xt7d513ttz43 https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7d513ttz43/data/mets.xml Lexington, Kentucky (Fayette County) University of Kentucky Alumni Association 1968 v. : ill. ; 28 cm. Quarterly, Publication suspended 1922 and resumed with v. 1, no. 1 (May 1929); v. 5, no. 9 (May 1933) not published; issues for v. 37, no. 2-v. 40, no. 1 (spring 1966-spring 1969) incorrectly numbered as v. 38, no. 2-v. 43, no. 1; v. 40 (1969) complete in 3 no. journals  English [Lexington, Ky. : University of Kentucky Alumni Association, Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky alumnus University of Kentucky. Kentucky alumni 2002- Kentucky alumnus monthly Kentucky alumnus, vol. 02, no. 39, 1968 text Kentucky alumnus, vol. 02, no. 39, 1968 1968 2012 true xt7d513ttz43 section xt7d513ttz43 me Yéwziméy  
               S¤&"1 J   

E il
1 i When we seek the purpose of o university, definition
    shodes from thot of o freshmon goining the speciolized
    knowledge ond precision to become o fine phormocist
  · to thot of o president striving to moke his institution
  l pre-eminent cimong its sister schools.
  l This vost orc of purpose is whot is here explored—on Edu
  i explorotion os exciting to the present educoted mind os W-
  i wos the explorotion of Doniel Boone to the future—see- Mar
T T ing, donger—courting people of his dGy_ JAY
    Thus now the purpose of o university——by new routes ig"'
6 Z` . . A
i   over newly-seen mountoins of problems——remoins es- Gm,
    sentiolly thot which initiolly ignited the minds of those Th.,
i   who brought the universities into being. Ass
    — The triongle purpose of the University of Kentucky Em']
  l -teoching, reseorch ond service to the Commonweolth _
· F . . JH
, é   —is now re—torgeted only to meet the chonging needs, A
  _ ond provide leodership for, the chonging domestic so- ARS
  ; ciety ond the chonging world.
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Sprmg 1968 Volum Issue 2   .
The Kentucky Alumnus is published quarterly by the University of Kentucky Q
Alumni Association and is issued to all alumni and friends who are active members of Y
the Association. V
W   2 T
1 l e
lt Advancing Space Research ...................................................,........ 2    
n Karl O. Lange   {
UK’s World-Wide Faculty .............................................................. 6    
12 ·   I.
Q  dsl ARDERY The University’s Purpose ................................................................ 7   g
_ _ Paul C. Nagel    
2_ Managing Editor George W. Crmym ·  
. . IC S {
3 Alumni News Editor Iohn W_ Oswald  
“S ADA D. Rrzrsono 1 h R ?`
§S_ hh D _ Ado p upp p
Cmp ’° wg" Sports Medicine ................................................................................ 19
$9 Thomas E. Clark, ]r. `
    Tll€ N€\\’ DISEQISGS ........................................................................ 2l ` _
ky Elwngrigilggrxl-ER Religion on the Campus ........................................................,....... 30
ll`l"\ ., Alumni Going Forward .................................................................. 32
js: Viee Preeidene Club Notes ........................................................................................ 45
SO- Vim JOE F‘ MORRIS About the Alumni ....................,....................................................... 45 _·
rirss HELEN G. Kino  
Director of , _ _ _ _ _ _
Azam Affairs md 5;*;;:1.,212g22.$**::**2;::..;€.,£?‘;2;2..§;L:;·zzzs2F   ""·’**   "·"e*·°“· See
THE COVER; The fire-flight of a
ocket, bearing the hallmark of the l
Venner—Gren Laboratory, carries *
vith it the Unioersity’s forward-
ltinlcing belief in better teaching,
·roader services to the people of Ken-
ucky and research which will com-
iand world-wide recognition.

