iv                      Preface

with British victories over the Americans, was literally
riding roughshod over the Carolinas and filling his
regiments with Tories in numbers that threatened to
overrun the whole country.
   The conditions in the North, and especially in the
Northwest, were no less discouraging. The Americans
had held Fort Harrison, Fort Stephenson, and Fort
Meigs, but the surrender of Detroit and Mackinac, and
the massacres at Fort Dearborn, Fort Meigs, and the
river Raisin had more than eclipsed the glory of all
other quarters.  Proctor, reeking with the  blood his
treachery and brutality had drawn from fallen foes, stood
forth like a demon incarnate to desolate the land with
all the horrors of a savage and none of the ameliorations
of a civilized war.
   The victory of Perry on Lake Erie, like a bright
morning risen upon a dark night, lighted the way for the
Americans not only to recover Detroit but to invade
Canada and strike at the source of the ills that had
befallen them. The Americans were quick to see the
advantage of this naval victory and lost not a moment to
turn it to their full advantage. The thunder of Perry's
guns upon the water had scarcely died away when the
tramp of Shelby's regiments on their way to Canada
was heard upon the land. When they reached Malden