xt73ff3m0451 https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt73ff3m0451/data/mets.xml Muscogee County, Georgia Georgia Historical Records Survey 1941 Prepared by The Georgia Historical Records Survey, Division of Professional and Service Projects, Work Projects Administration; Other contributors include: United States Works Progress Administration, Division of Professional and Service Projects; x, 319 pages: illustrated, maps, plans, 28 cm; Mimeographed; Includes bibliographies and indexes; UK holds archival copy for ASERL Collaborative Federal Depository Program libraries; Call number FW 4.14:G 296/no.106 books English Atlanta: The Survey This digital resource may be freely searched and displayed in accordance with U. S. copyright laws. Georiga Works Progress Administration Publications Inventory of the County Archives of Georgia, Number 106 Muscogee County (Columbus) text Inventory of the County Archives of Georgia, Number 106 Muscogee County (Columbus) 1941 2015 true xt73ff3m0451 section xt73ff3m0451     I { { { ¤~·vE¤S·¤{¤F·<:1;¤·&I;=&=~2III;f:=:¥§;:*:§$;¤;I·°;=§§¤;:;:§;r;22f;I»:¢;¤€·§:i  
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  INVENTORY or THE coU1—1TY ARCHIVES
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No. 106. MUSCOGEE comm
i (commeus)
y Prepared by
T The Georgia Historical Records Survey
j Division of Professional and Service Projects
-g 'Work Projects Administration
 
E Atlanta, Georgia I
E The Georgia Historical Records Survey
§ January l9%l
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Historical Records Survey Projects %
Sargent B. Child, National Director Q
Frederick S. Hulse, State Supervisor Q guidé
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Research and Records Section j 1955
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Harvey E. Becknell, Director 5 ryin
Hilton W. Blanton, Regional Supervisor of h
R. V. Connerat, State Supervisor Q and
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and
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Division of Professional and Service Projects vgly
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Florence Kerr, Assistant Cmmnissioner ,6 prix
Blanche N. Ralston, Chief Regional Supervisor S
Jane Van De Vrede, State Director E
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· WORK PROJECTS ADMINISTRATION `= plc
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` Howard O. Hnnter, Acting Cmmnissioner Y
Robert L. MaeDeugall, Regional Director j
H. E. Harman, Jr., State Administrator j ppg
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\ Georgia State Planning Board, Sponsor f
, Uuseogee County Commissioners of z
Roads and Revenues, Cospensor Q
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1
The Inventory of the County Archives of Georgia is one of a number of
I guides to historical”materiEjE~Ekepared throughout the United States by
j workers on the Historical Records Survey projects of the Work Projects Ad-
* ministration. The publication herewith presented, an inventory of the
archives of Huscogee County, is No. 106 of the Georgia series.
The Historical Records Survey program was undertaken in the winter of
. 1955-56 for the purpose of providing useful employment to needy unemployed
historians, lawyers, teachers, and research and clerical workers. In car-
rying out this objective, the project was organized to compile inventories
of historical materials, particularly the unpublished govern ent documents
and records which are basic in the administration of local government, and
which provide invaluable data for students of political, economic, and
social history. The archival guide herewith presented is intended to meet
the requirements of day—to-day administration by the officials of the county,
and also the needs of lawyers, businessmen, and other citizens who require
facts frmn the public records for the proper conduct of their affairs. The
volume is so designed that it can be used by the historian in his research
in unprinted sources in the same way he uses the library card catalog for
c printed sources. -
Q The inventories produced by th; Historical Records Survey projects
Q attempt to do more than give merely a list of records - they attempt fur-
# ther to sketch in the historical background of the county or other unit of
Y government, and to describe precisely and in detail the organization and
functions of the government agencies whose records they list. The county,
_ town, and other local inventories for the entire country will, when com-
pleted, constitute an encyclopedia of local government as well as a bibli-
, ography of local archives.
The successful conclusion of the work of the Historical Records Survey
projects, oven in a single county, would not be possible without the support
of public officials, historical and legal specialists, and many other groups
in the community. Their cooperation is gratefully acknowledged.
l The Survey program was organized by Luther H. Evans, who served as
1 Director until March 1, 1940, when he was succeeded by Sargent B. Child, who
had been National Field Supervisor since the inauguration of the Survey.
