xt7bvq2s5v13 https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7bvq2s5v13/data/mets.xml The Frontier Nursing Service, Inc. 1995 bulletins  English The Frontier Nursing Service, Inc. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Frontier Nursing Service Quarterly Bulletins Frontier Nursing Service, Vol. 71, No. 2, December - Fall 1995 text Frontier Nursing Service, Vol. 71, No. 2, December - Fall 1995 1995 2014 true xt7bvq2s5v13 section xt7bvq2s5v13 FRONTIER NURSING SERVICE  ` 
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 US ISSN 0016-2116
Table of Contents
Midwifery at the Frontier Nursing Service -Barb Gibson 1
Field Notes - Susie Hudgins 3
Beyond the Mountains - Deanna Severance 6
Courier News - Dan Eldridge 18
Notes from the FSMFN - Kate McHugh 20
Miscellaneous - Barb Gibson 23
In Memoriam - Barb Gibson 25
In Honor Of — Barb Gibson 26
In Memoriam/In Honor Contribution Cards 27
Urgent Needs inside back cover
Cover: Until a few years ago Wendover, the home of Mary Brecki nrid ge
was overgrown with kudzu and shrubbery. Today, Wendover is a
beautiful park with grounds keepers working contantly to keep it looking
that way.
Frontier Nursing Service Quarterly Bulletin
Us ISSN 0016-2116
Published at the end of each quarter by the Frontier Nursing Service, Inc. _
Wendover, Kentucky 41775
Subscription Price $ 5.00 a Year for Donors
Subscription Price $12.00 a Year for Institutions Q
Edit0r‘s Office, Wendover, Kentucky 41775 {
VOLUME 71 NUMBER 2 December Fall 1995 l`
Second-class postage paid at Wendover, KY 41775 and at additional mailing offices
POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Frontier Nursing Service, Wendover, KY 41775. {
Copyright Frontier Nursing Service, Inc,1995/All Rights Reserved `

Midwifery at the Frontier Nursing Service
Now, more and more   A 1 ____
women are coming to the   I E.   » .; . ;· N; L I _.
Kate Ireland Women's Clinic   4* V    
for their prenatal and post     i g "     1  
partum care because of these . ‘ ‘ ij _»__ g%g§23` ` i  
two midwives. Marina Alzu-        
garay and Betsy MacMillan Y     1 
are providing the unique care , _ if   gx  f _l“`   H
that causes women to choose     ._    ! 
a midwife attended biirh. -. T         » =   I
Marina was born and Betsy and Marina
raised in Cuba. Her professional history includes: AS degree in
Nursing in 1975; Certificate as an OB/GYN Nurse-Practitioner in
1978; Certificate in Midwifery in 1981; BA in Health Science
from Antioch University in Santa Barbara, California in 1984 and
completed post graduate work at the University of Califomia in
1994 graduating with a MS in nurse—midwifery leadership.
Marina has worked at several hospitals and also worked as
a locum tenum midwife. Prior to coming to FNS she had a private
practice in Santa Barbara, California doing home and hospital
births. She is an acknowledged expert on the subject of labor and
birth in water, a process which allows the mother to endorse her
own pain through the warmth, comfort and relaxation of the water
effect. She is a midwifery educator and featured speaker at
conferences throughout the world. Marina joined our staff in June
. Betsy MacMillan has contributed to the work of Mary
j Breckinridge since 1980 when she graduated from the Frontier
' School of Midwifery and Family Nursing and began working at
FNS as a midwife. She grew up in Ipswich, Massachusetts. Betsy
j has an incredible story of how she became spiritually inspired to
become a nurse-midwife. In looking at brochures from schools
1 across the United States, she was guided to the brochure from the
I Frontier School of Midwifery and Family Nursing with the motto

