xt74tm71wm4s https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt74tm71wm4s/data/mets.xml   Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. 1961 journals ky_farm_home_science_v1_8_num_3_7_1_winter_1961 English Lexington, KY : Agricultural Experiment Station, Lexington. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Kentucky farm and home science. Special progress report. v.7 n.1 winter 1961. text Kentucky farm and home science. Special progress report. v.7 n.1 winter 1961. 1961 2014 true xt74tm71wm4s section xt74tm71wm4s   P  ‘- ` JI. Y`Y`.Z`$7VV* `Y,;Y’7Z   FV"T'.‘?€ t ··:`*"°€"   W"`   ”‘J·,1~=":·       **3-·* ’       -¤;» . .· -7 V   ’~     .   ‘   ` ar r `
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7<  F RM HOME  I  p
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Vol. 7, No. 1 ......................... \Vinter 1961
A report of progress published quarterly by the Kentucky Agricultural 4
Experiment Station, University of Kentucky, Lexington *1.
KENTUCKY AGRICULTURAL IZXPERIMENT Material appearing in this publication may be re- .
STATION produced without further permission, provided that
l‘ll\ANK   \VI£I:CII ............ . .............. . Dl1`CFtO1` (OI`1lCL1VC>   acknowledgment is made Of the Soul-Ce and that Q ` `
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J. ALLAN Sxurn .................................. Agricultural Editor by thc [mt IOL
Kentucky Faym ancl Home Science Address correspondence about articles in this pub- I
_r¤Nm»N G. DUNCAN ................................................ Editor li°“llP“ *0 Gmlér me "“th°“ pp thp _D"p“tm€Y‘t pf
Louise Boswrzu. .................................... Assistant Editor lubhc Ipfppmwpp and Educatlcnal p¤dp» Expenment _
liourzur C. MAY .......................................... Photographer Station Building, University of Kentucky, Lexington. t" -.
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I Th ° Is e
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GROUND-IZREAKINC CEREINIONIES ·.=
S·rA<:Er> ron Acrucurirrmat SCIENCE CENTER Page 3 {M
KEN’rUc1¤€€0 1`€$€2U`Ch With tim K€UtUCkY Agi`1€UltU1`¤l EXP€1`1· ter construction as one ot the most important steps
l C ll]CI`It St1`ltl()ll \Vlll go t()\VH.I`(lS l)Ull(l1llg g1`€€1`ll`IOllS€S, gvgy takgu {0]* tho i]]]P1·()V€]]]€nt of K€il]tllck}y ugl·icul_
` temperature- and humidity-controlled growth cham- tm·€_ A ]m,C]ml·€_ Showing thc Hem] for the Center?
- ,, . bers, a master head house, and other tobacco research was pl·€Pm—€(] in 1959 `by 58 Statgyvidc farm m·g,mim_ ‘
` facilities and eqiiipiiieiit- tions which had banded together- as the lsluepi-int-fop
State agricultural leaders hail the starting of the cen- Kentucky-Agriculture Committee.
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_/I   ~ l _     `       `   ,2 j . _' __V_ , V  Agricultural Sei-
·     ,   ‘ y         n     ence (len ter is
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‘ Q V   *     ._  V south of the Um-
- _. ·       ' .. V    ‘ .‘‘‘ i __* versity M e d i c a l
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sire or ret utsiivstzsuv or t·¥'i·».   ,..~  1 si .._,,   .·.~       =,: r ¤t·i£?‘—;l§`» r? `*`  »
_ Dormancy of Burned Weed Seed  {X
.. . . . . .   ‘ ~ _·,    ·;   *§~<"  _·~ y’·:.r..»~ `;_y· A; ,..·‘ ;  ;   W-.    
) Gérmlllatlon tests showed 88 percent viabrlrty of F 
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" ]0l1llSO11 grass Seed and 95 percent of wild sorghum  V . ,,‘_ f`§:> ii%·%·-r_‘~5~   s2;>.
culty of eradicating either of these weeds on infested   {gf   , _ _? <   gl,
. . .   ’-..   -·.‘     V  —-<..   .r~·° ‘   M l   *    
V land where the seeds have been buried by plowing or ge tif;  fe,.)  s~ i)- we     . " {V , .  »¤ wax — rv
. . .  _ -... r·i¢»,*’ ~.;;L¢»:_j    =·:‘*I_¤; gf ‘ `-   e.   y; _   .  
