xt79zw18m52j https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt79zw18m52j/data/mets.xml Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station 1915 Title from cover.
Imprint varies. journals English Frankfort, Ky. : Capital Office, E. Polk Johnson, 1890-1948. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Annual report. 1915 text Annual report. 1915 1915 2011 true xt79zw18m52j section xt79zw18m52j *__‘L ' v
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 TWENTY-EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT
Kentucky Agricultural
Experiment Station  
f STATE UNIVERSITY
LEXINGTON, KY.
FOR THE YEAR 1915 I
- PART I.  

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  State University  
  LEXINGTON, KY. Q R f
  BOARD OF TRUSTEES. A _ ‘ j
 R ; I I
  HIS EXCELLENCY, GovERNoR AUGUSTUS OVVSLEY STANLEY, ex
  Officio, chairman. _ .
  PRESIDENT HENRY S. BARKER, Member ea; officio. ‘ ` '
  HoN. VIRGIL O. GILBERT, Supt. Public Instruction, Member ox
  APPOINTED BY THE GOVERNOR
  JAMES BREATHITT, Hopkinsville, Christian County. `
    THOMAS LEWIS EDELEN, Frankfort, Franklin County.
  CHARLES B. NICHOLS, R. F. D. No. 7, Lexington, Fayette County.
  DR. JAMES K. PATTERsoN, Lexington, Fayette County.
  JAMES W. TURNER, Paintsville, Johnson County.
    ROBERT W. BROWN, Louisville, J eiferson County. -
  TIBBIS CARPENTER, Scottsville, Allen County. I _ _
  WILLIAM H. Cox, Maysville, Mason County.
  DENNY P. SMITH, Cadiz, Trigg County.
  CLAUDE B. TERRELL, Bedford, Trimble County.
  JOHNSON N. CAMDEN, Versailles, Woodford County. .
  RICHARD C. STOLL, Lexington, Fayette County.
  DR. J. A. AMMONS, Lancaster, Garrard County.
  RICHARD N. WI\THEN, Lebanon, Marion County. _
  DR. A. GATLIFF, Williamsburg, Whitley County.
  A ELECTED BY THE ALUMNI i
    DR. SAMUEL BLACKBURN MARKS, Lexington, Fayette County. _
    JOHN WESIIEY WOODS, Ashland, Boyd County.
    GEORGE GREEN BROOK, London, Laurel County.
    J oHN EDWIN BRoWN, Shelbyville, Shelby County. .
    PHILIP PRESTON JOHNSTON, JR., Lexington, Fayette County.
  it

   Mr
Yi A
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  et. J
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E 135
; Exeznimzprr S1·A·rioN STAFF.
BOARD OF CONTROL. {
_ RICHARD C. STOLL, Chairman, Lexington, Ky. 1 ·
. ,· JOHNSON N. CAMDEN, Versailles, Ky. 1 .
CHARLES B. NICHOLS, Lexington, Ky. g
THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY, ew ojlicio, ` z
THE DIRECTOR, SECRETARY, ew cmiciv. {
l
._.....—7. s
I
. THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY. JOSEPH H. KASTLE, Dean and Director ' `
1
_ R. M. ALLEN, Food and Drugs, Head. I O. KERCHER, Boys’ Pig Clubs. (In co- V
W- S. ANDERSON. Horse Husbandry. operation with the U. s. Department
S. D. AVERITT, Chemistry. Or Agriculture)
