xt7bvq2s7d59 https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7bvq2s7d59/data/mets.xml North Carolina Historical Records Survey of North Carolina 1939 Prepared by The Survey of Federal Archives, Division of Professional and Service Projects, Works Progress Administration; The National Archives, Cooperating Sponsor; Other contributors include: Survey of Federal Archives (U.S.), United States Works Progress Administration, National Archives (U.S.); 3 volumes, 28 cm; Mimeographed; Part 3 Resettlement Administration, Soil Conservation Service, Office of the Solicitor, Weather Bureau; UK holds archival copy for ASERL Collaborative Federal Depository Program libraries; Call number FW 4.14:F 317/ser.9/32/pt.3 books English Raleigh, North Carolina: The Survey of the Federal Archives This digital resource may be freely searched and displayed in accordance with U. S. copyright laws. North Carolina Works Progress Administration Publications Inventory of Federal Archives in the States: Series IX The Department of Agriculture, Number 32 North Carolina text Inventory of Federal Archives in the States: Series IX The Department of Agriculture, Number 32 North Carolina 1939 1939 2015 true xt7bvq2s7d59 section xt7bvq2s7d59 Q g A r     F A   F s;,,.;alSa;sOia’iKa Q+a;LV   A li it V   F  it A A C A T A
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·TVT   Prepared by
  The Survey of Federal Archives
  Division of Professional and Service Projects
 A  Works Progress Administration
i t
  The National Archives
  Cooperating Sponsor _
  N0. 32. NORTH cnnoinm.
  Part 3
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  Raleigh, North Garolina
  The Survey of Federal Archives

 xviii -
The Survey of Federal Archives
Philip M. Hamer;1National Director
Emily Bridgers, Supervisor
Division of Professional and Service Projects
Florence Kerr, Assistant Administrator
May E. Campbell, State Director
F. C. Harrington, Administrator
Charles C. McGinnis, State Administrator

Page ”
Introduction . .............. . 271
Asheville, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 292
Bayboro, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . . 292
Beaufort, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 295
Brevard, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor ..... 294
Bryson City, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . 295
Burgaw, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor ..... 296
Charlotte, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 296
Clinton, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor ..... 297
Concord, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor ..... 298
Danbury, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . . 298
Dobson, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor ..... 299
Durham, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor ..... 299
Edenton, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . .... 500
Elizabeth City, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . 502
Elizabethtown, Land Utilization Project Manager .... . 502
· Franklin, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 505
Gatesville, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 505
Goldsboro, Rural Rehabilitation District Farm Management
Supervisor ................ 506
Goldsboro, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 507
Greensboro, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 507
» Greenville, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 508
Henderson, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 509
Hendersonville, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . 510
Hickory, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 511
Hillsboro, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 512
Jackson, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 515
Kenansville, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . 515
Kinston, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 514
Laurinburg, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 515
Lexington, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 516
Louisburg, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 516
Lumberton, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 517
Marion, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 518
V Monroe, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 519
Murphy, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 519
Nashville, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 520
New Bern, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 521
Plymouth, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 522
Raleigh, Regional Headqugrters .......... 522
Raleigh, Rural Rehabilitation State Director .... . . 556
Raleigh, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor ..... 557
Reidsville, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 558
Rockingham, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 558
Roxboro, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . Z59

 Contents XX
Rutherfordton, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . 339 R
Salisbury, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 540
Shelby, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . . 54l
Smithfield, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 54l
Statesville, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 343
Swan Quarter, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . 545
Trenton, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . . 544
Troy, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . . . 545
Warrenton, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 545
Washington, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 546
Waynesville, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 549
Weldon, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . . 549
Whiteville, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 550
Wilkesboro, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 351
Willard, Penderlea Homesteads Resident Engineer ..... 351
Williamston, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . 552
Wilson, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . . . 552
Wilmington, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 555
Windsor, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor .... 554
Winston-Salem, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . 555
Yadkinville, Rural Rehabilitation County Supervisor . . . 356
Introduction ................ 357
Charlotte, Huntersville Project Manager ........ 358
Franklinton, Cedar Creek Project Manager . . . . . . . 361
Greensboro, Reedy Creek Project Manaper ....... 363
High Roint, Southeast Region State Coordinator ..... 365
High Roint, Deep River Project Manager ........ 367
Reidsville, Madison Project Manager ..... . . . 57O
Statesville, Erosion Experiment Station ..... . . . 37l
Wadesboro, Brown Creek Project Manager . . r. . . . . . 572
orricn or ren soiicrrcn .............. 577
Asheville, Acquisition rt Lands Chief Attorney . . . . . 577
Asheville, Title District No. 3 State Title Attorney . . . 378
Franklin, Title District No. 3 Title Attorney ...... 57?
New Bern, Title District No, 3 Title Attorney . . . . . . 380
Introduction ................ 3Bl
Asheboro, Cooperative Observer ..... . ..... gse
Asheville, General Weather Station ......... 382
Bryson City, Cooperative Observer ......... 3R}
Charlotte, General Weather Station ......... 383
Coinjock, Cooperative Observer . . , .... . . 384
Concord, Cooperative Observer . . . . . . . . . 38A