1 , by overflow soil deposits. A? »¥§j;§;  _.‘ .· Vygyt ,\,,·$ r      
4 ».¢r arm    A ' :‘~- i»*$*-  ~ fi '   .. *¤ >l“ `
i _ Exphining Effects °* Llmlng °“ s°lI PH The seed of ]0hns0n grass, one of the state’s worst weeds,
Titration curves which may be used as bases for remains viable even after long burial.
. liming recommendations, as well as in interpreting the V
response to liming, have been developed for more than Tranquilizer Implants for Beef Steers
25 important Kentucky soil series. Field testing is still None of the three levels of trifluomeprazine (tran-
--1 necessar in the Jerfection of the nrocedure. uilizer im alants increased rate of fain si nificantl
, l l
for yearling steers receiving a fattening ration i11 dry
  Y
lot.
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY _
! Creep Feeding of Beef Calves
_ Runcidity in Pork Fm, Three yea1·s’ work on the effect of creep feeding
A It A Simple, fast Colorimetric pmcédure has been d€_ beef calves on their preweanmg performance showed
1 Veloped {O1. determining lard 1.aHCidity_ that such a piactice is not profitable, despite a `small
{ S1 R _ f P L _ E increase lll rate of gain, except where supplies of milk
' °9€ °“°"s °' '°9"°“*,°' °°*°""9 wes and/or grass are inadequate.
. —» Based on 100-day lamb weights, corn-preserved and
_ sodium bisulfite—preserved silage, was significantly  
>-—' . . . » . e
superior to flavored anti-oxidant-preserved alfalfa- ANIMAL PATHOLOCY
r N
`»··‘ bromegrass and corn silage as feed for pregnant or   I H C _ _ f A _ I F d
 34 lactating crossbred ewes. The alfalfa-bromegrass sil- ° mime ° f°nl°mm°lr";" °_ lngmi eel sl _ _
age was preserved with either 150 pounds of cracked Alflllwa O °‘;"‘;"°‘°;“ *‘““““ €"" ”f";f5t ‘€“ ;“°
corn, S pounds of sodium bisulfite or 1 pound of flav- glu léutsli mivcf tliat *1 mul 8 P°‘$“t Q)   bumP_€°'
ored anti-oxidant per ton of green forage. A standard C"“§*";‘iF S·‘1‘“‘i“° *‘1"‘¥·""b"T*·l “ §“ 5 “’°‘° ‘“‘
alfalfa hay—corn ration served as a control. tem U _Ol C UC UM lOg5> am ( Ogg mftum Sem
`  V types of the organism were identified.
Bred Gilts Confined on Concrete .
. . . . Strongyle Control nn Horses
F l VA/Ollk Wlth 12 Hampshlre gllts Coufmcd Ou Concrete A co 1 bi 1at'on of Jhcnothiwint with Ji uci vine i11
. _ , , . ·11 lel e ·. é  
floors for their entire gestation period showed that . . 1 ( . . 1 1.
V . . . . . single therapeutic doses was effective against stron-
- bred gilts raised under such conditions should receive , . . . .
. . gyles (a kind of internal parasite) 111 horses. The
» a higher level of calcium than tl1e recommended 0.60 ` . . . s . .
t combination was especially effective against the large
Jercen . . .
‘ I strongyles, Strongylus lJ1ll,£{(l7'l.S‘ and S. cr{en.I11lu.s. Low-
.Y 1 _l H 1 I d level administration of dithiazaninc iodide compared
~ · · > · · ‘· ( 1 ; · . . . —
(b°l°“) Th°S° bmi gl is mn uct on mmm C Slow? I favorably with low-level phenothiazme for strongvlc
, need for more calcium. ‘ ‘
ntr<>l-
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.   ~     ‘i~-.   >:`’r i =·t=   A   ‘¥1Er.-.         DAIRY SUENQE
1 ·‘ . . ~rj.2’i§;;.T  "   .2: .;.i .   -rc‘‘‘;· ` 1. . .