’ The Survey operates as a Nation-wide series of locally sponsored projects in
~ the Division of Professional and Service Projects, of which Mrs. Florence
- Kerr, Assistant Commissioner, is in charge.
i HOWARD O. HUNTER
Q Acting Cmmnissioncr
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i The Historical Records Survey was initiated in Georgia in October 1956,
} as a unit of a Nation-wide program under the supervision of Dr. Luther H.
5 Evans, National Director. The project at the beginning was set up as a part
y of the Federal Writers’ Project, but functioned thereunder for only a few
Q weeks. The Survey bacame an independent unit or Federal Project No. 1 on
lr November 1, 1956, and operated as such until September l, 1959, when the
li transfer of the Survey to the status of a locally sponsored State-wide pro-
ject was effected. The present State Supervisor of the Survey was appointed
on October lO, 1940.
] The principal objective of the Survey in Georgia is to prepare complete
Q inventories of the public archives of the State and its political subdivi-
1 sions, and to make readily accessible to research students and historians
this large store of source material. A list of the publications of the
Georgia Historical Records Survey appears on page 519. Such a survey should
greatly aid and encourage a more systematic study of local governmental
structure and point the way to an improvement in the methods of storage and
preservation of both current and noncurrent records.
The arrangement of agencies in Part B of the inventory classifies them
according to govern ental function; Administration; registration of property
Y titles; administration of justice; law enforcement; finance; elections; ed-
ucation; health; welfare; public works; and miscellaneous. Records are
classified in general according to the agencies which make them, unless
, other disposition of the records is directed by law. Under agencies, rec-
1 ords have been classified, insofar as possible, according to the subjects
with which they deal.
Records are described in entries whose style is formalized to give the
following information: Title of record, dates for which available, quantity,
labeling of volumes or containers, information on missing records or dis-
i continuance, variant titles, description of record contents, manner of
— arrangement, indexing, nature of recording, size of volumes or containers,
, and location.
_ The Survey was begun in Muscogce County in.August 1958, and the initial
, field work was completed in March 1959. The work was recheckcd during the
, latter part of 1959. For the completeness and accuracy of the inventory of
{ the records the field workers are responsible. The historical sketch was
‘ written by Raymond H. Corry, Assistant State Supervisor. The essays, en-
tries, and other sections of the Inventory were prepared by the State Office
staff and were edited by Harold Warnell, Project Technician.
f Helpful editorial criticism of this Inventory in manuscript form was
’ offered by Mabel S. Brodie, editor in charge of public records inventories,
j of the Washington, D. C., office.
é The publication of this volume is made possible largely through the W
· assistance rendered on behalf of Museogee County by the Com issioners of \
J Roads and Revenues. The valuable assistance rendered by other county of- _
g ficials of Muscogee County is also gratefully acknowledged. Q
  '

 vi E
A Preface 5
pg I
Acknowledgement is also made for the aid given by the various workers it
and officials of the State and District offices of the Work Projects Ad- §~
ministration. Y
The Inventory pf the Ceunty.Archives of Georgia will, when completed, 2 l.
consist of a separate, numbered volume for each county in the State. Each § 2,
county unit of the series is numbered according to its respective position § 5.
in an alphabetical list of Georgia’s 159 counties. Thus, the volu e for Q 4
Muscogee County beomnes No. lO6, in accordance with this list. Q
i
The Inventory of the State archives, of county, municipal, and other Q
local records, will constitute separate series of publications. They are in Q
mimeographed form for free distribution to certain State and local public E I
officials, public libraries in Georgia, and to a limited number of libraries i
and govermnental agencies outside the State. Requests for information con-
cerning these publications should be addressed to R. V. Connerat, State
Supervisor, Research and Records Projects, Ten Forsyth Street Building, .
