xt78930nsg5n https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt78930nsg5n/data/mets.xml https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt78930nsg5n/data/80pa111.dao.xml Unknown 1860 .5 cu. ft. (1 box): 15 items collections English University of Kentucky This digital resource may be freely searched and displayed.  Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically.  Physical rights are retained by the owning repository.  Copyright is retained in accordance with U. S. copyright laws.  For information about permissions to reproduce or publish, contact the Special Collections Research Center. Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection, Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893 Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876 Buckner, S. B. (Simon Bolivar), 1823-1914 Confederate States of America Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889 Davis, Varina, 1826-1906 Hill, Ambrose Powell, 1825-1865 Jackson, Thomas Jonathan, 1824-1863 Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862 Johnston, Joseph Eggleston, 1807-1891 Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870 Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872 Price, Sterling, 1809-1867 Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1812-1883 Thompson, Meriwether Jeff, 1826-1876 United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Pictorial works Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection, text Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection, 1860 2012 true xt78930nsg5n collection true 80pa111 
 
 80pa111 
 
 
 Guide to the Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection,  ca. 1860s 
 
 Processed by: Staff, Richard N. Leigh; machine-readable finding aid created by: Christian Trombetta 
 
 
 Special Collections 
 
 Audio-Visual Archives 
 Special Collections 
 University of Kentucky 
 Margaret I. King Library 
 Lexington, KY 40506-0039 
 Phone: (859) 257-8611 
 Fax: (859) 257-6311 
 Email: sclref@lsv.uky.edu 
 URL: http://www.uky.edu/Libraries/libpage.php?lweb_id=391&llib_id=13 
 
 
  Copyright 2005  University of Kentucky Libraries. All Rights Reserved. 
 
 
 
 Machine-readable finding aid derived from typescript by rekeying. Date of source:  2003 
 
 Description is in  English. 
 
 
 
 
 
 Guide to the Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection,  ca. 1860s 
 
 Collection number: 80PA111 
 
 
 
 Contact Information 
 Audio-Visual Archives 
 Special Collections 
 University of Kentucky 
 Margaret I. King Library 
 Lexington, KY 40506-0039 
 Phone: (859) 257-2654 
 Fax: (859) 257-6311 
 Email:  sclref@lsv.uky.edu 
 
 URL:   http://www.uky.edu/Libraries/libpage.php?lweb_id=391&llib_id=13 
 
 
 
 Processed by: Staff, Richard N. Leigh 
 Date Completed:  2003 
 Encoded by:  Christian Trombetta 
 
  Copyright 2005 University of Kentucky. All Rights Reserved. 
 
 
 
 

 Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection, 
 
 80PA111 
 
 Unknown 
 
 
 .5 cu. ft. (1 box): 15 items 
 
 The materials are in  English. 
 
 
 University of Kentucky Special Collections 
 
 Lexington, Kentucky 40506 
 
 
 
 ca. 1860s 
 
 
 Collection is open to researchers by appointment. 
 
 
 Images are within the public domain. 
 
 
 [Identification of item], Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection, 80PA111, Special Collections, University of Kentucky. 
 
 
 
 Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893 
 Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876 
 Buckner, S. B. (Simon Bolivar), 1823-1914 
 Confederate States of America 
 Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889 
 Davis, Varina, 1826-1906 
 Hill, Ambrose Powell, 1825-1865 
 Jackson, Thomas Jonathan, 1824-1863 
 Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862 
 Johnston, Joseph Eggleston, 1807-1891 
 Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870 
 Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872 
 Price, Sterling, 1809-1867 
 Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1812-1883 
 Thompson, Meriwether Jeff, 1826-1876 
 United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Pictorial works 
 
 
 During the Civil War, a popular photographic process was albumen printing, and the most popular format for the print was the carte de visite. Albumen (the whites of eggs) was coated on photographic paper, to bond light-sensitive chemicals to the image. When done properly, this produced an image with superior tonality marked by purplish blacks and rich, warm color. 
 Since numerous albumen prints could quickly be manufactured from a single negative, popular albumen photographs could be cheaply mass-produced. Such was the case for this collection of Civil War generals (predominantly Confederate), that were distributed nationally much like baseball cards are today. This collection, while not comprehensive, does include portraits of Jefferson Davis, Alexander Hamilton Stephens, Robert E. Lee, and Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson. 
 
 
 
 The Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection, ca. 1860s  consists of fifteen images of Civil War generals. The first fourteen are albumen carte de visite portraits of individual Confederate generals and the last image is a gelatin developing-out paper (DOP) copy print portraying a group of Union generals. 
 
 
 
 Related Material 
 
 Hathaway Family Photographic Collection,  PA59M113, Special Collections, University of Kentucky. 
 
 Hunt-Morgan Photographic Collection,  PA96M3, Special Collections, University of Kentucky. 
 Warner, Ezra J.  Generals in blue; lives of the Union commanders.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1964. 
 Warner, Ezra J.  Generals in gray; lives of the Confederate commanders.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. 
 
 
 
 Container List 
 
 
 1 
 1 
 Jefferson Davis (1808-1889); President of Confederate States of America, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 2 
 Brigadier General Humphrey Marshall, (1812-1872) C.S.A.; U.S. Congressman (1849-1852, 1855-1859); diplomat to China (1852-1854) and elected to the Confederate Congress, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 3 
 Brigadier General Meriwether Jeff Thompson (1826-1876) C.S.A.; Commander of the First Military District in Missouri, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 4 
 Major General Simon Bolivar Buckner (1823-1914) C.S.A.; organized Kentucky State Militia, one of the most successful Confederate Generals, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 5 
 Major General Sterling Price (1809-1867) C.S.A.; governor of Missouri, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 6 
 General Albert Sidney Johnston (1083-1862) C.S.A.; Commanded western theater; killed at the Battle of Shiloh, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 7 
 General Joseph Eggleston Johnston (1807-1891) C.S.A.; most senior ranked U.S. military figure to join the Confederacy, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 8 
 Lieutenant General Ambrose Powell Hill (1825-1865) C.S.A.; killed during the siege of Petersburg, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 9 
 Alexander Hamilton Stephens (1812-1883); Vice-President of the Confederate States of America, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 10 
 General Robert Edward Lee (1807-1870) C.S.A.; eventually named commander-in-chief of Confederate forces, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 11 
 General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (1818-1893) C.S.A.; commander at Fort Sumter, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 12 
 General Braxton Bragg (1817-1876), C.S.A.; lead the Army of Tennessee to victory at the Battle of Chickamauga, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 13 
 Lieutenant General Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (1824-1863) C.S.A.; major victories at Manassas (twice), Antietam, Chancellorsville, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 14 
 Varina Davis (Mrs. Jefferson Davis) (1826-1906); First Lady of the Confederate States of America, 
 
 
 Albumen carte-de-visite 
 

 1860's 
 
 
 
 1 
 15 
 A group picture of Union Generals: Jefferson C. Davis, William. B. Hagan, Oliver O. Howard, John A. Logan, Joseph A. Mouer, William T. Sherman and Dewey W. Slocum, 
 
 
 Gelatin developing-out paper 
 

 1880's