··v 5       ii ·   —   Tracy Sorghum Snlage vs. Alfalfa Hay
_    . ’ _; _p_p a   _.._»._..»._ §       V1 V,     \\7ork w1tl1 24 jersey and Holstein cows comparing
~,»   ..         ‘`"’· `*‘   good quality Tracy sorghum (cnt at tl1e milk stage of
  4       .’'l·’. I   `-’*`   .’·: ‘   .
*     I   .   ai   _ : p, I p (C;0nllnucd On Page  
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-’  · ‘ '-   4 · . ]ZE“· ' ·.;}-··J‘·—¢ `

 Insecticide formulations, application rates spraying
’ A
methods, amounts of water used are checked to explain
tobacco leaf injury and effects of bud burning _
Spray Damage to Tobacco Plants ,,
|¥
BY Rl(}l’lARl) THURSTON out of the leaf (Fig. 1). In eases of heavy leaf burn- _
I)¢·pur!rn1·n! of Iinloznology and Botany . . T . . "*
I_ l_ l_ t_ f _ t, _1 t t It b mg notlnng but the mid-vein and some of the lateral
_ l Otltu ·‘1’1’_‘S*‘l"‘;5l2 "?S°_° lflf Q g°-01180 Ov f¥§O veins were left. The plants recovered, however, from »··
"NT 5 'lmy lylmif 0 M7? m A Tun} il 0* Wayh G this type of injury and except for the loss of leaf tis- Q ‘
< · x .> Y ‘ ' ‘ · T 'Y
1"_"{“°t""‘ O mn Ofmu °mCb )y _ 0 mge flcatmfmti sue no observable damage was done except possibly
of hudane and chlordanc was described in a prevrous www Slight gtlmtmg of the Ppmtg Q
iutielt in Kt.utpel\}y Faim and Homc Science. l'l;hcse The effects Ot bu(l bummg (hd not ShOW up SO ;. p
l()llI]();l(¥·f}i]_)(* ela symptomsl were lnot bcausee, row- rapidly but Wwe more drastic in the long mu, If dw
  W tr Of uf Common y USM to MCO mS€°fl` bud was killed, a stunted plant with many suckers ·
" _ _ _ was produced. Often only part of the bud was killed, _
FO ~ ‘·   p. gl:  `.  ·..e;"  
matic naphtha solvents, but there was no difference in   :,_ ` _V‘’‘‘’ V   ---/».c, q:=·  yi  :,·· ;t.·    . A   ,;_
- . . F¤‘i‘=¤*"‘     V ·   ¥ " `
the amount of bud burmng. Holding thc sprayer *    
nozzle 4 inches from the plant resulted in much more   T   TT     x
. _   ,  f T » ( r r·_,_     
leaf and bud burning than when the nozzle was held   H   ,_,.   ye,     =-=   W;
. . .       l i r i» yy,  
12 to 15 iuehes from the plants. TDE and endrin wet- [Tig_ l_- gui-ning ·--»—·    is -  Q/T   »z   V i ...,_,__
table powders did not cause any burning of leaves or of H tobacco lcuf   `TT*T    ' `"     f
buds, but TDE at 4 pounds (actual) per acre-four Citufcd l’Y_““ cx'   {ff        T T
times the recounueuded rate—caused a yellowish mot- (csswcly hlgll mm     i k ,  v_  
_ _ , _ . _ of an emulsifiable `    ,,,;   g _·       A
thug or mosaic of the treated leaves. Tlus leaf dis- mnccmmtc ap_   { ,_=_   Q if  _V‘__ j ,   ·— i. »- .
coloration gradually disappeared with no injury to plied with the   ..T_  T ...,,     4u
the plants, spray nozzle held   ._._           TT   __`. _
· . . . . .      e  >  ?i"~?‘* ··   T* ’‘; » ,»· , » L.
