xt7crj48q02z https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7crj48q02z/data/mets.xml Hore, John Philip. 1886  books b98-53-42679586v2 English A.H. Baily, : London : Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Horse racing Great Britain. Newmarket (England) History. Great Britain History Stuarts, 1603-1714. History of Newmarket  : and the annals of the turf: with memoirs and biographical notices of the habitubes of Newmarket, and the notable turfites, from the earliest times to the end of the seventeenth century (vol. 2)/ by J.P. Hore. text History of Newmarket  : and the annals of the turf: with memoirs and biographical notices of the habitubes of Newmarket, and the notable turfites, from the earliest times to the end of the seventeenth century (vol. 2)/ by J.P. Hore. 1886 2002 true xt7crj48q02z section xt7crj48q02z 









C, z










               J. P. HORE.

          IN7 THfREE VOL UMES

                VOL. II.
               A.D. 1625-1680.

     A. H. BAILY AND CO.,
          [All rights reserved.]I

 This page in the original text is blank.



                     BOOK VII.

                     BOOK VIII.
   TOI 65 3 ....  ...  ...   ...  ...  ...   .   64

                     BOOK IX.
   COMMONWEALTH. 1625-I654   ...  ...  ...   ... i I6

                     BOOK X.
   PRESSED BY THE CROMWELLIANS      ...         155

                     BOOK XI.

                    BOOK XII.
   I67o-1675...  ...   ...  ...   ... 5..    ...293

                    BOOK XIII.
   Ii676-I68o... ...   ...  ...   ...  ...   ...331

 This page in the original text is blank.




                       BOOK VII.


Expected royal visit in 1626-Does not take place-Payments of arrears
   to the under-keeper of the palace and gardens-The stables repaired
   -Royal order to turn down partridges and hares in the New Warren
   -And to remove dogs, guns, nets, etc., hurtful to the game-1627.
   The King's first visit as sovereign-Affairs of state-Coming events
   cast their shadows before-Sporting affairs-Order relating to the
   pales of the New Warren-The Earl of Mar/borough-The King's
   jockeys-Their wages and liveries-The marshal farriers-Allow-
   ances to court officials-i628. Royal sojourn in the spring-Arrival
   of the King and court-Current events-The royal disports-The King
   absorbed in the pastimes of Newmarket-State affairs neglected-
   The minister in attendance grumbles-Directions for the preservation
   of the game-And other matters thereunto belonging-[63o. Royal
   sojourn in the spring-Arrival of the King, the ministers of state,
   and the court-The Doctors of Cambridge University entertained
   at the palace-Charles I. makes his first knight of Newmarket-
   Payment for repairing the pales of the New Warren-Visit of Rubens
   -Paints a portrait of the King at the palace-The painter knighted
   -Other honours conferred upon him-Diplomatic objects of his
   visit-Commissioned by the King to paint the Throne-Room at
   Whitehall-Incidental expenses for cleaning Newmarket palace in
   i628, i629, and 1630-Fees claimed by, and allowed to, court officials
   on the creation of knights, etc.-163i. Royal sojourn in the spring
   -Arrival of the King, Queen, the court, and a great number of
   nobility and gentry-Dr. Grent's angling invention-Marriage of the
   King's equerry with a maid of honour-Interest taken by the King
   and Queen in the happy pair-A right royal wedding present-" The
   VOL. IL                                            B



