xt7fxp6tz53s https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt7fxp6tz53s/data/mets.xml Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station 1957  journals  English Lexington, Ky Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Kentucky farm and home science, vol. 3 No. 4 fall 1957 text Kentucky farm and home science, vol. 3 No. 4 fall 1957 1957 2012 true xt7fxp6tz53s section xt7fxp6tz53s   Y
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   AND (Y6/IL?  
FA  HOME ’
v P »$· ei
(C()RRI£C'I`I()N—The Summer 1957 issue of Kentucky Farm and Ilorne Science was incor-
rectly (Ie.s·ignaIecI as "Vo]. 2, No.   The correct designation is Vo]. 3, No. 3.) ’
Volume 3. Number 4 ....................... Fall 1951
 
A repml of progress published quarterly by the Kentucky Agricultural ‘
l
lfxperiment Station, University of Kentucky, Lexington ~
Frvi
IQICNTUCIQY AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT Material appearing in this publication may be (
STATION reproduced without further permission, provided ‘
Famuc ]. \VELClI ................................................ Director that full acknowledgment is made of the source F-
\V. P. Cruuurzos ................................ Associate Director and that no change in headings or text is made 4
II, B, Prucr; and \VILLIAl\I A. Smv .... Adm. Assistants without approval by the author. ra. `
]. Atom Ssurn ................................ Agricultural Editor Address Correspondence about articles in this lm!} . 7
Kgntmi-ky Farm and Hcmc Scicncc lication to either the authors or the Department of °i?'
1......-.. o. n..s¤A.~. ................................................ Editor l’ul>li¤ lui<>¤¤=ui<>u uu·i liducariuudl Aids. l3><=ri-   _
Oiuxmz _l()IlNS()N & Biatrrr F. Etnsiumanr Asst. Editors lllelll Station Blllldlllg. UlllV€T$lIY of KCUIUCK)', L€X· PT
llonnnr C. Mw ........................................ Photographer iHgt0H. gay
 
  _
I
In This Issue . i
~Z~ `
Ilow Loxo CAN Pnocizssicn Music BE Kaur? Page 3
By \V. E. Glenn. and T. R. Freeman rl
Vmos Srzsriiroms ns Lmousnas Page 4 `
Hy Slep/zen Dine/nm and Lawrence Ilenson fi ‘
(luiusirsms T1u·;1·: \\ll£I£l)—CIlASS C()N'I`ROL Page 6 l,_ . K
Y  
Hy O. .\I. Davenport and ]. IV. llcrron
&l..
\'A1.uu or Soul Ixsuctricimss \\iIIl£N Page 7 A JV
Tl\ANSI’LAN'l`IN(I Toxuvroiss QUas’r1oNAnr,ic  
Hy ]. (J. Rodriguez and   M. Emmert
¢  
a
  ( F may bt. &,xl);.CtQ(] to luwli
" *'l at each of the refrigeration temperatures, 35O. 41O, and A Sutisfuctorv Havm. after 6 days of storage; at 4101:
f)·• 5(lOF‘ A Sllllllllc flilllll Eilcll Stfllillge telllllflliflllllic is about 16 days; and at 35OF about 26 or more days.
withdrawn every 5 days for flavor and bacteriologieal If rurthm. Study supports thcsl, Hmiingx it w(,u]d
° ‘ J llllflll/Sls‘ indicate the possibility of important economles in dis-
4* The lieslllts llftflli 6 lllllllllls (lf Sl‘l‘lY lllfllcflw tlllltl tribution and use of milk in the home. There are now
i ·_ (ll The llilcfelllfll fllllill of fllg l`il“’ lllllk lllfly lllhlct eommerciallv available table refrigerators holding two
M the initial flavor score of the freshly processed milk. 1
_,, Once the quality of the milk has been impaired by ((;,,,,,;,,,,,,,[ ,,,, pug,. 3)
' Kizxruttkr FARM Axo lloxnc Sc:ii·tN<:i·:—FAi-1. 1957 3
{O
1-+

 LONG-TERM WORK SHOWS DIFFICULTIES IN INTERPRETING
4.;
m toms In Le umes t
V` S Q
II`llS y W.
