xt7bzk55hw7g https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7bzk55hw7g/data/mets.xml Jewish Federation of the Bluegrass Kentucky Jewish Federation of the Bluegrass 1990-09 Newsletter of the Jewish Federation of the Bluegrass, previously named the Central Kentucky Jewish Association and Central Kentucky Jewish Federation. The Federation seeks to bring Jewish community members together through holiday parties, lectures, Yiddish courses, meals, and other celebrations of Jewish heritage and culture. They also host fundraisers and provide financial assistance for Jews in need, both locally and around the world. newsletters  English Jewish Federation of the Bluegrass  Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Jewish Federation of the Bluegrass records Jews -- Kentucky -- Lexington Jews -- History Central Kentucky Jewish Federation newsletter, September 1990, volume 13 number 7 text Central Kentucky Jewish Federation newsletter, September 1990, volume 13 number 7 1990 1990-09 2020 true xt7bzk55hw7g section xt7bzk55hw7g  







What 3 year has passed and what a new Operation Exodus is well under way
year it “ill b9! following parlor meetings on September 6
"Let MY P9091? 50" has become reality. and a community—wide rally September 9.
Ne rejoice as tens of thousands of Soviet Speakers Saul Singer and Stephen Berk
9W5 stream into 157391 bringing a addressed the needs of Soviet Jews who are
rejuvenation of the State. And we will now pouring into Israel at the level of
welcome and resettle some in Lexington 15,000 plus per month. Conditions in the
bringing a revitalization 0f OUT Soviet Union are getting more urgent as
community. Through “Operation EXOdUS" ”E the economy further collapses. Under
Will do our part. ”glasnost" anti-semitism has shifted from
CKJF this year will do an in—depth official government dogma to grass roots
evaluation Of its major POIiCiES and flagrancy with incidents occurring more
activities. This major effort will be led and more frequently. It is now estimated
by 3 special committee chaired by Gloria that over one million Soviet Jews will go
Katz and consisting Of David Nekstein, "home” over the next three to five years.
Gail Cohen, 335k Miller, Nike Ades, JUUY This is what world Jewry has hoped for
Levine, Judy Saxe, Steve Caller, and Linda and worked for, Our hopes have been
Ravvin. “5 hODE it “111 lead to better answered and our responsibility continues.
understanding and support for CKJF and we must make every effort to support our
recommendations t0 improve our role in brothers in their transition to Israel: a
EETViWQ the community. ”9 100k forward to new language, new skills, new awareness of
your input and SUPpDrt. being Jewish — a new life!
Operation Exodus will continue with a
L’Shana Tova, phon—a—thon on Sunday, September 83 and a
letter campaign to follow.
Your participation and your monetary

support are both urgently needed. Please
" say yes when you are asked to pledge!

Michael L. Ades
CKJF President



This Time We Can Save Them
And Bring Them Home.






15 Program at TAl



Rosh Hashanah

10 p.m.
12 midnight

Sept. 19 Mincha/Maariv 7:30 p.m.
Sept. 20 Shacharit 9 a.m.
Youth 10 a.m.
Children 11 a.m.
Tashlich 1 p.m.
Mincha 7:30 p.m.
Maariv II 7:45 p.m.
Sept. 21 Shacharit II 9 a.m.
Youth 11 10 a.m.
Children 11 11 a.m.
Mincha II 7:30 p.m.
Fast of Gedaliah/Memorial Service
Sept. 23 Lexington Cemetery 1 p.m.
Yom Kippur
Sept. 28 Kol Nidre 6:45 p.m.
(Be at 028 by 6:30, doors close at 6:45!)
Sept. 29 Shacharit 9 a.m.
Youth 10 a.m.
Children 11 a.m.
Yizkor 12:15 p.m.
Study 3:30 p.m.
Mincha 4:30 p.m.
Neilah 6:45 p.m.
Maariv, Havdallah &
Break Fast 7:45 p.m.
Oct. 3 Erev Sukkot 7:30 p.m.
Oct. 4 Shacharit 9:30 a.m.
Mincha 7:30 p.m.
Maariv 11 7:45 p.m.
Oct. 5 Shacharit II 9:30 a.m.
Mincha 11 7:30 p.m.
Oct. 10 Erev Shmini Atzert 7:30 p.m.
Oct. 11 Shacharit 9:30 a.m.
Yizkor 11:30 a.m.
Mincha 6:30 p.m.
Simchat Torah
Oct. 11 Singing & Dancing 7:00 p.m.
Oct. 12 More Singing &
Dancing 9:30 a.m.
Mincha II 7:30 p.m.
For child care
information Contact 028