course of true love," etc.-Royal commands-And their effect-Sir
Frederick Cornwallis - Departure of the court for Royston -
Negligence of the officers of the Bedchamber-Allowances to the
palace officials for their lodgings out of cou.rt during the royal visit
-1632. The Spring Meeting-Arrival of the King, Queen, and the
Royal Family-The King's wager with Mungo More Gustavus
Adolphus and Wallenstein-The Doctors of Cambridge University
entertained at the palace-The Autumn Meeting-Visit of the King,
Queen, and court-Inclement weather-Sporting, military, and naval
affairs-The Duke of Newcastle appointed to the Bedchamber-
Pays 2000 for the post-Theatricals-A comedy in the Queen's
presence-chamber-Her Majesty performs the leading part-Dr.
Harvey, Physician to the Household, discovers the circulation of the
blood-The Marquis of Hamilton-Sir Robert Maunsel-Sir Sack-
7ille Trezvor-Allowance for his lodging out of court-Incidental
charges at the palace during the royal sojourn-i633. The October
Meetiag-Brief visit of the King-The Doctors of Cambridge
University entertained at the palace-i634. The Spring Meeting-
Arrival of the King, Queen, Prince of Wales, the ministers, and the
court-Enormous attendance-Life at Newmarket-Alarming out-
break of fire-Promptly extinguished-A royal hunt-Accident to
the King-Tobacco-The races-The gold cup-Heavy betting-
A bad settling-Flight of the Earl of Southampton-The Doctors
of Cambridge University entertained at the palace-The autumn
reunion abandoned in consequence of the small-pox at Newmarket
-The Earl of Por/land-1635. The Spring Meeting-Intended
royal visit abandoned in consequence of the snow and frost-To the
great disappointment of the court-Allowances to officials, etc., at
the palace during this interval-i636. Custodians of the palace and
gardens-Change of officials-Arrival of the King in January-
Orders for the preservation of the game-Hunting at Newmarket
prohibited-Popularity of the meet-Sir Robert Huddles/on-Sir
7ohn Carleton-Royal visit in October-Excessive poaching-Action
of the King thereon-His injunctions to the judges-Tavern-keepers
ordered not to cook any game under penalty of J20-Court etiquette
at Newmarket-The case of Tom Killigrew's servant-The Vice-
Chancellor and Doctors of Cambridge University entertained at the
palace-The plague-Viscount Dillon-Sir William Uvedale-Sir
Thomas Ha/ton-The Dean of Durham-The Earl of Straford-
Incidental expenses attending these royal visits-i637. Expected
royal visit in the spring-Does not take place in consequence of the
plague-Further orders for preserving the game-The Russells of
Chippenham-1638. Royal sojourn in the spring-Arrival of the
King and court-The chief ministers of state and the French
ambassador-Passing events-An enjoyable riunion-Hats and caps
-Ship money-The Council of State summoned to Newmarket-
Conferences with the King-Coursing the bustard on the heath-




    The Doctors of Cambridge University entertained at the palace-
    Cost of the banquet-Their last visit to Newmarket in the reign of
    Charles I.-Incidental annual expenses of the officials at the palace
    -The last entries until the Restoration-The Duke of Lennox-Sir
    _7ohn Coke-1641. Brief visit of the King in 'March-Makes three
    knights during his sojourn at the palace-1642. Arrival of the King
    on the 7th of March-The Queen departs with the crown jewels to
    Holland-Arrival of a committee of both Houses of Parliament-
    Their remonstrance with the King-Stormy interview-Undignified
    conduct of the Monarch-Grossly insults the Earl of Pembroke-
    The royal prerogative-Infatuation of the King-His departure from
    Newmarket on the I3th of March for the North-1647. The King's
    last visit-His removal from Holmby-The journey to Newmarket-
    His arrival at the palace-His last sojourn-Rendezvous of the army
    on the Heath-Arrival of Oliver Cromwell-The King's removal to
    London-His escape from Hampton Court-Imprisoned in the Isle of
    Wight-His execution-Memoir-Chippenham Park-Additional par-
    ticulars relating to the last sojourn of Charles I. at Newmarket.

CHARLES I. was expected to go to Newmarket early
in November, I626, but it is very doubtful if the
projected visit took place on that particular        Charles I.
occasion.                                       Newmarket.
    However, in the meantime, the interests zibtxld7
of Newmarket, and its sporting associations,      Sojourns of
                                                 the King and
were not neglected by the new       sovereign,      Court.
as we find a warrant was issued on the 4th          1628
of April, to pay Francis Wetherlay, Surveyor of his
Majesty's Stables, 95 8s. 6d., for repairing the stables
and mews at Newmarket, St. James's, Sheen, and
Royston. On the 2nd of August a similar warrant
was issued in favour of Thomas Grey, under-keeper
of the palace and garden at Newmarket, in payment
of 150 for his service for nine years past, and 30

   The Rev. Joseph Mead, in a letter to Sir Martin Stutville, dated
Christ College, Cambridge, October 14, 1626, says: " I know not what
you take the cause to be of the King's not coming to Newmarket, as was
expected, and he proposed; but I hear some of opinion that the Duke
[of Buckingham] likes not so unguarded a place."-Harl. MS., 390, vol. i.




per annum for the future, during the royal pleasure.
At this time Captain Henry Wood was authorized to
take yearly out of other counties, fifty brace of
partridges to be turned down about Newmarket, and
fifty brace of hares to be put into the New Warren
there; he was also to take away all dogs, guns, nets,
and other engines likely to be hurtful to the said
   The first visit of Charles I., as sovereign, to New-
market took place in the spring of i627, where he and
   1627.  the court arrived on or about February
 FebruaY- 2 3rd.  During the royal sojourn a great
 March.  deal of state business engaged the attention
 of the king and his ministers. The baneful example
 of James I. in ignoring the liberties of the subject,
 disregarding the privileges of Parliament, and
 enforcing that right divine to govern wrong, typified
 in the royal prerogative, was again, unfortunately, of
frequent occurrence. With such affairs we have little
concern, therefore it is only necessary to notice such
transactions as are affiliated to our subject. Thus on
the 27th, Secretary Conway wrote to Secretary Cook,
at Whitehall, that the king was in good health, "and
follows his exercises according as the weather serves."
On the 2nd of March the king wrote from Newmarket
to James Ley, Earl of Marlborough,'-' his treasurer,
directing him to send down a surveyor to view the
defects in the pales of the hare warrens there and at
Royston, and to issue warrants to cut down trees, and

   State Papers, Dom., vol. xxxix.; Conway Papers and Docquet
Books, MS., P.R.O. s. d.




provide money that they may be speedily repaired.
Three days after, Conway wrote to Coke that on the
morrow they expected to leave Newmarket, and be at
Theobalds the following day, where they would be
able " to play their balls with quicker returns." 

   135 James Ley-sixth son of Henry Ley, Esq., of Teffont
Ewins, county Wilts-having been bred to the bar, and having
attained great eminence in his learned profession, was one of
the Welsh judges., and in I603 he had a separate call to the
degree of the coif, probably in preparation for holding the
office of Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench in Ireland,
to which he was appointed in the following year, when he was
also knighted. He presided in the Irish court-house for about
four years, resigning in December, i608.  Returning to
England, he received the profitable place of attorney to the
Court of Wards and Liveries, at the same time establishing
the right of that officer to take precedence in court of the
king's attorney-general, for which he had a privy seal dated
May I5, 1609. On the elevation of Sir Francis Bacon to the
great seal in i6I7, Sir James wvas a candidate, in attendance
on the court at Newmarket, for the attorney-generalship, and
the Duke of Buckingham told Sir Henry Yelverton that he
offered Io,ooo for the appointment. Not succeeding in this,
he was created a baronet on July 15, 1619. On January 29,
i62i, he was constituted Lord Chief Justice of the King's
Bench. He was then about sixty-nine years of age, and in that
year married his third wife, Jane, daughter of John, Lord Butler,
by Elizabeth, the sister of the favourite, George Villiers, ist
Duke of Buckingham, to whose patronage he probably owed
his future advance in life. After performing the duties of his
judicial office for nearly four years, he imitated the example
of his predecessor, Sir Henry Montagu, by retiring from it
and accepting the profitable place of Lord Treasurer on
December 20, i 624. On the 31st of the same month he

 State Papers, Dom., vols. lv., lvi., f5assihn.




was created Lord Ley, of Ley, in the county of Devon, the
ancient seat of his family. He was more fortunate, however,
than Sir Henry Montagu, for he retained the royal purse for
the remainder of James's reign, and for more than three years
in that of Charles I., who in the month of May following his
accession created him EARL OF MARLBOROUGH. He was
removed in July, i628, to make way for Sir Richard Weston,
and retrograded to the almost empty title of president of the
council, which he held for the few remaining months of his
life. He died on March 14, i629, and was succeeded in the
family honours by his eldest son, Henry Lee, 2nd Earl of

   FOWER BOYE RYDERS. Alsoe allowed for money paid
to Anthony Knight and Richard Hester twoe Boye Ryders
          vnder the Riders of his Mal Stable either of
   1647.  them at vjd  diem for their wages, and vj" xvij"
vjd d ann' for each of their Liveries payable qu'rtly and
Due to them for the halfe yeare ended at Or Lady Day
1627 xvjli.
   And to Riche Higges and Samuell Walton two other of
the said Boye Riders at the same Rate likewise for their
wvages, and Livery due to them for one whole yeare ended
at Michas i627 xxxij".-Accounts of the Treasurer of the
Chamber of the Household, s.d. (m. 2I6 d.) MS., P.R.O.
   To Peter Newton Esqr Gentl' vsher dayly wayter to his
MatY for thallowaunce of himselfe one gentl' vsher quarter
waiter, one yeoman vsher, one yeoman hanger, twoe groomes
of the wardrobe,- and one Groome Porter for Riding and
Attending his Maty from Whitehall to Roiston, Newmarkett,
and back to Whitehall menss Febrij et Marcij I626 xxxtl'
daies xxxviij" xs (m. 220 d.).
   To Edward Walker one of his Ma' Farryers for Mar-
shalling his Mals Hunting horses for one yeare ended the last
of January I627 vpon one Bill signed by the Duke of Bucking-
ham Mr of his Mats Horse appeareth xxix" v8. To Richard
Wigdone and Thomas Walton his Matl Marshall Farryers for
marshallry by them done in one year ended at Xp'mas 1627





As by a Booke signed by the said Duke of Buckingham
Ciiijviij" xjs iiijd.-Ibid., m. 225.
   [This entry concludes the acccounts of the Treasurer of
the Chamber of the Household, Series I., box G., bundle 4]

   On the 23rd of February, I628, we find the king
and court again at Newmarket, where they sojourned
until about the Ioth of March, when his
majesty returned, vid Royston, to London, Jebruary-
to open   the  new   Parliament, which    had     xaZh
been summoned to assemble there on St. Patrick's
Day. The interval at Newmarket was a pleasant one
with Charles and his courtiers, notwithstanding that
the recent failure of the expedition to the Isle de Rhe,
through the incapacity of the Duke of Buckingham,
was a national disgrace, while at home the king's
threats to levy taxation without the assent of Parlia-
ment threw the whole country into a ferment. Writing
from Newmarket on the 3rd of March to Secretary
Coke,_Conway complains of being unable to move the
king upon some pressing matter, "by his Majesty's
continual being either upon his sports abroad or at
tennis at home." Time and opportunity was found to

    The Rev. Joseph Mead, writing to Sir Martin Stutville, from Christ's
College, Cambridge, Feb. 22, i627-8, remarks (inter alia) that " We have
two or three Comedies at Trinity this Shrovetide, and a stage there built
to that purpose. But of the King's coming, it was not talked of, when I
wrote last, and if it be, it is private and accidental. Some say he will be
here on the Monday; and My Lord [Bishop] of Durham, that was, is
now in the town, as is thought, for some direction to that purpose. Yet
others doubt whether he will come or not. But our doctors will be with
you on Sunday at Newmarket, and so bring us home more certain news.
They say the sword, etc., is not come down, which is the reason of his
coming is doubted of, being supposed he would [come] down the first
time in some state."-Harl. MS., 390, vol. i.




issue orders for the protection of the game in various
parts of the country, for the denization of Andrew
Pitcairn, master falconer to the king, money for John
and Walter Danker, sent to Holland to take hawks
for the royal mews, and for the appointment of Row-
land Roberts to the office of keeper of the king's
wardrobe at Newmarket, and for similar routine
matters thereunto belonging.
   The king, the court, the ministers, and every ad-
ministrative board, from the Lords of the Admiralty

   1630.  to the Officers of the Green Cloth, were at
 February- Newmarket towards the end of February,
 XarCh.  i630.   This stately visit apparently lasted

 three weeks, and does not throw any light upon racing
   On Sunday, the last day of February, " the Doctors
[of the University] of Cambridge" were entertained at
the palace at a cost of 35 i 8s. 9d., and on the following
day, Charles I. made his first Knight of Newmarket.t
In June, Sir John Carleton received 200 for re-
pairing the pales of the New Warren.
   The cost of the royal stables for this year amounted
to 12,438 I9S. 41d.
    PETER PAUL RUBENS was (according to some

