Preface



  The eighteenth publication of the Filson Club is prin-
cipally concerned with the war that followed this declara-
tion as it occurred in the Northwest. It was soon evident
after the declaration that we were not ready for war,
especially for the campaign in the Northwest. An inade-
quate number of undisciplined infantry were expected to
invade Canada and conquer it, without a navy and in spite
of the armed vessels of the enemy that floated upon the
lakes and protected Canada. Neither was our army ready
with officers or soldiers, or arms, or supplies. A beginning
had to be made, however, and when the initial steps were
taken it was found that the enemy, forewarned by our
proceedings in Congress, by our newspapers and our
stump orators, were better prepared for the fight than
those who had sent the challenge.
   The campaign began by the invasion of Canada by
Hull on the 12th of July, 1812. Instead of Hull attacking
Maiden he spent his time in trying to induce the Canadians
to come under the American flag and the Indians to keep
quiet, until he learned that the British were not as idle as
he was and were aIout ready to make an attack on him.
He then crept back to Detroit and there began that dis-
graceful series of acts which led to the surrender not only
of his army but of the whole Northwest frontier. His first
step after returning to Detroit was to get his supplies



VIli