on the front "He shall gather the lambs with his arm and carry them
in his bosom and shall gently lead those that are with young." She *
knew then that FNS was where she would go. For the last 15 years, .
Betsy has totally dedicated her life to midwifery at FNS.  
At the Kate Ireland Women's Center, Marina and Betsy 1
along with two OB/GYN physicians who totally support mid-  
wifery in every aspect, are dedicated to women's healthcare. This T
not only includes the care of the mother from conception until after  
delivery but also newbom care up to four weeks of age. Betsy and  
Marina focus on providing a natural environment for the mother ;
during her birth by allowing siblings and other family members to  
be involved in the birthing process.  
Both CN M's are committed to midwifery service in Leslie l
County. Betsy said she appreciates the fact that the spirit of Mary  
Breckinridge lives on in Leslie County through Mrs. Breckinridge's  
traditions and principals, which encourage family attended births 5
and does not disrupt the family atmosphere. T
Marina says at FNS she has extensive privileges. Here, the
birth center context is promoted from caring for the mother to
caring for the newbom. Marina stated that in other hospitals it is
extremely hard for a midwife to obtain newbom privileges.
Because of FNS midwifery history she is able to provide a wide
range of perinatal care. Marina says "at FNS I can truly practice
full scope midwifery from natural to high risk care for both mother
and child."
Betsy and Marina share the same beliefs about midwifery.
Marina says "at FNS, for midwifery, the history is great, the
ground is fertile and all we need to do is nourish it." Betsy is the
last FNS graduate to still be practicing midwifery here. Both Betsy
and Marina want to commend their two OB backup physicians, Dr.
Karan Baucom and Dr. Horrell Townsend, and the neonatologist, ·
Dr. Damodara Rajasekhar, for their skills and for their support of
Mary Breckinridge's vision of midwifery. -Barb Gibson

Field Notes
” I am pleased to announce that Mother Nature has treated
Wendover kindly since my last report and the trees are still
  standing! Along with so much of the country we were extraordi-
‘ narily hot and dry, so much so that even the drought hardy
i marigolds bowed over. October brought us some much needed
  rain for which we are very grateful.
Q The maintenance men sta ed bus 'til mid-Se tember
y Y Y P
I working on the multipurpose room for the Frontier School of
  Midwifery and Family Nursing. Though it was not totally finished
  for Midwifery Bound weekend, it was usable and used it was!
Everyone was delighted to have enough room for 60 people to
I . .
! move about and not bump into each other. The last project for the
{ room will be the curtains which Wendover's head housekeeper,
l Christine Collins, is awaiting to make. As I once mentioned, the
‘ maintenance guys are real pros at converting sow‘s ears - both the
I Mardi classroom and this multipurpose room are really quite
i spectacular.
  . , I   I:   " l I U     V.  
  ‘· I -4* U ’ `  
are •~i l ` .   I  
g   .` ' ._ , gat _ x:
I     "   ` ,   ill"
_ New multipurpose room
  Along the way we've had some wonderful visits from
_ folks far and wide. Jill Ash Nichols, former FNS midwife, and her
Y husband Graham came from England (see miscellaneous).

Phillip and Betty Vaughan from Califomia came for a few  
days while on a 50th anniversary trip for themselves. We enjoyed  
showing them around FNS and making various Quarterly Bulletin  ·
articles come alive for them.  
Along the way, Marvin Breckinridge Patterson with John  
and Priscilla Becker spent a weekend here while visiting Berea  
College. All of us enjoyed her tales and reminiscences of the early i
days of FNS.
On Friday night ofthe Mary Breckinridge Festival week-
end, Wendover had a reunion dinner for former professional staff.
Dr. Richard Guerrant, his wife Judy and their two children at-
tended along with many local practitioners. The Big House was
alive with everyone swapping stories about when they were here,
renewing friendships and making new ones. Hopefully, we will be
able to make this an annual event.
Somehow, all this coordinated with dinners for two Mid-
wifery Bounds, Level III students, a dinner for Eastem Kentucky
University nursing students, a Board of Governors meeting and a
faculty meeting during graduation. Of course, being fall season,
we've had a number of tours as well.
During the Festival I was asked to give presentations
about FNS to students at the Leslie High and Middle School.
During the presentations, students were asked to write an essay
about the FNS describing what they knew about it. The following
are some excerpts from those essays.
..... Mary traveled to Leslie County, _Tg_‘f
Kentucky and founded a very important es-   *‘' I » ,_ .
tablishment for the people of that area and sur-   i g,  
fOl1I1diI1g Counties. Her services were highly 5     ( 
convenient to her patients. She and her assist-   ·
ants traveled through harsh storms, snow, and _   ___
creeks to reach those in need. The rugged wildemess and bitter
cold winter months made it difficult for patients to travel to clinics,  i`
so the nurses and midwives bravely traveled to them. Mrs. Breck-  V
inridge also engaged in child welfare. She was determined to see
children live strong, stable lives.

