xt79w08w9v75 https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt79w08w9v75/data/mets.xml  188788  books b92-74-27213332v4 English Century, : New York : Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Campaigns.Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937. Buel, Clarence Clough, 1850-1933. Battles and leaders of the Civil War (vol. 4)...  : being for the most part contributions by Union and Confederate officers : based upon "The Century War series" / edited by R.U. Johnson and C.C. Clough Buel. text Battles and leaders of the Civil War (vol. 4)...  : being for the most part contributions by Union and Confederate officers : based upon "The Century War series" / edited by R.U. Johnson and C.C. Clough Buel. 1887 2002 true xt79w08w9v75 section xt79w08w9v75 

























  BATTLES AND
LEADERS OF THE
CIVIL WAR
  VOLUME FOUR



 


























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   I BATTLES AND

LEADERS OF THE



CI VIL



WAR



BEING FOR THE MOST PART CONTRIBUTIONS
BY UNION AND CONFEDERATE OFFICERS.
BASED UPON "THE CENTURY WAR SERIES."
EDITED BY ROBERT UNDERWOOD JOHNSON
AND CLARENCE CLOUGH BUEL, OF THE EDI-
TORIAL STAFF OF "THE CENTURY MAGAZINE:


            NEW-YORK
         TDe Centurp Lo.



..v -1

 







































Copyright, 1884, 1888,

By THE CENTURY Co.




























  THE DE VINNS PRES8.



 




            CONTENTS OF VOLUME FOUR)
                                                                                        PAGA
FRONTISPIECE, "WITH FATE AGAINST THEM."         By Gilbert 4Gaul.    ....... .........    VI
LIST OF MAPS.................................................................... XVIII
LIST OF ARTISTS .......................................................x.         . .. XIX
LIST OF DRAUGHTSMEN .... .     ................... .......x......................... XIX
LIST OF ENGRAVERS ...... .. .    ...................x................. ............. XIX
EDITORS' NOTE ........ .   ....  .....................x..........................         xx
INDEX TO THE FOUR VOLUMES .................... ......... .......... .......... 769

                                   CHARLESTON.
THE DEFENSE OF CHARLESTON ... .      ............ GENERAL G. T. BEAUREGARD ..... .        I
      ILLUSTRATI-y8: On the Union Picket Li.e - Relieving Pickets (WV. Taber) -Map of Charleston Harbor
    and Vicinity(Jacob vells)- Map of the Soth Carolina Coast(Jacob Wells)-CastlePinckneyCharleston
    Harbor, from sketch by R. K. Snuede (C. A. Vanderhoof) - Interior of Fort Potnan and Soath-east Angle
    of the Confederate Fort Marshall, from Brady photos. (J. 0. Davidson) - Colonel D. B. Harris, C. S. A..
    from photo. lent by MaJor John Johnsion-The Monitor "' Weehawken," and Effect of the Shot from
    Fort Sumter on the Plating and 8moke-tack of the "Weehawken" (XoanthIu Smits)-Charleston
    under Fire (Thea. R. Davis) -The First Breach in Fort Sumter, from Cook photo.- "The Battery,"
    Charleston (J. Wells C:amppey) - General Quincy A. Gillmore, from Brady photo.
THE CONFEDERATE DEFENSE OF FORT SUMTER .. MAJOR JOHN JOHNSON.                 .....       23
     ILLUSTRATION: Captain Thomas A. Huguenin in the Headquarters-room, Fort Sumter, from sketeh
     lent by Captain Hluguenn (E. J. Meeker).
MINOR OPERATIONS OF THE SOUTH           AT- I     PROFESSOR JAMES RUSSELL SOLEY           27
    LANTIC SQUADRON UNDER DU PONT. .
    ILLUSTRATIONS: The Union Tug "Plato " (with Torpedo Rake at the bow) in the Stono River, near
    Charleston, from sketch by Horatio L. Wait (E. J. Meeker) -The Mouitor "M ontauk " destroying the
    Confederate Privateer " Nashville" near Fort McAllister, Ogeechee River, Georgia (J. 0. Davidson).
THE EARLY MONITORS ...................            CAPTAIN JOHN ERICSSON .......... 30
      ILLUSTRATIONS: Interior View of the Turret of a Sea-going Monitor, from litho. ient by Capt. Erics-
    son - Section of the null of a Sea-going Monitor, from plan lent by Capt. Ericsonu.
DU PONT'S ATTACK AT CHARLESTON ........... REAR-ADMIRAL C. R. P. RODGERS .. 32
      ILLUSTRATIONS: The Monitor "M Montauk" beached forRepairs (.1. 0. Davidson) -Mapof the Blockade
    of Confederate Ports (Jacob Wells) - Rear-Admiral C. R. P. Rodger., from Brady photo. - Bombard-
    ment of Fort Sumter and Adjacent Forts by the Union Fleet, April 7th, 1863 (J. 0. DavidsonJ - Rear-
    Admiral D. M. Fairfax, from photo.- The Monitor " Weehawken " capturing the Confederate Iron-clad
    Ram "Atlanta" (J. 0. Deaidsa-)-Rear-Admiral Daniel Ammen, from photo.-Rear-Admiral J. A.
    Dahlgren, from photo. tent by Horatio L. Wait.
THE BOAT ATTACK ON SUMTER ................ REAR-ADMIRAL THOS. H. STEVENS . 47
      ILLuSTBRATIONS The Boat Attack on Fort Suniter (J. 0. Davidso-)0
THE SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON ......: ............................... of
THE ARMY BEFORE CHARLESTON IN 1863 ....... GENERAL QUINCY A. GILLMORE .....5. 52
      Il.L.USTRATIOsN: Thirty-pounder Parrott Rifles in Battery Hlays, fron- photo. Icut by Colonel W. S.
    Stryker (W. Tab,-) -The Night Assault on Battery Wagner (J. 0. Daeidson) - Colonel Robert G. Shaw,
    from photo. lent by Mrs. Charles Russell Lowell -The Marsh Battery after the Explosion of the 1' Swamp
    Angel," from photo. lent by Colonel W. S. Stryker (WV. Tabe) - Brevet Brigadier-Generni E. W. Serrell,
    from photo,. let by Colonel W. S. Stryker (V. Gribayedoff) -Tue Marsh Battery armed with Mortars,
    after the Explosion of the "S wamp Angel," from sketch by Horatio L. Wait (E. J. JMfeetrk).
THE "SWAMP ANGEL" ............. ........... COLONEL WILLIAM S. STRYKER...                 72
      ILLUSTRATIONS: The "Swamp Angel" in position (The.. R. Daris)-The "Swamp Angel" mounted as
    a Monument, In Trenton, New Jersey (Thco. R. Davis).
THE OPPOSING LAND FORCES AT CHARLESTON . . ....           .... .........    ............ 7-d