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ter’s “ma,
Big Ears, one of Dr. Lange’s cooperating chirnpanzees at the Wenner-Cr·en I.aInn·atorii·.s·, aeee;·•~ oeloperli
delicacy from the boss. Universit
process is
· masks. It
animal si
search in
By Karl O. Lange, Professor of Mechanical Engineering Sequence
K and Director of the \l`enner· Gren eleronautical Ceived li
Research Laboratory g¥`¤¤tS t0
the biolo
Double Ugly, Big. Ears, Pale Face and Little ]oe from a cute tour year old chimp, into a big. uglw The {O
were the names of some extraordinary students at ape, who seems to resent his tormer teaclieiw labomtm-
U.K. in 1959. President Dickey decided against recom- who obviously is frustrated about being show. cells—arc
mending official graduation for them, since their famous Space Monkey iu a National Zoo. lle. .i— monkgye
course work had missed freshman English and failed U.K. classmates. had been ipialificd as a space me only two
in other ways to conform to academic standards. hut never got to fly in a real space vehicle. .\ltl. expeditm
Nevertheless, they established quite a reputation for kept on a strict diet, they all outgrcw the i at compa
their Alma Mater after the left Lcxinvton bv s iccial weight allowance for chim iauxees iu the \l·t on the h
Y U . I e I
plane for graduate work in New Mexico, where a new Space Program hy the time the tirst manned recite It used ti
division of the Aeros ace Medical Research Labora- ready to vo. Instead. they had to serve as niotet for the c
4 5 . l
tories had been established for them at thc U.S. Air for younger and lighter monkeys, who, like S;\\l No such
~ Force Missile Development Center near Alamogordo. IIAXL got the opportunity to apply their lea Slmply st
‘ I visited Pale Face there, not long ago, and was right during space rides in the Xiercury capsule. dofmiforj
. disappointed, when at sight of mc, he threw a tantrum. \Vhat Pale Face does not know and (l()<`$llil l=1b<>rator
Started spitting (with unfortunate accuracy) and about is that his instriictors~notably Dr. l"o£v B€$id<‘
lOLldly [)fOCl£liITlCd his rage at not being able to lay (llark, tlicn Assistant l’rott·ssor of Psycliology all hm-ISGS it
his paws on me. I had stayed a fairly safe distance —rcecived considerable credit for developina llt gmvlw 5
away from him, because by now Big Ears has grown terdisciplinary methods and teelmiques hy it bam as
V 2

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Above is seen a result o Dr. I,aIIge’s and Dr. Car- .... I
t , .. . ., I H I lc I Nd . I de Two whzte rats m a sprral centrrfuge are at earth I
ers I7ll1))lll" o Ie IIIIIIan (l(`(?—(l * , IIII IC - . . . . I
ll *` , q gracny toward the center. Wzth. the centrifuge m  
rI~I·I~•» uelopcd IH the course of aerospace (’I])CT'lII1Clll`S‘ at the r , _ _ II
_ , , _ , opcratron they 1.L‘lll be thrown outward to determzne I
Unwersity of f\(’Illll(`l{I/ aerospace laboratorzes. Thzs , , , ,  
_· _ · , reactmns to the lugh graczty such as wzll be found on I
process zs valuable III fittzng crash lI(’lIll£’lS and oxygen . V , . I
_ _ , , 3 _ lupiter and other larger planets. VK hzte rats are used I
masks. It IS currently also l)('I7l,Q userl III an InterdIscI- . . ’ .
. . . . In C’X])C’I‘lI7"l€’Ill'S because they are more photogemc than
plmary research proIect at the School of Dentzstry. H _
E I aclt rats.
animal subjects can be trained and used in space re- medium sized monkeys, goats, hogs, calves and brown
search in a llll1IlllL’I' which adds a wealth of behavioral bears. They are all housed and cared for under strict
information to physiological Ineasurements. As a con- humanitarian rules, which also govern all experimen-
sequence the \\`enner-Gren Laboratory has since re- tation.
