xt7cvd6p050v https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt7cvd6p050v/data/mets.xml https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt7cvd6p050v/data/kukm2005m01.xml Clay, Josephine 17881927 1 cubic ft., ca. 220 pieces collections  English University of Kentucky This digital resource may be freely searched and displayed.  Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically.  Physical rights are retained by the owning repository.  Copyright is retained in accordance with U. S. copyright laws.  For information about permissions to reproduce or publish, contact the Special Collections Research Center. Guide to the Papers of Josephine Clay, 1788-1927 Guide to the Papers of Josephine Clay, 1788-1927 text Guide to the Papers of Josephine Clay, 1788-1927 1788 2005 true xt7cvd6p050v collection false kukm2005m01 Guide to the Papers of Josephine Clay,  1788-1927 Machine-readable finding aid created by Eric Weig Special Collections and Archives Manuscripts University of Kentucky Margaret I. King Library Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0039 USA Phone: (859) 257-8611 Fax: (859) 257-6311 Email: sclref@lsv.uky.edu URL: http://www.uky.edu/Libraries/libpage.php?lweb_id=84&llib_id=13<ab_rank=3 Copyright 2005 University of Kentucky Libraries. All rights reserved.  Finding aid encoded by Eric Weig, Special Collections and Archives,  2005 Description is in English. Guide to the Papers of Josephine Clay,  1788-1927 Contact Information Special Collections and Archives Manuscripts University of Kentucky Margaret I. King Library Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0039 Phone: (859) 257-8611 Fax: (859) 257-6311 Email:  sclref@lsv.uky.edu URL:  http://www.uky.edu/Libraries/libpage.php?lweb_id=84&llib_id=13<ab_rank=3 Processed byStaff Date Completed 1953; Revised 1996 Encoded by Eric Weig Copyright 2005 University of Kentucky. All rights reserved. Guide to the Papers of Josephine Clay,  1788-1927 2005M01 Clay, Josephine 1 cubic ft., ca. 220 pieces None online. Must visit contributing institution. The materials are in  English. University of Kentucky Libraries, Special Collections and Archives,  Lexington, KY 40506-0039 Collection is open for research. Copyright has not been assigned to the University of Kentucky. [Identification of Item], Papers of Josephine Clay, 1788-1927, 2005M01, Special Collections and Archives, University of Kentucky, Lexington Josephine Erwin Clay (1835-1920) was the daughter of William Henry Russell (1802-1873)--a political ally of Henry Clay.  When she was seven her family visited Ashland, home of the Clay family, where the famed statesman signed her autograph album.  Ashland, renowned as Kentucky's finest stock farm, stabled Henry Clay's wonderful assortment of cattle, jacks and jennies, swine, and horses.   Clay made his mark on the early thoroughbred industry in Kentucky with a stallion, Yorkshire, and two brood mares, Magnolia and Margaret Wood, whose descendants greatly influenced breeding and racing in the United States.  Eleven Kentucky Derby winners can trace their lineage to Clay's brood mares. In 1853 Josephine Russell married Eugene Erwin, the grandson of Henry Clay, in Missouri.  The union yielded four daughters, one of whom, Eugenia, died in 1864 not long after her birth.  In 1861 Erwin joined the Confederate Army and rose to the rank of Colonel in command of the 6th Missouri Infantry Regiment.  In 1863 Josephine and her nine-year-old daughter joined Erwin at Vicksburg.  One week before the end of the Union siege at Vicksburg, Eugene Erwin was killed on June 25, 1863 while leading his unit as it repelled a Federal attack.  On July 18, 1863 Josephine met with General U.S. Grant and obtained passes from him allowing her and daughter Lucretia (Lula) to return to Missouri. Josephine remarried in 1866 to Henry Clay's son, John M. Clay (1821-1887) who, following his mother Lucretia's death, inherited a portion of the family's racing stock.  The couple teamed to train and race horses through the mid-1880s with Josephine charged with running Ashland Stud during her husband's frequent trips on the racing circuit throughout the East, South, and Midwest.  