l After reading this essay, try to understand that no words,
  no matter how large or difficult to pronounce, could ever describe
  the impact she had on Leslie County. She set aside most of her life
[ to come and give the people of this area a second chance at life.
  Though she was a simple looking lady, to many, she was a
  miraculous blessing, a legendary heroine, and a true life saver. No
l one will ever forget Mary Breckinridge. She has inspired hundreds
of people through the years. Stories of her courageous actions and
sacrifices have been passed along, generation after generation.
‘ She was and forever will be a legend. -Jenna Farmer, 5th grade
.... I feel as if I knew Mrs. Breck-
inridge. Many members of my family  
worked for her at Wendover. My grandpa    
and grandma Comett and my mom knew   ,V·  
her personally. My mom gathered eggs i  V V   r
with Mrs. Breckinridge many times. Grand- I
pa Comett was foreman at Wendover for 42 years. He took her
outside for her last walk before she died. She helped my grandpar-
ents build the house I live in today. Even though I never got to meet
her, I still appreciate her kindness to my family and to the mountain
people. —Amber Melton
Mary Breckinridge's book Wide Neighborhoods is available
for purchase from the gift shop at Wendover. To order,
i contact Susie Hudgins, FNS, Inc., 100 Wendover Road, Wen-
dover, Kentucky 41775. -Susie Hudgins

Beyond the Mountains  
"Travel, in the younger sort, is a part of education; in the elder, a  
part of experience." -Francis Bacon Of Travel  
Because the Fall Quarterly Bulletin consisted primarily In
of the annual audit of the Frontier Nursing Service, I did not write  
"Beyond the Mountains". Certainly the time since my last writing  
to you in May has been full of travel! It is always wonderful to see i
friends and supporters beyond the mountains @ to have you visit 1
us in the mountains.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
In June I traveled to The Frances Payne Bolton School of
Nursing at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland to meet
with the site visiting team from the Robert Wood Johnson (RWJ)
Foundation. Although this particular project was not funded, the
Community-Based Nurse-Midwifery Education Program (CNEP)
is participating in three of the RWJ projects which were funded.
The Practicing Law Institute
Mid-July found me at The Practicing Law Institute in
New York City continuing my education in several areas of
interest to the FNS. Directors of today's charitable organizations
must stay current in areas such as conflicts of interest, the Prudent
Investor Rule, Implementation of the Federal Accounting Stan-
dards Board Statements relating to charitable giving, recent devel- Q
opments in fundraising, etc. This institute was extremely well run
and valuable information was imparted which we will use in
planning.  -
Vacation in Atlantic City j_ 
My husband and I spent several days of August vacation  
in Atlantic City. We had a marvelous time, and did not lose any I
money in the casinos!

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Deanna speaking at the Bluegrass Luncheon
Bluegrass Committee Annual Luncheon
September 13 the Bluegrass Committee held their annual
luncheon meeting at the Louisville Country Club in Louisville.
Many thanks to Frances (Pani) Luckett, Marjorie Vogt and Betty
Christie for putting so much time and effort into this event. This
year Miss Jane Leigh Powell was able to attend. So much enthu-
siasm was generated! Our courier coordinator Dan Eldridge was
introduced to the group. Last year four supporters from Louisville,
Joy and Walter Bennett, Ruth Devine and Helena Mink visited
Wendover on a day trip. This year the interest was in staying a
night at Wendover. Plans were in the works when the luncheon
_ ended.
 i CNEP in Conshocken
September 26, I traveled to our CNEP office in
_ Conshocken, Pennsylvania to meet with the CNEP director and
.. her administrative staff. We met in Ms. Kate McHugh‘s home to
i discuss creative ideas for future implementation.
 · Washington Committee
_ Mrs. Elizabeth (Beth) Hadley,Chairman of the Washing-
ton Committee, member of the FNS Board of Governors and
member of the Frontier School of Midwifery and Family Nursing