 Contents xxi
Cullowhee, Cooperative Observer ......... . 384 i
Enfield, Cooperative Observer . . ......... 535
Gastonia, Cooperative Observer ..... . .... 585
Greensboro, General Weather Station ......... $85
Greenville, Cooperative Observer .......... 586
Hatteras, General Weather Station ....... . . $86
Hickory, Cooperative Observer .... . ..... 387
Jefferson, Cooperative Observer .... . ..... 387
Kinston, Cooperative Observer .... . ..... 588
Lumberton, Cooperative Observer . . ....... . 588
Marion, Cooperative Observer . . . .... . . . $89
New Bern, Cooperative Observer . . . . . . . . . . 389
Pinehurst, Cooperative Observer .......... 590
Raleigh, Climatological Section Center Headquarters . . . 590
Reidsville, Cooperative Observer .......... 594
Rockingham, Cooperative Observer ....... . . . 394
Salisbury, Cooperative Observer .......... 595
Scotland Neck, Cooperative Observer ....... . . 595
Shelby, Cooperative Observer . . . . ..... . . 395
Siler City, Cooperative Observer .......... $96
washington, Cooperative Observer .......... $96
Waynesville, Cooperative Observer ......... $96
Willard, Cooperative Observer . . ......... $97
Wilmington, General Weather Station ......... 397
Winston-Salem, Cooperative Observer . . . . . . . . . 402

(Farm Security`AEmiEistrati5h)
The Resettlement Administration was established by Executive Order of
April 30, 1935, through authority given the President by the Federal
Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935. It was formed to bring to-
gether the emergency activities of the Federal Government relating to
readjustment of the farm population to the resources of the land. The
program, designed to provide considerable relief employment, had four
basic aims: to aid low-income and impoverished farm families through
small loans and through demonstration of improved farm management and land
use practices; to withdraw areas unsuited to agricultural purposes from
farm use by purchase of these problem territories and their conversion in-
to suitable uses; to resettle on good land farm families who had lacked
the necessary fertile land for successful cultivation; and to provide
surburban housing for families of low incomes in the vicinity of indus-
trial towns and cities.
Emergency activities brought under one head through the establishment
of the Resettlement Administration were as follows: the Division of Sub-
sistence Homesteads of the Department of the Interior; the Land Policy
Section of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration; the Farm Debt Ad-
justment Program.of the Farm Credit Administration; the Land Program and l
· the Division of Rural Rehabilitation of the Federal Emergency Relief Ad-
ministration; and the Rural Rehabilitation Corporation in the several
. states, .
Under an Administrator and a Deputy Administrator in Washington the
territory of the United States was divided into eleven Regions, later in-
creased to twelve, each Region composed of states having related problems.
The southern Appalachian states (Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee,
Virginia, and West Virginia), forming a natural economic unit through the
basic land problems of cut-over timber areas, and of communities stranded
as the result of the exhaustion of natural resources, formed Region IV,
with Regional Headquarters at Raleigh, N. C.
The Resettlement Administration, at its inception an independent agency
operating on funds appropriated to the Works Program, came into active
existence about July l, 1935. Most of the organization in the field re-
mained to be completed after that date.
For the first few months the field units representing all divisions of
the Resettlement Administration reported directly to the Administrator in
Washington. But in December 1935 it was found advisable to organize the
work under Regional Directors who were to be responsible for the programs
in the several Regions, A Regional Director was appointed for Region IV
and in general the following set-up was in operation when this survey was
made, all units cooperating closely with state and local governments.
THE IAND UTILIZATION DIVISION had as its basic aim the formmlating of
policies and programs to better the economic relationship between the
rural population and its land resources. To accomplish this aim, and more
specifically for purposes of demonstration, the Division was authorized
to purchase land unsuitable for crop cultivation, thereby taking
such submarginal land from agricultural use, and to develop these