The couple raced several famous horses including Skedaddle, Survivor, Star Davis, Sauce Box, Squeeze 'em, and Victory.  The latter was eventually acquired by General George Armstrong Custer and was present at the Battle of Little Big Horn in 1876.  During this time Josephine studied and became an expert on pedigrees. Following John M. Clay's illness and subsequent death in 1887, Josephine redirected the business from racing to breeding and the annual sale of yearlings.  Included in his estate were twelve brood mares, all descendants of Henry Clay's brood mares Magnolia and Margaret Wood.  Between 1889 and 1900 she built her stock to over fifty brood mares and two stallions and became recognized as the first female to own and operate a successful thoroughbred horse farm.  Her notoriety and that of The Ashland Stock Farm reached national proportions when a horse that she sold named Riley won the 1890 Kentucky Derby. Josephine dispersed her stock in 1903 because of failing eyesight and the anti-gambling reform movement in New York and other states which prohibited betting on horses.  Clay was also the author of several novels and short stories, many of which had themes related to racing.  She died on March 29, 1920 at age 85 leaving behind a well-earned reputation as a business woman and a large and active circle of descendants in central Kentucky, Missouri, and other locations. These are the papers collected and generated by Josephine Russell Erwin Clay (1835-1920).  Among these papers are letters and documents from noted Americans including Henry Clay, Wade Hampton, Charles W. Morgan, Edward Everett, Ulysses S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, and Abraham Lincoln.  Many of the letters written between 1827 and 1852 document Henry Clay's animal husbandry activities including the acquisition of cows, jacks and jennies, and thoroughbred horses.  Clay's letters to his wife Lucretia provide insight into the family's financial and emotional well being as well as on national and international affairs. These papers also provide vignettes into the life of Josephine Russell Erwin Clay and include letters sent to her first husband Eugene Erwin, passes allowing her and daughter Lula to travel through Union lines after the death of Erwin at Vicksburg, and letters of advice and consolation from Henry Clay's son John.   The Josephine Russell Erwin Clay papers also include a scrapbook which contains poems written to Josephine by admirers, newspaper clippings about Eugene Erwin, cut autograph signatures, campaign ribbons for Henry Clay, and a broadside.  A letter from Abraham Lincoln (1862) to John Clay which praises the memory of his father, Henry, is also included.  Subsequent letters written after Josephine's marriage to John M. Clay, sent to Josephine by Clay between 1866 and 1887 chronicle the couple's separations and are very informative about the workings of Ashland the farm and the thoroughbred racing circuit.  Also included in the collection is one of Henry Clay's farm ledgers (ca. 1839-1882) which contains entries and records on hemp breaking, corn cribbing, the acquisition, birth and death of horses and cattle, a record of mares serviced, and the sale of stock, etc. Container List Part I 1 1. DS.   Bond of Samuel Moore acknowledging 200 pound debt to William Meeke of  Fayette County, District of Kentucky, Rockland County, Virginia, April 9, 1788. 2 p. 1 2. DS.  Agreement between Commodore John Rodgers and H. Clay re: jack Ulysses and Jenny Calypso.  November 20, 1827.  Filing note in Clay's hand.  1 p. 1 3. ANS.  Anna Marie Thornton's receipt of payment from H. Clay for bay mare, Dutchess of Marlboro, gotten by Sir Archy, n.p., February, 1829.  Filing note in Clay's hand.  1 p. 1 4. ALS. Commodore [John] Rodgers to H. Clay, Aboard steamboat Huron, Cincinnati, April 24, 1829, 1. p. He is journeying to the new naval yard at Pensacola and encloses a certificate in relation to "the Jacks" in hopes that it will make them "more valuable to you." 1 5. ANS.  