8



and connected with the principal chain.  They are in
this way driven along the highways (the small boys, the
women, aned girls following), without any release from
their chains till they arrive at the ultimate place of sale,
Here they occupy barracoons, till they are disposed of, one
by one, or in lots, to those who will give most for them.
  III. Ministers and office-bearers, and members of
churches are slaveholders-buying  and selling slaves
(not as the regular slave-trader), but as their convenience
or interest may from time to time require. As a general
rule, the itinerant preachers in the Methodist church are
not permitted to hold slaves-but there are frequent
exceptions to the rule, especially of late.
  IV. There are in the United States, about 2,487,113
slaves, and 386.069 free people of color. Of the slaves,
80,000 are members of the Methodist church; 80,000 of
the Baptist; and about 40,000 of the other churches.
These church members have no exemption from being
sold by their owners as other slaves are. Instances are
not rare of slaveholding members of churches selling
slaves who are members of the same church with them-
selves. And members of churches have followed the
business of slave-auctioneers.
  V. In most of the slave states the master is not per-
mitted formally to emancipate, unless the emancipated
person be removed from the state (which makes the
formal act unnecessary), or, unless bya special act of the
legislature. If, however, he disregard the law, and per-
mit the slave to go at liberty and " do" for himself, the
law-on the theory that every slave ought to have a mas-
ter to see to him-directs him to be sold for the benefit of
the state. Instances of this, however, must be very rare.
The people are better than their laws-for the writer,
during a residence of more than thirty years in the slave
states, never knew an instance of such a sale, nor has he
ever heard of one that was fully proved to have taken
place.
  VI. There is no law in any of the slave states forbid-
ding the slaveholder to remove his slaves to a free state;
nor against his giving the slaves themselves a " pass" for
that purpose. The laws of some of the free states present
obstructions to the settlement of colored persons within