ceived numerous substantial Federal contracts and These ammals are used ln blerneennnles lnVeSrlga'
. · · . · I _ ‘ -
grants for research which coyers the realms of both hens rn “nren the ll enner Gren Aerenenrleel ne
the bjO]OgjCa] and Cnginctxring SCiCHCCS_ search Laboratory has been engaged continuously for
ig. uill The former chimpanzee quarters in the Rose Street snrne 12 wears nO“'· The goal Or these Srlldles ls to I
‘1l(`llt‘l`\ laboratory l)llll(llIlg—OI`lglll2lll}' aircraft engine test ¤‘<><><*5S Or eleerlelr The Srlldles Started Wlth a  
·tl roclui lt \1Sed to take f()llI' men to make a young chimp start Peenlnlr Prebleln Allllnllgll rlle famous rocket Sled  
is protoi {OI the class room whenever he did not feel like it. rlrles Or Celenel Srnpp lllld sl‘°“’“ that men can \Y1rh` I
IW 5-\\l NO such trouble with the little monkeys, they are Stund emsll rleeelernrlens er nl) re en g· repellllve  
iI·iI· Im Simply strapped into their little plastic Chai; in the loads of less than 3 g. caused by the buflretmg ot
|I·_ d0i`mlf0r)’ and then carried_ chair- and ;ill_ to their Supersonic airplanes flying through turbulent Sur,
dm.,,l`I _ laboratory SpiiC€_ could not be tolerated by pilots, nor could astronauts
)]._ Iraqi Besides tho mOnki»yS_ thc Huiulnl mom uSlm].]y be expected to survive certain longitudinal vibrations
mm`- IIII h0L1S€S 21 few hundred experimental white rats fO1' nl <‘¤rlv reelrelr
ming III gravity $lUCll£‘S, and other animals on a temporary Special scientific equipment Was developed \\'h1Ch
.e by II` basis HS the test protocols prescribe; {nice; mbbitg_ recreates the conditions of extreme aircraft and space-
3 I

  , .\.    V
¥   craft action 111 the Laboratories of the Vibration and While the phase of research just described (leg _
L i Impact Section of the Aerospace Medical Research with high force inputs into the body, another prey, longer W
  ,, . Division at Wright Field, Ohio. Air Force personnel is concerned with the opposite extreme: the effects; deslgrt an
    j volunteered to serve as test subjects, and research no force, not even weight, on Earthman. ln orbit ii; mptemshz
      personnel of the U.K. College of Engineering was en- when coasting along in the cosmos, the inhabitants Salilmry
    ·   trusted with the conduct of many of the vibration space ships escape from the gravity pull of the Ein quired fc
i   = t _ . . . . I _ Earth ant
· { Q experiments on humans. Tolerance curves, determined until practically no unbalanced force acts on th. th _
  at that time by U.K. research engineers, especially body; they go into the state of weightlessness. (yu Hiehanmif
    g T. D. Sharp and V. C. Currens, in cooperation with astronauts and the cosmonauts have experienced ti bg]? WI1
    ` flight surgeons at \¢Vright Field, still form the accepted condition for short periods of time with no lasti- I? Hip;
      standard of a man’s ability to resist the various fre- detrimental effects. The question is asked, hower, t e lg tl
      quencies and intensities of buffeting. what will happen on journeys of long duration. E
  jj V The early experiments established also that certain dence gathered from the space tfavellers and fit
i   repetitive force inputs into the human body are likely people, exposed to simulated conditions on Ear .
    . to cause damage to definite body components, which indicates that the body attempts to adapt to  
  `§'_ in turn becomes responsible for the deterioration of weightless situation: bones decalcify, cardiovascd l
    such individual functions as vision, ability to orient in activity tries to make sense out of not having to pu; ·
    space, piloting performance, heart action and respir- blood against a gravitational pull, body rhythms it \
    atory function. It became clear that an analog model or may not become disordered. Moreover, upon; ~ _`
  S of the human body as a mass-spring—damper system turn from long space trips,how will the body rt; A
    had to be created by determining the parameters under to the sudden retum of weight? Such evidence si; i`
 $   tolerable test conditions and extrapolating into the available suggests that it might be safer to crt.
 " g hazardous regions by computation rather than by artificial gravity in the space vehicle rather than
 .   test. expose man to weightlessness for long periods. Crm: _
 —;   T. D. Sharp and his co-workers had, by this time, of less than Earth's gravity can not be produced
  ia, developed a unique electro-hydraulic shake facility at the surface of the Earth for any length of time.?
    the Wenner-Gren Laboratory, so that the research gravity like forces of more than Earth’s gravity car. A t
il ji could be continued in Lexington. Dr. Fred Zechman obtained through centrifugation, and, centrifugat Comfjrzf
    of the Department of Physiology and Biophysics used can be superimposed on weightlessness, thus creat. egects O
tg   T it for studies of the mechanical properties of the artificial gravity of chosen magnitude. How much rs Shaking]
;_ ij . human respiratory system, and a string of Masters’ be needed to maintain space travellers in good it Studen;
    theses in Mechanical and Electrical Engineering pro- sical condition? And if this were known, should it ' _
    duced other information on which a tentative mathe- administered in a small, fast—rotating centrifuge thong P
  j ` matical model of the human body is based. It stipu- must it be a large slow—rotating arrangement? ° Vcfgl
 j l lates, in very much over simplified terms, that man can perience with man and beast on earthbound eek undef th'
 it   not withstand mechanical vibration at five cycles per fuges has shown that motion sickness ensues, at l: cxpofed
 . l second in the sitting attitude, or, seven cps in the until the organism acclimates to the constant rotnlt gravity {
 {   astronauts launch attitude. and to the sensory stimulation resulting from met gmvlm l
 g   As expected, computation of the reaction of the relative to the rotating environment. Could it bell a comisl
 z _‘.· l. human body to extreme mechanical loads, turned out this possible cure for weightlessness is worse ti Out that
    to be complex. It is still necessary to gather additional weightlessness in its effects on man? mngeme
    experimental data for refinement of the analog, not The NASA has extended substantial grants tot Igmalgy
    only for the benefit of pilots and astronauts, but for University for animal research which might prot mcg; si,
    H¤Y0l1€ V\tl10 might become exposed to extreme me- some answers to the questions. Animals, ratlwf ll a mc]? ;
tg.   chanical input in traffic or in industry. It is for this people, are used, because it costs less to put them iT Cem _f€
    I`€3.SOI1 that DI'.   E. KI‘3.\1S€ C3.1'1'l€S 011 experimental space {Oy long duration, and morggvgr, hardware, W   H ug
  g research at the Wenner-C-ren Laboratory with readily which it can be done, is available new, -S€COn
A     _ available animals rather than with human subjects. Rats were selected because they are generHll}'· ie?-g a
.     The brown bear appears to be particularly suitable, cepted test animals, and monkeys because th€)' ll? {$0516 Vi;
    because he has about the same mass and mass distri— the dexterity to operate complicated control €Q’¢ rock ,
    bution as man, and walks upright. However, that is ment,in much the same body positions, man will tamet U
  §* about the only good thing that can be said for the likely to assume in space. Wg
  l. l bear as 3 test Sublectl The goal is to observe such animals for a m0¤llF  avlty
 Lg;  V `  
  ii ~
    t 4
  ;* i
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 fdpgii longer while in an orbital centrifuge. This. €Ht3ilS showed that the two rats, one released at high g, the     I
{tcm; design and operation of a biosatelhte with its Own other at low g, proceeded from both sides of the i t,
trbit at Ieptenishable atmosphere, food and drink storage, gravity range toward Earth gravity. The telemetered 2 T  
timmt sanrtary facilities, and- all the instrumentation re- data of this {iight are still in the process of analysis  
tw Em qnn-ed for communication between the 0bS€r\t€r Ion and three more rocket flights are scheduled to be con- ,  
Earth and the subjects in Orbit and for telemonitering ducted during jggg It is only than that Conclusions V $
on thi the animal’s behavior and biological function. Such can be drawn, and, it is of course gnly then that l l  
Csitlt {lights will be costly and their number must therefore definite plans for ggt€]]jt€,Hightg canybg made i t l i  
  be kept to H ml¤lmUm· To assum maximal? T€$Uli$ This method of gravity study gives little informa- , i  
how`, the flights arf? PY€€€d€d by Years of PY€PaY¤t¤0¤- tion on the relative importance of gravity versus   l  
tion.   .--1.    ag; rotation. Other, more sophisticated techniques serve  '  
md tm   K · ’ \ ‘ 4   this purpose. Under Dr. D. McCoy’s direction rats as    
m Em t t   ‘!·r&»`   _  jg  ‘ well as monkeys are taught to change gravity through     _
H to t ‘ _" · . _ . the operation of levers in the capsule of a special    
iomsut ~ — ` vte - centrifuge, the rate of rotation of which is variable and { `  
Ito Pm ~  _ "" — _ programmable. Both animal species have demon-  ,    
ihms Ht _ - ` I · . strated through lever pressing that they wish to escape     t
upon I __; ittt A ·· _ from and ayoid the onset of high rates of rotation and   j  
Od), Nt  _, si,   correspondingly high gravities. Other experimental   Q i
mcg at xg    t ·· designs serve to measure the subject’s ability to dis- E l  
to Cm _ - ·   ·· » criminate increments of gravity and adaptation to      
gr than { ·   -;~  q t  A t N extraterrestrial gravities.  i    
is. Cm ,’.•__5,; x   tttt t a  t  ` These investigations will be continued and ex-  ,   to 
Oduccd ‘   _ U I _,·   · r_  \ panded with the help of a new installation, which is t Q 
time-t   ‘_ ·  I unique in the world, namely a dynamic centrifuge ‘ t  
mv can · t system of 50-ft diameter. It is at present under con-  
mifum ° A Student at llf€a'laV‘G"aa·’ lab0TaY0Tl€$ ll€$ all- struction in a new 70 ft. x 90ft free-span building next V  
°,, Camfartably on a lsllaka tablai designed to test The to the original \Venner-Cren building. This electro- ~’E
us C1-fla; 8#€CtS of Uff)f`(lffOl'lr Oil HIE fl1l77lU7l   11/IICIIV HIC hydraulic accglgrgtor givin Subj€Ct·t·“wO capsules {O a    
giozcd   shaking grows extreme a hog is substituted for the wide range of simulated gravities either by variation  
houtd it Student of angular velocity, or, by variation of radius, or, by  
lmtugt, One phase of the AeroLabs gravity research is on both simultaneously. It will allow to program gravity, pl t
gmcnét the verge of being ready for orbital tests. Largely rate of gravity change and Coriolis acceleration by if  
und Ct,. under the direction of A. B. Broadersoirrats have been strict control of angular acceleration and radial velo i j
ues, at tt exposed for almost four years to parabolic and spiral city. The centrifuge is under control of a closed loop    
mt rmt gravity fields, in which the subject can choose that IBM 1800/system process controller through digital I   {
mm mot gravity, which suits him best, simply by locoruoting to and analog inputs and outputs, and can be `pro— l Q
d it bet 3 corresponding location on the centrifuge. It turned g1'3mm€d to l&k€ €Omm9~Ud$ from €lth€I` l€h€ investi— l {T
iwmse tt out that rats will leam quickly to recognize this ar- gator at the console or from an animal subject in t P
rangement and, in ground based tests, will almost in- either one of the capsules. The system will be capable   _
to, variably run to the zone of Earth gravity within of functioning exactly like a corresponding centrifuge l {
Yams tf seconds. They will keep doing this even after exposure in space, Willi the only exception. of course, that it l _
ght pwtt to Simulated acceleration, spin, vibration and noise of can not produce gravities below Earth gravity. The { A.
mtgertt. 3 rocket launch. Such rats were then exposed to building was provided by the University, the centri- t `
gt, Cn X`, centrifugation superimposed on weightlessness during fuge system was financed out of NASA funds. It was l “
wma I 15·S€Cond parabolic flight maneuvers in the Air Force’5 designed under T. D. Sharp’s direction by graduate I g
rcnemuvt Zero-g airplane, and finally, on December 5, 1967, a students of engineering with a major contribution by   g 
j he yh, space centrifuge containing two rats was launched Dr. VV. M. Carter. Much of the mechanical work, and 1 .
se t > V from Wallops Island, Virginia, by an Aerobee 150 all of the assembly is done by the AeroLab shop,  
'mwl   rocket into a 100-mile high suborbital flight path at- headed by E. T. Dillender, and almost all the ¤  
man lll iainifig about four minutes of weightlessness The electronics work is carried out by Electrical Engi-
r a month gmViiY Held produced during these four ininutes neering students. It is estimated that this facility will
straddled Earth gravity. Preliminary data reduction become operative in the summer of 1968.

   wwe    e s {W A ·‘‘‘
    z From Across the Country; From A round the World
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  i l ·i Kunu Snr: U.   u· u' D' "'f,Ju, or Mnvhnd .
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(   Tun Cluinlian lG¢°pgi; Tak   1
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2, —i u. .• rm. M H rm
g i ni-.: ‘ ° EDIT
    Leading American Institutions BOl11'Cl Of
 I ‘ Represented on New D,-_ N_ I
Ai ig l967—68 Faculty of view
  l University of Kentucky Q? S On
.· ! 4
  · ` ..1, .· Alumnus
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    ) Foreign Universities .t
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    1 University of Kentucky in a talk
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( { levels of
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  Y Noam AManicA /r !U¤¤FE grade its
` l Canada / Norway funn _ I
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. l Cuba _. Holland Germanv    
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      Universifgbcgt gentucky 5::,;::,, xxxh Universi
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 S 1 V
By Paul C. Nagel  
Dean of the College of Arts· and Sciences  
r I 1he Purpose of a Univcrsity"—this is a theme worn   l i" ‘  
by the traverse of many pens. l LQ-A  
Nearly everyone in our time seems to speak fa-   , ` , T ·  
miliarly of a university's mission. Some persons want   Z     ' "  
a university to mean a winning football or basketball   [ . .     A    
aggregation. Others are concerned with the state of   V l` A _ _ __ , v_ A V  
fraternity or sorority affairs or with making universities ¢_ { r  s     3 t - _ _   ‘
fortresses for economic or social tradition. A few are   X l       t,·» <€=j·%;g ` .  
content for a campus to kindle memories of their   gj sl       pyli . .¤V.i      
youthful prowess.   ._   Q  Qva    ll V. 4*QY*  an    
EDITOR’S NOTE: Two new rnemberg of the   Vy__ _   .    s . *  ·    i    
Board of Trustees—Ceorge YV. Grigin, London, and   I ».  1 l I 
Dr. N. N. Nicholas, Owensb0ro—have written their * A  1    
views on the purpose of a university for The Kentucky     ll
Alumnus. The authors provide fresh. and thoughtful  l l_  
insights into the coniplexitylof definition and chart Dr. Paul Cl Nagel, dean Of the College OfA1_tS and I  1  
M challenges to be laced during llw luminous years Sciences, came to the University after teaching at ‘  
u.... ahead _ _ _ Amherst, Vanderbilt and Eastern. Kentucky. A native  l i  
. Rounding out this section are two expressions of Of Indgpendgncg Missouri he holds B A MA and I  
....a.» thinking by President ]ohn W. Oswald and some ob- Ph D degrees frbm the Ulliwmity Of {Il;m£6;Ola In  
servations by Adolph Rupp, internationally-known and {ln'. t b . ` . .` _ A  
_ _ at 1 ion o a num er of articles for professional your
mw melilll lmlslltall     lmtl/— nals he rss written the book   Nation rsasrsus»  
The first Oswald expression deals with llniucr- —a study of American intellectual history published by  
sity practice as well as with purpose. Tlzis was given Ovfmd Uniwrsity Press 1 i
versity practice as well as with purpose. This was given ' ` ; Z
in s rat to state officials and members of the General Tllsll lllsls are individual? Wl¤0» Wlllls <¤l9¤{lr ¤¤¤· l l  
Assembly On Legislature Day ms the Umuerslly in ceding these appeals, proclaim the universitys char- j l
January. In rr, ns. osissu envisions usr. goals forall aw *0 lis all aSS<>$=l¤¤¤¤ Ol lies mlsllssls lollllr l  
levels Of Kentucky educalmn and earnestly discusses searching forthelenlightenment and advancement of 1  
the University’s pertinent, practical aspirations to up- m*mkmd‘ Thls new makes uneasy pérmers ol the l  
grade its services to the Commonwealth and to provide ftlldl Of Sh“k€5l?€‘"€ and Sewaget ll] “€W_°f lhs d1f` l Qs
0 wulenlng dom Of Opportunity for young Kcnmckians lcrcnces of opinion about the world s requirement for   g
“t0 prepare themselves intellectually, morally and l)f°gf°`sS‘ _ _ _ *
spiritually for the future Of this Smte_» These instances. some seemingly ludicrous,.all ex-  
cmplify the breach long accepted lll many minds as 1 _
The second of Dr. Oswalrl’s statements is concerned mtumlly Separating the Universit`. Campus and the 1