or TAI directly.









Sept. 15 Study & Reception

Selichot 11:30 p.m.

Rosh Hashanah

Sept. 19 Erev Rosh Hashanah
Early Service 7 p.m
Late Service 9 p.m.
Sept. 20 Family Service 8:45 a.m
Regular Service 10:30 a m.
Sept. 23 Cemetery/Memorial Service
at Lex. Cemetery 1 p.m.
K01 Nidre
Sept. 28 Early Service 6:45 p.m.
Late Service 9:15 p.m
Yom Kippur
Sept. 29 Family Service 8:45 a.m.
Regular Service 10:30 a.m.
Afternoon Service 2:30 p.m.
Service 4:30 p.m.
Simchat Torah
Oct. 10 Service 7 p.m.
Oct. 11 Yizkor 8 a.m.
Sept. 15 Service at Baumann’s
685 Shasta Circle 9 p.m.

Rosh Hashanah

Sept. 20 Serv. at Chinoe Village Shop
Ctr., 3rd fl. 10 a.m.
Home of the Nekstein’s,
2059 Norborne 5 p.m.
Sept. 21 Serv. at Chinoe Village Shop
Ctr., 3rd fl. 10 a.m.
Yom Kippur
Sept. 28 Serv. at Hearing & Speech Ctr
162 N. Ashland 6:45 p.m.
Sept. 29 Serv. at Hearing & Speech Ctr
162 N. Ashland 10 a.m.
Oct. 7 Home of Art S Marilyn Shechet

333 Henry Clay Ave. 3 p.m.
Simchat Torah
October 12 Call Art & Marilyn Shechet

268—8392 for information

n 31D 71 21.1"?



. During the course of the festive meal on Rosh Hashanah evening, pieces of apple that
have been dipped in honey are distributed to the participants and the following is
read either in unison or responsively.

For centuries, jews have celebrated Rosh Hashanah by eating apples and honey. We fervently express
our hopes and prayers that this new year may be especially sweet for ourselves, our loved ones
and all the jewish people around the world.

Seated at this festive table, we remember our precious heritage. We understand that the new year
is a sacred time for intensive reflection and renewed hope, as we pray for guidance to meet the
challenges of the coming year.

The beginning of the year 5754 is marked by extraordinary events.

We are witnessing the emigration of more than 150,000 Soviet jews who have been isolated from
the mainstream of the jewish world for decades. May they enjoy the sweetness of jewish life as
they establish new homes among the people of Israel.

We are witnessing—where there had been repression—the resurgence of jewish vitality in Eastern
Europe. May these communities find new strength and success in their endeavors.

We are witnessing a growing concern for the imperiled jews of Ethiopia and of Arab lands. May
they soon be reunited with their families in Israel.

We are witnessing an outpouring of compassion, empathy and generosity for all jews in need. May
. we be thankful for our religious freedom and the ability and opportunity to extend help to others.

Now, on this Rosh Hashanah, as we once again dip our apples into honey, we recite the age-
old words of our tradition. May we enlarge our horizons, pledging to ourselves that this year we
will do even more to reach out to jews in distress wherever they may live. This year, may we substantially
increase our support of UJA’s Operation Exodus and its heroic efforts to absorb Soviet jews in
Israel. This year, may we fulfill for ourselves and our families the mandate.-

Kol Yis—ra—el ah-ray-vim zeh ba-zeh. .fll; I‘ll, will? '78??? '7?
All Israel is responsible for one another.

This year, may all Jews experience a new measure of sweetness.

During 5754, may each one of us continue to grow in our commitment and love for our people
and our faith.

Ye—hi ra-tzon mil—fa-ne-ha, 337,313,511 ’P‘b—N] fil’p’b-{s tn ’7PJ.~Q.?7-3 1133 ,m

Ah-do-noy Eh-lo-hay-nu vay-lo-hay ah-vo-tay-nu, . . . -
she-te-lla-desh ah—laV-nu sha-nah to—vah u-me-tu—leah. 'nmnm “am my? W713 mum?

May it be Your will, 0 Lord our God and God of our ancestors,
to renew for us a good and sweet year, Amen.


Prepared by the UIA Rabbinic Cabinet
99 Park Avenue - Suite 300 - New York, NY. 10016 - (212) 818-9100





On behalf of Sandy, Joshua, and Rachel Kim, Evan, Seth and I wish everyone a
a healthy, happy New Year. May the year good New Year. L’Shanah Tovah Tikatavu —
5751 be filled with personal growth and May we establish in the New Year lives of
self-realization and bring us all closer goodness and peace.
to peace. L’ Shana Tova v ’Tekateivu - May B’Shalom

5751 be a year of blessing for all of us.

8’ Shalom RM W

Rabbi, Ghavay Zion Synagogue
Rabbi Temple Adath Israel

On behalf of our entire congregation,
May the coming year be one of peace, Kathy, wade Hampton and the Scooter wish
good health and great happiness for all. everyone a Happy and Healthy New Year.
May the year 5751 bring joy to us all and
Q (B peace to all our fellowmen.
\ Jak— L’Shana Tova,
President, Temple Adath Israel

With warmest wishes that you may have M

a year blessed with peace, health,
happiness and prosperity.


President, Dhavay Zion Synagogue .\

On behalf of Ohavay Zion Sisterhood, I

‘ ,t/ wish you all a New Year filled with good
19’ health, peace, and happiness. May we
Temple Adath Israel Sisterhood continue to work together in 5751 to

strengthen our Jewish community here in

Lexington, in Israel, and throughout the
May the New Year bring fulfillment to world.

your effort, joy to your heart, and peace
to your spirit. (
L’Shana Tova, M ;. MW
61;;4a(, I’:I::)1_Jt’\_:> :¥ . S ? President, Ohavay Zion Synagogue

President Co-Advisors

Temple Adath Israel Youth Group

The members of The Lexington Havurah

wish all the members of the Central
L’Shana Torah to everyone. May the Kentucky community a happy, healthy,

year 5751 be one of good health to all. prosperous and peaceful New Year.

41; L’Shana Tova.
Egyv‘ x W M.

Co- Advisor, Temple Adath Israel Youth President, The Lexington Havurah



 On behalf of the Lexington Chapter of
Hadassah, l would like to wish the entire

swish community a New Year of health,
happiness, peace, prosperity, strength and
optimism. May 5751 bring peace to the
Middle East, and sanctuary and redemption
for our Soviet Jewry.

President, Hadassah

May the approaching year be one of
growth, joy and good health for everyone
in our community. Let freedom and peace
be increased throughout the world, and
Judaism strengthened as the days go by.

L’Shanah Tovah

CKJF Executive Director

«eryone on our planet. May this year
bring about a continued emigration of Jews
from the Soviet Union and Ethiopia along
with a resolution of the Gulf crisis and
the Nest Bank. May this year be a time of
peace, health and happiness for all.


CKJF Program Coordinator

. May 575} bring about a better year for

Shalom and best wishes for a happy New
Year from B’nai Brith District Two and
Stanley Rose Lodge #889.

