this may not readily appear upon the surface, a deeper
view will hardly fail to disclose the fact.  Behind the
depredations and the thefts, and even the murders by
the Indians, there was a hope and a purpose of regaining
the Indians' lost lands or of arresting further intrusions
upon them by the whites. Let us appeal to history and
see if it does not establish the truth of this statement
   When the white man began settlements in America
in the early part of the seventeenth century the whole
country was occupied by the red man.  This occupancy
was not like that of the white man, but it was the red
man's mode of occupancy -a spot for his wigwam and
an empire for his hunting - grounds -which had thus
existed from a time so far back that neither history nor
tradition reached to its confines.  Whence the Indians
came into this occupancy, whether from older countries
to the east or to the west of them, or whether created
and located here as auctochthons of the land is a problem
which has baffled learned attempts at solution.  About
the essential fact, however, that the white man found the
Indian here when he discovered America, and that he was
here when the colonization of the country began, and that
he is still here, there is no dispute.
    All along the Atlantic shore from Maine to South
 Carolina the great Algonquin family had located its