Board of Directors, and I met in Washington, DC on October 6 to
discuss Washington Committee issues. Afterwards, we had tea in 5
the home of Mrs. Jefferson Patterson, Honorary Member of the .
FNS Board of Govemors and past Chairman ofthe Board. Joining I
us were Mrs. Isabelle Breckinridge and Mrs. John Becker. As J
always, Mrs. Patterson was a gracious hostess. Mrs. Patterson  
visited Wendover September 22. The staff was delighted with her *
visit! i
Boston Committee Luncheon
The Boston Committee hosted a FNS luncheon at the
Dedham Country Club October 12. Miss Kate Ireland was the
keynote speaker. How wonderful it was to be present with Kate.
She is in excellent health and sends her thanks to all of you who
have sent your prayers her way! Many thanks to Mrs. Lois
Cheston, Mrs. Carolyn Coolidge, and Mrs. Arthur Perry for
constituting this affair. The Boston Committee is well on the way
to establishing an endowed scholarship fund for the Frontier
School of Midwifery and Family Nursing. This fund will be named
in honor of Mrs. Arthur Perry (Mardi Perry). It was marvelous to _
see friends Liz Dawson, Carlyle Carter, Caroline Standley, Sally .
Willis (who hosted the Derby Day Party at her home for so many
years), Debbie Smith, Sue Gradin, Cathie Cook and Muffin  
O'Brien who have for so many years upheld the work of the  y
Frontier Nursing Service. Over 50 people attended. I am only I
sorry to be unable to thank each of you individually on these pages. Q
Mrs. Breckinridge - Women 's Hall of Fame  `
October 13 my daughter Sarah and I drove to Senaca Falls,
New York to accept the medallion as Mrs. Breckinridge was
inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame. This was a very .
emotional time for me, for many members of Mrs. Breckinridge’s  
family, and the many nurse-midwives who attended the ceremony.
I wish to pay special tribute to the following members of Mrs.  a·
Breckinridge’s family who attended the ceremony: George and  L
Cynthia Dunn, Pam and Graham Ellis, Louise Robson, Catherine A
Ryan and Lees Breckinridge Yunits. Eighteen women were in- A
ducted into the Hall of Fame on Saturday October 14. This is a  i

list of the inductees and a brief description of their contributions.
j Virginia Apgar (1909-1974) Development of the Apgar
~ Score, a system to determine whether a newborn infant needs
i special attention to stay alive.
i Ann BanCroftt (1955-) The first woman to travel across
T`) theice to the North Pole.
i Amelia Jenks Bloomerr(1818-1895) The first woman to
5 own, operate and edit a newspaper for women.
Mary Breckinridge (1881-1965) The nation's foremost
pioneer in the development of American midwifery and the
provision of care to the nation's rural areas as founder of the
Frontier Nursing Service.
Eileen Collins (1956-) The first American woman to pilot
a spacecraft.
Elizabeth Hanford Dole (1936-) Central to both the
national campaign (serving as National Director) and the critical
struggle in her home state of Tennessee, which was to become the
36th and final state to support women's suffrage, thus making the
Amendment the law of the land.
» Mary Baker Eddy (1821-1910) The only American
2 woman to found a lasting American-based religion, the Church of
Christ Scientist.
  Ella Fitzgerald (1917-) The nation's greatest jazz and pop
 _ artist and an inspiration for her lifetime of good works, becoming
the first woman to receive the Whitney M. Young, Jr., Award of
Q the Los Angeles Urban League, for those who build bridges among
 Q races and generations.
» Margaret Fuller (1810-1850) Her thoughts and writings
inspired leaders of the women's movement. She became the editor
of The Dial, the Transcendental joumal, and advocated the phi-
A ( losophy of liberation and fulfillment of the highest potential of all
. human beings.
Matilda Joslyn Gage (1826-1898) The co-auther (with
 " Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony) of the first three
 A volumes of The History of Woman Sujjfrage.
( Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) Her ideas helped
_ encourage the development of industrial engineering curricula in

engineering schools. Her family is recalled by humorous reminis— »
cences by her children in the book Cheaper by the Dozen. .
Nannerl Overholser Keohane (1940-) The first contem- _
porary woman to head both a major women's college (Wellesley)
and a great research university (Duke). I
Maggie Kuhn (1905-1995) Organized and founded the •·
Gray Panthers. i
Sandra Day O'Conner (1930-) The first woman to be  
named to the U.S. Supreme Court.  
Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin (1842-1924) Best known for
her central role in establishing and sustaining the role of clubs for
African-American women. ‘
Patricia Schroeder (1940-) The most senior woman in
Congress who has worked tirelessly to establish national family f
Hannah Greenebaum (1858-1942) Organized a nation-
wide Jewish Women's Congress which became the National
Council of Jewish Women.
By request, I am printing the remarks given by the Hall of
Fame at the ceremony and my acceptance speech. For the accep-
tance speech I was asked not to give biographical information, but
rather to talk about what Mrs. Breckinridge's life has meant to me.
Ceremony remarks by Hall of Fame
Mary Breckinridge, as founder of the Frontier Nursing
Service, you saw a great need and your will and energy to fill that
need played a transforming role in American public health and
The child of a distinguished family, including a United
States Vice President, your career as a public health nurse during
the first World War came about after the tragic deaths of your first ,
husband and two children. Determined to live a useful lyfe, you `
received nurses' training and went abroad. There, you realized
that the nurse-midwfe health care approach could be of We  J‘·
saving help to rural areas of America. J
You began your great experiment in rural Leslie County, J
Kentucky, underwriting the early years with your own money. _

L You hired and trained nurse-midwives, who traveled on horseback
  overmore than 700 miles each year, bringing health care to people
who had never received any in their lives. Your hospital, opened
· in 1928, served as a hub ofthe Frontier Nursing Service. You gave
e your time to raise funds, traveling nationally to do so. And, as you
._ said so simply, "The glorious thing about it is that it worked."
’ Infant mortality declined in the face of prenatal and postnatal
  care; mothers learned how to care for their families and to
? improve sanitation -- and in time, Nurse Midwqcery became widely
i respected. Today, the Frontier Nursing Service lives on, continu-
ing to provide quality care in rural America -- and the hospital you
founded now bears your name.
Because you have directly contributed to the saving of
thousands of lives;. because you overcame personal loss to con-
tribute to the betterment of mankind; and because your vision
helped improve American public health, you are inducted into the
National Women ’s Hall of Fame.
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Joyce Roberts, University of Illinois ACNM president, Deanna
Severance and daughter Sarah at induction ceremony

Deanna 's acceptance speech  
I never met Mary Breckinridge. She came to the Kentucky  
mountains when she was 43 years old, and she died in 1965 when {
I was 16 years old. All nursing students who attended Baylor  
University in the 1960’s heard about the Frontier Nursing Service  
.... the romantic image ofnurses riding through the mountains on  
horseback delivering babies and caring for the poor and infirmed,  
British nurse-midwives coming to the United States, and a school  
of nurse-midwy'ery far back in the Appalachian mountains. My  
personal We pilgrimage found me in Mrs. Breckinridge's Wen-  
dover home at age 41 interviewing for the position of FNS  
Director. Her portrait by William Draper hangs over the jireplace  
there. It is one of those paintings where her eyes follow you no  
matter where you are in the room. U there are spots on earth more  
enveloped in mysticism than others, then Wendover is one of those  
places. I returned.  
Since that time Mary Breckinridge and her lQ’e 's work I;
have changed my ly'e. LU”e is hard, and it is harder for some beings I
than others. Mary Breckinridge was an heiress. Her father a {I
foreign diplomat, her grandfather vice-president of the United  
States under Buchanan. Yet her first husband, an apparent love
match, died during their first year of marriage. Her second I
marriage produced two children both of whom died, and the  
marriage ended in a divorce based on her husband 's adultery. But I
after each tragedy, Mary Breckinridge picked herself up and set _
forth on a goal to serve others. She would become a registered ,
nurse, a volunteer in devastated France after World War I, and I
then a nurse-midwye.  
Some creatures have no choices. Babies have no choice ,
about to whom they will be born, whether they will be born to  
parents who love them. Will they be fed, will they have AIDS? I I
have a choice. Mary Breckinridge had a choice. She found her  
niche in developing a system of healthcare to improve the lives of  
babies, women, families. LU’e is full of choices. Some of which are ,
scary. I can imagine how it was in the late 1920’s. Money was  
coming in to support the FNS and the great depression struck.  
There was not enough money to pay staff British nurse-midwives  

