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GRICULTURAL and Mechanical Colleges in the United States owe ,
A their origin to an act of Congress entitled "An Act Donating Public `
Lands to the several States and Territories which may provide Col- ,;
leges for the benefit of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts," approved ]uly `
2. 1862. The amount of land donated was 30,000 acres for each representa-
tive in the National Congress. Under this allotment Kentucky received ·
330,000 acres. Several years elapsed before the Commonwealth established
an Agricultural and Mechanical College under this act. When established
it was not placed upon an independent basis, but was made one of the
Colleges of Kentucky University, to which institution the annual interest of
the proceeds of the Congressional land-grant was to be given for the purpose .
of carrying on its operations. The land-scrip had meanwhile been sold for
fifty cents per acre, and the amount received——$165,000—invested in six per
N I cent. Kentucky State bonds, of which the State became custodian in trust
for the College.
The connection with Kentucky University continued till 1878, when the
._ ·- act of 1865, making it one of the Colleges of said University, was repealed; ‘
and a commission was appointed to recommend to the Legislature of 1879-80 i
a plan of organization for an institution, including an Agricultural and
Mechanical College, such as the necessities of the Commonwealth required.
The city of Lexington oiered to the Commission (which was also authorized
to recommend to the General Assembly the place which, all things consid- ,.
ered, offered the best and greatest inducements for the future and permanent ·
location of the College) the City Park, containing nfty-two acres of land
within the limits of the city, and thirty thousand dollars of city bonds for ·
the erection of buildings. This offer the county of Fayette supplemented
by twenty thousand dollars in county bonds, to be used either for the erect-
·* ion of buildings or for the purchase of land. The offers of the city of Lex-
ington and the county of Fayette were accepted by the General Assembly.
By the act of incorporation and the amendments thereto, constituting
the charter of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Kentucky, liberal
provision is made for educating free of tuition, the energetic young men of
the Commonwealth whose means are limited The Normal Department, for
which provision is also made, is intended to aid in building up the Common _
’ School system by furnishing properly qualified teachers. This College, with
the additional departments which shall, from time to time, be opened as the
means placed at the disposal of the Trustees allow, will, it is hoped, in the
not distant future do a great work in advancing the educational interest of