   State Papers, Dom., vols. xciv., xcv., hassinz.
  t Ibid., vols. cl., cli. Sir Dudley Carleton of Halcomb, nephew to
Secretary Lord Viscount Dorchester, was sworn one of the clerks of his
Majesty's Council Extraordinary, August 31, 1623. He was knighted
at Newmarket, on March i, 1629-30, being the next knight made by
Charles I. after his Excellency Sir Peter Paul Rubens. Sir Dudley
acted as the king's agent, returning to and from the Hague, where he was
joined with Sir William Boswell, in a special mission in August, 1632, and
returned to England on the 9th of November following.




authorities) knighted by Charles I. during this royal
sojourn at Newmarket, when the king presented him
with the sword enriched with diamonds, which was
used on the occasion, and added to the arms of the
new knight on a canton guies, a lion or. It is probable
that this honour was conferred on the diplomatist and
not on the painter, for Rubens came to England as
the ambassador of the Archduchess Isabella, to sound
King Charles, ascertain his views, and pave the way
for a peace, " the chief subject of whose employment
was his proposition of a suspension of arms." The
primary object of his mission to England was finally
accomplished on the A1th of November, i630, when
the treaty of peace was concluded and signed at
Madrid. The painter Rubens was serviceable to the
diplomatist Rubens. His palette was often a passport
to familiar admission to presences where envoys were
admitted ceremoniously and seldom.  The accom-
plished, winning, commanding cavalier, with brush in
hand (the maulstick he did not use, his nerves were
so steady) would charm and persuade, and overcome
a royal or noble adversary in the easy intercourse of
painter and sitter. Charles I., much prepossessed in
favour of the illustrious artist, gave him just the
opportunity Rubens desired, by sitting at once for his
portrait. It was at the court that a nobleman, with
the superciliousness with which the artificially elevated
are apt to bear themselves towards those whom nature
has placed on high, and with, perhaps, a smack of
the envy which the favourites of fortune often feel
towards the children of light (and sometimes vice




versd), said to Rubens, " The ambassador amuses him-
self with painting occasionally."  " No," answered
Rubens, " the painter amuses himself with diplomacy."
While performing, minutely and efficiently, his diplo-
matic duties, Rubens found time to paint pictures.
The first - and one of his best - he painted for
Charles I., is the well-known allegory, representing
Peace and XWar. This picture, as interesting from the
time and occasion of its birth, as it is precious for
its excellence, after travelling to Italy, to pass a
century in the Balbi and Doria Palaces in Genoa,
returned to England, and was finally bought by the
Marquis of Stafford for 300o, and by him presented
to the National Gallery; assuredly on all accounts the
fittest spot for its final resting-place. While in Eng-
land, Rubens made sketches, nine in number, for the
pictures, ordered by the king, to represent, on the
ceiling of the throine-room in Whitehall, the deeds of
James I. These pictures, the figures of which were
of colossal size, were finished later in Antwerp. The
price paid for them was 30oo. On taking leave of
England, Rubens received a handsome service of
plate and a rich chain of gold, to which was attached
a miniature likeness of the king; this he ever after
wore round his neck.
    Aipropos of the royal hospitality at Newmarket
Palace, so frequently alluded to in connection with the
sojourns of the court, Thomas De-Laune, Gent.,
discourses as follows:
   " The magnificent and abundant plenty of the King's
Tables, hath caused amazement in Foreigners. In the Reign

[BooK VII.




