xt741n7xnj6g https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt741n7xnj6g/data/mets.xml Alabama Alabama Museum of Natural History 1931 Other titles include: Alabama Museum of Natural History museum paper, Geological Survey of Alabama, Museum of the Geological Survey of Alabama. Other creators include: United States. Work Projects Administration, Geological Survey of Alabama, Tennessee Valley Authority. Issues for 1, 3 carry no series numbering. No. 2 also as Education papers no. 1. UK holds archival copy for ASERL Collaborative Federal Depository Program libraries. Call number  AS36 .A2. journals  English University, Ala. : Alabama Museum of Natural History, 1910-1960 This digital resource may be freely searched and displayed.  Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically.  Physical rights are retained by the owning repository.  Copyright is retained in accordance with U. S. copyright laws.  For information about permissions to reproduce or publish, contact the Special Collections Research Center. Alabama Works Progress Administration Publications Museum Paper, no. 11, 1931 - including "Alabama Reptiles" by William L. Haltom text Museum Paper, no. 11, 1931 - including "Alabama Reptiles" by William L. Haltom 1931 2015 true xt741n7xnj6g section xt741n7xnj6g 21
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  GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA ‘    
  WALTER B. JONES. P1—1. D., STATE GEOLOGIST ‘ I    
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    _Y;  LABAMA REP I ILES   A  
  WILLIAM L. HALTOM I    
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<;EOLOGIcAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA · I  
A WALTER B. JONES. PH. D., STATE GEOLOGIST · ` 1:rI    
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MUSEUM PAPER NO. 11 I      
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ALABAMA MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY   l.    
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ALABAMA REP I ILES I W ,1    II1
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WILLIAM L. HALTOM , A I  
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UNIVERSITY, ALABAMA N    'I  
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LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL   4      
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Hou. B. M. Miller, » _ l   ~   i
» Governor of Alabama, l j ` . 'A. =   { I
Montgomery, Alabama. ‘   ;._.·  
Dear Sir: Y ,` _, :_    
l have the honor to transmit herewith a report on Alabama   I }      
I Reptiles, by William L. Haltom, Curator of the Museum, with the 'f " , ,      
request that it be printed as Museum Paper No. 11, of the Ala- l ·4    
, llama Museum of Natural History. .-   ·    
A Very respectfully, F -   g.    
V WALTER B. Jomas, ~ g J_li]?·j·_; j
State Geologist.   Ii  
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{  Jmxs BARKSDALE, B.S., M.S ..r,.,..........V.....,.......,..rrVr...................... Sfujf (lioioyjxp
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gb  ROBERT S. Honmzs, D.Sc ......,......rrr...............r...,r.r...........,r,rrrr..VrV...,.,.Y...,.,r__ (‘/wiigv ·
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= ,1,] VVILLIAM L. HALTOM, A.B., M.S ....,....,,,.................,............................___... (n1,·,m.,·
, ,[f’ DAVID L. DEJARNETTE, B.S .,,...,................................................. 4 ssismnr <‘11,·om,·
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  A TRUAIAN H. ALDRICH, S12., M.E., D.Sc ............................. , ............._ I’oI1»o»m»I11,/,1
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~,.f  COL. R. A. IIIITCHELL, Birmingham __._____._.._,.,..._..___._____________,.._..._..__._,.. (V/11¢1~i‘/IH/11 L
{IY;   ERSKINE RAMSEY, Birmingham ..._......____________,_...,.,..,._______._____,....__ I’i4·w—(`I1¢11`rn1z11*  ‘
{   ` IVALTER B. JONES, University ..._..._._...____._,.._________,_..._,__._________,......,_____... S~·re‘I1»r1/ `
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‘   I HIS EXCELLENCY B. M. MILLER, Goverowr of Alabavlrl I
  HON. JOHN BRANDON, Scctrcfary of Sfufc  ·
YM  , DR. WALTER B. JONES, Store Geologist
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  Introduction ..............»......r...,..o..............»......»...............,.....,,.......A..............._,, (—g » F
 l Key for classification of snakes A.......................i......,.A.....AiA......___,,____________, lj
  Class Reptilia ......i............r..............................,.......i....................l....,______, 1:;.1ig
  Order Squamata (Snakes only, lizards pp. 109-120) ...._,,,,_A,_,_,____ 1;;.1U;;
Yff]  Suborder Serpentes or Ophidia (snakes) _.1.......,,.........4_4r___A______V 1;;.1U;; "
?   , I Family Colubridae ....................4,....__,.,,.__._,..____,.,.________,_______________ 14.5;.
  . » Family Elapidae ,i....._....._..,..._..._.....,,,..._,,4_.._.__,,,_,_,_____,A_A___________,,, ((1
` #{4; A I. Family Crotalidae (Poisonous snakes) ....___.,_.________________________, 93.14);;
,·Il' _ Order Loricata ,..,..........v,...........................».............,.........,........__________ l()5.][_l5 - (
  ‘ Family Crocodylidae . .............__,..._.._.......,.....___,..,_____.._________________ 1()5.p)s ‘  
  Order Squamata (Lizards only, snakes pp. 13-103) ...........__,o___,,,V 1()$).19¤;» 1;
5   Suborder Sauria ...............,............,........_........__.......,.»..._...__,__o______Ar, 111a).11g¢   1
; ,‘,j » Family Iguanidae .............................,........r.......,.......,o....__,_________ 110.112 li
Q   Family Anguidae .....>....._A.,...,,_.......,,o_..........___,.r_____________________4__,, 113.114 1.
  Family Teiidae ....,.......i..,......_._...._o.....___......___,________.________o_,___,,__ 115.11% ]_
{{5  ` 4 Family Scincidae ...............A....,........._.......__......._........___,,l,___,____,, 11T.11z• — I-
i pf  _ Order Testudinata ,,_..._,__,...__,__,____,,_____,_____,_,_____,_________________,__,_____,______ 121.1.1j f H
} j‘{·` . Family Kinosternidae .,,_...__.....___,,,______,.i_______________o_________,________,, 122.124 I-
  V , Family Chelydridae ..,i.................,.....,.............._,........_1.,.,.____o_..__, 126-1:iA — N
I jg, I Family Cheloniidae 1,1.____,_,,___,___1,_________________,_______,______________,________, 132).141 N
` if I Family Trionychidae __,__.____,_,1_________________,____,_________________,____________, 141-142 V 2(
;;"=j  Index .,...........,.,_._._.....,.._..,_.,______4________,,_________________,________________,_______________,_______ 143-143
.,[_§  LIST OF PLATES 21
{Q`, '·? Plrrfv Page Plate Pm  _ Q;
{ (jid ‘ 1. Caryophis amoemus ......,....... 15 20. Storeria dekayi ...1........ . . .. T4 i 22,
l   2. Abastor erythrogrammus .... 17 21. Storeria occipito-maculaia T'? . 24
i   ` 3. Farancia abacura .................. 19 22. Virginia valeriae .......... . . . TY' j EE
    ~ 4. Diadophis punctatus .............. 20 23. Potamophis striatulus     if
  ·   5. Heterodon contortrix _.....___... 23 24. Thamnophis sauritus .... . ..... 4% JT
y gpg  ( G. Liopeltis vernalis .................. 26 25. Thamnophis sirtalis sirialis S'? . 25
    7. Opheodrys aestivus ................ 28 26. Thamnophis sirtalis sirtulis SY { 2E•
(   8. Coluber constrictor constrictor 31 27. Micrurus fulvius ..........   lll »
(   ` ` 9. Coluber flagellum Hagellumn 33 28. Agkistrodon mokasen .. ....... . {Vi L 
i iii ! 10. Elaphe guttata .... . ........_....._.._ 35 29. Agkistrodon mokasen .   lie I
  11. Elaphe obsoleta confinis ......._ 39 30. Sistrurus catenatus catenzlwflli ,
{lj   12. Elaphe obsoleta confinis and 31. Crotalus horridus ........ . ...--·- 1**2 1
  " Lampropeltis getulus holbrooki4O 32. Alligator mississippiensis .-l"i `
  13. Drymarchon corais couperi .... 42   Kinosternon subrubrum  i
_ {Ali, l l 14. Pituophis melanoleucus ........ 45 subrubrum ................... 1 -·----- Nl
  _ _ 15. Pituophis melanoleucus ........ 46 34. Chelydra serpentina .... - ----~ wl  i
i   lg 16. Leimadophis flavilatus .......... 49 35. Chelydra serpentina .... .   li`  »
  A 17. Lampropeltis getulus 36. Terrapene major ........ - ----- W  
iff  holbrooki ..,....._......_.............__... 54 37. Pseudemys mobiliensis 1  lll?  ~
  * 4 18. Cemophora coccinea .__.,_....__.. 59 38. Dierochelys reticularia 1- —- lll? _
  19. Natrix sipedon fasciata .......... 69 39. Amyda ferox ...............-»- - —·-· wl =
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LIST OF TEXT FIGURES   ·¢ ;
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...,,, li L Hum] mates for qlagsiiieation 3 30. Natrix sipedon erythrogaster 70 · I     VQ  
‘`‘’‘’ 1*142 24 (,m_)_0phiS amocmus _V>v'   _AAr V 14 gy Nutri}; tuxispilota I,,..,...r.r,..... 72 1   _Y  
’’‘‘‘» m·U’Yl il, Am2tm_ c1_yth1_0g_1_mNmus   16 ;;2_ Storeria dekayi ................»,,,,. 75 ' I    
‘‘‘‘·’ N·1'1¥? 4. Fwmciu abacuw _>rYv   ___rrr   18 ;;3_ Storcria occipito-maculata .T.I 77 n A ` 3    
‘‘***` 1**** 5. mmmphis mmctatus Ar r._ _ _rrY_Y_ 21 34, Viminia elegans ..I,........»r».w..» 78 · ‘   ‘ ·      
»——rrrr 1*1* •’;_ }{m·;·o(lon contortrix ..,,.....T,, 22 35. Virginia valeriae ....,,,,.....,   80 ' ` ~   A Q
‘‘‘’’’ £’2‘1'\l?l TL Imnmlon Simus >_iVV.Yv   _»Yv   25 ;;(;_ Potamophis striatulus ..r,,..» . 81 ‘ l Q    
‘‘‘‘‘· m5`l"* I N Li{_[]l_lm Vcmalis   _2rrrVv U ___V.WW 27 ;;7_ Thamnophis sackeni .....».».V,... 83 ·· _ ` ’ 5  ;_
‘‘·‘· l"5·1'<'* E,. O]Mmh_yS aestivus   _»_rrrY. U »>rr 22 ;;g_ Thamnophis sauritus rr......Ir.r 85 . ` "‘ `j  
..,r, 199~11'.‘ W (".,}l,;})m·qonstrictor constrictor 30 539. Thamreophis sirtalis Sartzxlis $7 A .   ` ""*'j  
‘‘‘* ’m$’·1l?‘ HA (.__mlm_ Hageuum Hagdlumm 22 4()_ Tantilla coronata .......r......rrr,,. 89 * FQ "    
‘‘‘‘‘‘ 119*UY 12- Elwhg guttata   _·>>AArw U _>rVr'   24 4]_ lviicrurus fulvius r......,..,.....   99 I ` "_      
..,rr l1?%·1l€ A ]:;_ I2l;ly»}u· obsoleta obsolete; ..l.,,.. 36 42. Ag·k'st;o:lon mokasen .,,,,,,... 92 ‘ l' Y *4-»`  
».... ll5—ll'? ]4_ 1;];.,,1111 Obgolgta eonfinis ____.A,r 38 43. Ag·kistr0rope]tjs getulus 40. All1Q`2lt(>1' miSSiSS1})]7l€HSlS .... 107 ll   I 4 _  
--rrrr ]*1:'l‘m ll<>ll»>‘<>¤»l1>cltis 1·l*<>`nb0 ac‘lz1tz1 57 51. Sceloporus spimsug ~ *5 'jf  
l'~y:· 22. (—(_W_Dlm_a Coccima Arrrr U _>>Y   58 {Ioridzmus ................................ 11] . ‘ vt?.  
_.___ . . Tl Z?}. N:l¥l‘i>Z clurliii .......................... 60 52. Sccloporus undulatus ........ ..112 ' I. "   I .9,  
gululn 7* U4. Newb: cyclopiuow .................. 61 523. Ophisaurus ventralis ............ 114 ; ` I ff--{  
  . . T1 l Z5. Nzwfx liirtlamlii ...... . ............ 673 54. Cnemirlophorus scxlineatus ..116   M        
s   if YW NEll?'l`C l'l1(>l]1l)l1.(‘]'&1 . __,_,.. 64   Loilopisma laterule __,__._____..,.. 117 V ·  2.f E
. .. .... Q? r IT- N21lli?< riqirlu .............. . .......... 66 56. Plc:=ti0don fasciatus .............. 118 ‘ ·.   ‘ 1  
$111**11* **1 . 31 yumji S(_mGm\vittHm   lrirrrrr _ GT 57_ Plcstiozlcn pluvialis .......... ...119 A ’     3
Sjymlis iT T9. N;1tr]`~: sip<`rlm’1 YHSCIQIILI . .....r~ 68 l V`;     };
V__V   lll I ‘,‘· ·i.   Q
1 . ..._. tri   -1 , $7  
1 Ive , _ 1 i    
at<·m1u1e$’T V ;   Af  
____. . ....... wi ‘ ’ ’ 5  
ensis mms 4 . E I   ja]  
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"7`" I ._.... wl ' g Q-=·  
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yr  U
 lb   INTRODUCTION Y
1 A·~.  t With the modern discoveries and revelations of science we Y
  must appreciate the many factors that enter into the balarce of a
  A our complex existence. No group can exist unto itself. Umjl  ;
QQ  comparatively a few years back little was thought of the bee er.  l
  J 4 . cept as a honey producer. Now we realize its economic position >
V. if'? - i [ as a means of pollination of certain plants. Throughout the ages _
I   i ‘ . snakes have been looked upon with hatred and a great deal of `· 
.;--4 _ superstition. We must now, however, admit that they play ii j
  . definite part in the control of rodent and insects. Various biology I
  l departments have placed a specific value on birds that also serve .
¥     this purpose. We may quite as easily place a value on each I
l W2 snake, for they can reach many insects inaccessible to birds. I
`   - This publication is submitted in the hope that it niny in- i
  A ' _ crease the interest in these little known forms of life, anrl that _
g _f-Q ,   . some light may be thrown upon their distribution. L
    · This report is based on the Prel-iminciry Catalogue of Ala-  g
i   ` l (mma. Reptiles by H. P. Liidlng, to whom goes the credit for most  I
r if important work done both in the State and in the entire South.  {
  ? i I on this group. Specimens collected by the Museum Stalf and E 
  , others since the publication of this former list, have been includ-  ·
.7 ·li~ " - I ed in this work.  
i I I A This is the first report on Alabama reptiles that atlcnnits  
Y   . more than a listing of the species. In this report it has limi at- l
  l A tempted to so describe the various species that any future spcti- _.
  i »; mens may be definitely classified. The descriptions are hasetl i
  l upon species in the Alabama State Museum, University. Ala- _
l lj? I bama; the Report on C1·ococlilz'ans, Li.:ard.s anti Sm:/ces by E- D- I
l   _ Cope; The Reptile Boo}; by Raymond Ditmars; numerous l>i1l>ll· I
{ ji 1 CHTJIOHS by C. S. Brimley for the Gen.-its Lanipropeltis, the l`€ll0l`l n
  p I by Dr. Frank N. Blanchard; and Herpetology of Il;/'i.s.s0lHl>‘f l¤>’ Jll· ~
    _ lius Hurter, Sr. The nomenclature is that of Stejneger and BHP
  ii bour, as nearly as possible. Obsolete and former nomenclature
  1 . is gi\'eH under this classification when possible, The di21§‘1"2lm*
‘ ii; * listed “After Cope" are from the publication of Dr. E. ll- @`0ll"
till   `_ i   Oli Clfocotlilians, Lizards and S”}l[[/i'(€.$, publighed in 1898 .-Wlluill
  i Report of the Smithsonian Institution.
  .
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.g jg —* pPREFRONTP~L L0w5mAg;p_L5 [al,} l   .·   
    Y —e—Suvr<»¤¤cuu=~r< ANT;pT\OR/./ I5 ll ·      
TH -’   `FRONTAL cum swam   .   x .· ’‘‘‘‘  
I   · ‘ Pm‘AR¤arAL T T   M -l      
I POSTOCULAR5 T,RET.Rl;?_T°Tfl T l l     4..; g
 l T l FUPRAOCULARS I , ‘l   .; g   
T l PREucu1.mzs » " [ T vg  5
A   H mam. l Q1" Q: fj T
_ V l ` INTERNASAL INTERNHSAL l ‘ T   T  
~ , il  ’#.'f9¥!H>%_» NASAL  ?E$;$\\ · .-     l
 T   »T»’V    5@ygy¤” *“’$“"*L Rosrm =¤{§%»%,, · v   .4;  
Figure 1. ClassiHcati0n head plates of reptiles. T T     `\Ti;  
· .+ /5 i
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·¤ A {**5 
* I- ·5 4
. lv · .  
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    4 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA
._i   1
 Z ·
9;  -
J} 
·,:Z`  KEY
_   . No nvcues Y
: H ` ‘ _
  . Scales
{dr Keeled Riot keeled p
T   i Anal plate Ami plate
5 ‘,{ / \ / \
¤ .—* B
  Divided Entire Divided Entire z
Y Y;AE  E   A Y n 1 l 1
i fg-   P A B c `
} ¤‘{¢ Page 5 P9-,_;e 6 Page 7 Page 8 -
· [
· . .
3 Q 4 With Rattles  
  d l Flngs in upper jaw, pit betsreen eyes, anterior caudals entire. .
if ·_ r Anal Plate Entire
{ J Scales keeled —
A `vréf '.
  , Scales on head symmetrical Scales on head not sy·r·;netric~ .  C D]
.Un‘ V i .
{ff, . i / \ / \ I Ei
  Prefrcmtal not Profrontal in ’l‘·vo large scales Only S17.? . -
‘ Qi in contact with contact; with posterier and medial scales g rcerior ·
{ li lorcal i loreal to supraoculars tc supra »1»‘¤I‘$  V lf
{ U  x
‘ Y'} ` I l 1 1
l ll, { 30-56 dark blctches 38-45 dark blotches l.m1rki¤·s on back not Liarkin;- B11 bm   E
pi *= Y ¤
I-_;i on back from head to on back from head diamond shaped, but diamom A ASN _
  ¤ tail I to tail zizzng cross banded i _
,*1.   c¤.:x‘.ena‘:us   miliarius 2 horridus L ad5ii'g__§§;;
1 ,;Z I - cuntenatus Page 98 Page ml Page 9}  `
• :.""» PB.L;e 96 i
·J·:* ,. ‘ “ ·
2};;, I r
nl, i
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9.

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i  · 1 . Y Y I
 1 _   41
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1 v. " If _g 3
· ALABAMA REPTILES 5 _   - I
I- ,   "I _
' 1 _‘\_ 1 1
‘ 1 ~— ·i E
1 ·?    z
O ‘ ·* ` ;
1 ` f'. {fj? I
. _ I   ».° _
 _ 7 ;.»1§£ 2
Group A »     Y
ggules Keeled and Anal Plate Divided I I     jl,1  
1 J1 {
‘ 1 “` 1 · E
g1 ;; group there are: Matrix, Potamophis, Opheedrys, Hete;-eden, Elaphe ‘ ‘* } _   I
I W V ;i?&· .1` , ;
‘ . 1 I   I
 I Rostral · V I ,   >‘ 11{ I V
  I IT IZ';  
Normal Shovel Shaped ‘ · I`_ _,  
I I I .1 r11· wi 1
 ' Nasal Heterodou , ' ‘ 1 j
  \ Pagg 9 4 ·I_v    
ic Double I' In I `I ‘_ 2    
I {_ I I 1 1   
Kp;. 7913].BlS Lgbials I _ , _ I wg I
""1 ` MM W W I I .Q- -. 2
. ` I ' ' 1g I
Lp abials Upper B Upper 8 Upper 6 Upper 5 I .. I . 41    
, Lmvcr 12 Lower 11 or 7 Lower 6 A I i 1~: ,4,*  
/ \ I Lower 7 ` . I ,1   rr. I
_ ’ 6,9,10,, Eight I ·· ·‘ ;` =` L
LU 1 01*12. I Ant. eculars Ant. oculars No lareal Lorell ‘ ' Q V I  
I imc one present .   , 1, I _;  
I sw;. ;— sc.], ,1,.. I I I ·_ I . 1 I; I
7. . V · 1 . `1=}g ;`
E camo!  V I I Scale row Scale rcw Scale rcw Scale row I _ . 1   I
T; Lars I5 UT 1 I ‘ Seventeen 27 27 17 17 ‘ _ 1    
1 A 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 11   
I _, 1 ,_. Wifi! O hecdr s 3. obsolete L. cbscletz Storerie. Potamo his ' I 1     f·  
,_ ,a.. ;_ ..4.L   -   ?_ 1; 1 _
g` 1..1 "‘€° I0 Page za <¤bS¤1¤_¢¤ SEQ P¤z¤ 12 P¤:¤ _. 1 1  151  
I ' A" Page 36 Pigs 38 Bl 1 ' ’    {
1 I _   ` 1
i . · . 1 PIM  iw  
1 I J .
T “‘  1 `1 ·‘ ·1 1
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 Ul W
    ii GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA
JE  l »
  · Q
J;.  ‘
WZ   ·
'   i . ·
G <·*$ I
A ' Group B  l
WW1
  Anal Plate Entire and Scales Keeled
l   l In this group there are three genus or B. total of six speeie; _
  Themmophis seckeni., Thamnophis sauritus, Thxmmophis slrtxlis sire; is,
. {lf; I U L'-; °  `lL_ ;  _ i -7. W-
;   _; Arrkistrodon mokusen, Alskistrodcm piscivorous, Pituophis melsnoleuyi. `
E Pg; I l `
E A      
'_]`      'lwo Four  
. in 1 x 1 _
  Lmrer labia ls f ’
he / j M ¤ J
T EJ, Seven, eight or Ten or eleven Fourteen la:. ‘—.~ lelxib
  ~ nine I ` I Z.
nig _ _ _
  _ ` Tail g length of Tail less than é Tail less thx-7 i »
;§}_ · ‘ body (Postericr length of body length of boi]
{yi to anal plate) .  _.
X  if I ` .
Y Ji, · Generul form General form  j
    | slender stout i
.;,3 * \ l 
E'?   I _ 4:
·,‘4 4 { Thamnophis Agzistroden Pituoolus ;
{sly " Pa ge PB. ge PD. ge  
  11 11 44 *
` L`? ni ` ·   i
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ALABAMA REPTILES 7     » ”
I. R I  
. . I I? —  E
I I T    
‘ II J    
I I ‘ Ig   2
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Iiroup C I ` I      
A¤ul Plate Divided and Scale: fiot Eieeled A j`   2
. · _j; 5;-eup there nrc: Virviuim, Tnntilln, F~.z·»1nci.¤, Leizrmdephis, Coluber, ii ` vi;    
gy; gg, uicndophis, Liogaltin, Liicrurus and Abaster. , I I "  g
jé ——-·· **      I I 1 I 3
I§nsa]_\ I II ·’    
  Double Single ` nl 'I_V _    
r   " I
g_¤,w·;;· , Lerner S Lmler B Luwer 9 Lmver 7 " {V ·· I
·t» is, I I I I I ' _ 3 · I I {
I V _  ~ 5. I-`· 1.=. Color ubeve Color ubove Color, green Color V , II I I- I   I
if 1°.' ypg hlack ‘   Ii   
EI I ‘_ ~   V   j
C. constrictor Leimxxdoahis Red, yellow: Light rcddisn ·I   '   `(
constrictor Page 48 and black brown stripe I ` °` II  
Page bands over on neck · I Ig    
30 total length _, · I ? , ¤_ Y
I I ‘ . ".I~`§ I
Black, nelr Bluish black Liicrurus Tantilla I I {VL;  
' posterior end yallczlish white Page Page I _ . 4 IK III IY I
· brmm, no ring on neck 2,0 89 ` I   t:._  
I ring on neck. I ’ · ¤‘ III;  
»» I » -·LI ?
. _~ Labials _ I I   .·    
Adult up to Adult srmll Color A ` I I     3
5; fmt I     p'   1
, · ·._ · I
_   , TI I
  ' * V I Ground color Blick Sud Green 4 » ` ,¤. I Q. I
9-` A Cnudals Cnudnls no black or red color __ · ` I   I
95-1lO I 35-36 red · I I `.   {
A I I I J I ‘ I I
 _ 2 fla ¤·ellum Diodovhis Scale rcs: 1.3 Scale rmv Scale rc.-: I, ,‘   
· flu ·ellum Page 20 I 19 I 15 I l _ 'V (VI-    
. P‘*¤° 32 . . . .   U :
I Curomouhis Intezuzesils Lzoncltis _ . In g
Pxgg / \P5_g5 26 I ~.  
14 _ I ·   ‘\ U. {
Single Double - I   AVI  
r · I I
I I I I   I
 I Furuneiu Abastur I V · I"  
18 16   »:  J?·I ;
.~ _ I "· I   I
I I . ` I I I' ·   if
 — · I   ;·. 1 I
, I `   J ?   2
I ' V   AIF I
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M  5
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 I"   8 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA I
HI  I I
I;  _
III  I
II  »
~:1   ‘
VI  —
I 
·.·.  ,
 I_ .
. 1:; I I _ ‘
IJ 1 _  A
,;.;Z{ ·  .
I; V ‘
yy ·
rw
`V!I
j   ‘ Group D
4*I 4
U Yjés
*2 _ Anal Plato Entire and Scales Not Keeled
I ,n»j·
I     I This group consist of seven species: Lumpropoltis getulus getulu:.
  I" Lnmyopeltis Eetulus holbrooki, Lampropoltis gatulus niger, Lnmprogeltin K
    1 I . rhombomsculatu, Lsmpropeltis elugsoides, Cemoghorn cocoinea., Drgrchozj ·>z·ais 1
I IVY  ` Qiperi. »
AID. `· U per Lnbiuls `
E QQ;  Seven Six Lower labis?  Q
W  ` \ I I I
  ` Lower lnbisls Lower lsbials Luwnr l¤bi&TI  
**I= ’ I  ;
gi;  I I I I ·
_   Ten, nine and Eight Eight ’
, `,]I_. seven ·
‘   I Z
`   ` Uimgrogeltis Cemoghora Drgrchon
  ‘j"·‘ I Page Page Page -
5; s ss 42 i
I‘1
·Z’  I A
;_ ,-*°, I .. I
Ia
Ii
` {V`?   _ Q
III I
I}  I
wl I
  `
II
II}  I
 aT ‘
I  II
I #13 
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E:

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. ’   I   I' .
. ,_ ~ ~ NI    
ALABAMA REPTILES 9   _ . ‘
_ _n;  
. I I I ‘ g
- ` I I·r   I Q
Lsmprcrpsltis . I   “ I ‘·  
;; I I ‘ I   ,12 §
` rg `   I
‘ Upper lsnbials · _ , _, c
If i.¤—»,» I
_ /   _' U {_ UI; I
at in contact with prefrontal In contact with prefrcntnl _ 'II ·~  
Bio rad color present Red color present: I   ‘ I ;4 Q
, nf .v `égj  
` ;·D;»;— Qsls 7 Upper lnbiuls 7 Upper lubials 7 _ { ‘ I
;§;·;g— ;I ~;¤1s 10 Lower lnbiuls 9 Lower labiuls 7   g.   j
Z mae luckish Ventrnls Scale row 19 I `   I I I
I; . ·.~.·it:; ‘ iw `mlotches I      
‘ I · “ I . . -· 2
;i I ' I * .4 _-[1 .1
" $ il U17; Eetulus 212-225 191-215 Elnpsoides . , •‘ _' _   I
nn zrais I REO PB‘E>° ll § I'; .  
" ; * 51 50 I I 7    
Abdomen yellowish Reddish brown Q ·- I _f :   I
with black blotches, blotches on . V I I‘;’  
no reddish brown back 1 ‘ I'  
blotches on back j ZZ,  
: I , · " . In ’ II I
. . j A ` V M -I;'  
li » L; ¤-emlus holzroolu, L: rhombomculntt _ I I I   I
£·& niger Ptge I A .·_- _ ,7;-` ·?
P&g° 53 and S6 $7 ·   _ .4; "j»’€__;  
W · L·· · I Q
  —;-  ‘ T* . $
‘ Heterodon ` I,   ‘  i    
* `, I 2, 4
I First rm: scales behind parietnls .· I »I ‘_
V- ici} r/   kcglcd , ` ICI , ICR-I 3
I I   I i I    
I I z — 3
;-   S¤¤¤¤ I ‘ I W YI? 3
. ' I   y I I
·· V   I **1 S°P‘Nt¤d Intermsuls and \ ’   Q
, “·   `·`°$t"*‘1 °¤' 0M prefrontals seperated I {  " I
5,*** by three to five scales ,   V}   I  
I figs Page A II .`l   
‘ 22 Z5 r I in r  3 I
— '   `i {
‘ I I I I  
. I ir *.· F
I ‘   ·   ¥
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I Ei *
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 I4  .
I I Iv 4
 I `I 10 GEOLOGICAL SURVEX OF ALABAMA  ·
 in I ;
  I *
I, P I ·
n/P   I
V ME I ;' ‘ I Natrix _
MQ j _  .
  I The following species of Matrix are found in Alabama! clarkihcyclopium, `  {
·`.' · i
I1'; , rhombifers., ri ida, se temvittata, Sipdeon fascists, Sipedon erytho enter,
,,I