 Resettlement Administration 272
lands for suitable uses such as forestry, grazing, wildlife conserva-
tion, and recreation, Certain large areas of poor lands were purchased
and developed by this Division to be later turned over to the proper
state agency for maintenance and public use. Certain other areas were R
purchased by the Division for development or administration by other
federal agencies, such as the National Park Service of the Department
of the Interior and the Bureau of Biological Survey of the Department
of Agriculture. The Bureau of Fisheries of the Department of Commerce
and the Forest Service of the Department of Agriculture cooperated with
the Land Utilization Division in phases of work pertaining to their .-
services. The Division was also charged with the technical work of ac-
quiring for the Resettlement Division land suitable for farming opera-
. tions. land so acquired was to be used for the resettlement of farm
families who were to be moved from submarginal lands. Lands so pur-
chased were developed and administered under the Resettlement Division.
In Region IV, after December l9§5, the administrative head of the
Land Utilization Division, although reporting to Washington through the
Regional Director, was an Associate Regional Director with full powers
over all activities of the Division. Under htm, the following sections
and units, with offices in the Regional Headquarters, operated in the
The Land Use Planning Section was engaged in the expert study and
mapping of land resources. A Land Planning Specialist assigned to each -
state cooperated with the Agricultural Experiment Station and the State
College of Agriculture in making studies of land use and of local eco-
nomic problems. Maps showing both problem areas and areas suitable for
closer settlement were prepared under the supervision of the state Land
Planning Specialists, responsible directly to the Regional Specialist
at Regional Headquarters,
The Land Acquisition Unit, under a Supervisor, was responsible
for appraising, surveying, mapping, and obtaining options on private
land needed to carry out the work of the Administration. This Unit co-
operated with the Legal Division in clearing obstructions to transfer
of such land to the Federal Government.
The Land Conservation Unit, under a Supervisor, was concerned
particularly with plans for recreational areas, for land and water im-
provements for the conservation of wildlife, and for conservation and
restoration of natural resources. These purposes were carried out by
a Regional Forester and a Wildlife Specialist. General planning of land
use projects, for a time in charge of a Project Planning and Control
‘ Section, was assigned early in 1956 as an additional duty to the head
of the Land Conservation Unit. Land purchases were made on the basis
of the Land Use Planning Section's study of land resources and all
project recommendations were submitted to the Associate Regional Director
in Charge of the Land Utilization Division.
The Project Development Section, under a Chief, was responsible
for all conservation and resettlement construction and engineering work
of the Division, employing and organizing project workers, and furnish;
ing supplies necessary to the work. A Land Planning Unit, under an As-
sistant to the Chief of the Project Development Section, was charged
with supervisory work in carrying out plans of project developments.
The Land Utilization Division operated under WPA regulations relative
to labor. With the exception of the executive and technical personnel

