘ ()l)lizllllG1uNo 1956 3

 \
Where and How
F Friends, neighbors, relatives and
arm People Get .  
radio ranked highest as lIlf0l‘ll13t10Il
    sources by 393 outer bluegrass region
fHI’lll€I'S C0l1[3C[€(l lll Slll‘V€y ll 
By _|AMES N. YOUNG and A. LEE COLEMAN ’
\Vhcre and how farm people get new ideas has year period preceding the study. Other sources of farm fh
long concerned those interested in thc spread of new information, in order of the number of times they i
(llS()()V(‘l'l(‘S klll(l lZC‘Clllll(1ll€S lll 2lj.{I`lCllltlll`C. Tllat ll€\’V \V€l'€ lll€lltl0ll€(l, \V€l`€ EIS l:OllO\VS2 llklflll lll2l.g€lZlll€S,  
l(l€2lS 2lI'C l)Clllg l‘2l]_)l(lly illl(l effectively Sp1'€kI(l kllllOllg Cll`Clll2`ll`l(étlf€1`S, l`l€\VSP21p€l`S, L1gl`lCllltlll'Ell H(lVlS€l`S, fklflll ll
our farming population is evidenced by the fact that bulletins, attending farm meetings, and from dealers Q
(lllflllg tllC 1)klSt ll(‘\V yC&l.l`S Alll€l'lCklll l;kll'lll€1'S PIO- L1ll(lS2ll€Slll€ll.
(lt|()(?(l &ll)()llt   l)(‘l`C(‘llt lll()l`C ll()()(l 2lll(l fll)Cl` klllllllkllly h’lO1`C ljllzlll 7 Olllj of   f;1l°ll]€l'S l`€pOl`lZ€(l tllklt tll€y l x V
tllzlll lll tllC y(‘1ll'S 1ll`()llll(l     llICl'(‘2lS€ ll21S l)€€ll l'€C¢‘;‘lV¢;‘(l SOITIC lIlll()l'lll2lll0ll fl'()lll tllt? C()llllty 1lg€Ilt Ol`
accomplished despite a large reduction in the number through his office. The fact that the county agent ll
of p(‘()Pl(! \V()l'l(lIlg (lll flll'lllS. VVHS ll2llll€(l f2ll` lll()l`G ()lltCll tllklll tllly Otll€l` ]_)l'()ll€SSl()ll2ll
_ person in agriculture mav, in part, be attributed to
Many Sources of lnformcllon tllC V€l` ll'liZlll`C of lZll€ C()tllltV *1 "€lltlS \V()]`l( l:Ol` \’VllllC — 
rl`ll(‘ lIllllll)(‘l' (lll il1ll'lll(‘l'S \Vll() 2ll`C (I0llll)lGlt‘ly llll- _‘_   ~l__· _ _ _· _l   l _  
_ _ _ _ _ ()tl`lLl ]_)lOl'<;‘bbl()lldl J.gllCllltlllill p€lbOllb g€llCld.lly ll2lV€
kl\V2ll'(‘ (ll llllpl'()VC(l l'zll'IlllIl}§ lll(‘tll()ilS IS pl'()l`)2l.l)ly Sllltlll _ _ _r_ _ ) _·_   Jl functioug the Count`] __l Tout V
since, unlike their grandfathers, farmers todav have   lll lllllll lllllllll llll _. —ll . '. ll`. l
, ‘ _ _ ‘ lh, lll l2llg€ lll€2lbll1(i, lChpOllSll)l€ l’()l' tllC (llSS€lllllliltlOv[]
access to farm news and advice from a vast number of IWW agricultuml ,wC1miqu€S· \
(lf ll'l2l[.{ilZlII(‘S, lI(‘\VSpilp(‘l'S, l:2ll`lll l)llll€tlllS, 2lll(l l'2l(llO
illI(l l(‘l(‘V·lSll)ll 1)l'(lQl'2llllS. lll 2l(l(lltl()ll l() tllt‘SC S()lll'C€S, Vqricnon Among Neighborhoods
l&\l`lllllljL llll’()l'lllilil()ll IS 2llS() pl`()\'l(l(‘(l l)y lllillly St2lt€ _ _ _ _ _
1llI(l f(‘(l(‘l'2ll 1lg(‘llCl(‘S \VlllCll lll`l‘ Q`(‘ll(‘l'2llly l()Ci1t€(l \VllZll— _Tll€ lllllllllgs llllll llllvll llllell lllscllsscll Sll lllll llllglll
in pusy lvuch Ol; tho ful_ln(_l_' SIVC ·tllC llllpl`€SS10ll tllzlt ill€l'(‘ ·lS 21 gl'(iklt`(l€kl.l of ll-lll-