Atlanta, Georgia.
ll
FREDERICK S. HULSE 5
' State Supervisor Q
The Georgia Historical Records Survey Q
Atlanta, Georgia
January 1941 {
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I 7 

 9
i TABLE OF CONTENTS
2 General Page
, i 1. Historical Sketch ....A.. .. .,...,..4..A`,.Vi.,A . 4AA..4.. . ..........,i.... W i... . ....A.4,. . ......44..... . .»..V......e,....4....V.. . ..,.,... . .,.4..e . ....., l
h 2 2. Governmental Organization and Records System .....c...i....,_...».`.....4.....,,...._.,.».,_..,..A 55
H T 3. Housing, Care, and Accessibility of the Records. A_so,VVs,__4._,_A...A.....,......... . ,... 105
A 4. Abbreviations, Symbols, and Explanatory Notes- ,...,..,_s__,.....,._.,_,..,.....,.s...,.,,... . 117
_ 1 County Offices and Their Records
in
I. Board of Commissioners of Roads and Revenues ... ,.... I- m.H 121
igs Minutes. Receipts and expenditures. Financial 1
U' statement. Requisitions and orders. Warrants.
Tax records. Audits. Inventories. Roads and
bridges. Contracts. Police reports. Prisoners.
County poor. County bonds. Correspondence.
II. Superior Court Clerk as Ex Officio County Recorder. ...... -- ...__ , ,.__.... ..135
; Real and personal property; General property rec-
? ords; deeds; mortgages; land title registers;
2 land maps and plats. Homesteads. Charters of
incorporation. Trade names. Professional regis-
tration. Soldiers. Aliens and citizenship. Maps.
I III. Superior Court and Clerk-. ....... .. .... .mm. ..... I-. .......... -- .......... . .... I. ........ . ........... . ............ 142
‘ Civil; Case papers and pleadings; dockets; minutes
T and proceedings. Criminal; Case papers; inquests;
dockets; minutes and proceedings; bonds; paroles.
Juries. Financial records. Notaries public.
Voters and elections. Maps. Newspapers.
IV. Solicitor General- .iU. ...... In-- ..... .. .... ........ . ..... . ..,........ -.. ..... .---- ............. . ............ I ....... 161
Records.
I V. Jury Commissioners-. ..... . ................... . ........ .m .... . ........ .ni. ..... . ........ . ........... -. ..... . .... I ..,... W. ......... 165
S Jury lists.
VI. Grand Jury . . .-..n-U-- . .... ... . - .. -... .... ..m.-. ..... -. .--166
` Minutes. Presentments. Compensation.
V VII. Inferjpr Court.- .......... . .......... . ............. . .....   .. ..........   - ...... . ...... . ....   ....   .. .......   .l7O
Structural organization. Powers, duties, and
Q jurisdiction; Administration of county affairs;
} sitting for ordinary purposes; sitting as a court
E of law. Records. Sitting for county purposes.
g Minutes. Sitting as a court of law; Minutes and
3 proceedings; dockets. ,
si I . 
Q VIII. Court of Ordinary and Clerk --N. H.i -..M.. -.-I . --U.Hx-I .... 176 l
§ Minutes. Wills. Estates; Petitions; administration .
Q of estates; guardians; bonds; dismission; appraise- K
3 ments and inventories; accounts and sales; widow's I
i 1

 viii  
V Table of Contents Page fp Tablf
Court of Ordinary and Clerk (ccnt*d) it X
years support; returns; inheritance tax. Admini— #5
stration of estates, record of; Letters and bonds, ’ .