 Resettlement Administration 273
who were appointed by Washington through recom endations from the Re- '
gional Office and who could constitute only five per cent of those em-
ployed, all employees were drawn from the relief rolls of the WPA.
Funds for supplies and personnel for each project were furnished by the ,
WPA on the basis of a budget prepared by the Land Utilization Division.
. Projects were administered locally by a Project Manager appointed by
and reporting to the Associate Director in Charge of Land Utilization.
In the state of North Carolina two projects were developed under the
Land Utilization Division, as follows:
The Sandhills Land Project at Hoffman, located in parts of Richmond,
Moore, and Scotland counties, is an area of submarginal land which was
approved for purchase in August 1954 by the Land Policy Section of the
Department of Agriculture and placed under the supervision of the Land
Utilization Division when the Resettlement Administration was organized.
Developments for demonstration purposes included forest development,
recreational development, wildlife conservation, and general development
of the area, embracing road and bridge building, construction of tele-
phone lines, sewerage, water systems, power lines and fire towers, soil
preparation, and soil erosion control. A forest-tree nursery furnishes
seedlings for use on the project itself and in other southern areas
where forest cover is essential to cut·over lands. The wildlife con-
servation activities include a fish hatchery and a Pine Forest Game Farm
for quail and turkey with incubator, brooder house, and food and cover »
plots. The Indian Recreational Park comprises cabins, a recreation
pavilion, a lake for boating and swimming, camp grounds, and trailer
camps. There is also a Group Camp for the use of properly sponsored
organizations. "
The Jones and Salters Lake Land Project at Elizabethtown is lo-
cated in Bladen County. A demonstration project, the development of
this area has for its principal objective the restoration of long-leaf
pine tree growth to this cut-over land. The project includes game
refuges and a recreational area on Singletary Lake.
Three projects in North Carolina were purchased with Resettlement
Administration funds through the Land Utilization Division, but were de-
veloped and administered by other agencies, as follows:
The Crabtree Creek Park Project, a submarginal land purchase in
Wake County, near Raleigh, was turned over to the National Park Service
for development to provide recreational facilities for surrounding towns
and communities.
The Mattamuskeet Lake Project, a migratory bird refuge at New
Holland in Hyde County, was put under the supervision of the Bureau of
Biological Survey of the Department of Agriculture.
The strip of the Appalachian National Parkway, Blue Ridge Parkway,
lying in Ashe, Allegheny, Surry, and Wilkes counties, was given over for
development to the National Park Service.
Projects developed under the Land Utilization Division in other states
, of Region IV were as follows: ‘
Kentucky Ridge Forest, Pineville, Ky.
Princeton Game Refuge, Princeton, Ky.
Coalins Forest and Game Reservation, Princeton, Ky.
Natchez Trace Forest, Lexington, Tenn.
Chickasaw Forest, Henderson, Tenn.
Wilson Cedar Forest, Lebanon, Tenn.

 ’Resettlement Administration 274
Overton County Project, Livington, Tenn.
Appomattox—Buckingham Forest (Surrender Ground Forest), Farmville,
Va ,
Prince Edward Project, Farmville, Va. _
Cumberland Agricultural Demonstration Project , Farmville , Va . "
` Kanawha Head, Cleveland, W. Va.
Projects in other states of Region IV which were purchased with funds
of the Land Utilization Division but developed or administered by other
agencies than those of the Resettlement Administration were as follows;
Otter Creek, West Point, Ky.
Blue Ridge Parkway, Galax, Va.
Lake Isom, St. Louis; MD•
Montgomery Bell, Dickson, Tenn.
Shelby Forest, Memphis, Tenn.
Falls Creek Falls, Pikesville, Tenn.
Swift Creek, Chester, Va.
Chopawamsic, Qaantico, Va.
Shenandoah National Park , Luray, Va .
Bull Run, Manassas, Va.
Wayside Parks, Richmond, Va.
Other Land Utilization projects referred to in the inventory of the
Regional Headquarters were proposed but never carried out.
Further information relative to the above projects and also projects .
of the Resettlement Division can be found in a bulletin entitled
r "Project Identification Alphabetical by State" (Form RA FC 2-7) which
is kept up to date and which is on file in the Regional Offices,
THE RURAL RFSETTLEM NT DIVISION, under an Assistant Regional Director
directly responsible to the Regional Director, was charged with initi-
ating, planning, and recom ending for approval, with the cooperation of
the Land Utilization Division, rural community projects for the resettle-
ment of families on relief who were removed from submarginal or forest
area purchases or from unprofitable privately owned farming lands; with
developing, constructing, and carrying out projects in accordance with
the approved plans; and with the selection of resettlement families and
their establishment on the project, the latter in cooperation with the
Management Division. An Economic Planning Section and a Farm Tenant
Security Section for carrying out the above purposes were later com-
bined. A Social Research Specialist was sent to the various projects
from the Washington Division when necessary, After all plans were made
by the Resettlement Division and duly approved, construction work on
buildings and farms was prosecuted under the supervision of a resident
engineer and staff located on the project and reporting directly to the
. Construction Division in Washington. For this construction work relief
labor was used under WPA regulations. Skilled workers up to five per
cent could be secured from other than relief rolls, and in certain
emergencies additional exemptions were allowed.
THE MANAGEMENT DIVISION, under an Assistant Regional Director report-
ing directly to the Regional Director, was responsible for the adminisifaee
tion of community projects when construction was completed. This ad-
ministration consisted of executing licensing agreements with occupants;
assuming responsibility for the care and maintenance of property; col-
lecting rentals or monthly payments, and turning such receipts over to

