lo9    ASSASSINATION OF EMPRESS OF AUSTRIA



Within a month another Chinese convention was signed, leas-
ing to Great Britain for ninety-nine years some two hundred
square miles of the mainland opposite Hong Kong and the
waters of Mirs Bay and of Deep Bay. As a scapegoat for
these foreign concessions, Viceroy Li Hung Chang was dis-
missed in disgrace, although not in poverty, from the impe-
rial councils.
    On May 19 England lost the most eminent of her states-
men by the death of Gladstone. The life of William Ewart
Gladstone is so integral a part of his country's history from
the time that he entered Parliament in 1835 until his last
public appearance in his eighty-eightih year, that its best ex-
pression is the Victorian Era.
   On June 17 came the death of another great English-
man, Sir Edward Burne-Jones. In 1856 he and Rossetti
became leaders of pre-Raphaelite art. His paintings, by
their strangeness of conception and treatment, marked a de-
parture in English art.
   To the House of Hapsburg another tragic affliction was
brought by the assassination of Empress Elizabeth of Aus-
tria. While traveling in Switzerland she was murdered, on
September 10, by an anarchist named Lucheni. A Swiss
court sentenced Lucheni to penal servitude for life. Within
a few days of this, on September 20, occurred the death of
Thomas F. Bayard, the former Secretary of State at Wash-
ington and subsequently American Minister to England.
Shortly after this Germany lost her greatest statesman by
the death of Prince Bismarck. On October 20 the old chan-
cellor died at Friedrichsruhe in his eighty-third year.
   Almost simultaneously with the war between America
and Spain, England was fighting a war of her own in Africa.
A powerful Anglo-Egyptian force was collected on the Nile.
On April 8 Kitchener stormed Mahmoud's intrenched camp
on the Atbara. An army of 15,000 Dervishes was routed
                         1190