Note (in Henry Clay's hand) signed by George Lansdowne selling seven or eight year-old bay mare raised in Virginia with a star on her forehead said to have been got by Potomac to Clay, n.p., May 27, 1831. 1 6. ALS.  E[dwin Upshur] Berryman to H. Clay, New York, October 5, 1831. 3 p. Berryman has arranged to send Clay his horse Stamboul who, in spite of his appearance, has proven to be "a first rate stock horse."  His price is $2,000, although he suggests that he could possibly acquire for Clay Sir Lovel, a horse of much finer appearance for $3500.  Sir Lovel, who stands 16 hands high, "was got by Duroc the sire of Eclipse, & his dam Light Infantry the best blood of the country." 1 7. DS.  Agreement (in Clay's hand) between H. Clay, E. Berryman, and Buckner H. Payne selling the latter 1/3 interest in the imported horse Stamboul, November 17, 1831. 2 p. 1 8. ALS.  B[uckner]H. Payne to H. Clay, Mount Sterling, September 11, 1832. 1 p. Informs Clay that he is coming to Lexington and will bring Stamboul's stud registery. Reports that Stamboul has earned "four seasons of mares which have been taken away nearly fifteen hundred Dollars." 1 9. ALS.  B[uckner]. H. Payne to H. Clay, Mount Sterling, October 12, 1832. 3 p. Sends list of owners of 113 mares which Stamboul serviced during the season, at $25 each.  Stamboul's net income was $2,650.  Notes that Captain Henry Daniel has written an address for his constituents critical of President Andrew Jackson.  In his postscript he states that powerful Jacksonian  and state Senator Aquilla Young was immersed and has joined the Baptist Church and thus, "if he lives up to his profession. . . he can't be high fellow with them any longer." 1 10. ALS. E[dwin U.] Berryman to H. Clay, New York, October 30, 1832.  3 p. Reports on his tour through the eastern states and notes the "scarcity of Jackson men." States that we had "the largest Anti Jackson Meeting at Masonic Hall I have ever witnessed."  Wonders whether Ohio will stand by "her best friend."  Encloses the pedigree of the horse Kockani noting that "What ever arrangement or disposition you may make of him, will be perfectly satisfactory." 1 11. ALS. Isaac Cunningham to H. Clay, Clark County, Ky., Nov. 3, 1832. 1 p; James Clark to H. Clay, Winchester, Ky., November 3, 1832, 1 p. Letters of introduction for P.B. Hockaday. 1 12. ALS.  E[dmund] H. Pendleton to H. Clay, [American Hotel, Broadway, New York]., October 15, 1833, 1 p. Encloses a bill of sale from Grove and writes that "The expenses of the Sheep, which include those of a man going to Albany & returning thence to New York & back to Dutchess County are $17.75." 1 13. ALS.  Reuben Davis to R.D. Shepherd, Boston, November 14, 1833.  1 p. Receipt for Maltese jack asses. 1 14. ANS.  Receipt from E[dwin U.] Berryman and John H. Coster to H. Clay, August 29, 1834. 1 p. 1 15. ALS. B[uckner] H. Payne to H. Clay, Mt. Sterling, September 30, 1834, 1 p. Encloses list of stallion Stamboul's services and explains his notations.  Also provides explanation for two withdrawal entries. 1 16. ALS James Barbour to H. Clay, Barboursville, January 22, 1835. 1 p. Sends a handbill with the pedigree of his filly Allegrante.  Proclaims her to be "one of the finest ever seen," and proposes that Clay pay him $500 to share in the horse.  Offers to send the horse to Washington with a servant so Clay can examine her himself. 1 17. ALS. James Barbour to H. Clay, Barboursville, February 26, 1835, 1 p. Barbour informs Clay that he is sending a servant to Washington with Allegrante and notes, "I think you can't fail agreeing with me and the public generally that she is the finest filly you have seen." 1 18. ALS .  H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, March 4, 1835.  1 p. Congress has adjourned and Clay is returning home and bringing plants to Lucretia. Proud that John, who is not returning with him, settled his affairs with Mr. [Enoch C.] Wines. 1 19. AL. (signature clipped)  H. Clay to William D. Lewis, Ashland, August 25, 1835. 1 p.  Letter of introduction for John M. Clay who is returning from Princeton, Kentucky. 