Thc D(_pm_tm(_Ht of Hum] Sociology is attempting fornnty throughout the county in terms of information
l() (llSC()\'(‘l' lll(‘ S()lll`C(‘S (lf lllil(ll'lll1ltl()ll llS(*(l   llilflll- Sollllccsl lflctlllllll/` lhll vlllllllllllll lllllllllg lllll   llelglll
(‘l'S lll ()l)lflllllIlg lll<‘ll' l(ll()\Vl(‘(lg(‘ C()lIC€l`lllll}.§ ll€\V 1)l'2l(i- lllllllllllllls lll(llClllGS lllG_Clllllllllll§fl Fm. llXlllllPl€` lll Ollll
ilC(‘S. All tll(‘ ll2ll'lll ()[)(‘l'&li()l`S lll   llClglll)()l'll()()(lS of il llelgllllollllllllll llllly_ l llllllllclll lll   Slllll llllll lle llllll
S(‘l(‘L‘l(‘(l C()lllIt\' \\’(‘l'(‘ llll(‘l`\'l(‘\V(‘ll. rllll(’ Slll(ly VVHS COD- llllllll il llllllll llllllllllll lllllllllg llle   yelllls plllllll ll) lllll
centrated in   single county so that all of the farm Stull}/' At t**€<’l>1¥<>S**s Gxlwmci ill mlolhml “€lghb0l" 
U[)(`l`2ll(ll`$ \V()lll(l ll&l\’(‘ l)(*(*11 ll(·xl)()5(—(l“ t() [hc- Samui llO0(l— 9 out of   ll?Ullll€f$ llilllg l`€&l(l ()ll€ ()1' ]]]()r@ bulk;- 
ugl_iCultul_ul ug(_HCi(_S` p‘_()gl_;U“S and agency 1_€Pl_€_ tlllS. AlS(), lll? pl`()l)()]'il(lll ()l’ f;l1‘l]]€1'S 1'€pO1‘t]]]g fllgt
S(‘Ill1lll\'(‘S. US lll(‘S(‘ lll`(‘(lll(‘llll}’ \'lll'}i' 1llll()llg (lllllL*l'Cllt llllly llllll llccclvell llclll llllllll llle Cllllllly llg€lll Vlllllclcl
t-tllmtm. The L‘()llIll}' st·1t—t·a·d as 1t»eaa·d an the <>ua·l- l""‘“ 40 l’°"`°°"‘l ",‘ "“° "“`_‘¥l‘_l""`l"""l “’ 100 P“`?€“*
llll|(‘j_{l'ilSS li(‘gl()ll 1lll(l ll2lS tl l'(‘l1ltlV(‘l}' pl'()Sl)(‘l'()llS YO- lll llllllllllllll Tllc lllllllllllls llllllcllllllg Solllcl lllllp llllllll 
}mu_0_li“_Stm_k ugl_iCultm_(_· the Soil Lonservation Service ranged from less than
  thc 393 hU_u“_l_S iHClu(|(\(l in thc sulwoy lnoro   p(·‘l'C€llt lll Ol'}? ll(‘l§§lll)Ol`ll()()(l U)   1)C‘I`C(;‘l'lt lll zlll- 
(lf ill(‘lll l't‘[)()l`tl‘(l l'l‘C(‘l\`lll}.{ ftll'Ill lllf()l'lll2ltl()ll fl‘01ll lllllllllll rllllll lllllll llllllllllllllGV€lll€ll_llllll lvllllcl   Pcllllelll 
__h`i(\H(lS· ll(`ighb()lAS` and l_(`luti\’(_S—- and hvln tho radio ()l’ tll(‘ ·l2ll'lll (;pC‘l'l`lt()l'S lll. ()llt‘ `llC‘lglll)()Yll()()(l l`€;l(l l`z1l`]1]
than hvln any ()tIl(_l_ S()ul_C(_S· Nino out of C\V_Gl_v ten 1l]zlgzlZlllGS, Qi ]_}L‘l`Ct?lll (ll' lll? i2ll'lllGl`S lll 1lll()lll(¥l‘ ll€lgll— 
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information from each of these sources during the 2- ((y(,,,,i,,,,(,,[ W, Img, Il') i
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ln the ram-testing research reported in this article, the five mit their gaining ability to their progeny. The rams in the
rains shown in the top row were the higlrgainers, with an bottom row were the low-gainers (0.23 pound). They will
average daily gain of 0.39 pound. They will be used on be used on a similar group ol` 125 ewes I`or comparison.
