xt73xs5jbs9d https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt73xs5jbs9d/data/mets.xml   Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. 1946 journals 3_03 English Lexington, Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Kentucky fruit notes v.3 n.03. text Kentucky fruit notes v.3 n.03. 1946 2014 true xt73xs5jbs9d section xt73xs5jbs9d _ 1 t — t""'\
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V .  
uuli 2  I Vol. 3 November, 1946 NO_ 3
1) Do » — »»»»-—-VA-.--;.__.... .,
1.5 to . —
mj , v_ \(J.‘.\.\
ISD"` » _ ,, W. D. Armstrong. Horticulturist, Editor “
. \ ·
4; i *
» .   . ·
s anti I nl?-Fflllt Insect Control in 1946 real prvoblem. Our spray schedules
1 31,,,, ’ , must t erefore be modified to in-
>y 5t . P' O' RITCHER clade mite control. In other states,
ll`¤1i1t- Kgntuekv fruit growers had their W me mites have caused damage
mimi ups and downs in 1946. 'l`he apple ms mem, y°m`S* It has been Shown
eolr; Crop thimkv to mv vwmhcl, and that the dormant spray is the first
,·i,.M> · DDT MN U‘m_ of th‘(_ Clmnwt p1_O_ point of attack because the European
Bm » ¤¤<·<>€* i¤`*<~¤¤·¤k>‘ is ¤¤·¤>° >‘~¤~· t‘$$tgY`§$d(i}§?‘Q`Zt§’T‘°*S 3,“ the atpple
` ‘ The peach crop. due to a tremendous The ’bc’ b31`€~
vv .v; _ severe mite infestations developed CG1‘ti11¤ \‘Hl`1€t1€S _0f 3PD1€s_ sssm
`uju in some orchards and caused con- to be m01`€ suscsptlbls lc mue eu'
‘u*‘ ‘E sidcrable bronzing and loss of foliage TGC}? than Otheis- Oc the commerclel
Ic uf — from late July on through Arigusp varieties. Red Delicious suffers the
uu P ln the Purchase area most of the worst mJUl`}`·
‘ _*’;*c damage was caused by the common
us.   red spider while in other sections PEACH INSECTS A
h—l‘*` the European red mite was preva- Curculio. Curculio adults appear-
. _ . ICM. HS wcll. ed unusually early last spring and in
lsfuef Continued use of DDT, which rc- large numbers. In spite of heroic
(mts suits in the destruction of mites` efforts on the part of many peach
-li{llH‘l _ natural enemies. will make mites a growers. the 1946 crop was very
~ u y  

 wormy. Opinions differ as to all the late July and August. To counter-
CGUSGS i11\'0l\’€‘€l. but Iliff W1`ll€1` feels act scale, leaf curl and possible mite {L
{hilt the i¤diff¤r¤¤t €0\'€i`ilE£€ 0D· troubles, every grower should do an H
tgiggdc ;"lth Clusls “'€ls tv blilmc m extra good job this year of applying i W
s — zses. , . ( S .1 ._ — ,b,S   ,
Harvest counts were made ifi il tll$e.(l`Q1lf,LElle§°1,$t—et»tithZtiLila";}.  V  
¤¤¤¤b¤i· of W¤St¤r¤ Kvmuvky or- mo Beteiehhx. Detailed iheh—ht-tthhe 2
°`ll€ll"l$· In Omg Plldllcllll °l`Clllll`Cl on mixing and application are given
over 80 percent of the crop contained in Kcmuckv Extmlsmn L(.;,i·|M`t)_ \\
· curculio and it was difficult to find Pcqch Tljcc Burn BV thc Um_ A B
Q S°““°l p°"°ll= lll *‘ll°lll°l` °l`“l“‘l"l this IQQLIO of tht- Fruit Ntitts 'l))l"ll`;  — ll
in the same district only 2 percent . [.1*]* _ b_ bl _ I _ I 1_t_‘1‘l4l “,·' lt
of the crop was wormy. Curculio It “lUl°i_°_?) I l°_ Ulm _‘l li. ll ‘lll_llll ` ft
infested peaches in most orchards ll° l°*—ll   Dst**·£}**1*_*‘.* _l’_l_l)a_‘llll
ranged from l0 to 20 percent. In ll°°_Dl)l°l sllllllllj _ll,l” lllslfl, fllls b
general, the best control was ob- `l glsfll   _ll°l°`” ilml _l;°`ll`°ill” U
tained in young orchards or where °llll°l*._°l L"} l.l"ll‘__ " _llllll‘l lll"'l_i ` I.