1 20. ANS. Daniel T. Patterson, to Henry Clay,  U.S. Ship Delaware, January 6, 1836, Countersigned by Clay, February 23, 1836.  1 p. Commodore Patterson's draft re: jack. 1 21. ALS.  R.D. Shepherd to H. Clay, Baltimore, January 6, 1836.  1 p. States that he did not intend to make any alteration in the "contract on the cattle."  Indicates that if he sees any "worthy" cattle, "no disposition shall be made of them until I know your wishes." 1 22. ALS.  R.D. Shepherd to H. Clay, Baltimore, January 21, 1836.  3 p. Quotes from a letter received from Captain Lindsey of the ship Unicorn that describes three Jacks and their Jennys that Lindsey purchased for Clay in Malta and has aboard his ship. 1 23. ALS.  John M. Clay to Mrs. Henry Clay (Lucretia), Edgehill, January 30, 1836.  2 p. Family letter in which John refers to the effect of his "poor" sister's death on the family.  Letter mutilated. 1 24. ALS.  Daniel T. Patterson, Norfolk, February 25, 1836, 2 p. Announces that upon Clay's request he has procured a jack in Majorca, a place where the breed is "more esteemed in the Mediterranean than the Malta. . . and are higher priced."   He has housed the jack in Norfolk and awaits Clay's instructions for disposition of the animal.  He also adds that he would like to retain a half interest in the jack. 1 25. ALS.  Rezin D. Shepherd to H. Clay, Baltimore, March 15, 1836. 1 p. Informs Clay that he can do as he pleases with the Broken Horn Cow which he presumes is now in calf to Orozimbo.  Takes recognition of Clay's decision to take half interest in the six asses imported via the ship Unicorn "at the rate of 3000$ for the whole or 1500$ for the half." 1 26. ALS.  Daniel T. Patterson, Norfolk, March 16, 1836.  2 p. Informs Clay that he has shipped the jack to [Henry] Thompson in Baltimore.  While he is a fine jack, his appearance is wanting because of the cold weather and his passage.  Asks Clay if he would like him to procure additional jacks. 1 27. ADS. A.C. Rodes.  April 6, 1836.  1 p. Jack license. 1 28. ALS.  Rezin D. Shepherd to H. Clay, Baltimore, May 5, 1836.   1 p. Offers Clay immediate possession of two thoroughbred mares and of a stallion named Derby in a month's time.  Requests that Clay send him descriptions of livestock he has purchased previously so that he can provide him with their pedigrees. 1 29. ALS.  Rezin D. Shepherd to H. Clay, Baltimore, May 12, 1836.  3 p. Provides Clay with the pedigree of thoroughbred stallion Derby.  Promises to send pedigree of English mare.  Indicates that he is closing his business in Shepherdstown, Virginia (W.Va.) and invites Clay to visit him at his "humble abode" in Baltimore. 1 30. ALS.  Rezin D. Shepherd to H. Clay, Baltimore, July 26, 1836.   Shepherd authorizes Clay to sell any of the stock he has sent to Clay and suggests that he will be sending Derby to Clay along with other stock destined for Kentucky in the fall. 1 31. ALS.  R. Beasley to H. Clay, Le Havre, France, January 8, 1837.  3 p. Beasley, American Consul at Le Havre, sends Clay certificates for two jacks and six jennies which have "arrived here in good condition" and that they will be sent to Clay via the American ship New Orleans.  Notes that the recent attempt on King Louis Phillipe's life will strengthen the French government and that President Andrew Jackson's recent message was well-received in France and England. 1 32. ALS.  R. Beasley to H. Clay, Le Havre, France, January 18, 1837.  2 p. Writes that "seven Jannetts & two Jacks" shipped out on the American ship New Orleans on January 14th for Clay in care of Mr. [Rezin] D. Shepherd and that they are insured against all risks at thirteen percent. 1 33. ALS.  R. Beasley to H. Clay, Le Havre, France, May 16, 1837.  4 p. Beasley writes of European politics and business.  Notes that "Commercial embarrassment seems to have fallen like an avalanche over our Country."  Regrets learning that three of the asses he sent Clay were lost in passage and promises to credit the loss and remit the amount to Baring Brothers and Company in the name of Henry Clay, Jr. 1 34. ALS. B.H. Payne to H. Clay, Mt. Sterling, November 23, 1837.   