of Charles I. there were daily in his Court 86 Tables, well
furnished each Meal, whereof the King's Tables had 28
Dishes, the Queen's 24, 4 other Tables i6 Dishes each, 3 other
I0 Dishes, 12 other 7 Dishes, 17 other 5 Dishes, 3 other 4,
32 had 3, and 13 had two each; in all about 500 Dishes each
Meal, with Bread, Beer, Wine, and all other things necessary.
There was spent yearly in the King's House of gross meat
I500 Oxen, 7000 Sheep, 1200 Veals, 300 Porkers, 400 Sturks,
or Young Beefs, 6800 Lambs, 300 Fletches of Bacon, and 26
Boars. Also i40 dozen of Gcese, 250 dozen of Capons, 470
dozen of Hens, 750 dozen of Pullets, 1470 dozen of Chickens,
for Bread 36,400 Bushels of Wheat, and for Drink 600 Tun of
Wine, and I700 Tun of Beer. Moreover, of Butter 46,640
[Qy. lbs.] together with Fish, and Fowl, Venison, Fruit, Spice
proportionately. This prodigious plenty in the King's Court,
caused Foreigners to put a higher value upon the King, and
was much for the Honour of the Kingdom. The King's
Servants being men of Quality, by His Majesties special
Order went to Westmninster-Hall in Term-time, to invite
Gentlemen, to eat the King's Achates or Viands, and in
Parliament-time, to invite the Parliament-men thereto."-
"The Present State of London," p. i20.
   A list of the statutory prices of Fir, Fin, and Feather, temp.
Charles I., is printed in Rymer.
   To Peter Newton esquire gent' vsher daily wayter on his
Maty for him selfe, one gent vsher quarter waiter, one yeoman
vsher, one yeoman hanger twoe groomes of the   1628
wardrobe and the Groome Porter for ryding
waiting and attending on his Matie from  Whitehall to
Theobalds Royston and Newmarkett and back againe to
Whitehall menss Febrij et Martij i627[-28] xxij daies
xxviiju iiij' viijd (Rot. 7I).
   To Sr Robert Vernon, Knight, Keep' of his Mals house at
Newmarkett for Broomes, Basketts, Shovells and other neces-
saries by him provided for the making deane of the said
house and chyminyes for a yeare ended at Michds i628 as by
warrt dated the first of November I628 appeareth . .
xiij'l viija viijd .-Audit Office Records, Declared Accounts,
Treasurer of the Chamber of the Household (Rot. 66. s. d.).




   To Thomas Levett by vertue of a warrt dated the xxi" of
November 1629 for Brooms &c for his Mal house at New-
   4B2.  market for one whole yeare ending the last day of
         September 1629 . . . xiij" vj- viijd.
   To George Levitt keep of his mat House at Newmarkett
for Brooms and other necessaries to dense the said house
   1300  for a year, ended at Mich'mas i630 by warrant
         dated the xt' of Novembr I630 . .. xiiji' vj viijd
(Rot. 68).
   To Michaell Andrewes his mata Chirurgeon for his Lodg-
ing out of Court three weekes when his Matle lay at New-
markett in March 1630 and nyne weekes in the Progresse
ended the fifteenth of September following in all twelve weeks
at xx8. the weeke, by warrant dated the xxviijth of July 1632
   . xij".-Ibid.
   To Rowland Robert keep. of his mats standing wardrobe
at Royston and Newmarkett for the allowaunce of himselfe
his man and diverse Labourers imployed in brushing and
laying up of the hangings and othr wardrobe stuff in his
Chardge in the monthes of October, January, february and
March I629[-30] vpon five bills . . . Xxvij'l iXY iiijdl.-bid.
   The Grooms of the Chamber were entitled to and usually
received the following fees when honours were conferred, viz.
an Archbishop 4, a Duke 8, a Marquis 6, an Earl 4, a
Viscount 3 6s. 8d., a Bishop 2, a Baron 2, a Baronet r,
and a Knight X.-P.S. 5 Car. I., No. 286.
   SIR JOHN CARLETON.-Warraunt to thexcheqr to pay
vnto Sr John Carleton Baronett the some of 20d' for repaire
of the pale of his Mal new erected warren called Wilbraham
Bushes betwixt the Townes of Newm'kett and Shelford in
the County of Cambridge & for defraying of other necessarye
chardges incident to the keeping of the said warren & game
By order of the Lorde Visc: Dorchester & by him Vcured.
Pro R.-Signet Office, Docquet Book, June 1630, sub dato,
MS., P.R.O.
    Sr JOHN CARLETON. A warrt vnder the Signet to Sr
John Carleton Baronett to appoint some fitt Vsons once every
yeare (when the season is) to take upp 'Ptridges in the

[BOOK V'r.




Counties of Suffolke Essex & Cambridge, for the stoare &
increase of his Mats Game about Newm'kett wth dirreccon to
acquaint the gent of those fts wth the occasion of theire
comming to the end there may bee noe spoile made of the
game nor abuse coinitted. His Man pleasure signified by
the Lord Viscount Dorchester & by him Sfcured. Pro. R.-
   Sr J6HN CARLETON. A warrt in pay vnder the Signett
to Sr Jo: Carleton Knt, & Baront Comianding him to give
Warning to such    as use to hunt in    his Mats     1.
absence to forbeare to come wthin the liberties of
Newmarkett &c, Entered at large. Procured by Mr. Sec.
Coke. Dat. 13th die [April i636] VP Rege.-Ibid.

