xt79zw18n35q https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt79zw18n35q/data/mets.xml   Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. 1945 journals kaes_circulars_004_409_02 English Lexington : The Service, 1913-1958. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 409 text Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 409 1945 2014 true xt79zw18n35q section xt79zw18n35q I I I 1· I I?
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  Circular 409
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edpwi I UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY I
curcn · -
qlun-¤~ Collage of Agriculture and Home Economics
| Agricultural Extension Division
    I
sr III—” 3 Thomas P. Cooper, Deon cmd Director
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Ir Aw! I '
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I

 REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PROJECT
Success with this project depends upon equipment, feed, disease  
control, good chicks to start with, and proper management. There
should be enough chicks to make the project interesting. The require-
V ments for the brooding project are: · B
chick
1. Enroll by March 1. need,
2. Do your own work. , be us
1.
3. Keep a complete record. V 2
4. Start not less than 50 chicks. i 200-2
5. Complete your record by November 1. ·J for;)
Your county agent will give you such information as may be needed i builc
on special problems. l¤¤f€
 i 4.
. the (
5
A WORD TO PARENTS need
Suggestions in this circular are intended to help your sons · Eg;
and daughters become successful poultry raisers. They can l 6
learn to do the job well by carrying this project to completion. . _ bm]
Whether or not they carry it on successfully is largely depen-  _
dent on you. Encourage them to do their best. Help them
become worthwhile "grown-ups" by encouraging them now. I
t ery.
‘ , Pull
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(This circular is a revision they
` · of Circular 358.) Dm
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— · Poultry Project for 4-H Club Members    
BROODING CHICKS . V .
seast By C. E. Horris, Stonley Ccton, cmd J. B. Brooks ‘ V
him souimsur 3 g
lu1f€· ‘ 1 5
V Brooding equipment needed will depend upon the number of y ,
C chicks to be brooded. If 200-250 are to be raised, a brooder house is ` X l
needed. Where 50 chicks are to be brooded, a lantern brooder may i
= be used. V `
I l. Clean and disinfect all equipment before using it.
2. The l0’ x l2' brooder house, or similar house, is needed for
200-250 chicks (see Fig. l). A brooder stove will be needed too. Plans .
. for building the brooder house are in Circular No. 157.
’ 3. The lantern brooder is large enough for 50 chicks. Plans for i
eeded building it are in this circular. Heat may be supplied by a lamp or a
lantern. · V
` 4. Operate the brooder stove or lantern brooder a day or so before V l 1
 2 the chicks arrive, to be sure it will give proper heat and ventilation. l i
5. Provide plenty of equipment for feed and water. Each 50 chicks V y
need two feeders 2 feet long, 2 inches deep, and 4 inches wide; also L
two l-quart jars with chick waterer caps, or a l-gallon bucket made V
”$ ‘ to be used according to Fig. 2.  
m i 6. Have a sun porch for either the brooder house or the lantern *
n' F brooder.
”'  .
~m CARING FOR THE CHICKS
w' l. Start chicks in March. Order them in january for March deliv— y
61)- Buy only from a reliable hatchery. Use chicks of the general
1 purpose breeds, such as Barred or X/Vhite Rocks. Rhode Island Reds, or
Y  New Hampshires.
2. Have feed, water, litter, and brooder ready for the chicks when i
they arrive. Use only dry sand as litter in the lantern brooder. USE
DEEP DRY LITTER IN THE BROODER HOUSE (see Fig. 3).
3. Feed the chicks as soon as they are taken out of the box and
placed in the brooder. i
4. Keep chicks comfortable; reduce the temperature gradually.
s