P. E. BACON, Milk Records. ‘ F J KlNNEY` A mnom » {
P. L. BLUMENTHAL, Chemistry. *· · * g y' _ ;
c. D. BoHANNAN, Agi-ieuiturai Econ- J- 0- LeBACH· Feed and Drugs- 1
omics. J. \V. McFARLIN, Food and Drugs In-
AS L.1 BRUECKNER, Diseases of Live spection. §
t0C{· J. S. MeHARGUE, Chemistry. 1
if {§· ]§3r§rQ_,§rQ1§.· FXOOF1 and D“$S· . c. w. MATHEWS, Horticulture, Head. Q
. . , gricultural Extension. , , . - 5
RUBY BUCI{l\L[AN’ 1.10mO EcOnOmiCS_ LRED IVIU'lCH.LER, Ag‘1‘ICultu!‘3.I EXCQII- l
G. D. BUCKNER, Chemistry. sion. Superintendent. ;
kU11§IY1(§A(I`1Ir`§CI2Il2IY,I%rI0rticIulture. _ ID. S. MYER, Agronomy. {
i, -ome ·conom1cs. ~ ‘· .· .,_
0. s. cR1sLER, Diseases or Live steer. En rl} Ir§i§&%Ir(,I;J;SuRDWgfrlgujnorugy. mu r
H. E. CURTIS, Commercial Fertilizers, · ' ‘ ‘ ’ i
Head. ~ Botany- 1
· R. C. DABNEY, Food and Drugs. J._\V. NUTTER. Dairyins. I
H. DAVIES, Purchasing Agent. A. M. PETER, Chemistry, Head. 1
MARY L. DIDLAKE, Entomology and R. PFANSTIEL, Chemistry. Q
Botany. _ {XV. R. PINNELL, Food and Drugs. 1
N. R. ELLIOTT, Horticulture. R. L. PONTIUS, Diseases of Live,Stock. {
A- E- E\VAN. AE§1‘0n0InY. C. S. PORTER, Food and Drugs lnspec- ;
H. VGARMAN, Entomology and Botany, tion. ·
Head, GEORGE ROBERTS, Agronomy, Head.
O. L. GINOCHIO, Secretary to the Di- \VM. RODES, Commercial Fertilizers.
Feefef. \V. SCHEPPELMAN, Food and Drugs. ·
E. S. GOOD, Animal Husbandry (Beef O. M. SHEDD, Chemistry.
Cattle, Sheep and Swine), Head. \V. H. SIMMONS, Diseases of Live
E. J. GOTT, Bacteriology. Stock.
ROBERT GRAHAM, Diseases of Live M. J. SMITH, Animal Husbandry (Beef {
· Stock, Head. I Cattle, Sheep and Swine). 1
D- J- HEALY. Bacteriology. IV. V. SMITH, Animal Husbandry (Beet 1
L. _R. I-IIMMELBERGER, Diseases of Cattle, Sheep and Swine).  
Live Stock. D, D. SLADE, Poultry, Agricultural Ex- _.
J. J._ HOOPER, Animal Husbandry tension. 4
(Dairy Cattle, Horses and Poultry), H. D. SPEARS, Commercial Feeding
Head. Stuffs.
· M. O. HUGHES, Farmers’ Co-operative MARY E. S\VEENY, Home Economics, . '
Demonstration Work, \Vestern District Head. 1
Agent. XV. G. TERRELL, Food and Drugs In- '
ED HUSTON, Dairying. spection. .
ELMER_INGRAM, Feed and Fertilizer J. D. TURNER, Commercial Feeding
. inspection. Staffs, Head. {
H. H. JEXVETT, Entomology and E. C. VAUGHN, Entomology and A
Botany. Botany.
R. \V._ JONES, Feed and Fertilizer In- R. H. \\-'ILKINS, Poultry.
spcction. II-I. K. \VRlGl-IT, Diseases of Live Stock. I
P. E. IXARRAKER, Agronomy. G. B. \VURTZ, Meteorology.
i
1
1
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  THE KENTUCKY AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT  
  STATION. - I Q ji
it¥$}£iQi?eri IH eeeeuut with the United States Appropriations, 1914-15, g
    Hatch Adams Z
  Receipts from the Treasurer of the · » .