A,,.`~
Several different viruses can cause mosaic in red clover; .4.
also a wide range of symptoms can be induced by in- _ ‘
oculation with a single culture -
new
By STEPHEN I)lA(IHUN and LAWRENCE HENSON ._ »
_ i:=v·   iii`` .   o:’‘   ’‘‘’>   is   izl I °c‘   F `
lied clover plants with symptoms of virus infection   i “'`°‘ Q   ·‘_`-_=       A _
are common in Kentucky, as well as in other Cl0V€1`· .:_Vy{     {   V= .`_»:         ‘>
growing areas of the United States. The appearance   nni‘   rf
of infected plants is variable. Most commonly dis-   ‘’i`'  ,  ==·_v»   ___l:       ;-_  
eased plants show either yellowing of veins or yellow     ¤':     _   2   V ‘.»'   iv K
speckling of the leaflets; the latter is called mosaic or »      ,»r      :i‘   ·..;   I   _;__· i   lii l _,.
mottle. Mosaic may be mild in some plants, moderate    M  2 ,,{,       ‘"`i' L ' r`
in others, and severe in still others. ln a relatively   ;_V __ Al   ,   -.»<  17*8-1**- { ` 
few plants veins and petioles become dead and black.       ii`‘ i Q .   L y
and leaflets become twisted. In some cases the dying .   ` · Y ;    ___; 2       ‘°  ‘l‘°° `   l
U1` l|€Cl'0SlS Spwzltls into the buds, and eventually the Q   ~     i I aa y
entire plant dies. A high percentage of plants showing ___; _,   ;__     __,,   _,.i .   V . `,..__   _
$}’H1pf0lnS is found in some field;   UVVI          I fi    >f
Purpose of Experiments   __'=:;     gt  __;        ° `‘·   F.
lu july 1952 experiments, which are continuing,   ``i_` i     **.‘*
were started by the Kentucky Agricultural Experi-     H;
ment Station to determine what virus or viruses cause      S,   A" `A`} y .-_   "
the symptoms in red clover; and also to determine _ i g      ;,.        i
whether the wide range of symptoms present in clover Fig` lb`   ga-
fields is caused by a mixture of viruses, or by strains These figures sh ow     ._,_   ?’“““°~$i`    
of one virus, or by different reactions to a single virus $Yml’“’m$ ef the }'°l‘   ·rr°   i` ____   ’_:.     .‘.· ‘    
of plants in a genetically variable population that low b€“" '“"“"l" i“       lg
make up a variety of red clover. red (llovcli     =‘’  
'l`he purpose of this article is to emphasize the dif-   O M IM A V
liculties involved in identifying virus diseases of forage viruses because viruses themselves are so tiny that a_ s
legumes and to report the results of some of the work they cannot be seen with the highest powers of the pi
being done with i·ed clover viruses at the Kentucky ordinary light microscope, and are identified only in- ‘  
Station. directly on the basis of their properties and behavior. , _ '
lt is almost impossible to identify virus diseases of Partly because of these difficulties, sufficient attention
red clover on the basis of field symptoms alone because has not been given to a study of virus diseases of red “‘* i
symptoms caused by a number of viruses may be very clover anywhere; consequently, specific detailed in- MA
similar. Several viruses can cause mosaic in red clover; formation about virus diseases of red clover is not ` e
among them ai·e the pea mosaic virus. yellow bean available. For that matter there is not yet general ‘“i
mosaic virus. alfalfa mosaic virus, red clover vein agreement among plant pathologists as to what the a`
mosaic virus. pea streak virus, potato yellow dwarf most connnon virus in red clover actually is.
virus. and cncuinber mosaic virus. Even with the use To identify viruses accurately it is necessary to know ** `
of laboratory facilities it is difficult to identify these something about the host range, kinds of symptoms. ,,___
4 l{l·]N'l`ll(ZKY Fanxi Asn lfoxu; St;ii;x<:i·:—F.».i.i. 1957 ai 4
—s{

 method of s )read, and some of the Jhysical Jro >erties. mosaic virus resulted from the nresence of a mixture
1 1 . 1 l 1
To Yet such information inoculations were made from of strains of virus, or from the Jresence of differently
k g p E 1 .