2 p. Details the accounts he has kept on the stud services for the horse Stamboul.  He will forward the information on Stamboul to Clay after he reaches his Louisiana plantation.  Says that Clay is welcome to "have the service of the horse, to any number of mares." 1 35. ALS.  H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, February 12, 1840. 2 p. Clay, who has moved to another residence and now lives with Mrs. [E.S.] Arguelles, sends vegetable seeds. Notes that the suit between the [James] Brown estate and Kean [Richard R. Keene] has been argued by [John J.] Crittenden. 1 36. ALS.  H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, February 18, 1840.  1 p. Clay worries about Henry Clay Jr.'s "continued indisposition" caused by the death of his wife Julia during childbirth. (lines excised from middle portion of letter)   1 37. ALS.  H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, March 6, 1840. 3 p. Clay re-visits his Hanover, Virginia birthplace for the first time in forty years and provides description of visit.  Sends bank drafts to Lucretia who is to take care of some of his financial affairs. Asks Lucretia to console Henry Clay Jr. should he come to Ashland. 1 38. ALS.  H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, April 2, 1840.  2 p. Writes of financial affairs.  Hopes that Henry Clay Jr.'s trip to New Orleans will improve his health and spirits.  Mentions the possibility of war with Great Britain and notes, "I hope and believe that there will be no war but things look a little squally" (This is a reference to the Aroostook War in Maine, 1839-1840). 1 39. ALS.  H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, April 12, 1840.  2 p. Clay reiterates that he does not expect war with Great Britain as he awaits news via the steamship The Great Western. Relates details of the Russian Minister's (Count Alexandre de Bodisco) marriage to a young woman (Harriet Williams) of Georgetown, D.C. 1 40. ALS.  H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, April 25, 1840.  1 p. Writes that Henry, Jr., who is going to Philadelphia for a few days, is in bad spirits.  Clay will be traveling to Judge (Francis T.) Brooke's Virigina estate. Notes that five or six members of the Virginia legislature are enjoined in the Whig cause including one [Charles Thompson] from his old native county.  He yearns to return to Ashland. 1 41. ALS.  John M. Clay to Mrs. L. Clay, Washington, May 27, 1841 (franked in H. Clay's hand).  2 p. Discusses derailment of their passenger train between Frederick and Baltimore after it ran over a bull. They (John and father Henry) will be staying in Washington at Mrs. Bowen's. 1 42. ALS. H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, June 6, 1841.  2 p. Reports that John's  (John Morrison Clay) health is improving.  He is attempting to send Lucretia some plants and flowers from her list and hopes that she will get them if the river is not low at Wheeling.  Asks her to tell Thomas Hart Clay and James Brown Clay that James Erwin thinks that bagging and rope will be high and that they should not be in a hurry to contract for any.  Closes with "I suppose James now believes Banjo Bill to be a first rate horse." 1 43. ADS.  Josiah Downing and Peter Gatewood, n.p., July 12, 1841. 1 p. Downing as agent for Henry Clay enters into an agreement with Peter Gatewood to breed four mares to Monarch, the produce to be divided equally between Clay and Gatewood when the animals reach the age of one year. 1 44. ANS.  M.B.R. Williams to Cyrus Downing, n.p., October 9, 1841. 1 p. (includes hair from Monarch). Requests that Downing send him "Mr. Wm Stewarts Sorrel Archy mare and colt by the bearer of this Mr. James Perry" 1 45. ALS. H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Natchez, Miss., December 9, 1842.  2 p. Clay is not well and is fatigued by his voyage down the Mississippi.  Although met by enthusiastic crowds along the journey, because of his current state, they failed to excite him.  He notes that, "I have found the depression in every department of business, and the reduction of prices of every thing greater than I anticipated."  