  came and worked for the experience, room, board, a horse and
  stipend. Then World War II struck and they went home. There
  would be no stajf Mary Breckinridge started her own school to
  train her own stay? for her health service in the mountains.
  Do the right thing, even when you are afraid - - I 've heard
  her voice in that house whisper to me on more than one occasion.
  Transcend the present circumstance and carry on, move forward.
  It’s not to say today 's problems are the same as those faced
  by Mary Breckinridge. It’s not to coopt Mary Breckinridge and say
l this is what she would do. My relationship to her and her beloved
l FNS has been to learn lessons of grace, love and faith. To step
  forward when lq"e is dwicult. To look through that telescoping lens
  into the kaleidoscope of the future, never knowing or controlling
  where the prisms will fall. To choose to serve.
  Thank you Mary Breckinridge for the honor of accepting
i, this medallion on your behab‘ today. Thank you Women ’s Hall of
_ Fame for recognizing the contributions of this great woman.
l' Thankyou my beautyful daughter Sarah for sharing this gathering,
,, recognizing powerful, passionate women.
  Upon my retum from the induction at Senaca Falls, I
* received these two notes from family members of Mrs. Breckin-
, ridge who attended the ceremony.
T Dear Deanna,
i You did a tremendous job ofaccepting Mary Breckinridge 's
‘ medallion and speaking about her. We were proud to be there. The
  whole ceremony was uplyting. -Pam Ellis, niece
' Dear Deanna,
5 Thank you for such an eloquent acceptance on Aunt
l Mary’s behaf It really made me quite proud of not only her
_ achievements, but that her ejforts are still effecting a community
  and a profession thirty years after her death.
Y You are obviously touched by this woman you've never
l met, and that is certainly a tribute to Aunt Mary. But even more so,
  Deanna, it is a tribute to your own tenets, that somehow you have
  chosen to be visited by her character, and pursue your profession

through continuing her work.
She was a very gracious woman - as was my grand mother
Lees. I was only 15 whenAuntMary died and during her lQ‘e, I was .
not immediately ejected by her accomplishments, unfortunately,
but by her access to horses! I wanted to be a courier, like my
mother had been, and spend the summer in the mountains riding i‘
horses through rain and snow and sleet.
Before I came ofage to apply, jeeps had taken over. Being
a courier in a jeep just didn 't have the same appeal. Some horses
remained for a time, though, and my mother, my brother, and I did
have at least one opportunity to ride together through the Ken-
tucky hillside - in a recreational manner. I rode Marvin, I believe
his name was - a big swayback. Rather ugly, but a lot of fun to ride.
Even at that age, the romance of Aunt Mary’s home and
work weren ’t entirely lost on me. A screened-in sort of bunk house
had been added just prior to one visit, between the Big House and
the nurses 's quarters and clinic. Am I remembering this correctly? I
I fantasized about living there, and eating breakfast in the Big .
House with all the nurses. I would have loved being a part ofthe t
the camaraderie that existed.  
We visited not long after Aunt Mary’s death, as I recall  
"Brownie" was in charge at the time. I don 't remember the  
occasion prompting our visit, but I do recall that the tone was  
decidedly dUferent. The Big House was no longer Aunt Mary’s  
home, but the command post for the Frontier Nursing Service, as,  
infact, it always had been. I missed being a special visitor there,  
but also - for probably the first time - Aunt Mary’s contributions Q
became visible to me. And I was a little embarrassed that I hadn ’t {
seen them before. God save me from ever being a teenager again.
-Louise Robson, great-niece I
Visit to Berea College  
Wednesday, October 18, Dr. Anne Wasson and I were ,
invited to lunch at the Berea College Boone Tavem by Mrs. Judy l'
Stammer, Director of the Berea College Appalachian Fund. Under l
Mrs. Stammer's direction the Fund provides needy programs to
carry out remarkable work in the mountains of Eastern Kentucky.