  United States, as per appropr1a— .
  tions for Hscal year ended June 30, 2
  1915, under Acts of Congress, ap- A _‘
  proved March 2, 1887 (Hatch
  Fund) and March 16, 1906 (Adams
  Fund) ·······-—--- · ···· , ....... _ __________ _ __·'···Atl'·.‘___·__-’_____'··’__·‘_ $152000.00 $152000.00
  EXPENDITURES. _
  By Salaries   ```` ` '`‘‘   ______ _ __________________________ L     -
    Labor ````` ` '''`' ‘ ‘··-   ______'---··.---      
   -_ -  P“bH°8ti¤¤s ......_______,_______________ _ ··__________·__________ 1221225 _______··_ 2 ·____·_ W
  Postage and Stationery ........................ 530.82 . 19.04 4
 T° r ·g  Freight and Express .............................. 41.89 34.98
  Heat, Light, Water and Power ...... 433.03 140.77
  Chemicals and Laboratory Sup .... a 278.60 425.92 -
  Seeds, Plants and Sundry Sup .... 177.66 155.11
  P Fertilizers ................. - ................... 1 ................ -.. ......................... - .................... - .....
      ..__ ___- .2 uhh"`nu-.-nnuunlnnn"'.- unun".-nounun"-  
  Library ····--........... _ _______ _ ____,_____ _ __________‘___________·___ 25222 22221
  Tools, Machinery and Appliances » 15.06 16.18
  Feature end Fixtures ··___>______·‘·-_A'·· 252.21 221220
 2 Scientific Apps; and Spmmensnl '_''__·___.·22.22222_.2‘‘ 2 522.27
  t   LM Steck ·»........__ _ _________2·‘·l2 _ '____···______‘__‘2·22______ A _·_·· 2 _____·_____________- 192.75
  Tmvehug Expenses ln.`·__'_.··__2_‘_'_‘.__.._·_'___ 27.52 155.18
  C°“m"g€“*¤ Expenses ·2l2_·_·_______· _ ________..··_ 20.00 ,24
  ui ieee enc an ___···___2_.·····_·_.'···2'·__--__‘_ · ·
‘g_ 57 B ld 1 1 C1 232 53 23 08
        ____________________________       ‘
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  ' Kentucky Agrtcnltnml Ezvpertntent Station ix
  We, the undersigned, duly appointed Auditors of the Cor- V
i poration, do hereby certify that we have examined the books and g
, accounts of the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station for ‘
the Hscal year ended June 30, 1915; that we have found the same   l _
well kept and classified as above; that the balance brought for- g
ward from the preceding year was nothing on the Hatch Fund  
and nothing on the Adams Fund; that the receipts for the year {
from the Treasurer of the United States were $15,000.00 under  
the act of Congress of March 2, 1887, and $15,000.00 under the {
act of Congress of March 16, 1906, and the corresponding dis- {
burscments $15,000.00 and $15,000.00; for all of which proper -`
vouchers are on file and have been by us examined and found \
correct, leaving balances of nothing and nothing. ,
And We further certify that the expenditures have been i
solely for the purposes set forth in the acts of Congress ap-  
proved March 2, 1887, and March 16, 1906, and in accordance  
with the terms of said acts, respectively.  
(Signed) C. B. Nicrions,  
V HENRY S. BARKER,  
l A Auditors.  
(Seal) Q
Attest: W T. LAFFERTY, Custodian. i
J
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5
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I

 - _ · ANNUAL REPORT { V _
or THE i
Kentucky Agncultural Expenment Stauon  
FOR THE YEAR 1915. -  
ORGANIZATION. The organization of the Experiment Station i
as outlined in the last report has been further strengthened by E
the addition of a department of diseases of live stock, which was  
created by the Board of Control on June 25, 1915, with Dr.  
Robert Graham as its head. This department now has the ser-  
vices of six graduate veterinarians and a number of assistants. Y
The department of diseases of live stock actively co—operates with  
the State Live Stock Sanitary Board in the promulgation and l
enforcement of all measures looking to the control and eradica-  
tion of contagious diseases of live stock, and contributes to the {
support of the office of the State Veterinarian. l
As contemplated by the Smith-Lever Act, the work of agri- {
cultural extension within the State has been reorganized as the Z
division of agricultural extension in the College of Agriculture,  
which has gradually assumed the activities and publications of `g
the department of extension in the Experiment Station. Under  
this organization, the division of extension is co-ordinate with 'i
the Experiment Station as a part of the College of Agriculture .  
and, therefore, no statement of this work is included in this ~
report, altho the members of the several departments of the Ex-  .
periment Station have actively co-operated in the work of the  
extension division. :
INv1zs*r1oixT1oNs UNDER rim Aoxns AND OTHER FUNDS. The j
‘ program of work under the Adams Fund during 1915 has been
the same as that for the previous year, namely:  
a
2
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 1,  _ is
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»·-;I’*i Y1 4
  - up §
 he · J  
    2 J Twenty-eighth Annual Repwf of NLG  
.   .  