 Resettlement Administration 275
the Finance Division; assisting in the organization of community or co-
operative associations on the projects; assisting in the adjustment of
school, tax, and economic relations of the projects to the surrounding
counties and states; undertaking the guidance and in some cases the
support of educational and recreational facilities; and advising and *
assisting in the development of industry, handicraft enterprises, trad-
, ing posts, and agricultural marketing. For the execution of these ac-
”. tivities the Assistant Regional Director of the Management Division
· maintained under his jurisdiction a Family Selection Section, a Mainte-
nance and Collection Section, any Educational Adviser, and a Cooperative
Section. The technical services of the Agricultural Extension Service were
utilized in the educational guidance of farm families.
The work of this Division was so closely allied with that of the
Rural Resettlement Division that it was merged with the latter on April
1, 1957.
Four types of Resettlement projects were developed in Region IV: com-
munity farm projects, for all-time farming on family size farms, such
as Roanoke Farms and Penderlea; semi-industrial com unities where home-
steaders produce their own subsistence on small tracts and work part-
time in industries set up on the project, such as Red House, Arthurdale,
and Cumberland Homesteads; house and garden projects to demonstrate
better living conditions for workers engaged in full time industry in
nearby towns, such as the Newport News project for Negroes working
principally in the shipyards; and the infiltration or scattered settle-
` ment type of project for full-time farmers, such as the North Carolina
Farm Tenant Security Project and the Tennessee Farm Tenant Security
Project. It should be noted that all relocation projects planned and
developed by the Resettlement Administration, as distinct from those
inherited from other agencies, were set up on a farm base for full-time
farming on family-sized farms.
Resettlement projects were administered from the Regional Office
through Project Managers and Community Managers, located on the project,
to whom applications for homes and farmsteads were made.
In North Carolina two group farm and homestead projects for the re-
location of farm families were developed under the Resettlement Division:
Penderlea Homesteads at Willard in Pender County, and Roanoke Farms at
Enfield in Halifax County. Three similar projects, Wolf Pitt Farms at
Rockingham, Scuppernong Farms at Columbia, and Pembroke Farms at Pem-
broke, lacking funds for development, were rented to rehabilitation
clients. The North Carolina Farm Tenant Security Project at Goldsboro ’
comprises a hundred scattered tenant farms, purchased in W yne, Harnett,
Johnston, and Sampson counties. Buildings having been repaired or re-
placed and the farm put in good condition by the Resettlement Division,
a goods loan, similar to the Rehabilitation loan, was provided for pur-
chase of stock, tools, fertilizer, and other farm necessities. After
a probationary rental period of five years, plans call for the sale of
these farms to desirable tenants on a long term loan basis.
Projects commenced or continued by the Resettlement Division in other
states were as follows:
Cumberland Homesteads, Crossville, Tenn.
Haywood Farms, Brownsville, Tenn.
Tennessee Farm Tenant Security, Jackson, Tenn.
Shenandoah Homesteads, Luray, Va.

 Reeettiement Administration 276
Newport News Homesteads (Aberdeen Gardens), Newport News, Va.
Tygart Valley Homesteads, Elkins, W. Va.
‘ Arthurdale Com unity, Arthurdale, W. Va.
Red House Farms, Eleanor, W. Va. H
_ Sublimity Farms, Winchester, Ky.
Christian Trigg Farms, Hopkinsville, Ky.
THE RURAL REHABILITATION`DIVISION, under an Assistant Regional Di-
rector responsible to the Regional Director, was charged with the aid of
destitute and low-income farm families through a system of supervised
credit. Under the authority of the Assistant Regional Director in
Charge of Rural Rehabilitation, the following offices located at Re-
gional Headquarters, operated in the field:
o A Farm Debt Adjustment Chief had supervision of adjustment and re-
financing of farm debts, cooperating closely with the state and county
Farm Debt Adjustment Com ittees.
A Home Management Adviser had supervision of developing home
management plans and family budgets for clients and of instructing
clients in such matters as dietetics, nutrition, and food conservation
and preservation.
v A Rural Rehabilitation Cooperative Specialist was charged with
planning community and cooperative service projects and associations
for the benefit of rehabilitation and resettlement clients.
The functions of the Rural Rehabilitation Division, unlike those of V
the Resettlement and Land Utilization Divisions, which were administered
from the Regional Office, were administered by a State Rural Rehabili-
tation Director in each of the several states in the Region. Under his
direct authority each state was organized into districts.~ County of-
fices, each office representing from one to three counties, operated
under the authority of district supervisors. The state set—up, includ-
ing these district and county offices, was as follows:
A State Loan Office was charged with handling all rehabilitation
loans. The State Loan Officer received requests for loans and trans-
mitted those approved to the State Finance Manager of the Finance and
Control Division. Since credit was extended to rehabilitation clients
on the basis of their acceptance of sound farm and home management plans,
loans necessarily were granted only through the closest cooperation of
the State Loan Office with the Agricultural Extension Service and with
the home and farm management agencies under the authority of the State
A State Farm Management Specialist acted in an advisory capacity
in the preparation of farm management plans to be carried out by the
several county Rural Rehabilitation supervisors. Through these farm
management plans the farmer was guided to a more economical use of_land,
labor, livestock, and crops.
An Associate State Director in Charge of Home Economics served as
staff officer in each state office and was responsible for the home
economics and social service phases of the rehabilitation program. A
District Home Supervisor reported to the Associate State Director and co-
operated with the District Rural Rehabilitation Supervisor. County Home
Supervisors, responsible to the District Home Supervisor, aided in carry-
ing out the program of the Home Economics unit which, in its contact
with individual farm families, was concerned chiefly with the production
and conservation of sufficient meats, vegetables, milk, and poultry
necessary for the year round.

