xt72jm23br0c https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt72jm23br0c/data/mets.xml https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt72jm23br0c/data/77m1.dao.xml Chandler, Happy, 1898-1991 19201974 257.2 Cubic feet collections English University of Kentucky This digital resource may be freely searched and displayed.  Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically.  Physical rights are retained by the owning repository.  Copyright is retained in accordance with U. S. copyright laws.  For information about permissions to reproduce or publish, contact the Special Collections Research Center. Albert B. "Happy" Chandler Collection Baseball--History. Governors--Kentucky. Motion pictures. Oral histories Phonotapes. Political parties--Kentucky. Presidents--United States--Election--1956. Albert B. "Happy" Chandler Collection text Albert B. "Happy" Chandler Collection 1920 2012 true xt72jm23br0c collection false 
     
         77m1 
         
             
                 Guide to the Albert B. "Happy" Chandler Collection 1920-1974
                     77M1 
                 
                 Finding aid prepared by Processed by William J. Marshall 
             
             
                 
                     
                 
                 University of Kentucky Special Collections 
                 
                     Special Collections 
                     Margaret I. King Building, North 
                     Lexington, KY, 40506-0039 
                     (859) 257-8611 
                     SCLREF@LSV.UKY.EDU 
                 
             
         
         
             This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit
                 2012-07-18T10:25-0400 
             
             Description is in English. 
         
         
             
                 2012 June 25 
                 Photographs in chronological order and in original boxes 592-604 were reprocessed at some point into subject groups.  These have not been completely processed, but the major groups and new box numbers P1-P40 have been added to the finding aid.  Also, Item 1 was added.  
             
         
     
     
         
             Albert B. "Happy" Chandler Collection 
             77M1 
             
                 University of Kentucky Special Collections 
             
             
                 
             
             
                 257.2 Cubic feet 
             
             1920-1974 
             
                 Chandler, Happy, 1898-1991 
             
         
         
             Conditions Governing Access note 
             Collection is open for research. 
         
         
             Conditions Governing Use note 
             Copyright has not been assigned to the University of Kentucky. 
         
         
             Preferred Citation note 
             [Identification of Item], Albert B. "Happy" Chandler Collection, 1920-1985, 77M1, Special Collections and Digital Programs, University of Kentucky Libraries, Lexington. 
         