 4 Exnusxou Cmcumn N0. 409
       
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Fig. 'I.—- Brooder house ond sun porch  
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5. Do not crowd chicks; 50 IS enough for the lantern brooder, or  
250 for a brooder house. _
Flg. 3:
n 6. As soon as the ch1cks w1ll use the sun porch, place feeder and
water containers on it, as well as in the brooder house. Han feed
sacks
fomit
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0 0 ° Holes
I" trom top
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Fig. 2- Chick woterer mode from 'I-gollon bucket und o p¤n. Holes ¤r¤_P¤¤¢ A T _
'I inch from the top of the bucket, the bucket is filled with water, ¤ pun as tum P OV1
down over the top of the bucket, and the bucket is then turned upside dw/¤· °' 7
- shown ot the right.
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Fig. 3.- Ready for the chicks-feeders, wuterer, dry litter, and electric broader. . ; ·' j
ar and i j . {
feed . . . .
g sacks on the wmdward side of the sun porch to make it more com- -
fortable. .
7. Use movable range shelters to keep growing pullets on clean [Y
Y
ground and away from old chickens. ` ;
FEEDING CHICKS AND GROWING PULLETS
l. Buy a good starting mash.
2. Give chicks all they will eat at all times.
3. Start feeding some grain when the chicks are 4 or 5 weeks old. 5
4. Keep mash and grain before the pullets during the summer. -
` 5. Water must be kept before the chickens at all times. T .
6. Pasture, such as bluegrass, alfalfa, lespedeza, and Sudan grass l ·
will lower the feed cost and make the chickens grow fast. Such greens i
as Swiss chard, Chinese cabbage or rape may be planted and the leaves
punched 7 Pullffd and fed to the chicks daily, A 100 ft. row of Swiss chard will
as tunnel provide about 10 bushels of green feed. i
down as _ _ _ . _ . _ ‘
' 7. Do not feed milk during the summer. Milk draws flies and flies
*PF€ad diseases and tapeworms.

 6 Exreusrou Cmcumn No. 409
1 THE LANTERN BROODER _ is pla·
lt is best for those who want to brood small numbers of chicks EQQQ,
(up to 50) to use the lantern or {lat-bottom lamp brooder (see picture mm S.
on front cover) rather than to depend on hens. Sauk
Operating the Lantern Broader T]
` The lamp in the bottom section of the brooder should be started ( the di
2 days before the chicks are put in. This gives enough time to learn which
how to regulate the amount of flame necessary to keep the brooder The]
warm. Also the sand used as litter in the removable tray will become V dows
warm and dry. Be sure that there is at least l inch of space between the  
the top of the lamp chimney and the {ioor of the brooder. ( gig?
If the weather is very cold, the brooder may be placed in a build- V (I
ing with the front of the brooder facing a window for light, but in by Place
ordinzuy weather the brooder should be placed on the south side ofa can b
building where it will be protected from the wind and will be in the _
sun. If the brooder is inside a building, less heat and less kerosene sm"
will be needed. In this case the iloor around the brooder must be _  
kept free from straw or other trash to avoid hre hazard. 201-*
Clean the brooder at least once the first week and twice a week to Ig
thereafter. Never use straw for litter in this type of brooder, since TOO I
it burns easily. Always use dry sand.
HOW TO BUILD THE LANTERN BROODER ‘
(See detailed plans on pages 8 and 9)  
Section 'I (bottom section)  
The sides and ends of the bottom section are made of l" x I2" l
boards. Before nailing the section together, cut out the S" x l0" door
as shown in one of the sides. The door may be hinged with small strap .
hinges or leather straps. Nail a l" x 2" x 2’ strip above the door 0n (
the inside to strengthen the weakened side. Cut the boards to correct ~
lengths, allowing for thickness of boards, so that the section will be t
of exactly the dimensions shown. Three M2" openings should be pw
vided on two sides of this section for ventilation.
Section 2 (removable tray)
The tray is made of l" x 4” boards fastened together with M2" cor
rugated wood fasteners driven at an angle to the grain in the boarrlt
A tin bottom is nailed to the tray with small shingle nails. The ml B
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Bxoomuc Cmcks 14-H Cum Pnojizcr 7 I `
_ is placed on the bottom of the tray so that the lamp flame will not   _  
come in contact with wooden parts. This prevents a fire hazard. After   T  
ihi€l