 Resettlement Administration 277 A
A State Cooperative Specialist, reporting to the State Director,
was jointly under the authority of the Director and the Regional Rural
Rehabilitation Cooperative Specialist. The Cooperative service had
charge of group loans for the purchase upon a cooperative basis of pure-
bred breeding animals, farnimochinery, and home equipment too expensive i
for individual purchase. Loans were also made for the organization of
community or cooperative projects such as medical, dental, or veterinary
associations, seed-improvement associations, pest-control associations,
~ equipment-center associations, and fruit-and vegetable-purchasing
A A State Farm Debt Adjustment Supervisor was jointly under the
authority of the State Director, to whom he reported, and the_Regional
Debt Adjustment Chief, whom he represented in the state of his juris~ .
diction. He was technically responsible for the work of the District
Farm Debt Adjustment Supervisors and the local County Farm Debt Adjust-
ment Committees in the adjustment or composition of the debts of dis-
tressed farmers. A State Farm Debt Adjustment Committee, appointed by
the governor of the state concerned, as were the Qpunty Committees,
served as a com ittee at large to hear reports and act in an advisory
capacity in all farm debt adjustment matters. The County Committees
were active in investigating individual debt problems and in acting as
conciliators between debtor and creditor. The services of these state
and county committees were voluntary, but three dollars a day was
allowed when necessary for traveling expenses.
The Rural Rehabilitation Division was served by County Rural Rehabil-
itation Advisory Committees who approved clients for rehabilitation loans.
Six district offices operated in North Carolina for the several
counties, as follows:
District l: Headquarters Office, Asheville
Counties: Avery, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Cherokee,
Clay, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson,
Macon, Madison, Mitchell, McDowell, Polk,
Rutherford, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga,
y and Yancey.
' District 2: Headquarters Office, Troy
Counties: Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Cabarrus,
Catawba, Cleveland, Davidson, Davie,
Forsyth, Gaston, lredell, Lincoln,
Mecklenburg, Montgomery, Rowan, Stanly,
Surry, Union, Wilkes, and Yadkin.
District 3: Headquarters Office, Raleigh
Counties: Alamance, Caswell, Chatham, Durham,
Granville, Guilford, Orange, Person, Randolph,
Rockingham, Stokes, Vance, and Wake.
District 4: Headquarters Office, Fayetteville
Counties: Anson, Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus,
Cumberland, Harnett, Hoke, Lee, Moore,
New Hanover, Pender, Richmond, Robeson,
Sampson, and Scotland.
d District 5: Headquarters Office, Goldsboro
Counties: Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Franklin, Greene,
» Johnston, Jones, Lenoir, Nash, Onslow,
Pamlico, Warren, Wayne, and Wilson.

 Resettlement Administration 278
District 6: Headquarters Office, Edenton
Counties: Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, ,
Currituck, Dare, Edgecombe, Gates, Halifax,
Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Northenmton, ,
Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell,
` and Washington.
With the exception of those of the Farm Management Supervisor for
District 5, records of district supervisors were not surveyed.
Several divisions and sections in the Regional Headquarters, also
under the jurisdiction of the Regional Director, served the four above
named operating divisions in their different capacities, as follows: