housing, and marketing. Since the $31.9 million cal- the tobacco grower to break even, the estimated cost
___,v culated costs were in use over practically the entire of financing the burley tobacco crop in Kentucky for
year, interest on this amount at 6 percent would 1958 is approximately $127 million. This estimate
Q · amount to $1,91-1,000. would amount to $625 per acre of bnrlcy tobacco.
.1.,} Total Financial outlay tl   represeptsca sggniiicant financing problemzfor
  _ _ _ _ _ it ai mei proc ucing .. to 4 acres of tobacco, especially
Q -,_ to    wlwu other Pm-is of the farm business have similar
Mi I A   U   H in 1 fi ' · financing needs. For all of the approximately 100,000 _
  mtu) HOP O O“°` ) burley tobacco growers in Kentucky, financing the
‘ ··"" Dil.cct Cash Costs   $23,578,000 liggit above costs must come from savings or through credit
°*·»~ Calculated Costs ........................ 31,871,000 5-1.9 SoofCES‘ _ _
L * hltcrcst Charge __________________________ 27622,000 45 Other costs in producing tobacco such as returns to
Total     land, equipment, and other investments are usually
,7; paid when or after the crop is marketed and. therefore, .·
ThE above outfall Equals $286 no oE1`E· This 1`EPl`E’ are not included as a part of the cost of financing the
V ’*f‘ sents the financial outlay that must be met to break cmp Thgst, Costs wu.}, cmlsidembly in (mrclwut Parts
,,3 , EVEN imo ooES oot f“ElooE any Eh*“`gE for thE 1¤1>¤r_<>* of the state but are an integral part of the total cost.
the farm operator and his family and no charge for
`=ir *4 use of land and other fixed investments for tobacco Wh D Y I _ S I 19 ·
Vt P,.OduCti0,,_ _ V y 0 out is Qlllt c 100 .
The estimated operator and family labor used for (Cmiriiuwd from Page 3)
°"' 1¤·<><1¤¤i¤¤s thE woo toooooo Efop iu Kcutuckr fwEff the beliefs and attitudes held by the family. This sug-
/0 aged   hours per acre. 1`his amounts to a total of gcsts 2, target rm. action Pmgrums in mm] Mcusl If
oo>of7·ooo hours or o~oo2·125 Elghbhooli (lolx This the rural familv can be influenced to adopt more
  also omooofs to 42 9*11* Por oofo All fwomgo of 70 favorable attitudes about formal education, these
. 1 hours of lobof PE1. oolio is hood ooo# tllofofolu is changed attitudes probablv would result in more
included in thc above direct cash costs. The value of mm] vouths Cmltimliuq thcié lsmmul (,(hm,ti(m.
  family labor would vary for different parts of the state, I `
QM as does the cost of hired labor, depending upon SCh00| Life
_ V V alternative opportunities for productive selflemploy- Sonic aspects of school life were related significantly
"•’t·*" ment or wage work. In the Bluegrass area in 1952, to continued school attendance. Youths from both the
the average tobacco tenant received about $1 an hour ]_?001`€1` and "l)ette1'-Off`, families Who were active in
for his labor in tobacco production. The cost of farm school activities tended to continue their formal edu-
" *7** labor has increased about 13 percent since 1952. How- cation; those who took little part in extracurricular
` __" ever, in some parts of the state, labor is more produc- activities tended to drop out. Satisfactory relationships
` tive than in other areas, with a range from about 3()0 with teachers also appeared to be a factor in keeping
+"`¤• hours for producing tobacco in the inner Bluegrass to young people in school. The youths who dropped out —
  tv more than 5()0 hours in parts of eastern Kentucky. of school seemingly had more complaints about their
` I teachers than did those who remained in school. The
`éa Value of Farmer S Own Labor most common complaints were that 1) the teachers
Im. Beglardless of the value placed upon family labor Yiolutcd thc Stud(,mS~ SUM, or hm, Play 2) thc), (_m_
V,. i osod of bnrlcy tobocco 1”`°o“°t‘o‘i‘~ tho fwfxmgo to' barrassed students, and 3) they gave preferential treat-
Qy, baeco grower must supply 339 hours of labor over a mem to mlm, wmths (Wm. ()tl,(,l.S_ pwlmps school ud_
.. _ period of about 10 months before he receives any pay lmnistmtmx t'(,nClu_l.S_ and Othm. School p(,l.S(mm,l
mr 'A f‘01‘ l1iS \\’01‘l<. 111 Otl1C`1` \V()1`(l§· Since the Slllwistollco at Should assist the p()()1‘t‘1' \’0lltl1S ill filltlillg tlCC(’])t11l)ll‘
ya.; the tobacco grower and his family depends Aon income wigs in (,xtmcuU.iCHlm. M_ii\,im_S’ which would (_m_()m__
,&;` from tobacco production, hcghas either to finance this ago youths to rmmm in SCIMOL
‘ subsistence from savings or from borrowed funds. At
,*5.* S1 an hour (the average wage earned by tobacco Work Lifé -
,  5;*.* tenants in the Bluegrass area in 1952) this would Demands placed upon a youth to do unpaid work
" amount to $68,817,000 for the 1958 tobacco crop. lf at home appeared to influence him to drop out of
4].,,.; this amount is added to the $58.1 million incurred by )CU"HHm,d UH Page H)
i ‘*` Ki·:x*ro