CNEP graduation
One of the greatest days in the history of nurse—midwifery
= education was October 21, 1995. On this Saturday the Frontier
School of Midwifery and Family Nursing Community-Based
Nurse—Midwifery Education Program graduated sixty—seven stu-
` dents in Hyden, Kentucky. This is the single largest class of nurse-
midwives to graduate in the United States. 200 family members
arrived in Hyden to celebrate graduation! Ms. Carol Roe, Associ-
ate Professor of Nursing at the Frances Payne Bolton School of
Nursing, attended graduation on behalf of Dean Joyce Fitzpatrick.
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  Kitty Ernst distributing awards at graduation
  Bluegrass Committee members visit Wendover
i Finally, I want to thank our wonderful Louisville support-
{ ers who came and stayed at Wendover October 24: Frances
I Luckett and daugher Susan Treitz; Julia McGee; Florence Rawlei gh;
i Betty Christie and daughter Betsy Penta; Frances Frost; and
r Margaret Ratliff. What a wonderful time we had sitting in the
y living room with a radiant, warm blaze in the fireplace. Our
E kitchen staff created a wonderful meal featuring fried chicken.
i When I am in this wonderful house I often feel spell bound. This
iv committee has created "The Big House Fund". The purpose of the
l Fund will be to care for our National Historic Landmark and
’ Kentucky treasure, Mary Breckinridge's home, the Big House.
The first project, spearheaded by Mrs. Betty Christie and Mrs.

Frances (Pani) Luckett, is the replacement of the dining room
chairs with new, locally crafted chairs. We need twenty to forty I
new chairs. As the old chairs last, supporters may receive one of
them with a donation of $200.00 or more. Mrs. Julia McGee is
initiating a campaign to replace the freezer in the kitchen and has ‘
already collected $1,000.00! We still need $1,400.00.
From all of us at the FNS, thank you for making 1995 a
grand year!
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Left to right - back r0w.· Susan Treitz, Betsy Penta, Betty Christie,
Dan Eldridge. Front row: Dr. Anne Wasson, Frances (Pani)
Luckett, Florence Rawleigh, Julia McGee, Deanna Severance,
Margaret Ratlm Frances Frost.
Grant Awarded from the Jacob G. Schmidlapp Trusts
Fifth Third Bank
On June 15, 1995, The Frontier Nursing Service received "
notification from Ms. Carolyn F. McCoy, Foundation Officer, that
a grant of $30,000 had been awarded by the Trust Committee ofthe I
Jacob G. Schmidlapp Trusts, Fifth Third Bank, Cincinnati, Ohio.
The check was presented to Miss Leigh Powell, Chairman
of the FNS Board of Governors, by Mr. Sam Bames, President of
Fifth Third Central Kentucky Trust.

_ .   The funds were for replacement
  y     of 1) a postage meter at Wen-
  i   P dover, 2)adishwasherand steam
  ,   I   V t4t-»   table at Mary BreckinridgeHos-
g   ll.  ·m    . pital and 3) new wiring inthe
. ii     ’ h  ,   ‘   Garden House at Wendover.
J ifi.    H  Fifth Third has man-
1   it if f  3;  aged private trusts and founda-
1         t tions forover 100 years.Through
    8    out this time, the income from
      charitable entities has support-
  i     il.  T? thousands of institutions which
  J   work to improve their commun-
, ities. Fifth Third was one of the
    first financial institutions in the
country to estab