A more than a hundred representative naturally infected reacting plants within a population of a variety of red
-¢ v plants to several hosts, including beans, peas, tobacco, clover plants. Pied clover is cross pollinated, and in-
crimson clover, and red clover. On the basis of host diyidual Jlants are known to differ amon r themselves
vid 1
H ran re, s m atoms method of transmission and the with res Ject to susce Jtibilitv to some diseases, as well ‘
_< 1 3 ’ 1 1 . _
»*»‘ presence of characteristic crystalline bodies inside as in appearance. It was felt that inoculation of `
’ __ _; nuclei of some infected cells, it was concluded that clonally propagated plants might help to resolve this
. the virus isolated most commonl from naturally in- nroblem. Therefore, cuttin YS were made from selected
. 1
°·»" fected red clover is ellow bean mosaic. For instance healthy Jlants of Kenland red clover; then several
Y . 1
V in one series of isolations this virus was recovered plants of each clone were inoculated with one strain
from 113 of 136 naturally infected red clover plants of the virus. The results were quite striking: symptoms ,
* showing virus symptoms. In the same test yellow on all plants of any one clone were the same, but
_r v_ bean mosaic virus was also recovered from 32 of 35 symptoms on different clones were different. Of 126
naturally infected sweet clover nlants, and from 25 of clones tested 8 failed to develo > sym utoms; 95 showed
. 1 » 1 .
~`* 31 crimson clover plants. either vein yellowing or mosaic, some mild, some `
n . severe and some intermedi·1te· 1() showed both vein r
v‘* Several Hundred Seedlings lnoculcted ’_ ` . ,( ’ _
. _ . yellowmr and death of veins; and 13 were actually
. . . , Z;. .
After it was found that yellow bean mosaic virus is . . _
Y* _ _ . _ killed. Symptoms on selected representative clones
commonly present in naturally infected plants 1t .
__ _ , ‘ _ _ are shown lll the photographs.
c *1 seemed desirable to find out whether this virus would ~ . _ .
_ _ _ _ The results of these tests show quite cleanly that m
_ cause similar symptoms in inoculated plants. Ac- . . _ ._ _ -
·v* . _ Kentucky yellow bean mosaic virus is the cause of
cordingly, several hundred red clover seedlings were ~ . . ~ .
_ _ _ _ _ much of the virus infection on red clover, and that a
"’ inoculated by rubbing leaves with a typical strain of . · _ .
t ' , , wide range of symptoms such as occurs in naturally
· yellow bean IHOSEIIC V1l`llS that had been recovered . . . .
‘i*` 2 , infected red clover plants can be induced in a popula-
from red clover. As these inoculated plants became . ~ . .... .l
_ . _ _ . tion of plants, within a variety, by inoculation witi
Y 1llf€‘Ct€(l it was obvious that the range of symptoms (me Culture Of Veuow bein mosqic Virus
f was similar to the sym toms yresent in fields of ~ ' .. . -
* " ( . » ‘ P f _ The fact that such different symptoms, ranging from
· naturally infected red clover plants. But it was not . ~
{QQ. ‘ _ . mild mottle to death of plants, can be produced by
~. yet clear whether such different symptoms produced
_ f_ - by inoculation with one Held isolate of yellow bean ((;(,,,,;,,,,U([ ,,,, ;>(,_qy3)
iw `   ;; ;
- I J" . . . B c
 ls. ` , . 3 if V, ' ' " "
Ft, * .
RCS' 4 f 1 U ‘ l Fig. 2.- A healthy
1,: I3 V ‘ ‘ ' Q _ I? leal is shown in
R! f   V l . ' x I A. The range ol`
jh A __ - ‘ · ‘ symptoms pro-
  _ ·· _ V, ` duced by inocu-
· *···.._ 5 ‘ V ‘ . . Z .