with the University’s ideal of purpose when it appears mths Of life k l l _
to be on collision. course with. other interpretations. Dr. For mall`, 3 Clslmm, in modem America, there has   r
Oswald gave these Obsgrvatmns lll CO’m€ctl0" with a been a wide, conceptual pattern into which the uni-
"wve in the General Assembly te lmbld U Campus versity°s purposes have been cast. Recently a growing  
Conference On war and the dmlfh The Sllggegled P"' literature has examined the great trinity of endeavor lt 
hibiticn was dropped alle" the UK Pfesidgnt b"O“‘ghl into which these purposes usually are thrust: teaching, l
bmad purpose into focus on the question involved. ,-sSCasC}i_ and public sei-vice. Such writing formerly l ll
Finally, Coach Rupp writes of his purpose at the had a secondary concern which asked if the goal with- 1
University—to build winning basketball teams—which in a university ought to be learning for living or learn- E
he has accomplished better than any other man-. ing to make a living. Others have asked if research  
‘ 1 .;

  - »:»4  — _  r···-··- - — ~»ir V ..   _
    should be dedicated to the so-called pure or abstract humanity’s mind can but feebly grasp. Mere ing, Tec r
  A goals where the rewards are avowedly intangible or nnity rtvnils us little, The age of the Edisons is got, . dress ant
  ji · should this f€$€aY€h be aimed at immediate 1”€l€V€1¤C)’ Consequently, the world oi our time raises so nn: too little
Q     to manls existence? NOW the prevililillg ql1€Sti011 Hbolli conceptual or abstruse questions that most muntlut and adm
      the purpose of univ€rSiticS seeks to l1‘ Surely ll
l_   been cast ever uqore in the character of g rnodern ])llT])OS€ is lllCT(.’llSl7lglt] to SUSl`(llIl SO(.'l(.’ll] lllTOltL[l1' versity (
    genie. This omniscent creature is expected readily to whole of existence The challenge of being app
    be on call for assistance in all human diiliculty. \Vhile almost overwhelming as the century rockets tous
rg   Sheer yvigdgrn is an important feature or this analogy, it its close. Men seem to sense that the psyche mu.s·t· t l
    may be that the capacities oi the genie—like university anew to keep up with the physical if what ur _ mi
il   to help in human and social travail are coming to be civilization is tv €¤¢lU"€· br
 .   Of paramount significance If this is the apparent extent of university pur; b€€¤ 3
gl Z Such a trend especially is plausible for our n3_tion_ how have those institutions been affected and resp ?b$€rVa
    yvhoge evolution from cclenial dgtyg has prized the ed? Have these campuses brought a measure aft mrirrrrys
    relevant and the practical There has been so rnnch to fOTf to 17lL1t“tlS COTICCTIIS llU'Otlgll redoubled ]>t1f.S‘tt1f sgullt- l
 *l   be done in America, from clearing land to launching the unknown? Now that even social values are a sw hrsrorrci
    rockets, that a tendency to cherish the useful and of popular bewilderment, can we nnd that tht   mr
    tangible became part of the national character The mands of life and the goals of all learning have at qmrY Ct
    latter also preferred to ggcriricc reflection to action, l7€€1t (lt‘(ltUt‘t. Cl0S€TP Tlu? (lIl.S‘lU€TS to fll£'SL’ qUL’.S”llOtl.§. freedorr
 .» tl; since America had started so late in history. Civiliza- close what may be the most ;>rvt0u¤d develvirme can h°‘
-C   A tion needed the example of this western infant de- our time-society’s enlarged capacity to apprt; fcssors
 ’ gl termined quickly to become a colossus for freedom, and sustain the university in its role while the the nar?
 _   , Thus, higher education in youthful America had a far versity responds to the demands of its newly on from C
    more pragmatic intent than it carried in aged Europe. purpose. mean U
 " l VVl'1eth€l‘ 3 college O1' Ul‘1iV€l‘SifY pfcpafcd R man {OT To understand these considerations, one must ??y' Nl
{   the ministry, the law, ci commerce, the need in to the interior of todayls university campuses. lic lggal
  i America was to impart learning for a purpose. The is poss