xt73n58ch62z https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt73n58ch62z/data/mets.xml   Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. 1930 journals kaes_circulars_238 English Lexington : The Service, 1913-1958. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 238 text Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 238 1930 2014 true xt73n58ch62z section xt73n58ch62z t University of Kentucky--College of Agriculture
THOMAS P. COOPER, Dean and Director
Circular No. 238 July, 1930
Published in connection with the agricultural extension work carried
on by cooperation of the College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky,
with the U. S. Department of Agriculture, and distributed in further-
' since of the work provided for in the Act of Congress of May 8, 1914.
I Strawberries For The Garden
U The strawberry is a delicious fruit and should be grown generally
_ in home gardens. It is the first of the summer fruits to ripen and
thereby furnishes variety foi· the table when the supply of other fruits
is limited. The average yield of a matted row 300 feet long is about
50 quarts, but 125 quarts is not unusual if the patch is given good care.
I A planting of this size should meet the requirements of the average
` family.
 J Strawberries succeed on a variety of soils. Loarns which are well
 y supplied with organic matter are preferred. Usually strawberries do
best following tobacco or other cultivated crops. Sod land may harbor
I cutworms and the white grub; therefore it should be avoided.
~ Most soils are improved by stable manure applied at the rate of a
half-ton to 1,000 square feet, supplemented by 15 pounds of 16% super-
I. Dhosphate. However, garden soils which have been manured regularly
for several years may be so rich that top growth is made at the ex-
. pense of fruitfulness. Such soils are benefited by an application of
5 Sllperpliospliate only. _
A Large,{vigo1·ous plants which have not borne a crop of fruit should
be used. Such plants make early runners and the plants from these
; are more productive than those formed late. The surest way to secure
A S00d plants is to raise them. A row 10 feet long should furnish about
200 plants from runners for setting a year later. Some varieties pro-
» duce more runner plants than others.

 2 Kentucky Extension Circular N0. 238  °
If plants are purchased from a nursery they should be set at ours
or "heeled in" until the planting can be done. "Heeling in" is done by
opening the bundles, placing the plants in a thin row in a shallow fur.
row and covering the roots with moist soil, pressing it firmly about .
them. lf the plants seem dry, water the roots when opening the
bundles. ‘
The best time for setting strawberry plants is as early in the ;
spring as the soil can be worked. It is seldom possible to get a good ‘_
stand when planting is done in the late spring. Usually the matted {
row system of planting is preferred. Most growers make the rows if
four feet apart, and set the plants 18 inches apart in the row. At this —
distance, 200 plants will bg required for a row 300 feet long. Care `
should be taken to set the plants at the same depth they grew origin- _
· ally. lf the soil is in good condition and pressed firmly around the  _
_ roots when the plants are set, watering will not be necessary. All `
plants which fail to grow should be replaced immediately. `
Varieties are divided into two classes, those which have perfect
flowers and so are able to bear fruit when planted alone, and those
which have imperfect flowers and must be planted near a perfect  n
flowered variety to produce fruit. lf a variety having imperfect iiowers
is planted, every fourth row should be one having perfect flowers. `
The following are a few of the more important varieties for Kentucliy. C
· All have perfect flowers. .
Aroma: The principal variety grown for the shipping market iu `
Kentucky. The berries are large, of good quality, andiripen in lzits
midseason. Aroma seems to succeed everywhere except in the Blue
grass region.
Premier: Probably the most popular variety for home gardens -
and the local market. It is grown to some extent. for shipping. It is I
a vigorous grower and productive. The berries are large, of good
qll&1ity_ and ripen early. It is consistently the best-yielding VaFiPil'
all over Kentucky. T
Senator Dunlap: A vigorous variety which has had wide popular
ity for many years, but is gradually being replaced by Premier. The
I berries are of medium size and good quality.  `
Gandy: One of the best late ripening varieties. The berries are il
medium to large and of fair quality. This variety is susceptible to _‘ 
leaf spot. ,

 1 Slrawbe·rM`es for {hc Gr11·EZe·12. 3
Blakemore: A new variety which was introduced recently by the
· U. S. Department of Agriculture. Plantings in Kentucky are too recent
at once to establish its adaptability in this region. However, the tests which
done by have been made with it are most promising. The plants are healthy
low fur- and vigorous, and the berries are large, firm and of excellent quality.
y about Everbearers: Are popular with home gardeners because they
omg tm produce fruit in the late summer and fall as well as at the usual straw-
` berry season in the spring. Usually the yield is too small to attract
4 commercial growers, but everbearers furnish a welcome luxury for
the table when there are no strawberries on the market. The Masto·
. in the don is the principal variety grown in Kentucky.
1 a good ‘
me mis Cultivation should begin soon after the plants are set and continue
Amr at ten-day intervals until about the middle of August. If horsedrawn
i' we - tools are used, the amount of hand hoeing needed to keep out the
iugglilli _t weeds will be greatly reduced. No cultivation is done in the spring
Ty. All t before harvest.
Immediately after the harvesting season is over, cultivation should
perfect be started again. The rows should be narrowed to about S inches.
Ld those and given a side dressing of sulfate of ammonia or nitrate of soda, at
perm 2 the rate of about 200 pounds per acre, or one pound to 50 feet of row.
Bowers Care should be taken to avoid putting the fertilizer directly on the _
mowers plants, since burning may result.
mm tl A mulch of straw applied in late fall is beneficial. The mulch
in Im I prevents heaving of the plants caused by alternate freezing and thaw-
le Bm - ing, and also keeps the berries clean during the ripening period the
 . following spring. About one ton of straw is needed per acre, or one
gatdem - bale to 300 feet of row.
;. It is
varietl ‘
: The finest berries are secured in the first crop after the plants are
set. For this reason some prefer to set a new patch each year and
wpum FNFW it up as soon as the crop is picked. However, many growers
r' The  4 h¤l'V€St two or three crops from one planting. Profitable TGHBWPII of
the patch depends on the stand of plants and the freedom from weeds.
ries are ¥
time to f_

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