4   ..___ ,`,,¢-; f ‘ " _ ” latmg different m·
_   · F tliutlual plants ol
,3e _ E · _ . p red clover with
V - . _ thc saznc culture
fl-   4 · ‘ V of yellow bean mo-
" _ tl   ‘ _ r saic virus is shown
c _, · - in li through l.
' , . ’ ‘ tl’|att· t·ottrtt·sy l’h)lo·
    . vv pntholot;) ) K
at `tf `· _ A _-p I   ` h _   ` W   fi 7  
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‘   ;   .   »<’.’l };~’{2'¥1"’{].·‘ it i‘$‘·""¤. 1.‘.—$tir·l‘-*3-~ ‘ ¤   ·- `.’.’   I      Vt`.? V»‘· ‘ d ly ure the P
A"{yAA.{¢- ;»,A; ~   _AAt;z&/‘_..—_.rAA¢¤g   _ __A    ,A__;A _A_. _§‘&A;§§%A;A§A,~_=  A; Weeds 3]] gI‘1lSS 0 SC A.;4
·~.‘ lihéf; " "    i,  ,$~,;f'i; Ai      i.   [l‘€€S. D1ll&ll)0l'1 1l])l)ll€(l OH thc
·.   ~ V . ~   V" *?   éiI·Z* ‘: Y ·t- ·' ni. .- =’¢ ; ~*. ?§·_.»i     rj ~` $· . '¥»· » _-...»,’_‘»T  ,j?*· . · , ~
  I ¥· `\· ,’,’ {:'·*}`I,»\€   !i`*{hQ¥?§?i;€r,Z?*i;}§'l;’;!.f“,  " · SK}; `       l)l0[ [O (l1€ left of thc VVlU[€ stake "·`,
i ~".»`   .}`ii"e§·f`i(·‘:il,4,;,¤`¤`i{fax  ;4’Q·?'i-:   ,2   _ A.•s’j~§:: had 11 ITl2lI‘l(€d CRCCE OH the A
*"»°i-sf}- "bf;       {i‘;~`2i`°`•·i"   J` `t.&*::` ’i!#l’!A§?i¤.   growth of   1lS[€l'S, COTl"lpHl`cd ‘, »
if fd il} ..“,_ft‘ `i.Y';"u.=,~ .‘ ).j€3L;*§‘{;' '>$%»;.l;}V>’i   _,.`_*.‘{'V”*..   -:.¢·‘* ‘ A     ’}¤·:;.§' an-A _ , 1 »
5,/ ” · V ’*’*`~V"~" "’¤·"”···*’€* V`» `.··Q***¤ '{‘     <»»·*r¥"·*'Z ·. 1 ’··  ·‘*"$»   ·   ~ 1   , ·¤V¤;# with the check plot on the rtgtt.
{A.;A.rAA}AA/A~ ( _A§   , A   , f:;AA_  ;~Ajé.AA·g$_ ,,,7%:1* f. VAA       __ _ _.    
V*·>,;»·   ;;r·¤·'     V c~2n. ~-t;si¢¢;· et.:-3‘¤’~a&V~—* -.9   or     .·¤’~*e,»
` ·__  A, —;~_ ·   A 2.;;} .·*AA_:A_aA_,\_._vA5%A,A·'A_AAA§_{AA?%7,_A.¥V··   A A ·-  ;._:_·A`_»· _ A·A,`A     . ‘A_AAA
t ,,V‘ A"A_;L Aa"; ~·~ =£_. j, A;   g ,._A;’_l7{g—gvA_ :‘¤ s -<\ , A.   ·. 4 . _§_ . 5 A ‘ -,;. _   r•_
" '~.` Z·~  ~` `. -   Vi? ~?`·:—I¤` " `.`· ·~i W- Q! ¢"V ‘· . . J _ ·. ~ .. WY
··  11* ‘ ‘ .     r  .;·· .~ ·-   -_       ~ Ts,
P
v . . ' »
Various chemical treatments tested at U-K s Eden Shale Faint to find A A
V
most effective and safest method to effect *_AA.~.