    ) In order to save much repetition, particular credit is here given to the Massachusetts Commandery of the
Loyal Legion, to Colonel Arnold A. Rand, General Albert Ordway, nmd Charles B. Ball for the use of pbotogrnphs
and drawings. War-time pbotographers, whose work is of the greatest historical value and has been freelv di-iwvn
upon in the preparation of the illustrations, are M. B. Brady, Alexander Gardner, and Captain A. J. Russell in the
North; and D. H. Anderson of Richmond, Va., and George S. Cook of Charleston, S. C.- the latter, since the war,
having succeeded to the ownership of the Anderson negatives.
                                             Ix

 



x                          CONTENTS OF VOLUME FOUR.


                                        OLUSTEE.

THE BATTLE OF OLUSTEE, OR OCEAN POND ..... GENERAL SAMUEL JONES ...........7.G .  
THE BATTLE OF OLUSTEE, FLORIDA . .......          . GENERAL JOSEPH R. HAWLEY.                71)


                   OPERATIONS AFTER GETTYSBURG.
FROM GETTYSBURG TO THE COMING OF GRANT             .GENERAL MARTIN T. MCMAHON           ....
      I LLUST"ATIIIN: I'rovot (;uard at tbe llc'dcjnartirs of the Army of the 1'otoeaa 1114t h  t'ena. tfalctry),
    fromt Gardier phboto. (WI. Tecber)-Fort Ramsey, Ulpton,,'s Hill, Virgioi:a, and VI-v ,ef Aldie (;ap, fro.m
    sketches ily B. K. Stieden (C. A. l'Vccderhoof)- Map ot Northern Virginia fJaoob IWels) -On the Rond
    to Warrenton (Edceit F-obes)-Warreoiton J.unctiou, from ketvh by It. K. S,,edeu (C. A. i'accdrr-
    htotf) -Army Ftcrgc, Brandy, Station. from Gardier photo. (W. Taber) -CampI of the Military Telegraph
    Corp, Brandy Station, from. G.rdner pboto. (Tle.s. Hogoan,) -Map of the Field of Operactimnsof Noteoc-
    ber. 1863 (Jacob Wells) -1. "The shebang," (uarters of the Unitet State-i Sacietary Com-iasioo-
    2. General l'oat-Otliee, Arm.yof Potsseoae, Deecocber, 1863,.at Branedy Station. fio-c (;ardnI ephbtos. (J. D.
    Wodtaeftrd)-cta)or-(Generat John Sedgwick, front Brady photo.- Fugiti-e Negroes at the Rapidan,
    from G ardner photo. (W. Tucbes').
KILPATRICK'S AND     DAHLGREN'S     RAID  TO       GEORE E. POND        .......    .. . ... 95
    RICHMOND ...GEORGE....OND.9
      ttLU.TRATOIIN: C.aeeIp ofI the 18th t'ennsylvania Cavalry. Kilpatrick's l)ivision. on tbe Union Left, ee-
    tween the Rappahannoek and the taptetan (February or Mareh. 1864), from Garducer tbhota. (Wt. Tobe-).