  1_ (a_ b, C.) i ~  
  a. The continuation of the study of the root nodule organ-  
  ism of alfalfa and its relation to the corresponding  
  organisms of sweet clover and red clover. "  
  ‘ b. The completion of our studies on the life history of the  
    COTH-€&I' worm. — ( .  
    g c. The locust borer.  
 Qt, - Messrs. Garman, Jewett, Niswonger and Miss Didlake. ··
  2. Contagious abortion in horses and cattle and immuniza— ·
  ' tion against this disease. Messrs. Good and W. V. Smith. }
  3. The rendering available of the potassium of insoluble  
  silicates by the action of soil bacteria and yeasts,`also the J
  rendering available of potassium in soils under ordinary
  conditions. Drs. Peter, Healy and Blumenthal.
  4. The occurrence of sulfur in plants and soils and the signi- p
  7  Hcance of this element to permanent soil fertility, and the
  determination experimentally of the best and most eco-
  nomical sulfur compound to employ in·correcting a de-
  53*  liciency of sulfur in any soil. Mr. O. M. Shedd.
  5. The translocation of mineral matter of plants. Dr. G. D.
  Buckner. ·
  6. The occurrence and distribution of barium in the vege-
  table kingdom and the part, if any, played by barium in
   ':  the growth of plants; the possible eifect of this element
  in stimulating the production and growth of the root
  nodules of leguminous plants. Mr. J. S. McHargue.
  7. The occurrence and distribution of manganese in plants,
    especially in the harder epidermal tissues of various parts
  -· of plants, and the possible significance of manganese in
  the production of such tissues. Mr. J. S. McHargue.
  8. The study of clover bloat or tympany of the rumen in U
  cattle and its cure by means of formaldehyde, urotropin or ‘
  hexamethylenc-tetramine. Dr. Healy. 1
  Considerable progress has been made in all these studies and, ,
    in addition to the publications already issued on these subjects,
  may be mentioned those of the past year on the locust borer _
 _. (second biennial report of the State Forester), clover bloat

  t ` ..
@2 4
  I
E
  Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. 3 ‘
  (Circular 5), and the translocation of mineral matter of plants. _
,Q (Journal Agr. Research, Vol. 5, No. 11.) Q
  The most striking fact brought out thus far by Dr. Buckner ’s   V
.\j studies on the translocation of the mineral matter of the seed and , ‘
tuber during the growth of the seedling is the retention in the  
· cotyledons and tuber, respectively, of considerable amounts of  
the mineral matter, ranging from 46.66 per cent. in the garden 1
_ bean and 38.66 per cent. in corn to 50.33 per cent. in the potato  
tuber. This Dr. Buckner thinks probably Ends its explanation  
in the necessity for definite amountsiof the various mineral con-  
stituents to promote the catabolie changes occurring in the
eotyledon and tuber during sprouting. So far as could be ascer- ‘
tained, there were no very striking diderences in the quantities  
of the several mineral constituents translocated and no marked I
selective influence shown by the roots, stem and leaves of the 1
growing seedling, for any particular mineral reserve material  
contained in the seed or tuber.  
Among investigations undertaken with funds other than the i
Adams Fund may be mentioned the feeding studies on young Y
chicks recently carried on by Messrs. Buckner, Nollau and Kastle.  
These are the most important studies on poultry ever under- p 
taken at this Experiment Station and the results have been pub- ' ‘
lished in the December number of the American Journal of i
Physiology under the title of "The Feeding of Young Chicks on  
Grain Mixtures of High and Low Lysine Content." On mashes  
and grain mixtures containing relatively large amounts of ly-  
sine, a di—amino caproic acid, the young chicks were found to grow  
and thrive, whereas on mashes and grain mixtures relatively  
poor in this amino-acid, chicks of the same lot were greatly if
stunted in their growth. This investigation opens up an entirely — 1
_ new 1'ield in the feeding and rearing of the young chick and puts  
the utilization of various commercial feeding stuffs upon a new  
and strictly scientific basis. In this connection, a large number  
of analyses of commercial feeding stuffs have been made by Mr.  