° ’ I ' e W ed G 0 ` ‘
I°1StIIl&S I°€ 6 - I‘3SS 01] I' ·
sdf E
A RT A W HFRRON per plot concentration. _
By O` M' DAVENIO dm J` ` A Two-and-a—half gallons of mineral spirits fortified *
(l()llfI`()l of gl'k\SS€S Lll](l \V€€(lS lll Cllflsflllzls tree \Vlfll   OUHCGS of 1)(;‘ll(k1Cl"llO1`()l)ll€llOl \V€*1`G llPpll€(l to {_·
plantations on the Eden Soil Series lllily be a major the last plot. A _
factor in both survival and quality of the planting. After 8 days, considerable browning of the gmsse; =O
l»l|lllt(‘(l experience of the Kentucky Agricultural Ex- and some broad-leaved Weeds \V2IS zlpp211€llf {ill TIA QA _
[)(*l'llllt’llt SHIUOIIS \V()l'l< lll Clll‘lStlllzlS tI‘€€ Cllltlll€ lll stllps illltl I]]OSt of tll€ plots. Tll€ PlOt §plHy€‘( \Vlt  
• .
this area indicates that plantings made in old pasture (Cmztmucd on Page 8) `AA
. · · a V · {  tr-  A  = _.     V M  -,.  “_
Zll'(’ilS \Vltll S()lllC S()(l C()V€I` k1I'€ OV€l`t()l)l)€(l lll ll]l(l- t`; AAA M ‘ ; tx AAAAA.;A.. A       4  ,.   A A
"   Y ar!.- V··.’t:——; »   ..%=  ¢·  . 5;    ` g
· V ‘ . '   ··.i‘         (     ·=i·-¢    r~.  —. Q,
lune by grasses and various weeds. By late August   ””A _t;·,‘l;;g, {A _ A. -... V.    A..     __._    
‘ 0* ’—   , x   ’    "   °‘‘’ `»·‘' ‘     ..,_,,..  .·  . "   ......, >  
· . . . · ~ . .~·.~§· * ; .. Ve »;..?$: ·* Ji .  we;.   · ·-*    ¤     -e.-· ·w—2..  
the weeds (chicorv, tagweed, bergamot, and othets) al sg .®_  ____,;  A}!    A   .__.A__    ..A       ,.. tg .  
_ _ ' , ` . `       it ·» .- ·1 .~·:= *”      .,. .     ..--;   =V;¤§      ’’’‘
are waist lngh. During the second year these condi-   _A_.       
- - ` ‘· = ·.--».   ~   Z  ‘                .,..         ··..;      
ll()llS ()ftl’ll CllllSl* ll ll(‘llVy tI`¢:‘t‘ ll]()I`tllllty LIS \V€‘ll HS ll.     fin';       
— ¤ '>’` 3%   ‘» » =VV    ‘“T‘[   ,   ;__  tg ,_,, 3    —;?’§* AV
Slll)l)l't‘$Sl()ll of l'll(‘ l()\V(‘l` l)l`illl(}ll \Vll()l'lS Oll tl]? tl`(‘("S.   _,*  t  A éfég         `E
. - — . " ~ V      ,-+ Fw ne ‘‘`'`·   · ’ 5) `  »—··-       _   .. »!’-M-‘*"Z‘.) 1 » 'V .,-  . V»_ <
'l`lllS (lll`t‘Cfl\’ illll`Ct$ flltlllw tu`? (luuhty·    §i ¥§é?T if   '·    if      
. . ' - ·    .   .·»·    2%   ‘=..‘’. EQ  ’‘*‘`   ==‘‘-’ 2     ·‘ttf   =·»     .‘.  " ··».  .    -
l.llIllf(‘(l L`l)llil`()l \V()l`l( \VllS Cill`l`ll:‘(l Ollf lll 11 t\V()-   A;A_.-K *~&·lAAA£‘§;:&A$A _  _ ___   A _,AA_;  _A   AAA A A  .§, A  A t
· ‘ · · " < ‘" # 1 Q   · wi        ·  
year planting ol Scotch pine on july l1_ lt)01, nit}       A___   A _
· · · · · ` · · ‘‘.-·`     »   “·.`“*Z.»‘~..§:,° `·" e?]      ;#"~’?;’v   .:=-$    is “   . 4.