a very thorough program of spray- lll_°lll lb srllllil llll?lllf'_ll$l_1°.l_l`;l_ _ll ‘1 { I
ing or dusting had been followed. hlllllgl lll,llll‘i   °_l}l°l?ll.i ls lu; lll  ‘ [
Some growers had considerable ll°lF`l*·_ ('lll“l`l*.ll “’_l*'l skill) ll,‘,j‘l _ c
trouble with arsenical injury to lll“`ll .ll°`°*_llll*_ lflll $5lll_ *ll_ _ lll‘l"` Y
foliage but prompt use of nitrogen l‘ll°` lflll lll. °“lll} ”lllllll*· l,l.°:;l;lll_t`lll *  
fertilizers corrected some of the bi “§'l‘=“_°lll}°li.{`,ll1‘FlF`{‘f` fll‘ llllllflh . \
“‘°¤**‘°- E2·tJ3?-filllifhh-H."vI-W Zt»Jtl"Elf'i-Illia ` t
Oriental Fruit Moth. Injury from QOEL A ` ` ` (
oriental moth was very spotty and. ` __AA ,___,_m_n,_ \
in general. lighter than in 1945. . , , , . , . , _. . ;
TWO D,.C_hm.,.CSt Spmys Of DDT 194(1 kI;N'1U(I€\r SIATL PAIR I
again gave excellent control in the FRUIT I·.XI*llBlT Q
EiS<>¤ ¤r¤h¤¤‘d at L¤<¤>¢tt¤r iilivrv The i¤S Represented ‘
more numerous than last year, The apple exhibits were divided
ranging from T to 28 percent of the about equally from Jefferson and .
crop in ten orchards. The type of Trimble counties in central Ken-
cat-facing found on peaches in west- tucky and from Graves and Mc-
ern Kentucky orchards is very dif- Cracken counties in western Ken- ·
ferent from that at Lexington or in tueky. For the first time in years
eastern Kentucky, and is no doubt no fruit was exhibited from Hender- _
caused by different insects in each son county. Peach exhibits came ‘
section. Several western Kentucky largely from Trimble and Mci
growers who used early DDT treat- Cracken counties. The colorfu
ments felt they reduced the amount grape displays were divided between
ofsinjiiiry considerably. 1 H Trimble and Jefferson counties.
ca e. San Jose scae is sti a .
problem in Kentucky peach or- Results `
chards, as evidenced by the amount In the feature apple exhibit of
of scale-marked fruit found at twenty trays consisting of three or t
harvest and the number of young more varieties, first place went to
scales seen crawling over the tree in J. W. Fegenbush, Bucchel, Ken-

uite . lucky; second place went to Sid Most growers usually return home
{im i Holloway, Mayfield; third place with the determination to do a bet-
r'¤_¤1: went to H. M. Holloway, Mayfield; ter job of spraying and general fruit
11¤X~ and fourth place went to Millcr‘s ts¥`_0Wmg1¤_0¤`d€1`t0 return next year
it Orchard, Valley Station. with Superior fruit.
l ` . .
VSS Individual orchard booth display -i-;····L—
· ·`   *·‘·‘:fll ·:  · `
z  i l§l3{?°‘.§ `éZLZ,"ht3ri§i%? aL‘J$;rJ‘3? FALL MULLHING PAYS IN
  Y W. Fegenbush, Buecheli third, Mil- KENTUCKY
" ·_ ler`s Orchard, Valley Station; and
W1} fourth. ll. M. Hollowa , Ma field. W` Di ARMSTRONG
`QL`}1 r S _ Pk I Hy]. _ is \ Strawberry mulching trials have
flllf _“(f1°pSf‘l, L i(_mf)1°` UL t   xsi been under way in Kentucky since
_L.ns bushe o apples and best tray of the S em.1 H .t-. I ,1 , .