1 ‘ LI?! 7‘ C U ‘\\.\‘

President, B’nai B'rith


On behalf of the Lexington Chapter of
Young Judaea, I wish the Jewish community
a New Year filled with health and
happiness. May the New Year bring world
peace and an increased environmental

L’Shana Tova

KWLV Wit/1‘}

Advisor, Young Judaea

On behalf of Young Judaea/Hashachar,
I’d like to wish the entire Jewish
community, a very healthy, happy, peaceful
New Year and well over the fast.


Advisor, Young Judaea/Hashachar

The Jewish students at U.K. wish the
members of the Lexington community a year
of peace, joy, and health.

e ‘ ’ ’ I
Director, Hillel

The Central Kentucky Jewish Singles
wishes everyone a happy, prosperous, and
peaceful New Year.

Executive Committee, CKJSingles







3 eggs
2 teaspoons vegetable oil
2 teaspoons sugar

1/8 teaspoon ginger
1/8 teaspoon baking powder

1 1/8 to 2 cups flour

8 cups chopped pecans/or other not

1/3 cup raisins, optional

Beat the eggs until light. Beat in the
oil, then add the sugar gradually, mixing
well after each addition. Add the ginger,
baking powder and enough flour to make a
manageable but not sticky dough. Knead
until the dough is smooth, then roll into
a long narrow strip about 1/3—inch thick
and cut pieces about E/B-inch long.


1 cup honey
3/4 cup sugar
2 teaspoons ginger

Preheat the oven to 350 F. Bring the
honey and sugar to a low boil in a heavy
pan. Pour the syrup into a low—sided

baking pan. Add the pieces of dough one
at a time. Turn them in the syrup before
putting the pan in the oven. Bake for 80
to 25 minutes without opening the oven
door. Add the nuts and stir or shake the
pan to keep the dough pieces somewhat
separate. Cook for another 15 minutes, or
until golden and crisp, which may take an
additional 10 minutes. Met a wooden board
with cold water and turn the taiglach onto
the wet board. Dip hand in the cold water
and form the taiglach into 8-inch pieces.
The honey should form a crust.



Chinning - This is a pass-the—apple race.
Divide into two teams. The first person
on each team tucks the apple under his or
her chin and passes it to the next person,
chin to chin, without using hands. If the
apple drops, pick it up and start again,
but no hands while passing.

Chomping ~ One person from each team
stands before an apple hanging by a string
and tries to take a bite out of it. Have
a time limit on this because there will be
a lot of teeth gnashing.

Moshe Omeir — (“Moses Says”) Sukkot tells
of the years when Moses led the Jews
through the desert. They whined and

complained a lot, and Moses had to be a
tough leader to keep them going. Play
Moshe Qmeir just like "Simon Says," and
see how many of you would have made '1‘
through the desert.





 ,._;x. A



. CKZF is hosting Galgalim on November
ii at Temple Adath Israel. Galgalim is a
musical trip of Israel in a Broadway like
presentation. Remember to hold November
ii for an exciting event perfect for the
entire family. Check your future
bulletins for further details. The event
is free and open to all.


Professor Daniel Reis, M.D., Chairman
of the Department of Orthopaedics,
Technion University and the Rambam Medical
Center, Haifa, Israel, will be visiting
Lexington for two months either June-July
or July—August of 1991.

Professor Reis, who is in his late 50’s
is originally from South Africa, was
educated in England speaks excellent
English. An apartment or house, ideally

.in proximity to the University of Kentucky
Medical Center is being sought. Professor
Reis would be a most responsible "house

If you have or know of accommodations
for Professor Reis, please contact the
CKJF office (852—7688 or 252—7600).



A new Community Relations Committee
has formed. The co—chairs of the
committee are David Kaplan and William
Leffler. Anyone interested in becoming
part of this committee can contact the
CKJF office.

The CRC is a tool you may use to
diffuse any negative situations you may be
experiencing in the school systems or
community. Please contact the CKJF office
if you are having any such concerns.

We would like to reinstate the school
liaison program. If you are interested in
this program, please contact the co—chairs
of the CRC or the CKJF office.