125 crossbred western ewes to determine if they can trans-
i 3IIl €StlI1g S 3l‘C I’0]€Ct t2lI‘t€
R T ’ e e °
By PATCI-I G. \VOOLFOLK
Large, fast-gaining rams capable of siring the high corn per lamb. At the conclusion of the trial, the
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        XV; .,,.      VV  VV V 5  5., V  _` Vx.    . VV V V V 2`lC1€ field on a ranch near Patterson, California, ts play- {   , l  
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1 1 are 110w growing some 10,000 Kenland red clover plants which Lexi11gt011 Airport- Ti¤1¢—8=1i7 11-¤¤· ‘“··\ll A
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' . #11 1 {7 if l (above) Kentucky’s all-out effort to step up the production of Kenland red 600 to 700 IV It V 1 _V ’ _ PV P V »
~  , .· .  /., / . ~V . . . . ._ _ h E _. t pouncs o seet this year which will hasten the time
· ‘? #1 · ,· l clover seed supplies got tts start tn this plastic greenhouse at t e xpertmen I f V » V
,___ ° __.   /f//K / 1 Station. This pictttre shows Dt1. Norman L. Taylor, of the Department of W wu mow mmus can Obtilm Seed Ol thls Superior CIOVQI`- The W, , · 1 · ~ —·   ~1~  
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  VV   .   \ , \ ‘\ 1.1~eg(`· V Agronomy, checking “t`Kl()[ll€1`” plants of Kenlartd clover (rn pots) and getttrtg \VO1l( being done 1S expected to save at least SIX years tn building             f
é       ` fl "`§. \ Q {ii ready to transfer cuttings to the metal flats. The "mother" plants are 3-year1- up seed stOCl¤11 \l10 Delia-Nctttlota irrigation canal
some washed plattts, ready for packaging. ()tt the rtght ts · V   .   ~.VV rison. USDA.) ` was turned in.
a packaged group of five plants, witlt tlteir roots protected _ _     .V,. lit V `
by wet spltagnum moss, wr1apped itt polyethylene plastic, . Ti?  Q  if   , V V
attd labeled as to tlte plot rtutnber irt wlticlt tltey 1ll`C to be . ·  -· _ V.   V  V   V _ ·
transplanted irt (laliforttia. -> -. V <1   tl '_   9 · V » t·  
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I   . V it L. t . (left) After tlte plants were packaged attd labeled, tltev were sorted _ . — . . .;§_ .      "   Q   . ` 1 gz". lwléif ."""‘*·
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1 5*1   - as to plot number attd car1efullv packed tn these shtpptng cases. (The § 1 = V ‘_ ,_t ·~   41  1 e- ';··f?F _)J,.)eQ"·’l?°_ ~_ J"“; —·1  As   ~ ,;.6 . »; . V  
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t 1 ncture on tlte cover of this tssue ol Ketttuckv Farm and Home _ _.._·,   1‘ , ·1·’&’¢,§1;,g 1..sg¢`f1;5...s;{g3.V;'*’*»§c‘y`§es. _.,     _._··V   ·  »~t_ _ aj; ¤t1_-_ sas. V
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’ _.  · _ 1 Science sltows a l)()l`ll()ll of the l0,0()0 plants after they were pack- VV ,   . ~ ,1 =t;;,.1;t§;g;2iZ_s,3“;_E>;*_;t~».§_$?s$‘,;l’;»,i2;;;i;,_. s ' .»   . qtY{tTl~"`   . LQ} {J: ` Q, ‘ . ·  
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