Clay relates that he has been unsuccessful in contracting for the sale of bagging and rope.  Thus, he states, "I lament that I see no alternative but the sale of Thomas' (Thomas Hart Clay) property as was understood before I left home." 1 46. ALS. W[ade] Hampton to H. Clay, Millwood, (S.C.), June 3, 1845. 1 p.  Presents Clay with "Magaret Wood, the Bay Filly you saw in my stables, by Priam out of Maria West."  Claims that she is of little value to him.  Explains that she was foaled in 1840 and won the Trial Stakes in Nashville as a 3 year old.   Describes her as "a very promising filly, but. . . she was utterly ruined by the Trip."  She may be in foal to Herald. 1 47. Typescript.  Charles W. Morgan to John M. Clay, Naval Asylum near Philadelphia, February 22, 1846. 1 p. Instructs John that his horse Yorkshire is now in the hands of his nephew Charles W. Fleming near Flemingsburg who has been directed to send him to Ashland.  He notes further that "York-is of the best racing blood and his fine, bone and muscle, fit him admirably as a stock horse.  He is imported by R D Shepherd Esquire with whom your father is well acquainted."  Explains further that his nephew does not know what to do with such a fine horse and that Morgan had determined long ago to send him to John's father. 1 48. ALS. Daniel Morgan to J.M. Clay, at home, April 15, 1846, 2 p. Having difficulty locating pedigree.  Discusses Yorkshire's virtues as a horse. 1 49. ANS.  R[ichard] Pindell's note announcing sale of white Bull Rover to H. Clay, n.d., n.p.  1 p. 1 50. ALS. Isaac Owen to H. Clay, Sacramento, California,  September 11, 1850, 1 p. Letter of condolence re: Clay's grandson Henry Clay Duralde who drowned in the Sacramento River.  Letter mutilated. 1 51. ANS.  H. Bush to H. Clay, Lexington, September 17 and October 21, 185_.  1 p. Receipt for 6 green house sashes and coffin for black girl. 1 52. ALS.  N[athan] Sargent to Frederick Billings, Washington, March 13, 1851. 1 p. Letter of introduction for Eugene Erwin.  Sargent writes "Be kind enough to make Mr. Erwin acquainted with some of the prominent gentlemen of your city." 1 53. ALS.  James B. Clay to John J. Clay, near St. Louis, July 28, 1851.  1 p. Agrees to sell slave Sol to James for $400.00.  Regrets that Henry Clay is in poor health. 1 54. DS.  Printed Broadside with pedigree of White Bull Rover (owned by H. Clay), et al. annotated by Isaac Shelby, ca. October 11, 1851. 1 55. DS.  Isaac Shelby to H. Clay, n.p., October 11, 1851. 1 p. Isaac Shelby's bill of sale for heifer Amanda. 1 56. D.  Copy of Henry Clay's will, November 14, 1851.  10 p. 1 57. ALS. H. Clay to John M. Clay, Washington, December 3, 1851. 1 p. Has received John's letter which includes a copy of a missive from Mr. [Jared] Dawson.  "He has made two wrong charges against me," writes Clay, "one of $250 which I never I think recd. And the other a charge of commissions on money not yet collected."  Asks John to take care of his letter.  Writes that his health is not improving although he attended the Senate on the first day. 1 58. AL. H. Clay to John M. Clay, Washington, January 20, 1852.  1 p. Clay writes, "I think you would do well to employ a working overseer the man you have in view.  I don't see how you do without one.  Why don't you employ hands to help E. Watkins at your stable?"  Sends John a check for $750.00.  Signature clipped. 1 59. ALS (dictated and signed by Clay). H. Clay to John M. Clay, Washington, February 28, 1852.  3. p.  Reports that "neither the physicians nor I know what is to be the ultimate issue of my present illness."  He is eating enough to sustain life, but cannot sleep at night without an opiate.  Jokes that he has "nearly emptied an apothecary's shop."  He does not want company and often denies the wishes of strangers to visit him.  Glad to hear that Zenobia and Heraldry are in foal. 1 60. DS.  Lucretia Clay to John M. Clay, Ashland, November 23, 1852. Attested by J.V. Harrison.  1 p. Deed signed by Lucretia Clay giving John half the blooded stock of Magnolia and other horses. 1 61. ADS. James F. Allen to James M. Clay, Harrison Co., Ky., July 18, 1853. Bill of sale for Negro boy. 1 62. DS.  