We are also interested in reinstating
the Speakers Bureau and are looking for
volunteers. The Speakers Bureau, a public
service offered free of charge, provides
lay members of the Jewish community as
lecturers on a variety of topics ranging
from life in Israel to Jewish religious
Observances. If you know of any groups
(church, youth groups or community
organizations) who would like to request
these services, please contact the CKJF


He invite you to join us
as our daughter Jessica Lauren
is called to the Torah as 3 Bat Mitzvah

Saturday, October 87, 1990
10:00 a.m.

Dhavay Zion Synagogue
Alumni and Edgeuater Drive

Please share with us the joy of this day
and be our guest at a Kiddush luncheon
following the service.

. Joan and Robert Flashman

Friday evening service at seven—thirty.




July 22, 1990





3 5i
i5 if.
3 “
: to aid in the i:

v Resettlement of g;
3% Soviet Jewish -
Families 35





Friendly visiting — making the family feel welcome in E

the community. i

5* {a
3‘: . Orienting the family to life in the United States. 3
xi '+‘
g Transporting the family to appointments. 3

E . Reaching out to the family to help facilitate their 6
% participating in religious, and social activities in i
fi the community. §
% . Participate in a training session on September 18 at y
3! 7:30 p.m. at 3411 Briarcliff Circle. 3
5' - . - . *9
‘ For additional information and to RSVP, please contact the p
‘ Central Kentucky Jewish Federation at 852—7682 or 258—7600. g

g * Three to five families will share the responsibility for g
“ one Soviet Family fl
1 u


_fimflfiflfl56¢fl36¢flfififlflfifififih fiflfiflfififififlp'-¢CN¥-EMflBEMF.E¢R5@QLJSUZEH¥-EEW_





ow: glaciation

to 25/25



NOVEMBER 13-18, 1990


(VI/e are all looking orward to seeing you
in San Francisco this ovember at the
annual General Assembly of the Council of
Jewish Federations.

With the strong surge in Jewish emi ration
from the Soviet Union'to both Israe and
North America, our agenda will focus on this
as well as many other important issues.

Among these will be:

0 Soviet Advocacy - The New Mission
- Endangered Jewish Populations

0 I 990 Jewish Population Study

- Building Bridges - New Models to
Reach Jews on the Fringe

- Developing Communities in the Sunbelt
0 Jews of Eastern Europe
0 The Middle East Peace Process

- Jews and the New Minorities -
Hispanics and Asians

- Electoral Reform in Israel
0 An Interdenominational Dialogue
' Economic Development of Israel

0 Jewish Education
Additional GA sessions will deal with the
numerous issues of concern to Federations
including canfg‘i n planning, endowment
development, C, community planning,,
women's division and leadership
development, to name just a few.

We know that you will want to be a part of
these important discussions and ur e you to
make your reservations promptly 't as
assuring yourself an active role in what
promises to be a memorable General

the 1990 CJF General
13-18, forms must be
along with a $875.00
registration fee. Registration deadline
is October 10, 1990. For additional
information or to obtain registration
forms, please contact CKJF (858-7692 or

To register for
Assembly, November
submitted to CJF




Welcome back to all
Colonels. Pioneers, and
the C.K.J.S. who have been away for the
summer. Don‘t worryq you didn’t miss much
- activities of the group were on hiatus
too! He also look forward to again seeing
all our friends who didn’t leave

Nedaesday, September 19, 5"? p.m.

welcome the year 5751 with an Erev Rosh
Hashanah supper at the home of Chas Hite,
929 Aurora Ave. Everyone is welcome to
join us, especially if you are unable to
be with family for this High Holy Day.
Kosher turkey or chicken will be served
and the meal will finish in time to allow
attendance at the Synagogue, Havurah or
Temple service of your choice. RSVP to
the Temple (269-8979) or CKJF (ESE—7622).

Saturday, October 6. 11:45 p.m. to ?

It’s all night bowling time! Eastland
Lanes (New Circle Road). If you would
like to coordinate rides call Ebb-OEQA.
Take a nap Saturday afternoon, pack your
No—Doz and come bowl til dawn! .