                       THE WILDERNESS CAMPAIGN.
PREPARING FOR THE CAMPAIGNS OF '04 .....GENERAL ULYSSES S. GRANT .                            97
      ILLVsTa'TMoNS: Hlteadquecartere of the Army of the Potoinae at Brandy Station, from Gardner pbloto.
    (E. J. Meeker) - lteadqnarter. Flag, Army of the Potomac (A. R. laetd) - lie'toe Station and Brandty
    Station, Orange and Alexandria Railtway. fromn ketebes by R. K. 8neden (C. A. V-,, nderleof) - Geeerlt
    lMeade's lteadquarter. at Cnllecler,from eboto. lent by W. H. Whbit. (C: A. I1V ,herh flOo)-Major.Gecect
    George G. Meade, from Br.tdy photo. Ient by Colonel George Mleade - General U. S. Grant, froeme Brady
    photo.-BrevetMajor-Gecneral M. C. leigs, Quartenu-ter-General, U. S. A., from Brady photo.- General
    W. T. Sherman, froee, photo. by Geo. 14. Bei-Genertel P. 11. Sheridan, from pheeto. by C. D. Mosicer-
    Fac-simile of Lincoln's Godit-peed to Grant - Major-Generttl A. A. Hutmphrcys, front Anthony phito.
FROM THE WILDERNESS TO COLD HARBOR ......G ENERAL E. M. LAW .....1. ...... IJ1
      ILLUsTaATIoNSe: Watering Horses iii the Rapidan, ftomn keteh by C. W. Reed (W. Taber)-Unibn
    Troops croesing the Rapidan at Germanna Ford (LFdeeice Forb,.e)-Map of the Field cf the Wilderness-
    Brevet Major-General Alexander S. Webb, fromn Brady lphoto.-Confederate LIne waiting Orders in the
    Wildernets W. L. lceppeerd)-Capture ofa part of theburning Union Breastworksou the Brock Road on
    the afternoon ef May 6th (A. R. iW..d)-Brigadler-General Mie.ah Jenkns., C. S. A., from a tiectype-
    lre-astworka of Hancock's Cortes on the Brock Road on the morning of May 7th rfEdein Forbs) -
    McCool'8 Farm-bouse within the 'Bloody Angle," Spotsylvania, froto photo. (Hlurry Fcnn) - MeCool's
    House in 1B8 (Joseph  uelnl,) - Map of the field of Spotaylvania - SpItsylvania Conrt Hou1 e and Spot-
    sylvania Tavern, from photos. r W. Taber) - Four views of Confederate Intrenehmecets at 8potsylvania,
    from photos. (J. 1). Woodleard)- Confederate Trenches at Chesterfield Bridge ceo the North Anna, from
    Gardner photo. (A. C. Red eoo) -Map of the North Anna-Jericho Mills-Unlen Eegineer Corps at
    work, frt- Gardner tphoto. (H-arry Fen) -The Pennsylvania Reserves resisting a Confederate attack
    near the Bethesda Cbhrch, Jane 2d (Edwin Forbe) - Map of Cold Harbor - The Ta-e at New Cold
    Hlarbor (IW. L. Sheppard) - Extreme Right of the Confederate Line, Cold Harbor. fro.. G rdier lehotee.
    (J. D.  odea'o/rtd) - A Rabbit in a Confederate Camp ( W. L. Slheppord).
GENERAL GRANT ON        THE WILDERNESS CAMPAIGN (EXTRACT             FROM    HIS  REPORT     145
    DATED JULY 22d, i865) .,. . .       ..... ...........................         .. ....
      I.I.UsTRtATI1!N8: Secocid Day (If the Battle of the Wilderne.s (Ederici Forbes) - (tC'eerocl Grant whittliing
    during the Battle ot the Wilderness (C. W'. Reed) - Todd's Tavern in war-timn, frecoc photo. (J. D. Wooct-
    e.r...) -The Wilderness Tavern in 1885, fro. photo. (W. Taber) - Brass Coelcorns itt ,ise 0t Celd Harbor
    (A. It. IaV-dl)- Mat-ision and (trotndts cn oMaryc's Bill, Frederieksbtrg, frolic .i.. to. lent by W. H.
    Whiit-, ( 11. PMber) -   Greaerl ent a..id Staff cit Betheela Churnb, fromc (;taietoer lehceto. (It. Tobc).
THROUGH THE WILDERNESS ..........G... ..... GENERAL ALEXANDER S. WEBB                   ..  1,52
      tI.IX-TiT.AloN-: Up-hill Work (W. Tiser) -Mapof thc Bilative P-itimi-4e Forccs, Mcerniccgaed Ev-e-
    hii, May 4th, 184-Toled's Tvc-r in 188 (Josepl Ie,-,elt)-.1I Mic cf the Wilderces., May .,th, 1864-Threlen-
    il ecp Brecatxwocks iJ. tixic Wilderecc-s (A. R. Wfaeec0-Map .cf the Wilhnicre.s, May 4the, IWA4-Brig'.cdh-r-
    G;ene rall Jaicles Sl. Waewucrtl. trcc llr dy lehoto.-Distrili tin-- Aeceicic-ition . .c...Ir Fire te) Warren's Fifth
    Corles, May lth (A4. le. WuVed) -Thce Betrniig W(oeI.-, May 6th- cniecah.g the Wocnudlect (A. R. Wreed) -
    View frccen cair the Wild-iceun Tavern Ie ....king toward the Batth--tietld, 2 P. s1., ltay 7th (Edl( i,, Forbes) -
    Out of the Wiildrness, Sceeciay Morecitect, May 8th-The Mlareh to Slpet.oylycecia ,E(dcrir Forbes.) - Otlhlfe
    Mapof Lee's heositions in the Wilderness and at Spotaylvauia (Jeejor Jed. Ufohek!iss) -Map of the Relative

 




                          CONTENTS OF VOLUME FOUR.                                      xi

                                                                                       PAGE
    Positions of the Oppoosing Corps at Spotaylvania - Major-(;eneral John Nf. Jones, C. S. A., from Antlerson-
    Cook !,hoto.- rnjsir-(ieneral Johut C. Btlttsot-u, fronm Brady phofo.-Gernral ltnrnsile aleatdiuarters at
    ilethlt Clhurth, May 22d, 1864, fl ot (ardiner phottt. ( W. Tubel).
HAND-TO-HAND FIGHTING AT SPOTSYLVANIA ..... G. NORTON GALLOWAY .1 0
     IIt.t.ITRITIrONs: Strugglitig forthe Works at the '1hlAly A.n,.de (Il. T. Trego)- Upton', Brigade at
     the 'Bloody Atigle," frtoou sketch by G. N . Gallowvay (Fi: II. ,Scelll) -Brev -t Mtajor-iletterall Emuory Ufttott,
     frto' Birlady phltut.- Cuit lIteolpitat at Al-ps 'e Farin-hoti-s uear the Br-ek road, fro..t Gardner photo.
     IV. rAber).
THE DEATH OF GENERAL JOHN SEDGWIC(K...           GENERAL MARTIN      T. M'4MAHON... 1 7.5
Mt.ALLISTERS BRIGADE AT THE "BLOODY              GENERAL ROBERT MCALLISTER .....
    ANGLE "    I.      .....     ......         GNRLRBRTMALSE                     .    7
    IILICITRAfTI t Cetter of the Uttit- position at Spotasytania, May 10th, 1864 (Edtrin rbes)
EDWARDS'S BRIGADE AT THE " BLOODY ANGLE " . JAMES L. BOWEN             .    ..  ....... 177
     ILI.I.STR1 MTI II: General (;rat reconnoit-ring the Coufelerate position at SIpotsylvattia Court lhouse
     (C. IV. ffi- 0.
THE OPPOSING FORCES AT THE BEGINNING OF GRANT'S CAMPAIGN AGAINST RICHMOND              179
      LLI.8THIATtON: Beathig the Long Boll (Wi-lso- Hostet').
THE OPPOSING FORCES AT COLD HARBOR, JUNE ist, 1804.185
SHERIDAN'S RICHMOND RAID          ... .......... GENERAL THEO. F. RODENBOUGH           188
     ILLUITttATItNS: Ulinhwrsd Troopers retiring front Sheridaute Raid (Wnhsltow Homer) -Major-General
     George A. C('ter, frottt Gardn,-e photo.- Map of the Klilpatriek-Dahlgreu Raid, ,,f Sheridan's Richmomd
     Raid, an-t of Sherilan's Trevillan Raid (Jacob Wells) - portrait groult of General P. H. Sheridan, General
     D. MeNM. Gregg, General A. T. A. Torbert, General Jaues lH. Wilson, (leneral Henry E. Davies, Jr.. and
     Generatl WsIey Merritt, from Gardner photo.
                                               i BY A PRIVATE OF THE SIXTH VIR-          1
THE DEATH OF GENERAL J. E. B. STUART           i   GINIA CAVALRY ..      ..            194

     ILLtSTRATION: Major-General Fitzhugh Lee, C. S. A., fromt Anderson-Cook photo.
THE DEFENSE OF DREWRY'S BLUFF        . ...    ... GENERAL G. T. BEAUREGARD           . 195
     ILLUSTRATIONS: Looking for a Friend (W . aber) - Map of Operatiouts at Drewry'a Bluff, Bermuttda
     Hundred, atttt Deet Bottom in 1814 (Jacob Wells) -Major-General R. F. Hoke, C. S. A., from photo.-
     Coutfederate Roll-Call (A. C. Red-'ood).
BUTLER'S ATTACK ON DREWRY'S BLUFF . ...... GENERAL WM. FARRAR SMITH               . ... 206
     ILLUSTRATIONS: A Fifteen.-neh Gun, from Gardner photo. (O. R. ilalta) -Ma.or-tGeneralJohn A Di.,
     from photo. bty J. W. Black-Brevet Major-General Joseph R. Hawley, froin photo. by Prescott  Gage -
     Major-General Go.ifrey Weitzel, from Anthony photo.
COLD HARBOR ...... .............       .       . GENERAL MARTIN      T. McMAHON..      213
     ILLUSTRATIoNs: Fording the Mtattapoty, front sketch by C. W. Reed (W. Taber) -AMap of Confederate
     Positions at the North Autna and at Cold Harbor (Major Jed. Hlotchkiss) -Map of Cold Harbor- Major-
     General Francis C. Batllow, frottt Brady photo.-C old Harbor, June 3d, Bomb-Proofs on the line of the
     S-eittd Corps (Edtria Forbes).
THE EIGHTEENTH CORPS AT COLD HARBOR.... GENERAL WM. FARRAR SMITH ...... 221
     ILLUSTRATIONS: Explosiou of a Bomnb-shell nn'ter an Artillery Cam-fi4re at Ctldd Harbor, from sketch
     by C. W. Reetl (IF. Tabe) - View of the Uniolt Breastworks on the Cold Harbor Line, June It (Edwin
     Forbes) - Major-General Horatio G. Wright, from Brady photo.
NOTES ON COLD HARBOR                         .... GEORGE CARY EGGLESTON ....-.... 230
SHERIDAN'S TREVILIAN    RAID          .         .GENERAL THEO. F. RODENBOUGH        ...233
     ILLUs TRATION: Map of the Battleof Trevilian Station (Jacob Wells).
THE CAVALRY FIGHT AT TREVILIAN STATION. GENERAL M. C. BUTLER ...                -........ 237
     ILLUsTRATIONS: Major-G(eneral Thomas L, Po-ser, C. S. A., fro-o photo. lettt by James Blair (Wyalt
     ELtoti) - Waiting for his Breakfast ( Wins.1ee .oote.r).
GENERAL LEE IN THE WILDERNESS CAMPAIGN .... COLONEL CHARLES S. VENABLE.... 240
     ILLUsTRATIoNs: tniform of the Mary-land Guard, C. S. A. (A. C. Red-ood) -MIajor-Gener.l C,. W.
     C. Lee, C. S. A., frotm Andtersnn-Cook photo.- Major-General Stephen D. Ratmseur, C. S. A., fromit photo.
     -5Major-General Edward Johnson, C. S. A., from photo.-Brigadler-Geteral George H. Steuart, C. S. A.,
     frotil Atltersomt-Cok photo.- A Call for Reouforeenuts, Fac-simile of a Dispatch from General Lee to
     General Beauregardl-View of Belle PlaIn, Potomac Creek, a Union Base of Supplies, in May, 1864, from
     photo. lent by W. H. Wtlbittm (C. A. I'asderhoof).

                                      ATLANTA.
THE GRAND STRATEGY OF THE LAST YEAR          .   GENERAL W. T. SHERMAN .               247
    OF THE WAR .....GNRL..T.SEMA                                                 .      4
    ILLUSTRATIONs: A Shtell at Heatquarters (W. Taber) - Map of tte Atlanta Cattpaign - General William
    T. Shertt-an at Atlanta, from photst.- Ration Day at Chattanooga in 1864 (Theo. R. Davis) -The "Calico

 



xii                        CONTENTS OF VOLUME FOUR.

                                                                                          PAGZ
    House," General Shertnan'a First Headquarters in Atlanta, from photo. lent by Miss Orelia Key Bell
    (W1. Taber).
OPPOSING SHERMAN'S ADVANCE TO ATLANTA,.. GENERAL JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON.....2(0
      ILLUSTRATIO2s: Buzzard-Roost (ap (Theo. R. Laris) -The Battle of Resaen, Ga., May 14th, 1864, and
    Confederates dragging (;nns up Kenesaw Mountain, fromn  The Mountain Camipaign in (;eorgia - (;eu-
    eral Sherman and Geeral Thom-a during the assault at Kenesaw Mountain, June 27th, 1864 (Theo. Rf.
    Duris) - Geueral John B. IHood, C. S. A., from Auderson-Cook photo.

THE OPENING OF THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN ..... COLONEL W. C. P. BRECKINRIDGE . 277
      ILLUSTRATION: I'art of the Confederate Intrenebmeuts at Resaa, fronl photo. by G. N. Bairuard (C. A.


