coniplishment greater than any other general had
attained. And in the campagn of 1S64-65 he
conducted the military operations of the Army of
the Potomac, though he did not dictate the
policy. Grant himself declared later in his official
report of July 22, 1865, that, while he commanded
all the armies, he had tried, as far as possible,
to leave General Meade in independent command
of the Army of the Potomac. " My instructions
for that army," he said, "were all through him
and were general in their nature, leaving all the
details and execution to him."  He directed the
general operations, but Meade directed mainly the
movements of the several corps and under him
fought the battles. Yet undoubtedly Grant was
the master spirit and the abler soldier.
  Mr. Lincoln had some time before reached the
conclusion, as most other t;hinking men had,
that so long as Lee's army remained in the field,
commanded by Lee, the South could not be sub-
jugated. And in this view General Grant wholly
concurred. The destruction of Lee's army, there-
fore, became the avowed object of both Lincoln
and Grant. The method was simple in concep-
tion--to give man for man-or, if that would not
accomplish the object, to give two men for one till
 Humphreys' "Virginia Campaign of 1864 and 1865," p. 6.