J. V. Harrison.  September 4, 1854. 1 p. Instructions on financial interests emanating from the sale of Ashland. 1 63. ALS.  James B. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Ashland, September 19, 1856.  2 p. Thanks her for her testimony in the newspaper affirming James' affection for his parents. 1 64. ALS.  William McCalla to Josephine Russell, n.p., June 26, 1857.  1 p. Sends her powders (medicine) to cure an affliction. 1 65. ANS.  Isaac Shelby to John M. Clay, Lexington, Kentucky, June 16, 1862, 1 p. 1 66. ALS. W[illiam] M. Mercer to John M. Clay, Locust Hill, November 25, ____.  3 p. Dr. Mercer apologizes for returning home early but needed to go because he learned that the water level on the Ohio River was falling. 1 67. ALS. W. H. Mercer to John M. Clay, New Orleans, Dec. 7, _____. 1 p. Discusses pedigree of Clay's mare Flounce.  States that "brood mares ought not be very fat, certainly not till they become enciente.  You may therefore injure your animal by too much care." 1 68. AD  Notes re:  Clay horses 3 p. Notes and pedigrees of Josephine Clay's horses including Yorkshire and Glendy (purchased by August Belmont). 1 69. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Erwin, Ashland, December 27, 1863.  2 p. John writes, "This evil war has brought great distress and suffering to the whole county and although yours have not been the least, still you ought not to forget that you have  sacred duties to perform towards your little children, nor abandon yourself to grief and despair." 1 70. ALS.  James B. Clay to Josephine Erwin, Ashland, August 26, 1864.  2 p. Clay pledges to continue work on legacy of Josephine's children and he attempts to console her during "her time of distress and affliction."  Signs as her "affect. Uncle" and says, "do let us continue to correspond frequently." 1 71. ALS.  George B. Slaughter to Josephine Erwin, St. Louis, July 6, 1865.   2 p. Informs Josephine that she has until November first to "redeem your lands (in Missouri) if they have been sold for taxes, by paying costs & 15 pr. Ct.  I advise you to pay the taxes at once." 1 72. ALS.  James B. Clay to Josephine Clay, San Nicholes Hotel, n.d., 1 p. Has been ill, will arrive at Saratoga tomorrow.  Letter written on the back of broadside which reads:  "First Regular Meeting of the Joint Stock Laclede Association for the Improvement of the Blood Horse.  Capital $150,000, St. Louis, Mo., 1866." 1 73. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Woodlawn Race Course (Nashville), May 23, 1867.  4 p. John found all of the horses safe and sound Victory does not exhibit the lameness which he did at home will give Gilroy, Victory, and Planet some work tomorrow.  Stayed in Louisville previous night and saw "The McDowells & Susan & family." 1 74. Anniversary invitation, July 8, 1867, with original envelope. "Paper Wedding. Mr. & Mrs. Clay at home. . ." 1 75. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Cincinnati, September 20, 1867.  2 p. Horses arrived safely including Rivoli, Plantagenet, and Banshee.  Discusses racing schedule and says he is due to arrive in St. Louis tomorrow evening. 1 76. Telegram.  John M. Clay to Mrs. John Clay, St. Louis, September 30, 1867.  1p. Plantagenet wins second gallop.  1 77. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Buckeye Race Course, Cincinnati, May 22, (1868).  3 p. Victory and Peter had a good workout and John expects to run them next week.  Regarding a jockey he says, "I cannot say yet if I want Davy to come or not.  His mother I paid $20 at the Cov. Depot at leaving & she seemed to think a months' wage extra was a little thing for Vic's race & thought I ought to make him a handsome present.  She is pretty greedy."  Doesn't believe he can get "$3,000 for Victory until he runs here, let alone $5,000." 1 78. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, n.p. (Cincinnati), May 24, 1868.  3 p. Vic (Victory) is the favorite versus the field in the pools.  He is doing well.  Billy Moran, who is reducing to ride him, exercised him this morning at 110 pounds and said, "He could have run a half mile in shoes in the 40s."  1 79. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, n.p. (Cincinnati), May 25, 1868.  2 p. Provides instructions for exercising Gilroy and Black Sal asks Josephine to have the track harrowed before they run.  Reports on Victory's race:  "He won easily in 144 ¾ 145 ½--he started at 21 yards behind first heat & Bob who rode him said he could have run faster the 2d than 1st heat.  I was offered $5,000 for him after the race, but think him worth $10,000 if sound." 1 80. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, BC, May 26, 1868.  2 p. "Peter got a wretched start and was beaten easily placed 6th.  I think much better of him than before the race considering the blacksmith had cut away all his hoofs nearly as bad as Gilroy." 1 81. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Buckeye C., May 28, 1868.  2 p. "The race is over for Victory.  He won easily, never extended, in the mud."  Provides instructions for the care of crops and the horses. 1 82. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Buckeye Course, May 30, 1868.  4 p. Will run Peter again, who finished only "a throat latch behind Saratoga" yesterday, even though "he looks weak, feeble, emaciated, & debilitated."  John has priced Victory at $10,000.  Provided he doesn't sell Victory,  he may send Patterson with Victory, Peter and Gilroy to Chicago "with a distinct understanding that the day he begins to drink, I take the horses out of his charge." 1 83. ALS.  Thomas Bacon to "Clay", Edgefield C.H., South Carolina, February 14, 1870. 4 p. Requests that Clay assist him in settling a breeding dispute he has with Abe Buford. 1 84. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Woodlawn Race Course (Nashville), Monday Evening, (1870), 1 p. Arrived here late because of broken steam engine.  "Sally entered to run tomorrow against Sue Morrissey, Victory runs vx. Crossland & in the Dash 2 miles.  Five horses entered in each race." 1 85. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House, Nashville, September 29, 1870.  1 p. Clay has arrived in Nashville and has given Sauce Box a workout at the track.  Reports that Aneroid is amiss and that he probably will not "make a good race here."  Buford's horses," he adds, "are turned out so that S.B. will not meet Hollywood I guess the sister to Bonita will be the hardest to beat, but too soon to form an opinion.  The track & stables here are very poor & barely fit for stabling and running." 1 86. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 3, 1870.  4 p. Haunted by memory of burning stable.  Reports on progress of mare Sauce Box and owners who are attending meet.  Provides instructions on tasks to be accomplished on the farm. 1 87. ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 6, 1870. 3 p. Attended fair and acted as a judge. 1 88. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 7, 1870. Reports on his activities at the track.  "Sauce Box is looking well, but I have not worked her strong here.  She gallops 2 miles every day & today went the last half in 54 ½." 1 89. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Woodlawn Race Course (Nashville), 1 pm, October 7, (1870), 2 p. He is running Sally, but she is becoming lamer.  He complains that "I am plenty tired of this place & plenty sorry I came to it." 1 90. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 9, 1870, 4 p. Reports on his visit to church.  Invited to dine "with Col. Woods, whose cousin Margaret Woods was named after and who has a daughter named Georgia Woods."  Discusses Sauce Box's workouts. 1 91. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 11, 1870, 4 p. Relates that Sauce Box won the G.A. Stakes.  Provides instructions on hemp, potato, and corn crops and on improvements to be made at Ashland. 1 92. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 14, 1870.  2 p. Taking Sauce Box to Memphis "having a good chance there to win."  Acknowledges death of Jack.  Sorry you have no cook and washer." 1 93. ALS.  John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Ma