Saturday, November 3

Leave Lexington around 4-ish for an
evening of dining and dancing in
Louisville. we will dine at a restaurant
yet to be determined (ideas?) and dance at
Studebaker’s. A place to crash will be
available at Karen Strauss’ for those who
want to stay, and there will also be cars
returning to Lexington that night. For
additional information call 866-0846.

C.K.J.S. wants to provide you with events
you would enjoy (dining and dancing in
Cincinnati and Comedy on Broadway will be
on tap for the winter) so please let us
know what you would like us to organize.
He also have openings on our executive and
planning committees.

the Wildcats,.
other members of

 September/October 1990
. ELUL - TISHREI 5750-5]

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday







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Snorébbinner ragga-£12m} Egg; Hashanah Hashanah
: DJ}. . ' '
TM 7-30 “- "aShanah cKJF orrice CKJF omce
Closed Closed
2éemelmry 24 25 zgqish Roots 27 28 29
Service l pm. CKJF mm the ..
cmr “5'“ TM Exec. Er'ev
Opgrlfa‘fion Long Range Boar's! :LQ' Bfi‘r' Conn. Hui. X!“ You Kippur
Exodus Plan My. CKJF O'f‘i‘ice 7:30 p... Kippur
Phonathon David Syne
3 ma. Appearing
30 l 2 3 4 5 6
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023 a TM . " ° “ °
Er-ev Sukkot,
‘31 ”m5" CK-JF Of‘f‘ice CKJF omce
Closed Closed
’ 8 9 10 n 12 13
(SK-JF Silchat
Sac. Serv. Hadassah Shaini Torah
(lama. HLQ. Bd. Mtg. Atzer-eth
B p.m. CKJF Of‘f‘ice
CKJF CRC CKJF Office Closed
Columbus Day HLQ. T2130 ma. Closed
Dbserved Columbus Day
l4 l5 l6 1? 18 19 20
0255' Sister--
3 run.













A listing of Holiday services, dates and times are found 5
elsewhere in this bulletin. (





world renowned pianist David Svme will
present an evening of music and
conversation on September 86, 1990, 8:00
p.m., at Temple Adath Israel.

This entertaining and informative
lecture—performance explores the inter—
relationships between Jewish folk music
and classical music.

Please join with Temple Adath Israel
for this special evening.


The Lexington Chapter of Hadassah
invites you to attend the combined general
and open board meeting called "Operation
Read." Tracy Miller, the Director of
Training for Operation Read will be the
guest speaker for the evening. This event
is being held October 9th at 8:00 p.m. at
the home of Judy Levine, 1776 Mooreland



Take your chance now on ‘
Two 1991 UK Basketball
Season Tickets

$10 per chance or gig?

6 chances for $50
contact: Simone Salomon (269-1585)
028 Office (266-8050)

Any 025' Sisterhood Member



i” “T
Hold the Date
Sunday. October 21

Hadassah Major Gifts

Speaker to be Announced














Non-Profit Org.
Permit No. 719
Lexington. Ky.











Please join us at
The Operation Exodus
Community Rally

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For the first time in 70 years, the gates of the
Soviet Union are open and Soviet Jews are making the
journey to home, to lsrael. More than 1,000 Soviet
Jews are now arriving in Israel every week and 100,000
are expected to immigrate in the near future.

OPERATION EXODUS is the United Jewish
Appeal Special Campaign to help SovietJews settle in
Israel, covering such expenses as housing, profes—
sional retraining, language classes and temporary
assistance. It must be done —— and it must be done

We will join Jews worldwide as we kick off our
campaign at the Community Rally. We need your
support —— your commitment — and your presence!

Overthe next three years, the Israeli government
will be providing $3 billion toward the expenses of
Soviet Jewish immigration; world Jewry will assume
$600 million. Funds raised in the United States will be
used to transport the new immigrants and their belong-
ings from the Soviet Union to Israel, repair and enlarge
existing absorption centers and acquire new centers
and provide direct absorption into Israeli communities.