Nollau, having for their object to determine the amino-acid con-  
tent of the various proteins contained in such feeding stuffs.  
1
r
F

 ’ Q 1? .  .
  ‘ S
  4 H Twentyéeighth Annual Report of the  
  The results of these analyses l1ave been published ie the Journal   _
  of Biological Chemistry, Vol. XXI., No. 3, July, 1915.   . ·
  STAFF. The present staff of the Experiment Station, includ— `Z 1
  ing the Board of Control, is given on page VII. of this report.
  1 Below are given the appointments and resignations for the past V · 4
  -, year. _ » '
    Appoiuriunms ; 1
  L. R. Himmelberger, of the Michigan Agricultural Experi-
  ment Station, appointed March 1, 1915, to succeed Dr. E. W. 1
  Mumma, deceased. 1 . _ ]
  · H. K. Wright, of the Michigan Agricultural College, ap- _ 1
  pointed extension agent in hog cholera serum work, April 17,
  1915. 1
  Otis Kercher, in charge of boyslpig club work in Kentucky, 1
  March 1, 1915, successor to T. E. Stokes.
 5 Philip Lee Blumenthal, of Iowa Experiment Station, ap- 1
  pointed chemist, department of chemistry, July, 1915.
  Messrs. O. S. Lee and R. B. Taylor, appointed assistant r
 g chemists in the department of commercial fertilizers in September ‘
  and October, 1915, respectively. · 1
  z  N. R. Elliott, of Ohio State University, appointed assistant ‘
  horticulturist, September, 1915. 1
  R. H. Wilkins, of Cornell University, appointed research as- ·
  sistant poultry husbandry, September 1, 1915. 9
    Rnsicmrions ; _
  H. B. Hendrick, extension specialist in agronomy, resigned Z
  January 1, 1915. · · ‘ _
  E. F. Worthington, inspector, food and drug department, ‘
  ‘,r. i ·   resigned January 1, 1915.
    T. E. Stokes, in charge of boys’ pig club work in Kentucky, _
    resigned March 1, 1915. ‘
  F. W. Hofmann, assistant horticulturist, resigned July,
  all 1915.
    E. H. Nollau, assistant, department of research, resigned
    1 December, 1915, _

 nz .
I Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. 5
1 pi NEw BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT. During the past year, two
** new buildings have been erected on the Experiment Station farm; ‘
_ Q l a sheep shed and a barn for the study of animal diseases. 1
  The sheep shed, a cut of which is shown in Figure 1, is 63   I _
é . feet long by 22 feet wide and is provided with a feed room, {
shearing floor, shepherd’s room, a lambing apartment for use i
during the winter months and an open shed which may be sub- l
divided into three compartments. E
.- The barn for the study of investigation of obscure diseases l
'. of live stock, a photograph of which is shown in the frontispiece,  
has been erected in close proximity to the hog cholera serum `
- _ laboratory, on the Experiment Station farm. This building is 1
Q, of brick, 40 by 108 feet, and contains eleven box stalls, three .,
single stalls, office and pharmacy, small and large operating  
*, rooms and small animal room. j
In the way of equipment we have added to the small beef  
I- cattle barn on the Experiment Station farm a hollow tiled silo,  
having a capacity of 90 tons of ensilage. (Fig. 2.)  
t I PUBLICATIONS. V Owing to the reorganization of the extension 1
r work as a division of the College of Agriculture, it has been  
found necessary, in order to provide for the publication of cer- Q
t‘ tain material, to resume the circular series of the Experiment  
Station which was allowed to lapse with the publication of Cir- i _
:- cular 3 in April, 1890. i l
The followingis a list of publications issued by the Experi-  
ment Station during the year 1915: `  
1 Bulletins.  
No.  