         
             Biographical/Historical note 
             The public career of Albert B. "Happy" Chandler began in 1928 and spanned a fifty year period, highlighted by two terms as Governor of Kentucky, six years as United States Senator and a tenure as Commissioner of Baseball. Both controversial and beloved, Chandler was always a charismatic figure. 
             Albert Benjamin Chandler, son of Joseph Sephus and Callie (Saunders) Chandler, was born July 14, 1898, in Corydon, Kentucky. His formative years were difficult. Left to the sole care of his father at age four, Chandler and his younger brother spent time with friends and relatives while their father worked. His school years were busy with studying, sports and working odd jobs. 
             After graduating from Corydon High School in 1917, Chandler entered Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky. There he starred in football, baseball, basketball and track, joined a fraternity, sang in the glee club and worked part-time jobs to pay tuition, room and board. In 1921 Chandler emerged with a bachelor's degree in history and political science and the lasting nickname of "Happy." 
             Chandler entered Harvard Law School in the fall of 1921, but after one year returned to the University of Kentucky to complete his legal education. While at the University of Kentucky, Chandler sang in the glee club, affiliated with Pi Kappa Alpha and coached women's basketball. He also coached football at Versailles High School and was assistant football coach at Centre College in the nineteen-twenties. 
             Chandler set up a law practice in Versailles, Kentucky, in 1925. The same year he married Mildred Watkins of Keysville, Virginia, a teacher at Margaret Hall School for Girls. They had four children: Marcella, Mimi, Ben and Dan. 
             Chandler's public career began with his appointment as Master Commissioner of Woodford County in 1928. The next year he was elected state senator representing the twenty-second district. At the 1931 Kentucky Democratic convention Chandler was selected to run as Lieutenant Governor on a ticket with Ruby Laffoon. By this time his political activities had come under the guidance of Ben Johnson and J. Dan Talbott of Bardstown. He was also aided immeasurably by his politically astute wife, Mildred. In the 
                 1931  election he was elected Lieutenant Governor over Republican John C. Worsham, 426,247 to 353,573, while Ruby Laffoon became Governor. 
             Chandler and Laffoon split over Laffoon's sales tax bill, and in the Governor's absence from the state in 1935, Chandler called a special session of the legislature to enact a compulsory primary law. This law required that party nominations be made by a primary election and not by a convention, which Laffoon and his supporters might well control. Chandler trailed Tom Rhea in the first primary of 1935 but won the runoff, then defeated Republican King Swope, 556,262 to 461,104, to become Governor of Kentucky. 
             Noted for the reorganization of Kentucky state government, Chandler's first gubernatorial administration is also known for saving the state from fiscal bankruptcy and recruiting young professionals to government careers. Chandler had the new sales tax repealed and through reorganization, reform, frugality, and higher excise and income taxes, financed far-reaching improvements in schools, roads, health and welfare programs, and penal institutions. The Government Reorganization Act of 1936 created a more efficient administration and Chandler was able to pay off much of the state's debt. Among the most significant innovations were the free textbook program, participation in the federal rural electrification program, establishment of a teachers' retirement system and an old-age assistance program, and the start of a special rural roads program. Although friendly to labor, Chandler opposed closed shops and sit-down strikes, and he sent the National Guard into Harlan County to curb labor-related violence there. 
             Prohibited by law from succeeding himself as governor, Chandler challenged Alben Barkley, United States Senate Majority Leader, in the 1938 primary. Facing astounding odds, Chandler launched a vigorous but unsuccessful campaign to unseat the New Deal Senator who had the support of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Chandler then took aim at the U.S. Senate seat vacated in October 1939 when M.M. Logan died. Chandler resigned as governor, and on October 10, 1939, when Lt. Gov. Keen Johnson succeeded him, Johnson appointed Chandler to the U.S. Senate. In 1940 Chandler won a special election for the rest of Logan's term, and in a controversial 1942 campaign he defeated John Y. Brown, Sr., and won a full six-year term. 
             In Washington Chandler usually backed the Roosevelt administration although he opposed some of the New Deal fiscal policies and the decision to give priority to the war in Europe over the Pacific conflict during World War Two. Chandler toured the Aleutian Islands and was instrumental in strengthening U.S. defenses in the Alaskan Area and was one of six senators selected to make a world-wide tour of U.S. military installations in 1943. On November 1, 1945, Chandler resigned from the Senate to become national commissioner of baseball. During the next six years, black players entered the major leagues for the first time and a players' pension fund was established. Chandler's bid for a second contract was defeated by baseball owners in 1951, after which he returned to Versailles, Kentucky, to practice law. He was president of West Virginia Fuel Corporation, belonged to the Boards of Directors of the Coastal States Life Insurance Company and Irving Air Chute Company, and served as president of International Baseball Congress in the early 1950s. 
             In 1955 Chandler won the Democratic nomination for governor over Bert T. Combs, despite the opposition of many of the party's most powerful leaders. He achieved victory in the gubernatorial election over Republican Edwin R. Denney, 451,647 to 322,671. In his second term as Governor of Kentucky, Chandler achieved substantial improvements in the highway program using a $100 million bond issue, the schools, and other public institutions. Addition funding went to the public schools' Minimum Foundation Program and the teachers' retirement system. His proudest accomplishment was the establishment of the University of Kentucky Albert B. Chandler Medical Center. He attracted national notice in 1956 when he used state police and National Guardsmen to enforce desegregation in the public schools. 
             Chandler failed in bids for the nomination for governor in 1963, 1967 and 1971. In 1967 he supported the Republican nominee, Louie B. Nunn. He remained deeply interested in politics and was especially close to Gov. Wallace Wilkinson (1987-1991), who restored voting rights to Chandler's lifetime honorary membership on the University of Kentucky Board of Trustees in January 1988. Two incidents in the late 1980s involving alleged racial slurs led to unsuccessful demands for Chandler's resignation or removal from the board. In 1989, in collaboration with Vance H. Trimble, Chandler published his autobiography, Heroes, Plain Folks, and Skunks. 
             Chandler died on June 15, 1991, at his home in Versailles and was buried in the cemetery of Pisgah Presbyterian Church in Woodford County, Kentucky. 
         
         
             Finding aid 
             Finding aid located in Breckinridge Research Room. 
         