l.eaI injury, caused by the solvents in the emulsl- $00 §l°s° (4 *0 6   _ ·  $,,2;- ....   Q-; ;,-·¢  
liable eoueentrates, showed up as oil-soaked areas 20 Lnlelilfi) t; :11;     .,,-. Y;    T A
. c . . . t · 1 .     * * Q  °·‘‘ , _--=  .  
to $30 minutes after spraying. These areas witlnn 24 speckled areas 4 * .-·    , T-     ·--    lb
hours turned tannish brown and eventually dropped will eventuallv ,      -t‘‘: Y  
4. drop out of the W ~ tk      vg
lTl`hurstou. ltiehard. Malforined tobacco leaves. Ky. l"tll`Il] leaf. · * » ~  . .   _,t·- *  
and lhuue Seieiiee $(2): ($-7. 12 (1957). T   . --       T
2 'lhurston. ltiehard, and \\’ade, Claude F. Phytotoxieity of _   `    
llI$\‘(`llt‘l(li\l illltl S[)l'll}' ll`(‘1lllIlt‘lllS ll) l)\lTll‘}' t(ll)ilC(`O. rlT()l)LlCC(l TT j T       ~
130 t2$); 22-27 (1960), _ _ V  - .     :_    ,
‘ 4  . '/»>2·*z
t
fi l{liN'l'U(ZKY Flxuxi ANI) flown-; SCIENCE—\VIN'1`lZR 1901
s

 I   · -       _ 50-gallon treatment caused practically no leaf burning
_ q`   ,   X   _`v_     >   ~ I I V
Q s -=—·   11;% ri     A » , _ but the most bud burning of all the treatments
  "  .     1’ °° 1 A `   (Table :2).
* U ‘      W"   A_V·J .    Table 2.- Effect of ANZK at 16 Pints in Various Gallons of -
i  ’   U   `--- 1 \Vater Per Acre on Toxicity to Tobacco ‘Vll€ll the Spray
" ~    U   _ X ‘·   Nozzle was Held 12 to 15 Inches from the Tobacco Buds
,    W g _~  __ ite;  ,,, y     fig 1* (:;,11,,;,S
   lg e, A , “’“ ,1 3*     Kg ‘ Q$;1\ T f" • ‘- _ \Vat¢·r Rating of Percent of
`  ¤¢&~»?,~>~1‘       '1   3} »;,£;j¢g3,` A, ___ , jr &0l\'\'|l1 Per Acre Leaf Burn Buds Buriu-d
.     9, .¢’/"“ `/A    rr  w   _   ·r  
_   ‘ ei,     if v—-_j ji      Q     An2l\ ......,................................. 10 3.75 8 _
’- >         11%      3  —: » ~ >t ’ ‘ » AY2K 25 2 0 28 '
\     . I   _._. V 1   p  _ ~   V ll 1 ..¤ V ........................................ ...· .... ,.
2    ·1‘ f   `M       _ ‘ A _ ·   AN2lx ................................... . .... 50 0,5 56
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5   I "j.=1’ =·‘ ik] =‘‘     ·_·‘,  `¤ i`:“ *~·—   1; . .
   yi. ......__:   1-·c .   1~~*     A     , .     Research Results 111 Brief
` /}*1,, in `     p. N / _; · ¢ Yx ‘··-4-·<.,   I v_ f   lv    l }
’ ‘ `1§&’ ‘ ”’° ` ’ ‘ ’ ‘ if  ‘ " ‘ (Confmucd from Page 5)
_ Fig. 2.-— Leaf malformation with vein distortion caused by _ _ _ _ _
`Z? the burning of the tobacco bud by high rates of emulsifiable 1111111111tYl W1111 8000 (11111111}*1 1111111111 1111Y $1101V€(1 111111
_ concentrate sprays applied tothe bud. milk production could be 1ll&1lllt2l1llC(l at a11 above-
a· normal level with either or with a combination of the
Q \'€l'll§ \V21S less lltlflllftll to l€2l.V(;‘S illld l.)L1(1S {112111 tl l1€21Vy' t\v() typgg Of {:()]·gg€_
aromatic naphtha solvent. Increasing the amount of
—.,. . Effect f Gr¤'n F i '
1 water used from 10 to 100 gallons per acre d1d not H T   Hefd P9 °nlGé°wth of ?°_;ry Cchle
, , , ` ` , 7 ` • A ‘ ‘ . A · · 2 ,1.