(l;llill)()ll, illlllllll tl`lilZ(}l(‘, l\]lll(‘l`&Il Sl)ll`ltS f()l`tlH("(l \Vltll       ,._   g.           nt. .._;     4},. _
· ·   ·'`i =."Y‘   ,.   " · .   ;" f   ?v ‘ "»qQ.??¤..Q:,_.   — _ gi ~   ‘ -
DCIlfi\Clll()l'()l)ll(‘ll()l_ and inaleic hydraznde. The dala- bg}  »__.   _A_AA AX A   ;A_  
V - . . . ·   ° .   q ·=·       s · . V .>      »... tg 
pon was applied on three strips each 20 x 300 feet by A tg   _  A AVA A___A__   1//.;§A!_ ,      AI AQAAA
. · · ~ .   · ·—.v. · "‘·Z’·:€F` K ‘“i’     ...       Q ">_ ‘ * ,..‘».   y   ‘  t      ·..   .
boom spraying equipment at rates ol 0, l0, and 20 ` ¢V.A.Aigié...?§;___sj   _. _A_A :1. A AA  .  A  
l)()llll(lS l)(‘l` 1lCl`(‘.   \V1lS lllS() ill)l)ll€(l l)y gllll Spflly Ol] A:   _A;_`A_¢; _   \         L ,__  _ As  
. - - · - -· - ° J'·t *   V . `»   · ' ?T‘iZ`i·.;   i~·.¥    ’    ·. ` 2 ’'.—
toni- pIots_ each 2a x nt) feet, at rates of 0, 10, 10 and ` -»,,·;_ gtAy._¤_._?_·AA_]_  xr _.V   ·.,, j       V .V.—    A
·~ ` · . ~»   "" ··Z ‘ » -;`»‘Z·~ ?¤;·-’·",·`;¢ "ii·""\` I `?’·?`·"";·. ·¤Y     ` . =. ei? . ·
  l)()llll(lS ]_)(‘l` 1l.Cl`(’. l' lV(‘ gllll()llS of S()llltl()ll \Vll.b .;A~,’_{* ..4; {A-   A? Ang A    AA A        
.~ · "L ° -..`“1°t   " ·=' ~.   * ·   :_·?=f=· ‘~?<*-. _..,i·‘    
Sl)l`ilV(‘(l (lll <‘llCll plllt LIS lIlllf()I`llll}' 2lS l)()SSll)lt‘. ",A"\_   {   .   {YAAA {  A,     _;_ "•
The amino triazole was likewise applied in 0-gallon     . -   A  LA A         sa _ _ _. .. _ A   __
- ' · ·»· · ` · ·· *   · "ttes of _ _ A _ _ •_A
Mllutmu lots on HUM plots of thf Mmdl SU? at .l{ Fig. 2.—(lcl`t) Scotch pine showing little or no injury from a
’ · i · . · ·,» . . v · · ,. · · — _ _ _ . , .
2*   and 5 l)0uH(l§ pt! Jcli ` Nidlelc h}( rdzu ( \YJ5 51)()llll(l·l)€I`-il(Tl`C2ll)l)llC2l[l()l] ol (l2Il2Il)Oll§ (Ylglll) S(TOICll [HUC ·_L
llsvtl lll Sllllllilf f1\$lll0l* Wltll il Wgillloll solutlml showing serious injury from a 20-pound—pcr·a<:rc application
tlllllllllfy &ll)l)ll(`llfl()Il ill: ·f Ollll(`¢‘S illl(l S OUCCS of     ol` (l2ll2ll)()ll. ,.,,
. 1 -»-· 4.