representatives of estates; bonds; appraisement fi i; ;
and inventories; sales; widows years support; re- Q
turns; dockets. Lunacy records. Marriages. Home- Q
stead and exemptions. Court costs and fees. Voters. Q X
Officials' oaths and bonds. Confederate pensions ;
and records. Spirituous liquors. Licenses and Q _
bends. Newspapers. Maps. Miscellaneous. Z XX
IX- G<>untyAdm1inistrat¤r ....,.... . ,.........,..,_......,......,.........._...,._ . ..,,..,,.,..... . ..._.,.............,,..,..,. . ,..........................,... 195   UV
X. County Court and Clerk ....,. . ............. . ...... -- .,,,A,.,.. .. ..t.,... lem- ..... . ..,........A,t.,,...._....A,,............ . ........A,.. -.194 X
Civil; Record of proceedings; dookets; minutes. i. P
Criminal; Minutes. Q
XI. County Court Solicitor ...,. is ....,._..,,..,. . .... -- ..A;...,. . ..,. . ..., -- ....,,....... M. .....,. .. .... ...... . .,,............. . .... 198 Q
XII. City Court of Columbus and Clerk ....,... . .,.....,.......................,......... . .A_. N .... . ..t....,,,......A....A.., m.l99 F
Civil; Case papers; dcokets; minutes. Criminal; Q
Case papers; dockets; minutes; bends. Jurors. ;
Court costs and financial records. E
XIII. City Court Solicitor ....,....,.,.........................., . ........,.........,...........,...._..,..,... . ........o.,.....,.,.,..........., . ,...... 206 i
A X
XIV. County Probation Officor.- .... - .... W.-m ....,;, I ..,... ..-U- .... .... . ..... I ,.... I .,..... -. ...... 207 E
Case papers. E
f XX
XV. Criminal Court . ...,.. I ...,.,. .. .........,.. . .,..,...._.., . ......, -. ..... . ........ . .......,....,.. . ....,.,... . ,......,..,..,.. M. .......,...A., . ...,. . ......, 209 E
i XVI. District Court M. l... ..,. .- _... .M-.Hi-.m. .,........ . .... .-. ,.... . ..,.... . ..... .i.m- .....,._. U ........, 210 X P
I Minutes. {
XVII. District Attorney .... -.. ..., 1-.- __._ .ii- ....., .i..Wm- .m--m.- .r...... . .... . ,.,., . ....... ..-215 g
XVIII. Justice of the Peace Courts ..... . ....... ..- .... ....A............... H- ..... . ........ . .................... . ..................... 214 g
668th militia district. 675th militia district. § Z
772d militia district. 773d militia district. i
92lst militia district. i
i XIX. Constables M. --- ....... ..-.. .... .... .. ...... i.. .... . ...... ..--. ......... . ......... W .......................... . 218 2
  ‘   H
E XX. Municipal Court of Columbus and Clerk . .... .M--.-I- ....r W .... .. ...... . .... 220 §
g Civil; Case papers; dockets; minutes and pro- E
{ 1 ceedings. Crnninal; Docket. Juries. Financial ;
records. `;
\ XXI. Municipal Court Marshal .........,...... . ........ -- ......... - ._... . ..... . ........ .. ........... .M. ..... . .................... 225 ii
\ [ 
N XXII. Juvenile Court...mMi- ........ .. .... ........._.. . ..r.. . ............ M. ...................... . ....................... . ....................... 226 F
Case papers. Dockets. Minutes. Miscellaneous. L
XXIII. County Attorney ...o. ..A... m.l .... H- ........ .. ............. N- ......................... . ............ . ...............r.............. 229 i
\ Q.
1 {Q

 [ E
l ix
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 . l.» HISTORICAL SKETCH
Physical Characteristics
Muscogee County was one of several counties created December 11, 1826,
by an act of the General Assembly of Georgia.(1) Prior to its creation there
were 66 counties in the State.(2) Its name commemorates a family of Indians
to which the Creeks and the Seminoles belong. The original county was enor-
mous in extent, comprising some 2,000 square miles of territory between the
Flint and Chattahoochee Rivers.(5) Its area has been changed by numerous
legislative enactments, until today it contains 225 square miles, or 142,720
acres. In 1827 Harris, Marion, and Talbot counties were created partly from
Muscogee,(4) and in 1854 another part went into the creation of Chattahoochee
County.(5) The boundaries of Muscogee have been altered a number of times.
Parts of Marion.and Harris were added to it in 1829.(6) The Muscogee and
Marion boundary was changed in 1840,(7) and again in 1849, with loss in area
by Muscogeo.(8) In 1847 a part of the county was transferred to Ta1bot.(9)
The boundary between Muscogee and Chattahoochee Counties has been changed on
no less than three occasions.(10)
Muscogee County is slightly south of an east-west line through the center
of the State. Its western boundary is the Chattahoochee River, which sepa-
? rates the State of Georgia from the State of Alabama. The county is irregular
i in outline. Its boundaries on the north and northeast are det.rnnned by sur-
> vey lines. On the east and south, Baker Creek and Upatoi Creek form natural
Z boundaries. The adjoining counties are Harris on the north, Talbot on the
9 north and east, and Chattahoochee on the south and east.(1l)
I
g The topography of Muscogee County ranges from a smooth and gently rolling
' surface in the north to steep and broken area