Dr. Stephen Berk
To Address Rally

Dr. Stephen Berk is
Professor of History
at Union College in
Schenectady, New
York. He also
serves as Program
Coordinator of the
Judaic Studies
Department and
. Director of Union
'7 College’s Program on
Communist Studies.

Berk has done
extensive field work
in the area of

Jewish History and has travelled to the Soviet
Union, Poland, Eastern Europe, Egypt and Israel.
He has written widely about Israel and American
national interests, Anti—semitism and Soviet









11.062 11.015

10.293 Q




////// //






July I990:



Prepared by Manon-l UJA
Data fro- the Jewish Agency for Israel

Soviet Jews may reshape Israel

Many are well-educated, but unfamiliar with Judaism

B Ste hen Franklin
Clzcago ‘Pribune

REHOVOT, Israel-Dr. Moisey
B. Kuberger puffs up his chest as
he recalls how much he and his
wife, Nataly, had in the Soviet

They headed separate clinics—his
was cardiology “dish"; was pedi-
atnc surgery—at a y resrcted
Moscow institute. and eac had
mu?“ several medical texts. [hey

es, a car. an apart-
ment in a mh neighborhood and
a large country home.

Yet despite all they left behind
two months 0 and the ditficulties
thev face in ' Hebrew and
restarting their careers. the 64-year-
old Kuberger insists they have no

“We're o timistic about the fu-
ture," adds 's 48-year-old wife. “A
lot will depend on us.”

For their part. Israelis look with
finest o timism on the anticipated

cod 0 Soviet Jews, which has av-

I0.000 a month this tgear

an my reach 750,000 in ree

Besides adding borscht to the

' t of favorite national snacks,- the

Soviet Jews are expected to reshape
Israeli society.

“We have received a T! from
the world. the Jews of e Soviet
Union," says Uri Gordon, director
of immigrant absorpuon for the se—
mioflicial Jewish Agency.

When Israel was founded in
I948, European or Ashkenazi Jews

accounted for three-fourths of .'.ie
Population. Today, Sephardic Jews
tom the Middle East and North-
em Africa make up more than half.

Gordon and others think the
Soviets will make rsracl more
Western, more Euro -3n'ented,
more focused on hi er education,
more interested in' the fine arts and
more likely to become a scientific
research center for businesses. _

expect mostly well-educat-
ed, in rientcd rmmfints, and a
recent survey of [00, immigra-
tion requests from the Seviet
Union encouraged them. It showed
that 53 percent of the would—be
immigrants are professionals, 21
Eercent tradesmen and 22 perrent

Inc-collar workers.

These are not the same Soviet
Jews who fled to Israel in the
l970s, according to the daily news-

aper Ha'aretz. “Most have no

onm roots and have never seen a
Hebrew letter or a Bible," it said.

Many resemble the Kubergers.
They are Jews who only began to
constder emigrating alter the Soviet
Union ogened the gates, its
economy egan to crumble and
they saw signs of resurgent anti-Se-

Because of the'Soviet Union’s re~
strictions on religion, man are un-
amiliar with Judaism an are ex-
pected to remain distant from

When the immigration began,
many politicians assumed the
Sovrets would line up behind the


right wing because of their distaste
for communism.
, But they appear likely to lean
' tly toward the Left, bolstering
it against the right wing that has
dmninated Israel's politics since
1977, according to Baruch
Mevorachka Tel Aviv University
political scientist who has inter-
viewed many of them.
' The Soviets do not identify with
the Right’s distmst of Arabs or its
desire to hold on to the occupied
West Bank and Gaza Strip,
Mevorach says. They oppose so-
cialism, but many say the will
support the Ieft-of—centcr abor
Party. Similarly, they fear extrem-
ism. especially religious extremism,
:IIICh they ink to the political


Needy one-third of the Soviets,
most. of them children hgf hlzlixed
marriages or spouses w ven’t
convened, are not considered Jews
by religious laws, says Mikhail
Zagursky, a professor of Soviet
Studies at Hebrew University.