L 190. Value of Distillers’ Dried Grains in Swine Feeding Opera- l
J, tions. The Value of Wheat as a Feed for Swine. E. S. _ 1
, Good and Wallace V. Smith. January, 1915. Q
i 191. The Teachings of the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment > 
, Station Relative to Soil Fertility. George Roberts. In- i 
7 troduction by Joseph H. Kastle. June, 1915. I
d 192. Non-Alcoholic Carbonated Beverages, Sanitary Condition Q 
_ and Composition. R. M. Allen, J. O. LaBach, W. R. Pin- i
· nell, L. A. Brown. June, 1915.  
v
I

 ill »
Zi;  . 6 Twenty-eighth Annual Report of the 6 .
  193. The Soils of Kentucky. S. D. Averitt. July, 1915.
  194. Soils of Graves County. S. C. Jones. July, 1915. .
  195. Soils of Franklin County. S. C. Jones. July, 1915.
  196. Commercial Fertilizers. H. E. Curtis and 'Wm. Rodes.
  December, 1915. I
    Circulars. .
  * N0. · ·
  4. Malnutrition in Hogs. D. J. Healy and E. J. Gott. July,
  _ 1915. A ·
  5. A‘Remedy for Clover Bloat. D. J. Healy and J. W. Nut-
  ter. August, 1915. _ _
  6. Inexpensive Appliances and Utensils for the Dairy. W.
  D. Nicholls. August, 1915. l
Q  .7. Blaekhead in Turkeys. Robt. Graham andL. R. Himmel-
  berger. September, 1915. 1 I
  8. Stem Rot of Clovers and Alfalfa as a Cause of "Clover
  Siekness." A. H. Gilbert and D. S. Myer. September,
_;  1915. R
  9. County Agents’ Caleimeter. J. S. McHargue. October,
 j  1915. "
  10. Suggestions Relative to the Prevention of Hog Cholera.
 _  Joseph H. Kastle, Robert Graham and H. K. Wright. De-
  cember, 1915.
  ‘ Food Inspection Regulation 10. Immature Oranges. January
  1, 1915. R. M. Allen. .
  Food Inspection Regulation 11. Publication of Analyses and
  Examinations for Advertising Purposes. March, 1915. R.
  M. Aim.
  Circular to Millers of Kentucky; Bleacheol Flour to be so Label-
  ed. June, 1915. R. M. Allen.
  Circular to Lexington Wholesale and Retail Grocers: Notice of
  Conferenee on April 1, 1915. R. M. Allen.
  Drug Store Eiheiency. June, 1915. C. S. Porter.
  The San Jose Scale and Its Treatment. H. Garman.
 V} Twig Blight and Pear Blight. H. Garman. June, 1915.
  rj The Pickle Worm or Cucumber Worm. H. Garman July, 1915.

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' I

 I Kentucky, Agricultural Experiment Station. 7
Press Bulletins,. (Discontinued as Experiment Station publi-
cations after July 1, 1915.) .
No.
, 99. What Can Be Expected from a Flock of 15 Ewes on the ' V
‘ Average Kentucky Farm. M. J. Smith. January, 1915. i .
. 100. Why We Prune. J. H. Carmody. January, 1915. Y
101. Rye, Silage and Hay. J. J. Hooper. February, 1915. ,
102. Seed Corn Should be Tested. T. R. Bryant. February,  
1915. j
103. Seed Bed Preparation. D. S. Myer. March, 1915.  
104. Disease Among Sheep. Robt. Graham. March, 1915. 'V
105. Farm Sanitation. L. R. Himmelberger. April, 1915.
' 106. Care of the Foal. R. L. Pontius. April, 1915. , l
107. What to Spray For. J. H. Carmody. May, 1915. V;
108. Fowl Cholera in Kentucky. Robt. Graham. May, 1915.  
109. Fire Blight. J. H. Carmody. May, 1915. Q
110. Cottage Cheese. J. J. Hooper. June, 1915.  
. 111. Summer Care of the·Orchard. June, 1915.  
Scientific Papers. p Q
Notes on Attenuation of Virus in the