mb  . apples went to Lester Harris, of startcg md1938m mu tm P¤¤g¤¤m
ii 2 ~ Kevil in McCracken county, for the ‘
L. Hi 1 third straight year, on the Golden At CVCYY h?U`§'@$l OXCQDI t\\'0.
rm  . Delicious \.m.icly_ JOD Bm`. & 1939 and 19-16, tall mulching has
I 5 B if l `t k given outstanding in ` ` ld
nk.   ons, et orc, won sweeps a e . * ` ' creases in yre
ieni  i honors on the best basket and best L""¥" “O¤‘ml%lCh€d 0i` $Di`1¤g·m¤l€h-
I-idk.  1 plate of peaches with the Hale fd Plffls 01`f1§ld$· .Th<3 \\'0rk to date
one ‘ variety and on the best plate of W5 SWWY1 _t at, as an average, fall
wld  A grapes xyith me Niagara \-ul-ict}-_ or early winter-mulching will give
¥ Other swecpstake winners were: J. Lm m€1`€¤$€ OL 30 €1`8t€$_ D€1` 8€1`€
;  w_ Fpgcnbush, Bucchcly on bcst over no mulehrng or spring-rnulch-
HR plate of apples and Fred J, W. Wirth, mg at least 3 YGHYS Out ef 4-
 f Louisville. on pears. The harvest of 1939 was preceded
r Top honors in the general each by Unc Of thi? warmest winters in
. P
lllil   and grape exhibit vvgiit {0 Jog Bray 1`CC€Ul }'Q31`Sr Also, tl‘i€ ll&I`\'€S'[ of
vpt;   & 5OnS_ BQd{OI·d_ Top pear and 19-16 was preceded _by a somewhat
esa. ·- palm rumors went to Mrs. D. c. mild w¤t¢r· Duma Such open
lalltl T \\li{hQi·gpOO¤_ AnCh0l~;igg_ “'ZH°{I`l \\'32t€l¥S S&l'3\\&bGl`l`y pl3ll'[S ll')
_) i(j_ . . . . . \' ’ ‘ ’ r ‘ r'
im- G b,;iQ§{`“,Q?;f§? jfjfj i)°}{}l§°Q,¥j;’£;““F,‘{§ drisrfdsli arial sIc$ut§h»(;ii§)dI1sgg~li3’i`;li;r\g;;Ei
{nig  i premiums divided among the various picsgcd by QVC!] Q mpgemieji winter-
Md t exhibitors For the third straight ingigii TIFCSC mild "`mt€1°’ are de`
ex-  { _‘ _ _‘ _ _   _. . cr e y tre exception. however,
trol. Q_  §sé;_8g*kC;gC;OuI3;l;1Ei_0L?émIi1°};1£0u;2 rather than the rule. Records and
gg;     high   'exhibits and with rgggrimggg gQ¤;;,t*;;},,¤11.$,§.K€¤·
  . 24 entries. won 1-1 blue ribbons, T .> . “p r-, ; pen ligs asf
ved _ _. _' _ . _. loxx as 10 to ..0 abore zero by
U _ red ribbons and 3 uhite ribbons, be- .· . .
re . _ _ _ _ Christmas and temperatures that go
in a ‘ SIMS the mg S" Ccpsmkci to zero or below several times dur-
s Ross Harris. Paducah, Kentucky, ing the remainder of the winter.
 » sent up some very fine peaches and, The greatest increase recorded was
 — as a first-time exhibitor, made a following the sub-zero weather of
ldeel  · good start lby wrgmng second place 19-10. During that period tempera-
and  ; in tie peacr exhi it to Joe Bray and tures went to 10; to 15; below zero
len-  -. Sens` very outstanding exhibit of with no snow on the ground, and
Mc- Hale peachesr Thomas Jackson, of fall-mulched plots averaged 80 crates
len- Parksville. another new exhibitor, per acre more than non-mulched ·
ears  , made a nice start on apples and plots. This same contrast held for
der-  T pears. It is always interesting to see mulched and non-mulched fields
ame ` new exhibitors take their place in over the district. In addition to
Me-  ’· the fruit exhibit and to have the heavier yields through winter pro-
rful - older exhibitors back from year to teetion of the plants. that mulch that
·een ` year. All are welcome. There is spreads to the middles also helps .
;_ much good-natured visiting, friend- prevent soil loss through erosion.
 ‘ ly rivalry, and good comradeship The main objection to fall—mulching
. among the fruit growers and their among growers is the fact that they
L of ` families and friends, as they go often get a stand of wheat. cheat or
2 or ~ about packing their trays, selecting rye over their fields from mulch
t to . their plate apples or decorating their spread in the fall. This can be
{en- b00thsdin their efforts to capture the largely overcome by proper hand-
€0Vetc blue and purple ribbons. ling ofthe material.
` 3

Where possible, cleanly threshed KEEP YOUNG TREES COMING O  
straw, free of seeds, should be used. ALONG T0 REPLACE OLD  l thai
Where chaffy or seed-infested straw ONES E  
is used, the bales should be spread BY DK J- H- G_OURLIQ:Y· Ohio _EX· , lgu,
over the fields in October on their pemnent §rg:_%‘;i;llt{:_a,yVlS°°nsm gms
sides with one or both wires clipped V ` and
S0 as to abm the eu rm ed ·.,r§"§€$J2`°J€.?£?y §§2rll‘%‘,§E$i Bl **332
. _ _ . ’ L ` ‘ ` rr
germinate all seeds before spread- aa Orlgmal Saudlmul mulaml Or
mg Um€- Straw used f1`0m H stack chimera which may have come into
can also be spread about so as to be CX1Sl·oY`1C0 many _y¢¤1`_S USG. Each C
wet by the fall rains; or- be forked ogg its alogoyfit}l?iV2lE01`thli_l’\rCL;€l¤g A ed`!
0vjr S0 that most 0f the Seeds dw E rr‘$§$, aend Jfiruiaayyérccrrms. °‘   E13
ou . · - ‘ —
Now if a tree grew in an en- . Del
L · vironment free of all hazards, there · Wil
Amount to Apply is no reason why it should decline , C
In the Paducah section tests have except from senility. No_ insects. ‘ Oh
shown that 1% tons of straw per ooc olsooioaolli ;";$;ho:floJo;`5'· no _  
· _ ex ess o· c ce ·· t wa er or-  _
acre glYeS bettel results than 2 tons nutrients-what a Utopia! But fruit '  
oo ¤rdi¤¤ry Yool`$· In tho G1`€o¤‘ trees are not only subject to all of ’ Of
ville and Bowling Green section 2 these and more, but also one branoh ‘ __j
tons should be about rrght while isa¤¤¤¤r¤§llit<>_¤·<>f¤¤<>th§r.they eww 3;;
around Louisville and Covington, 2 lacigllfglghsb gilngniielgltgdenlgilllselgée S hel
to 2% tons Should be about Tight- comes small, fails to color properly,  _ {Sl
Time *0 Apply EEESCSS ii-‘i.£i€iE’§T’ ‘i$ZHi§£’rt§£l§ ;  
No set date for mulching can be this not too favorable a picture, the del
stated. The plants should be allow- variety itself may have become ob- ` ees
e_d to harden up by fall frosts and solete or the actual site may prove l lol
light freezes. However, as a rule, to be unfavorable. _(
the_mulch should be on hand and True lhls ls hut always SO. Bama  i he
available by late November or early trees and Orchards reach a’h ad_ i Yoi
D€C€IT1b€I‘. By that time the €I1tl1`€ Vahcgd age and are still profitable pk
Stete frequently has cold Spells but the trend of thinking in America ‘ le
with temperatures as low as l0° to is away from Old Orchards Of lm
leo above Zere· The best Suggestion course the fine point to decide is  = ile
Seems le be te Spread Strawberry when yan orchard has received the 50
mulch in Kentucky when tempera- proper Cara lu kccp it yuuhg and " U`?
tures threaten to go as low as 15° to what we moan by old  , W1
20°; _f0r it has been established that H Y T   . Al . .
considerable _damage to the straw- lgvfl ming treeel. efnlllg _ mfg ’ Spr
berry crown is caused by those tem- f _ ul {ming Pm we all elgzleg · up
peratures, especially in late Novem- O1 ess Ol wie eeleeee in. m afi
ber or early December before the pepgr eo m¤¤*1¤S ihehdesuieelhtx Of im
plants have become fully hardened. ggelnlgégg   (gf talevaiggmhafégig sa
toiolrggdgsiggxéle it $€ogi$hU}€ gmc more young trees coming along. .  
rr m 1 n- · . . .  .
tuclgy varies from lgte Noizemrbereon a Itléstilgggeglgalgcglt lossy   ell;
through mid-December, depending pp lh . lc le   bl i
·>¤ the weather- Siféfiny 2¥.§$§r ‘1E¤r“§g$$$$r°bifFar$ l"
V€1`Y €81`1Y fall }¤\{1Chi¤g is 110t is bound to be wrong under many pr
advisable because it is desired for conditions. It depends upon the site pl
the plants to harden off and develop of the orchard, trees per acre, a
85 m\»{€h 8S_ P0SS1b1€ b€f01“€ the varieties, size, age and the treatment hi
mulch is applied. the trees have received. ta
Old, second year fields generally It is clear· that economical pro- l
do not benefit from mulch as much duction depends in considerable part ‘ DE
as new, first year plantings. upon the yield per acre. Unless an l ih
-   }

 RD · eppie orchard p1·oduces, on an aver- "in case of doubt take out mor-e."
age, 200 bushels per acre it is ques- The cost per bushel of Jonathan ap-
lNG  . tgohakele ul(hether the _g%r;>llarer is   ples ore1hish40—year old trees is near-
than rea ing even, 1 a, an y ou et at from 20-yea old es,
bushels would be a safer marginal although the fruit is good? On
Ex_ · figure. Many cgmmercial orchalrds Other grewers weeld not keep
m , l'JF9dU_CC ICSS all many more t fm apple trees over 30 years and some
_ this f1gur0. lt I5 the g€¤€l`3l belief, even less. But a Yakima orchardist
and I think figures will bear 1t out, s . ·»
_ says that as long as a person can
s of  . that orchards _1n general produce get yield emel eeellty {rem en er_
t gf  · more than pY€Vl<>ll$lY- chiiird heeisenot justified in removal,
. `  ` . . i ' ` ‘ ‘ d Wenatchee the
mte » Best Age of Trees mem   dh
Zach One orchardist is usually interest-   llgjger? elgde gg e)l(tll(;IrP€l,;1i)c§§§alIe¥
eing : ed in the view of another, and a few eetlee eeer varieties peer. memeee_
fo1· l such views will be given as obtained {nent 'er the grewer lllmself rather
 · fl`0hl 9 few $u€CCS$fu1 and 0x' than ythe trees getting too old"
ee_ ‘ perienced men in this lfield. Space '
._ . ·`ll tpermit· comp et su vey. _ _`"‘
    “IOfn§ group out 140 orchardists in NEW “1946” PEACH
sets  Q Ohio, 75 per cent considered their VARIETIES
*3;%   ‘;i3$£i‘$s$li,»‘?l°{*h`2°i%‘ t£‘Eétyé2‘3SL.s$$§A W· D· ARMSTRONG
rug tl, and Only 10 pgl· Cgnt in [hg pgyjgd   StEit€ EXp€I`lITl8I`lt Sl',8l'.lOI1S
I gf ; extending up to 35 yg3;·5_ \VOi`kll`lg l.OW8l`·d d€V€lOpITl€l’llZ of bBt—
mel]  _ Seven orchardists in Eastern Mas- le? P¤¤¢h "3l`l€ll€$i 85 well 35 the
rett.  ’ saehusetts placed the economic U- S· D€Pal`hh€hl_0f ASl`l€l1ltllY€ and
eme · optimum as follows: four at 40 years, Some Other 3g€h€l€$, have made GX-
ee_ two at 45 to 50 years and one at 60. Cehehl PFOSFQSS that Sh0l1ld Qvént-
,rlt. For peaches, two placed this age at llllhy mean much l0_ Th? fflllli ln-
'ere ` 12 years. one at 12 to 14 years, and d¤Sll`y and the publ1e in general.
1 te _` one at 10 years. In that section it S€V€l'31 Of lh€$€ 8g€h€l€$ d€€ld€d 1H
the  as rleeertels ee verletyy amount et X elle- 1946 that some of their selections
ee_ ease present, and amount of winter hal? Qhollgh melll lh b€‘_¤3m€‘d Bhd
.e.  — killing. introduced for public trial. In the
V W I One grower in Connecticut be- if-’u$}"ingf_a°°°§nt gn? year;/l? 1§htrO‘
eme . lieves that we must come to a 40- Hlf?1QnS lgngr Bev Selgeyi lc lgani
l seer llfe exeeeteney program fer. ee_ l!;1_O1S, an te .   epartment o
Hd- ~ - A 11cultu1e 31 described
able   Dl€S, keeping 25 per cent of the area g G _ _ · _
Flea ..  in trees under 10 years of age at all Four new varieties _are listed _by
Or  _ times and preferably half in trees 25 the New Jersey Experiment Station
e is Q years and under. He comments that —Early East, Jcrseyland, Redcrest,
 , Youth 1n humans, animals and fruit and_ Laterose. This exrperiment
the - -
d trees will always be able to cope station has_ done outstanding work
an I with the situation. in developing new peaches over a
= A New Yet-le grower whe has period of_years. Many of its earlier
*98   spent meet ef me 79 years le the introductions such as Raritan Rose,
llllg sppis business finds that he cannot G<>ll>* lh K€¤l¤<>l}i;t.kWhen trees are 40 years old he The lvlichigan lixperiénent Station,
· in s it is time to remove them. througi its peaci bree ing program
ahh? , The profitable age of an orchard is at the South Haven Experiment
gl`; flplli 10 to 35 years, and after that Station. has now named and ings- ‘
h Dro its are doubtful. He would duced the Fairhaven variety. e
Slle Z Plant 12% per cent of his charge at Michigan work has already meant
-Cl`€· ` &_tnne, keep rotating, develop with much to the Kentucky and national
ient _ his orchard, and avoid serious mis- peach picture by developing the now
‘ takes. famous Halehaven variety. Other
pro- An Indiana grower would not keep varieties originating there are the
part {Each trees over 15 years and give Kalheveg grid, more recently, the
l an Gln a consistent annual pruning, popu ar e IRVGH.
· 5

The U. S. Department of Agri- comes into bearing early. A very One
culture, through its peach breeding promising carly commercial sort. ` tree
work at Beltsville, Maryland and Redcrcst (N. J. l26)——Large, firm. i P
Fort Valley. Georgia, has just named yellow 1`reestouc, vigorous gi~owr·I—_ , x C
and released the Southland, In productive, ripening just before El- — iles
1945 they also released two new berta or about with Georgia Belle . ning
varieties, Dixired and Dixigem, Fruit excellent t`or freezing anti Elb~
that are expected to help t'ill the canning. Better eolor and a real tive
‘ need for better early peaches. competitor for Summererest. ai;. g as
The Illinois Experiment Station other New Jersey variety of the of
has released seven new varieties as same season. p heln
the first fruits of their large peach Laterose (N. J. 109)~—Largc, firur Q P
. b!`€€€ll¤g Pl`0Si`¤m- and m0l`€ Cilll bl? white freestone of high quality that X (
expected before long. Many of ripens just after Elberta and \’\’l:ii»·  i hig.
these selections have been tested in Hale and with Afterglow. anotht-; j. wit
the mid-west and here in Kentucky. good yellow freestone from Nev. . pro
The new Illinois varieties arc: Jersey. ; tha
Prairie Daybreak (K69), Prairie V _ _ __ r 3tt
Dawn (KT3). Prairie Sunrise (K7-li, ILLINQIS \iARlI·.'lll·.S V _  { ro 4
Prairie Rose (KSO). Prairie Schoon- Pl`¤lll`lQ D1lYbl'_<‘¤¤k (l\b9l--—(llal~
€1` (K40). Prairie Clipper (K47) and llll\'L‘I1 X Billie-(ilu) Large, yelji,·_j_· 2
Prairie Rambler (K43). treestone. quality good tulvery grim; = I
Below We ehle e deSel.iph0h_ as flesh moderately firm. ltipensabou; _ em
furhished by the O1~igihatO1-S_ Of Cach 5 weeks ahead ot l1.llJl’_l`lLl. or about  . Bil.
l946vH1·i€t\·1iSt€d above; 1 week alter Red Bird. lree zs , wu
` vigorous and bud—hardiness is about j ch,
MICHIGAN VARIETY the same as Elberta. `C Qi];.
Fairhaven (South Haven 25)- Prairie Dawn (K73)—(Valiant X · yp
Yellow-fleshed freestone of high Halehaven) Very bud—hardy. vigor-  f to
quality and firm flesh that ripens ous. and productive, rating in buti- ‘ jg;
about 2 days after Golden Jubilee hardiness with the hardiest white  ~ ]
starts to ripen. It is probably as varieties in thc test plot. Fruit is I me
hardy as Halehaven. Trees bear yellow-fleshed. high quality. highly ’ gh.
early. Fruit has something of the colored, moderately firm, does not   RC
Elberta Shape and Will Ship well. discolor when exposed to the air iz:  _ Cd
processing, and is only partly free- ` hi
U·S·D·A· VARIETY stone. Ripening begins with Prairie  i in
Southland (F.V. 4-155)—Yellow· Daybreak and lingers a few days  ; qu
fleshed, firm freestone of large size, after that variety. ls expected to be  4 i
ripening with Halehaven. This popular because of hardincss. higii  , he
peach, as its name indicates, is of quality, and appearance.  1 he
special interest in southern states. Prairie Sunrise (K7-t)—(ValiantX  . be
Because of its low chilling require- Halehaven) Yellow frccstonc wher 1 ,.8
ment it can be grown further south fully ripe. of very good quality. and , lh
than such varieties as Elberta and moderately firm. Fruit very similat he
Halehaven. to Prairie Dawn. ripening 3 to 5 days ·  hl-
after Prairie Dawn. Bud-hardiness j i
NEW JERSEY VARIETIES rated between Elberta and Hale- g n`
Early East (N. J. 134)—Large, haven. Tree vigorous and very pro- . F
yellow, high quality, ripening about ductivc. `
10 days ahead of Golden Jubilee. Prairie Rose (K80)—(Gage X ,
Colors before ripening and hangs Halehaven) Yellow frecstone. U]
well. Productive; dormant fruit medium size, round and well color- , V;
buds hardier than Elberta; tree- ed. Flesh firm and of fine texture. · Q
ripened fruits have been freestone. ripening 3 days to a week before i W
A promising early kind for home or Halchavcn. Bud-hardiness a b out  . T]
commercial orchard. the same as Elbcrta. Tree produc- , rc
Jerseyland (N. J. 135)—Large, tive and moderately vigorous. CL
firm, attractive, productive, early- Should be a good commercial ship- , U;
bearing, yellow freestone, ripening ping peach. b.
a few days before Golden Jubilee. Prairie Schooner (K40)-—(Elberta Ci
Fruit resembles J. H. Hale, hangs X South Haven) Large, yellow free- Oi
well, and is far superior to Golden stone of bright color, ripening 4 or5 ri]
Jubilee as a shipping peach. The days before Halehavcn some scasoiii rp
tree is hardy, sets buds freely, and and with it in others. Bud-hard-  _

 iness about the same as Halehaven. state-wide testing of new sorts
verv One of the best varieties tested for under commercial conditions and
>rt. ` “ freezing. enables us to get a prompt state-wide
firm_ Prairie Clipper ‘* =*’*s·¤‘ *%'F~%‘*e··_ S~l~¤*<*<* station at oaaaaa. tm September
(H'], to extend the lulbeita season. 26 amd 27 in Connection with the
»·L.1ilUl·,; E Promising New vurietieg §{petiizrl¥\Ho1L/gculltuhal Pfogram of th;
.’i"""  F Dixired~—\’¤·r>· ecrrlxr >·<·l1<>w ¤li¤t=· stgiigri. irhegigiriglitriii hgeiémeert-
flgmuf  ; stone that ripens just before Red Cd in [hc ngxt issue gf Kgntggky
,.E;Ol`§i  ` Bird. {Boing planted}and tried cgt- Fruit NOtgS_
, yff   tensive y rn tue souti as an ear y The up ssc Of gffgyin rgmiumg
dbm"   Shipping Pyiicll ‘*f l”<‘ll¤‘*` ;ing.v (Introduced l9·la.) W. w' MAGILL
  A edhaven—\ello\x. vei y fum- , . _
· hlgn · fleshed freestone. giving promise of `anetl DOI";
. ,  j being a useful variety. Ripcns just The harvesting results, on the
mm A   before or with Golden Jubilee, Be- strawberry variety experiment _ at
_“·h°’} ° Cause of heavy bearing and early our Western Kentucky Substation
    it Ylpclling. must be thinned early and for 1946 vere as f0llO\\'S. 3CCO1`dl¤g
`lmllili  l heavily to develop good size, Non- to W. D, Armstrong. who had charge
,°,‘l“*_i  ; browning flesh; excellent for freez- of the experiment:
dlglfgi .;  ms and canning. tlntrodneod i94g_) Crates gcgs
Y pi`0-  . Regular and Cooperative Variety \-_U_iCt\, gciig igts
r  V T€StIIIg _L Y; ` A     l
gc X  Z The Kentucky Experiment Station   ______,_ jt(] 17%
’SlO“$`· . already has a number of these Tmmcssc
Qohil;  : \'ill`lCties under test at Lexington, Shi}5l3G1.(]_ig)__15’[ ji'}
Etllui; Quicksand. or Princeton. Others Tcmmsscc _
bcuila » Hvlill bel plaptcd this fatll or spring Beauty (3535 __i79 S'?
irougi ie coopera ive varie y __   . . · ·
lioduci   testing project of the Special Horti- Thcblf dlgldi {dogg azbliaigggs gi `
I O l}°· ‘ Cultural Program, a number of trees EDIT?   °p1m° 1 `
» Ship' 1 of all important new varieties have hm\C§t`
,1b M . been placed with cooperators in Not Cmbgrass
‘ (il"  · CVQVY peach section of the state and Loonard Overby and Son. lVIaY-
'7 hq; , 0ih€?1`S will be distributed this fall [told, Ky,_ harvested and $0ld 0\'€I`
    Und. as worthy new ones become 200 crates of U. S- N0~ I TCUHESSGE
   . m"“lablC· This PVUJCCI%1SSl11`CSquiCk Beauty (263) strawberries from
7 ,, A
». Il 5
. 3i     2

 three-fourths acre, second-year ers to increase to damaging num.
patch. bers is an important problem that
The Tennessee Shipper strawberry has to be faced squarely. Dr. R. tt
outyielded Premier in the Louisville Daines, Plant Pathologist of New "
area in 1946 in spite of spring frosts Jersey, will discuss the all important
and a rainy harvest season. problem of preventing arsenical in.
_ jury to peach and apple foliage anti
Tnlnk It Over the control of certain apple and
In 1945 I asked a good many ex- peach diseases. Dr. P. O. Ritchei;  `
perienced apple growers of Ken- our Entomologist, will discuss pearl;
tucky what varieties they would insect control and the 1946 work in `
plant, and in what percentages, if Kentucky. Dr. C.   Baker of Purdue
they were planting a new apple or- University will discuss the con-
chard. Less than 10 percent said struction and use of hoinc and conc-
‘ they would plant Red Delicious, inereial apple storage houses. \\`.D
Starking, or Winesap. Armstrong will discuss the Speck;
1946 was a bumper crop year for Horticultural Program that has beer;
thesethree varieties. To my way of in effect the last several seasozs
thinking. 20 years of history is a The program will run througr. ta
more valuable guide than one un- morning. afternoon and night srs- pl
usual year. sions with a round table dislcussiox; ' sq
. of varieties, fertilization am prun- a]
Be Different ing practices lead by Mr. l\Iagill tt   n
Wh€¤ everyone else l$ Planting be one of the features of the niglwi tt
peaches, it mightbe a good idea to session. tt
thmk about plemmg Some apples lt is strongly urged that groxvtys tt
AVVarning in all sections of the state makr ir
Plant a naw