Therefore, many will be wary of
the ultra-Orthodox, who they fear
will to limit their acceptance as
Jews, e says.

“Many in the belt are afraid of

' immigration. and they are mis-
taken." says Zagursky, who
emigrated from the Soviet Union
nearly 20 years ago and heads the
labor Party's efforts to recruit the
new arrivals.

Some Israelis are concerned by















daily stories about the influx of
Soviet artists, writers and musi-
cians to their country. When they
hear about plans to form a new
symphony in Tel Aviv composed
solely of Soviet immigrants, they
wonder how much room Israel has
for artists.

Since arriving last month, Mi-
khail Kugel has concluded, guard-
edly, that there is room for people
like himself. A well-known viola
player with the Moscow Concert
Association, Kugel, 43, already has
performed eight times with the Is-
rael Philharmonic.

”I haven't heard one person yet 4

say that we. are not welcome," he
says. “In Moscow, l drdn’t_e_xpect
I would have such opportunrtres."

3st not all the Soviets are likely
to be 4.. fortunate. Officials say
some are specialists in fields that
do not exist in Israel, some have
degrees but lack specrfic skil", .er
some need retraining. There is
also a glut of some professions.
such as university professors.

Gordon of the Jewish Agency
fears the government will not de-

E ”550 IS 8%,

Co I ‘





velop job programs.

If it doesn’t, he warns, there will
be more unemployment, immigra—
tion will slow, and some of the So-
viet Jews will move on.

Man firms remain reluctant to
he] oviet egperts, says Israel
Wo f, an o‘fici for Sate: Ltd., a
scientific research firm set up
three years ago in Jerusalem as a
model for finding work for Soviet

Started with private donations,
the firm turned its first profit this
gear. Half of its 70 workers are
ovret screntists.

Vladimir Kislek, who once did
nuclear research in the Soviet
Union, is trying to’recover gold
from used industrial products. The
53— ear-old scientist, who arrived
in srael last ear, is quite pleased
to use his ski Is and earn a decent
living, about 3|,000 a month.

- “I had to change my field for
now," says the scientist, who spent
three years in a Soviet prison as a
Jewish activist.

“It’s normal. Israel is a small


countr , and there are limited
places or work."

At first, the idea of giving up
their work and comfort stopped
Moisey and Nataly Kuberger from
considering leaving the soviet
Union. But as the economy wor-
sened and anti-Semitism seemed
to be gaining, they changed their

Still, they were so torn that they
said the decision had to be made
on one day and never debated
again. They finally decided that
anti-Semitrsm mi ht not affect
them, but it woul certainl .hurt
their 8-year-old daughter, hris-

f‘For her sake, we Ielt and we
left everything behind,” says

“It was the right decision."










"" $420 MILLION

\ KEREN rrAvnsou


OPERATION EXODUS — More than 200,000 Soviet Jews are expected to immigrate to Israel. The
Jewish Agency and the Israeli Government anticipate that the cost of bringing the Soviet Jews to Israel
and settling them will cost $3.6 billion. The Israeli Government plans to spend $3 billion. World Jewry's
share in the cost will be $600 million. American Jews' share of that total, through the UJA/Federation
Campaign, is $420 million, to be pledged in one year and paid within three years. The remaining $l80
million will be paid by the rest of world Jewry through Keren Kayesod, other Jewish communities“
equivalent of UJA.



is only a little over 3 hours
flying time from Tel Aviv. Not
long ago it might as well have
been light years away. And the
future is unknown. No one can
say for certain how long the
gates will remain open or what
the coming months will bring for
the Jews of the USSR. In some
areas of the Soviet Union there
are signs of rising anti-Semitism,
ethnic nationalism with its
attendant anti-minority activity
and inter-ethnic violence.

At the same time, economic
problems have been intensified
by the new, more liberal policies.
Store shelves are bare, lines are
endless, production does not
meet dema