         
             Summary of Significant Events 
             
                 
                     July 14, 1898 
                     Born in Corydon, Kentucky 
                 
                 
                     1917 
                     Graduated Corydon High School 
                 
                 
                     1921 
                     Graduated Transylvania University with a bachelors degree in history and political science / Entered Harvard Law School 
                 
                 
                     1922 
                     Returned to the University of Kentucky to complete his legal education 
                 
                 
                     1925 
                     Set up law practice in Versailles, Kentucky / Married Mildred Watkins 
                 
                 
                     1928 
                     Appointed Master Commissioner of Woodford County 
                 
                 
                     1929 
                     Elected state senator representing the twenty-second district 
                 
                 
                     1931 
                     Elected Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky 
                 
                 
                     1935 
                     Elected Governor of Kentucky 
                 
                 
                     1938 
                     Lost primary election for U.S. Senate seat 
                 
                 
                     1939 
                     Resigned as governor / Appointed to fill vacated U.S. Senate seat 
                 
                 
                     1940 
                     Won special election to complete remainder of senate term 
                 
                 
                     1942 
                     Elected to full U.S. Senate term 
                 
                 
                     November 1, 1945 
                     Resigned from the senate to become National Commissioner of Baseball 
                 
                 
                     1951 
                     Bid for second contract as baseball commissioner defeated by baseball owners 
                 
                 
                     early 1950s 
                     Practiced law in Versailles, Kentucky / President of West Virginia Fuel Corporation / Board of Directors of Coastal States Life Insurance Company / Board of Directors of Irving Air Chute Company / President of International Baseball Congress 
                 
                 
                     1955 
                     Elected Governor of Kentucky 
                 
                 
                     1956 
                     Used state and National Guardsmen to enforce desegregation in public schools 
                 
                 
                     1963 
                     Failed bid for governor 
                 
                 
                     1967 
                     Failed bid for governor 
                 
                 
                     1971 
                     Failed bid for governor 
                 
                 
                     January, 1988 
                     Voting rights restored to Chandler's lifetime honorary membership on the University of Kentucky Board of Trustees 
                 
                 
                     1980s 
                     Alleged racial slurs led to two unsuccessful demands for resignation or removal from Board of Trustees 
                 
                 
                     1989 
                     Published autobiography "Heroes, Plain Folks, and Skunks" 
                 
                 
                     June 15, 1991 
                     Died in Versailles, Kentucky 
                 
             
         
         
             Scope and Contents Note 
             These are the personal and political papers of A.B. "Happy" Chandler. Each series contains personal, political, general, and legal papers plus a subject file. There are also some plaques, certificates, photographs, speeches, phono tapes, films, oral histories, and memorabilia with the collection. 
         
         
             Custodial History note 
             Chandler, A.B. "Happy", gift 1977 (deposited 1972). 
         
         
             Arrangement note 
             Divided into the following series: 1920's, Lieutenant Governor, First Gubernatorial, Senatorial, Commissioner of Baseball, 1950's, Second Gubernatorial, 1960's, 1970's, Family/Personal, Miscellaneous, VIP, News clippings, Speech, Photos, Tape Recordings, Films. Most series arranged alphabetically by subject and thereunder chronologically. 
         
         
             Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956 
             Centre College (Danville, Ky.). 
             Chandler, Mildred Watkins. 
             Cooper, John Sherman, 1901-1991 
             Democratic Party (Ky.). 
             Eisenhower, Dwight D.,  (Dwight David), 1890-1969 
             Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963. 
             Kentucky. General Assembly. Senate. 
             Laffoon, Ruby, 1869-1941 
             Logan, M.M.,  (Marvel Mills), 1874-1939 
             Morton, Thruston Ballard, 1907-1982 
             Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994 
             Roosevelt, Franklin D.,  (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 
             Shouse, Jouett, 1879-1968 
             Spence, Brent, 1874-1967. 
             Transylvania University. 
             Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. 
             Underwood, Tom R.,  (Tom Rust), 1898-1956 
             United States. Congress. Senate. 
             Vinson, Fred M., 1890-1953 
             Watts, John C. (John Clarence), 1902-1971. 
             Wetherby, Lawrence W.,  (Lawrence Winchester), 1908- 
             Baseball--History. 
             Governors--Kentucky. 
             Motion pictures. 
             Oral histories 
             Phonotapes. 
             Political parties--Kentucky. 
             Presidents--United States--Election--1956. 
             United States--Politics and government--20th century. 
         
         
             
                 
                     1920's Series 
                     I 
                 
                 
                     Scope and Contents note 
                     Boxes 1-2 
                     The 1920s Series consists of two boxes of material mostly concerning Chandler's law practice and term in the Kentucky General Assembly. The papers are arranged alphabetically by subject and then both chronologically and alphabetically within each file. 
                 
                 
                     
                         Correspondence 
                         i 
                     
                     
                         
                             Correspondence, 1920, 1923 
                             1 
                             1 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Correspondence, 1927, March - July 
                             1 
                             2 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Correspondence, 1927, August - December 
                             1 
                             3 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Correspondence, 1928, January - June 
                             1 
                             4 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Correspondence, 1928, July - December 
                             1 
                             5 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Correspondence, 1929 
                             1 
                             6 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Correspondence, Miscellaneous, No Date 
                             1 
                             7 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Kentucky General Assembly, 1930 Session 
                             1 
                             8 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Kentucky Medical Journal, McCormack, J. N., Memorial Issue 
                             1 
                             9 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, 1916 
                             1 
                             10 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, 1924 
                             1 
                             11 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, 1925 
                             1 
                             12 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, 1926 
                             1 
                             13 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, 1927 
                             2 
                             1 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, 1928 
                             2 
                             2 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, 1928, Petitions and Motions 
                             2 
                             3 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, 1929 
                             2 
                             4 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, 1930 
                             2 
                             5 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, 1931 
                             2 
                             6 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, Abstracts of Deeds, No Date 
                             2 
                             7 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, Miscellaneous 
                             2 
                             8 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Legal Papers, Southern Pacific Company 
                             2 
                             9 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Lieutenant Governor Race, 1930-1931 
                             2 
                             10 
                         
                     
                 
             
             
                 
                     Lieutenant Governor Series 
                     II 
                 
                 
                     Scope and Contents note 
                     Boxes 3-11 
                     This series, composed of nine boxes, covers the period from December 1931 to December 1935. In addition to his service as Lieutenant Governor, papers in this series reflect Chandler's activities as a private attorney and politician. Files within the series appear alphabetically. Papers of major significance in the series include those pertaining to Acting Governor Chandler's move to enact a primary law for the 1935 gubernatorial race. 
                 
                 
                     
                         General Correspondence 
                         i 
                     
                     
                         
                             "A", 1931-1935 
                             3 
                             1 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "B", 1931-1935 
                             3 
                             2 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "C", 1931-1932 
                             3 
                             3 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "C", 1933-1935 
                             3 
                             4 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "D", 1931-1935 
                             3 
                             5 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "E", 1931-1935 
                             3 
                             6 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "F", 1931-1935 
                             3 
                             7 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "G", 1931-1935 
                             3 
                             8 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "H", 1931 
                             4 
                             1 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "H", 1932-1935 
                             4 
                             2 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "I", 1931-1935 
                             4 
                             3 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "J", 1931-1935 
                             4 
                             4 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "K", 1931-1935 
                             4 
                             5 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "L", 1931-1935 
                             4 
                             6 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "M", 1931-1935 
                             4 
                             7 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "N", 1931-1935 
                             4 
                             8 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "O", 1931-1935 
                             4 
                             9 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "P", 1931-1935 
                             4 
                             10 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "Q-R", 1931-1935 
                             4 
                             11 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "S", 1931-1935 
                             5 
                             1 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "T", 1931-1935 
                             5 
                             2 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "V", 1931-1935 
                             5 
                             3 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "W", 1931-1935 
                             5 
                             4 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             "Y", 1931-1935 
                             5 
                             5 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             No Signature 
                             5 
                             6 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Response to Correspondence, December, 1935 
                             5 
                             7 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Unanswered Correspondence, 1934-1935 
                             5 
                             8 
                         
                     
                 
                 
                     
                         Legal Papers 
                         ii 
                     
                     
                         
                             Carter Versus Woodford Bank 
                             6 
                             1 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Commissioner's Sales, 1932-1933 
                             6 
                             2 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Craig Versus Craig 
                             6 
                             3 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Farris Versus Farris 
                             6 
                             4 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Hamilton Versus Hamilton 
                             6 
                             5 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Inter-South and Kentucky Home Life Insurance Companies, 1932-1933 
                             6 
                             6 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Inter-South and Kentucky Home Life Insurance Companies, Deeds, 1932 
                             6 
                             7 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Inter-South and Kentucky Home Life Insurance Companies, Deeds, 1933 
                             6 
                             8 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Lowry versus Anderson 
                             6 
                             9 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Miscellaneous 
                             6 
                             10 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Radford, William W. 
                             6 
                             11 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Remley Estate versus City of Versailles 
                             6 
                             12 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Reopening of Liquidated First State Bank of Dry Ridge, Ky. 
                             6 
                             13 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Talbert versus Henderson 
                             6 
                             14 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             Transfer of Deed, Chandler to Guthrie 
                             6 
                             15 
                         
                     
                     
                         
                             White/Bishop Contract 
                             6