THE CONFEDERATE STRENGTH IN THE ATLANTA            M,JOR E. C. D,4WES           .....   .81
    CAMPAIGN                                         A...................                           ........  
      ILLUSTRATI,,N: Coufederate Defenses at the Bridge over the Etowab, froum photo. by G. N. Barnard
    (E. J. Meeker).
THE OPPOSING FORCES IN THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN             .........       .....  .......... 2s4
THE STRUGGLE FOR ATLANTA ...... .         ......... GENERAL OLIVER 0. HOWrARD .             93
      ILLUsTRATIONIS: Saving a tGun (11: Taber)-Map of the Region trom Chattanooga to t alhoun-M-ajor-
    General John M. Pt',her, frnnm axulimotype lent by hi son -Part of the Battle-field of Be,.nca, froi.. photo.
    by G. N. Barnard (E. J. eeker) - Extreme left (view looking South) of the Confederate Lines at Besena,
    from photo. by t;. N. Barn.ard ( WV. Tabor)-Mapof the Region from Resacato Vauwert-Brevet Brigadier-
    General Benjamin nHarri-on, from photo. lent by Mrs. Benjamin Harrison - Najor-General E. C. Wadthall,
    C. S. A., fro ..photo.-Map of the Region from Rome to Marietta, Ga.- Major-Geueral Jacob D. Cox, from
    photo.- Confederate lutrenemheuts near New Hope Church, from Brady photo. (P. J. Xeeker)-olion
    Eartih-work, in front of Big and Little Kenesaw, and Confederate Works on the Sotith Bank of the Chat-
    tahooebee, from photos. by (I. N. Barnard ((. A. laderhqof) - Map of the Siege of Atlanta - General
    Sbhermans Ilenfdquarn rs at the Htoward H.oue in front of Atlanta (Tlea. R. koris) - Sprague's Brijade
    Protecting the Wagon Trains of Sherman s Army at lDecatur, Ga., July 22d, 1864 (The  It. D-.-ira) -S-enet
    of General MePher.on's Death, on the Battle-tield of July 22d, 18C4, from Brady photos. (E. J. Meeker) -
    Major-Geueral Ja..mes B. McPherson, from Brady photo.- Battle of Atlanta, July 22d, 1864-The Contest
    on Bald Hill, Fourth Division, Fifteenth Corps iD the PForeground, from the Patmoratna of Atlanta -
    Major-(;en.eral John A. Logan, trome Brady photo.- The Battle of Ezra Church, July 28th, 1864 (Thea. R.
    DVria) - MaJor-General Joln M. Curse, who" held the fort" at AllatoRna, fri photo.- Allatoona Pass,
    looking North, from photo. by G. N. Barnard (W. Tabr)-The Battle ofAllat-ooa, Octobersth, 1864 (frou
    - TIe Mouittain eCmpaigsu in Georgia )-Brevet Major-General Tru-an E. (l. ansom., fro.. photo. lent
    by Norman Williams.

HOOD'S SECOND SORTIE AT ATLANTA ........... MAJOR           W. H. CHAMBFRLIN...3.26
      ILLtUSTRATION8: The Battle of Atlanta, July 22d, (James E. Taylor) -Recaplture fro.. the Confederates
    of De Gress's Battery (two ustl, from the Panorama of Atlanta.
THE GEORGIA MILITIA ABOUT        ATLANTA.....GENERAL GUSTTAVUS W. SMITH                 ...331
THE DEFENSE OF ATLANTA.....G ... ... ...E..GFNERAL JOHN B. HOOD                     ... , 336
      ILLUsTHATIONS: View of the Battle of Peach Tree Creek from  General Hooker's Position (The.. B.
    Dars)-Lieulten.at-General Alex. P. Stewart, C. S.A., fro. photo.-Ma.,or-General W. Et. T. Walker,
    (. S. A., from lihoto.- Effect of the Union Fire on the Potter House, Allauita, frnio photo. by G. N.
    Barnard; View of the ('outefrerate Line at the Potter Ilomtse, looking Eastward, uid View of Confeder-
    ate Defenses or Atlanta, loking North-east, from photos. (E. J. Meeker) -Union Defenses at Allatoona
    Pass, from photo. ly (I. N. Baroard (C. A. Vander-hof).


      FINAL OPERATIONS IN ARKANSAS AND MISSOURI.

THE RED    RIVER CAMPAIGN.      .  .............. COLONEL      RICHARD B. IRWIN .          34r
      ILLUSTRATIONIS: A. J. Smith's and Porter's ExpeditIon Starting train Vickeburg for the Red Ei-er,
    from sketeh by Wear-Adomiral Walke (F H. Sehell and Thomas Hogan) -Map of the Red River, and
    Arkansas and Missouri Campaigns of 184 (Jatob Welt )-Major-General Nathaniel P. Banks, from
    photo.- Major-General A. J. Smaith, from Brady photo.-Major-General J. A. Mower, from  Brady
    lphoto.-Alexanitria, on the Red River, from photo. lent by Linyall Farr.,gut (W. Taber) -Brevet Major-
    General Josetih Bailey, fr-m photo. lent by R. T. H  Moleombe-Map ad Sections of the Red River Dams
    above Alexandria (Oregor Noetfzl)- Setion of the Bracket Damn, Crib of Stone mmmd Brick, Seetlon of the
    Tree Dam, from prints lent lir General J.a.e Grant Wilson (A  msft Wilf) - The "Lexington" pasing
    over the Falls at the Daui,, from sketch by James M. Alden (A. 41. Turner) - United States Hospital
    Ship, 1' Red Rover," fro., lihoti.. lent by M.jor J. H. Benton (J. 0. Daridson).
THE NAVY IN THE RED RIVER .................. CAPT7AIN         THOS. 0. SELFRIDGE, Jr.. 362
      ILLUSTRATION: The Fight at Blair's Plantation, from sketch by Rear-Admiral Walke (F. H. Sehelland
    Thomas Hogan).
THE MISSISSIPPI FLOTILLA IN THE RED RIVER EXPEDITION ..                                    366
      .LLrsTRATIOI: On the mNiegssippi River Hospital-boat" D. A. January" (Theo. B. Davis).