    On or about the ioth of January, i63 1, the king,
queen, and court arrived at Newmarket, accompanied
by the Earl of Carlisle,"3 Groom of the Stole,      1631
the Earl of Holland,137 Lord Warden and February-
Justice in Eyre, and a brilliant suite of noble-     XaroH.
men and gentlemen connected with the royal house-
hold.   Like   the preceding visit, no information has
transpired in connection with the sports peculiar to the

    " On Sunday last were published in the Court strict orders, appointing
who should come into the Privy Lodgings, and who should not. The
same day Sir Thomas Yale, a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber, and Mr.
Patrick Murray, one of the King's carvers, did in the same room spit in
one another's faces. The same night the masque was performed at the
Court with great spleandour. The King and Queen went yesterday
towards Newmarket, where the University of Cambridge shall be spared
from furnishing preachers to the Court, the King's Chaplins in Ordinary
being appointed to that function."-Mr. John Pory to Sir Thomas Puck-
ering; January 13, i630[-31]. The real fact of the matter was that the
queen brought down her own priests and the king his own parsons, so
that between the rival churchmen the palace was a " hell upon earth"
during the greater portion of this royal visit.
    It seems from a letter of Mr. Beaulieu to Sir Thomas Pickering, Bart.,
 dated London, March 7, 1631, that all despatches received from foreign
 embassies, etc., were sent direct to the king at Newmarket.




place-if, indeed, we may except the application of
Thomas Grent, Doctor in Physic, for a patent for his
invention of "a Fish Call, or a Looking Glass for
Fishes, for Fishermen to call Fishes to their nets."
   Soon after the arrival of the court at Newmarket
the palace was the scene of a state wedding party,
associated with a mixture of high life and human nature.
Sir Frederick Cornwallis, Bart., one of the King's
Equerries, fell in love with Elizabeth Ashburnham, one
of the Queen's Women of the Bedchamber. They
made a match of it in opposition to, and without the
assent of, Lady Jane Bacon, Sir Frederick's mother,
who expected her son would have married into a
higher and wealthier sphere. However, the king and
queen approved of the match and promoted it by
every means in their power.  On the 4th of January,
Charles wrote to Lady Cornwallis-Bacon announcing
the nuptial fixture, and at the same time stating that
he and the queen would honour the ceremony with
their presence, which they determined should take
place " where none have access " but such as those he
chose to invite, commanding her ladyship to proceed
forthwith to Newmarket, where she would be further
informed of the royal pleasure and grace towards her-
self and her son.  But Lady Jane had a will of her
own, and did not budge an inch, and so the wedding
took place without her being present at the ceremony.
In this alliance the king and his consort evinced a lively
interest: they not only honoured the nuptials with their
presence, but promised to settle 3000 on the happy
pair.  Their majesties also interfered to effect a





reconciliation between Sir Frederick and his mother,
who eventually forgave her disobedient son, as appears
from the following royal correspondence on the matter.
  On the 23rd of February the queen sent the follow-
ing letter to Lady Bacon:-

      " Right trustie and well beloved, we greet you well.
Having taken into Or particulare care and contemplation the
good of your sonne, Sir Frederick, in regard of his matching
with one who serves us in a place of such nearness, we cannot
but be very sorry to understand that you are displeased with
him for doing that whereby he hath made himself so pleasing
and acceptable to us. Hence it is that wee have thought
ourselfe tied both in honor and charitee to desire you that you
wold not, out of any misconstruction of his proceedings,
continue to withdrawe your countenance frome him, but at our
intercession vouchsafe to look upon him with the eye of a
mother; assuring yourself that the gracious intentions which
wee carrye towards our servant and his wife shall extend them-
selfs in so large a measure, both towards him and towards you
(if you will make use of them), as at last your owne good
nature will acknolledge that your sonne could not have taken
a better course, eyther for his owne advancement or for your
satisfaction, then that wherein he is for the present. And so
much you may beleeve from the mouth of this bearere, one of
the gentleman ushers of our privie chamber, untill you heare it
from our owne, which, if you do not frustrat the King's e