‘ { decrease the amount of bud burning but elnnmated 6*1;* 11 it ]l_ 0 Still] “1m_ Ftilgcy IU 815 11 Om'
_ 1 ‘ ` ' T, l 2 '· - J A·.\ l
. the leaf burning (Table 1). \Vhen the spray nozzle 1€°u 0 °11“€ 11“1°“€_t‘1t $1*1111 M ueruéeys WML 75
pounds heavier, 1.1 1ncl1es taller, and 2.3 inches great-
, LW Table L;1§ll‘eet of Spray Practices on Toxicity to er in heart girth than the non-grain-fed group; that
T°b"°°° Plants grain-fed Holsteins were 88 pounds heavier, 2.6 i11ches
1**; _ Cégyllnyig Ihmhcs yhhugi pfguit 1€111€1`, i111(1 2.9 11101165 greater in heart girth than the
at r · —z D _ ·. ‘ _`s ·
3,-5 Solvc11t° Per Aire llgfifl liur1i°‘° fiunigd HOU gl *1111 1*0 g10uP'
A RX - 4 .......................... 10 4 2.5 50   .
  N
RX - 4 .......................... 100 4 0 89
_. nx-4 ......,................... 10 12-15 0 0 ENTOMOLOCY AND BOTANY
' RX - 4 .......................... 100 12-15 0 0  
p ` AN2I\ .......................... 10 4 0.75 18 Insects Attccklng Grasses ·
\ AN2l\ .......................... 100 4 0 74 . . , .
 . c ANZK   ·___ I _._·_   ______   10 12_15 35 12 The cause of s1lver—topp1ng of Kentucky bluegrass
1T` AN2K .......................... 100 12-15 O 29 could not be traced to virus infection, mechanical i11-
A _ ¤11x-4 is the xylono-type solvent. and 'ANZK the heavy armnatic jury, or feeding by plant bugs or thrips. 1* ly larvae ol
I Ill1I)I'lfl`|i\ $(llV(‘I`|t llS(‘(l lll \I`I£\l(lI'li1 thi) I°C$p(‘Ctl\’C (‘IIIUl$lfli\l)lC Cl)l`ICC'lltl’1ItC i _ ` _ _ I _
formulations. ANZK has a high boiling point and RX-4 a low boiling the 1* ;]_]]]]ly (,l]l()]‘()1)](lg(g gvgyg f()u]](l in   Pgycgnt Of
M. point. They were applied in the amount of IG pints per acre.‘ _ _
Y °°llas1·d on a rating system of 0 to 4 with 0 being no injury and 4 SllVG1‘-t()l)p€(l Stellls, \Vl]C1`€i1S ]l()1le \V;1$ ll] the ;1l)p;1]‘-
tl- *··1t·:t' `  
4 N W1 is mum ently normal stems.
WHS l1€lU€1S W€1`€ 111]111`€€1 1112111 W11€11 1119 110ZZ1€ was 11610 12 insecticides have developed damaging populations of
1 , U1 15 111€11€$ 11'0111 1116 l111€1 W11€111€1` 10 O1` 100 $1110115 sod webwor1ns. Preliminary tests indicate that such
of \V€1t€1` \V%1$ 11$€€1· At 01111111g 111116 111*1 111g11 €1OS11g€ treated lawns lllfly have fewer predaccous ground
  of emulsiiiable concentrate in 10 gallons of water hhcthxs than hhh·c.ut€(] h“VhS_
T sprayed at 4 inches from the bud was the most dam-
1 aging of all the treatments. Plants in these plots were  
. - 1 T 1 1
"*" very stunted \V1tl1 many stickers. HOME ECO1\0M1(-S
In another test 16 pints of the heavy aromatic naph-  
tha formulation was used with 10, 25, and 50 gallons W11Y C°"‘$“'“°"$ SEIQC1 SP€C'f'€d F°°d$
" of \VatC1·_ The Spray nozzle yous held   to   inchgg CI`()CG1'}’ St()l'(‘S fO()(l iI(lS Ill Irl(1\VSpi1PCI`S lllflll(}Il()C(l  
p {mm the hhd_ The 1()_ga]]Oh tmatmcht caused the percent of white homcmal¤¤v V¤··<=*·<==S _ »
(Cmitimierl from Page 7) In the second producing year at Lexington and I ~
. . . . Eden Shale, Bristol continued to be the highest pro- ·
homcmakers to buy a specific food item during the  
. . . . ducer, followed by New Logan and Cumberland. ,.