 




                       CONTENTS OF VOLUME FOUR.                               xiii
                                                                              POE
THE OPPOSING FORCES IN THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN .           . ... ......... ............... B67
THE OPPOSING FORCES IN ARKANSAS. (April 20th, 1864) .          ...........3...... 368
THE DEFENSE OF THE RED RIVER          .     GENERAL E. KIRBY SMITH       . .  .369
     tLLtUTRAT-o'SP: Lienteitant-Gettral tichard Taylor, from Brady photo.-The Cnufederate Fort De
     Iussy, ahoutt Ten Miles below Alexandria, from sketch by James M. Aiden (C. A. anderhoof) -Briga-
     dier-G-n-ral C. J. Polignac, C. S. A., from photo.
RESUME OF MILITARY OPERATIONS IN MIS-           WILEY BRITTON.'174
   SOURI AND ARKANSAS, i864-65 .I.......


                        MOBILE AND THE GULF.
FARRAGUT AT MOBILE BAY      ....... .     . LIEUT. JOHN CODDINGTON KINNEY.379
     ILLUSTRATOI NS: SlBrrejider of the ' Tennesee Battle of Mbile Bay (J. 0. Daid-.)-The  Brook-
     lyn" after tbe Battle of Mobile (Xaulh-. Smifh)-The  Richmond" and the -Laekawana" .tripped
     for the Fight (XanIaha Suith) - Fort Morgan (Light-house, The Sooth-ast Bastion, The Citadel from
     the north sidet, from photos. by McPherson and Oliver, lent by Loyall Farragut (C. A. Vasdferhof) -
     Mapof the Battle of Mobile Bay (E. E. C.urt)-The Battle of Mobile, and The Battle of 3Mlte lookinkg sooth
     and eastward, frotil sketches by Rear-Admiral Walke (F. H. Schell and Thon..a Hog,-) -The "Caintsa"
     after tie Fight in Mbilte Bay (Xlnthus Smith) - Captain Tnis A. M. Craven. from Brady pho o.-
     UnitedStates Steamship "Mononigaheln,"lahowinginjorie. receivedinthe Fight (X.a fhu Sd fh) - Rta.-
     Adnliral Thornton A. Jenkins, from photo.-Capture of Confederate Gn-hoat "Selma" by the
     -Meta01onet" (Xofnhtsat ,snffh)-Captaln George H. Perkins. from photo. lent by Miss Ssan G.
     Pe rkis - tear-Adirtal James E. Jouett, from photo. by Benedict - Fight between the "Chlckasaw
     aiud Fort Powell, Auguet 5th, 1864, from sketch by E. B. Hough (F. H. Schell).
THE OPPOSING FORCES AT MOBILE         . .......... ........    ..       ..  . . 400
THE RAM "TENNESSEE" AT MOb:'E BAY           COMMANDER JAMES D. JOHNSTON       401
     ILLISTRATIPNS: The Confederate Iron-elad "1Tennesee" (Xof thn .t uifh)-The "Monongahela"
     ranimning the " Tennesee" (.sfth-a 8.mih) -The "lHartford in Collision with the "Tennessee" (F.
     HI. I.hef) -esurrender of the  Tennessee" (Xmsfht Smlth )-Coumander J. D. Jouhnston, C. S. N., from
     ,I4-paintflg by V. L. de Glillanmce.
THE LASHING OF ADMIRAL FARRAGUT IN THE          i. CAPT. J. CRITTENDEN WATSON .406
   RIGGING     ..    ... ..     ..........   LIEUT.-COM. JOSEPH   MARTHON     407
THE DEFENSE OF FORT MORGAN .       . . ...... GENERAL RICHARD L. PAGE    .    .408
     ILLIIsTRATIU)NA: Fort Morgan, Mobile Bay, from sketch by R. K. Snedenl (W. H. Goater) -Brigadier-
     General Richard L. Page, C. S. A., from photo.
LAND OPERATIONS AGAINST MOBILE .          ...COLONEL RICHARD P. IRWIN     .   . 410
CLOSING OPERATIONS IN THE GULF AND I... RFSOJ4E                 USL     OE      1
   WESTERN RIVERS                          POES.               U L..                                      O     412


     CAVALRY OPERATIONS ON THE TENNESSEE LINE.

CAVALRY   OPERATIONS IN THE WEST UNDER      CAPTAIN THOMAS SPEED.             413
  ROSECRANS AND SHERMAN
     II.LUJYThAr)NS: The Le-ee at Nashvlie, looking down the Cuimberland, from photo. by R. Poole (W.
     Taber) - Map of Operations in Middle Tennesee and North Alabama (Jaeab WeUx) - Lient.-General .
     B. Forrest. C. S. A.. fron phi'h .
THE SOOY SMITH EXPEDITION. (February, 1864) COLONEL GEORGE E. WARING, Jr 416
THE CAPTURE OF FORT PILLOW. (April 12th, 1864) .        ...  .......  I..........   418

FORREST'S DEFEAT OF STURGIS AT     BRICE'S     UTXNT E HUNN HANSON           419
   CROSS-ROADS. (June 10th. 1864).....     ADJTN      E.H    NHASN           41
A. J. SMITH'S DEFEAT OF FORREST AT TUPELO. C,4PTAIN W. S. BURNS       .  .    .421
   (Julyv 14th, 1864) ......     ......
JOHN MORGAN IN , 864 ..G. ...... . ....... . GENERAL BASIL W. DUKE    .. ..   422


                 HOOD'S INVASION OF TENNESSEE.
THE INVASION OF TENNESSEE       . I   .     GENERAL J. B. HOOD                425
     ILLUSTRATIOXS: Major-General WilUlam B. Bate, C. S. A., from photo.- A Southern Private, from
     ambrotype (ff. A. Ogden) - Map of the Battle-fteld of Franklin, Tenesee - Major-General Patrick B.
     Cleburne, C. M. A., killed at Franklin, November seth, 1864, from photo. lent by (eneral Marcus J.

 




xiv                       CONTENTS OF VOLUME FOUR.
                                                                                          PAta
    Wright -Map of the Battle-Deld of Nauthville, Deeember laith-ltith, 1864- Overton's House. Hoodl Head-
    quarters at Nashville, front photo. (Harry Fen) - MaJor-General J. B. Steedtuan, front Brady photo.
GENERAL CHEATHAM AT SPRING HILL ......... . GENERAL B. F. CHEATHAM                 ....   438
THE DEATH OF GENERALS CLEBURNE AND ADAMS ............                   . ..    .. ....... 439
REPELLING HOOD'S INVASION OF TENNESSEE ... . COLONEL HENRY STONE                   .      44t
      ILLUSTR ATIONS: Defending an Emibrasure (W. Taber) - Major-General George B. Tho.uas, from photo.
    - View of the Winstead Hill., Franklin, where Hood formued his Line of Battle, from photo. (Harry
    Frea)- Brevet MaJor-Geueral Emerson Opdyeke, from photo. by Kurtz -The Battle-tleld of Franklin,
    Te.neasee, from photo. by L. T. Shull (Harry F-a) - M)ajor-General D. S. Stantey, fromi. photo, by
    Teeple  Co.- The Carter House from the side toward the tow., the Carter House fro- the Confederate
    si , and Front View of the Carter House, fIr   photos. (W. Taber) - Frout View of the Gin-House, atd
    View of the inu-HBouse from the Pike, frot photos. (W. Taber) - Bridge at Frauklin ov,'r the Harpeth
    River, l1-king up-stream, from photo. (W. Taber) -Hill near Nashille from which Bate's Confederate
    Divitsin was driven, on December 16th, from photo. (Harry Fen) -The Capitol, Nashville, from war-
    time pho.to. (11. Taber) - Views of Fort Negley on the left of the Union Intrenehotenta, Nashville, between
    the Fraklikin and Nolen-ville Pikes, from photos. (Harry Penn) - View of a part of the Uniou Lines at
    Nashville, from Qiardner photo. (W. Taubr) - South-west Front of the Capitol at Nasiville., from war-
    time photo. (W. Taber).
THE UNION CAVALRY IN THE HOOD CAMPAIGN GENERAL JAMES HARRISON WILSON. 465
      ILLIs'TRa ITIS.: Bridge over the Cumberland at Nashville, fi-r. war-time photo. ()V. Tuber) - Maj,,r-
    General James H. WUilon, from photo. by William Klanser.
THE OPPOSING FORCES AT NASHVILLE, DECEMBER i5th-ioth, 11864 ... ...           .......     472



                  UP AND DOWN THE SHENANDOAH.

OPERATIONS IN EAST TENNESSEE AND SOUTH- I          REV. EDWARD O. GUERRANT                 75
    WEST VIRGINIA .TH.RE..EWAR.0.GUERAN....7
      ILLIJSTtATINSr: Reveille, fron sketch by C. W. Beed (W. raber)-BriKdicr-tieneraIJ. M. Sbackelford,
    from Brady pho to.-Brigasier-(len.eral Jaeob Ammen, from photo. by P. Ball-Map of Operations against
    the Virginia an-i Tennessee Railroad (Jacob WcUs).
THE BATTLE OF NEW MARKET. VA., MAY 15th,           GENGENERAL JOHN D. IMBODEN             480
    1804 ....-..GE.RL.OH.1. M..E..48
      ILLUSTRATI(ONSn: Casdet of the Virginia Military Institute in Marching Outtit (W. Taber) -map ,f the
    Battle-tleld of New Market. Va. (Jaeob Wells) - Brevet Major-General William W. Averell, from photo.
    by Gurtey - Majtr-fteneral (leorge Crook, front photo.
SIGEL IN THE SHENANDOAH VALLEY IN 1804 .... GENERAL FRANZ SIGEL ....4.8....... 47
THE OPPOSING FORCES AT NEW        MARKET, VA     .............   ............       ...... 491
THE OPPOSING FORCES IN THE LYNCHBURG EXPEDITION .                 .....4.         . ...... 492
EARLY'S MARCH TO WASHINGTON IN i864 ....... GENERAL JUBAL A. EARLY.                 .   . 492
      ILLUsTRATION-: Mal of the Virginia Campaigns of 1864-l. and Maltof the Battle of Monoeaey (Jacob
    Ilfs) - Map of the Defenses of Washington (Jacob WUs) - Fort Stevens, Washi