month before the interview. This was revealed in a ¢· 
study of factors affecting decision making by over i
. . . . . .   —
6,000 consumer—fam11;es 1n 110 urban areas in SIX POULTRY SCIENCE E
.south;·rn states. (Kentucky workers compiled the data.) —` .2
This influence increased as the level of the home- EH t f F_b _ All h L _ D_ t  
» · · - GC I €I' II1 — G `f""
makers education rose, as per capita mcome rose to 0 mcs ying Ie S ,
$3,000, an;l as the homemakeris age increased up to I¤¢l¤d1¤s gmmld dats UP td a level Of 30 1)€m€m s-_" ¤
(i() for the white and up to 50 for the Negro home- had a S¤¤¤¤1a¤¤e adam fm agg 1>1`0d¤<>¤0¤ for hens E
makers. (Cooperative with Agncultural Economics.) laamvmg a com Soybean Od meal basal dma- Addition
of 60 Jercent oats however, adversel affected ro- .
> P
  duction and feed conversion. When equivalent fiber —
. A
ll()liTl(»Ul~TUP¤E levels from cottonseed hulls were added to the basal l"
  diet both egg production and feed conversion were ·
P0f¤$$'¤m N·*r¤t¤ as T¤m¤*¤ F€"I"I'Z€" adversely affected. An effort to improve a low-protein
Potassium nitrate gave significant increases in both diet by lowering the energy content was not suc- Us
early and total ields of tomatoes over ammonium ni- cessful. ,
· . . . f` .
trate and potassium sulfate. In some cases the yields
were better when a complete fertilizer was used at the   `sss
» . . . . r ~
start, followed by potassium nitrate applications. RURAL SOCIOLOGK 1. ·
Ss"°wb°"Y v°"°sY Tests Adoption of New Ideas by Formers J
Of the 13 varieties pf strawberries thpt fruited lat In Vvashingtou County, the higher the fm_mP]_»S Gdu_ A ,;  .
l·"X"'fd"l‘ alld Edcll is mic “‘l1‘)§°0» gjlxl am was iw cation, socio-economic status, scale of farming and I
ml) ywldf" uf l1°“"‘a“"‘ am 1¤¤¤·¤¤·*¤~ at Ef Cn participation in formal social organizations, and the l ` =
Sllflld more favorable his attitude towards scientific farm- .».
ing—the greater is his inclination to contact institu-
·. V pw   ~    ,..-:   ··»»»»»==» ·   -i‘··=   --.-  . ti011€1liZ€€l fiU`m mfOUT1at1(m media (agYiC1dtm`al agad
 _-:>r..l`:.~; ,_ ·. ;:&>;—·#·`*   I   ig;   ;_ _ ` ",_,    I _ · . ' `
· " . » _ -?’   `”   t   _»   ··“=‘   ·- i_ I; _____ cies). Once he learns of a new idea 1n this manner,  
  .... i .....·.. ‘   »—---   ,.,_ . _,,_    ""**!§Q ··___   ,____, _ y e  . . . . . . .
.» 1 · ~   .,A. ; ¤j -.»·  ;_   ,.·   ·=_-5   ··__ g   ·,.· the probability he will use it IS directly related to lns
" '     *-92* .»·.= `   `t.`‘‘  Y *3. ‘·‘·`.   i'‘   — — . . . . * ‘
  pg scale of tanning operations and how favorable lns attr- "" 
. ;`      w e               , . .
“s¤ =;x”      .;;_ · ’· gg;-c-.     , tude is towards new farmmg ideas. ag.
¤ - L   ifri   e. .