6 l'{l·IN'l`U(ZKY Faux: Asn lloxns S:<:1·:——l·A1.1. 19m .
.‘(
AA` F

 e 1.., 3 HC 0 OI IISCC ICI CS CII
V1 fS'lI t"d Wh
1 T l ° T ° hl  
I°3IISp 3I]tII1g OIIl3tOCS lICStIOI13 C
 'V   . ‘   _-.s ~· ,·  
1.-1. Dlppulg was dei-Hutely dctruueutal; (ui, none of the 11·1sect1c1de treated plots 111 either
Q type of t1'(;‘kltl]1(:‘11t yielded as 111a11y to111atoes as did
° gI`3lll1l3l` lll€th0d WBS Ollly 0l1€ tl1e correspondi11g water check pl2`ll]tS.
`;~.·» to Show any proluisc D1p treatments were (l1SCOl]tlI1llC(`l‘tl1C following ‘
d seaso11, and a test \V1tl1 gl'1»llllll31' 1l`lSCCt1C1(l€S was sub-
. stituted. The granules were placed i11 a l)3.U(l kllOllg
By   (L. RODRIGUEZ and E. M. EMMERT . _ . . .
_» · — tl1e srdes of a furrow 4 or 5 111ches deep 11ltO \Vl`l1Cl1 _
tl1e plants were set. The insecticides used, expressed
`jr AS the use of Sett tuseettetdes lUe1`ee$ed» it was i11 l)Ol1ll(lS l1er acre actual material, were as follows: i11 1
A Pe1`h3P$ 3 lmtuml (leVetePmeUt to attempt tv add them tl1e tra11spla11ting solutions, wettable powders of aldri11,
  A to tl1e water used i11 tl1e transplaiiting of certain plants. ()_25 and ()_5i dieldrin, ()_l25 and 025; tliiinnra ()_5
Vt Considerable interest was sl1ow11 b Kentucky farmers . . . - ~ . . · Y ·. . -
i V Y , and 1.0, 1eptac1o1, 0.25 and 0.5, 111 tl1e granular
".v* i11 tl1e use of i11secticides in tobacco transplanting solu- {Oi-in, nldriin 2%, ()_5 and lll; dieldrin, lei), ()_25
tions, but research proved the CU1‘1‘Gl1t l0l'lUlllHtl0US and ()_5, thimet, 4%,, 1,2 and 2,4; heptaehlor, 2%%,,
 `VA used to be lmtmtul fe Pl“~Ut$· 0.5 8.l1(l 1.0. A water check agai11 was 11sed with tl1(‘
 . V, _ Altheugh the Sell pests attaekmg temtttees *tPPe*U` t1'H11Sl)lk1l]tll1g solutions a11d an untreated check witl1
te be te“’> Feet dmmige b}’ Such geucral met teetlets tl1e granulated formulations. One-half l1i11t of water
it HS Hee beetle lai`V¥‘~e or the garden $}’mPhYhd is tt was used to transplant G‘2`tCll to111ato plant which was
_' possibility. Accordingly, it see111ed advisable to in- ti-Gnterl Wirli din giniiiiliirerl rt0rinnlnri0n_
~ ‘¤‘t`*zt tl f ’1‘ t"le~‘1t·. I t' r , . , ,
V ;§li1l1g(l€c; IC 11se 0 so1 111sec 1C1( s 11 1'lllSp 3111115 Dlfferent vqnehes In 1956
‘ » ' Varieties 11sed in 1956 were Early Giant &lll(l But ters.
l The experinients COl]tlDLlC(l (lllflllg two seaso11s 2·ll1(l , _ . . . _ _ '. . E
4; \re1y httle pla11t 1l]]ll1V was l]()tC(l 111 2`tlly of tl1e treat-
. were conducted wl1e11 l1otted tOl1l2`lt() plants were ments showing ,1 w,,;(,H,,i dinyereucc in tht, YGQPOHSC
‘ ,, *` tl'HIlSl)l3lltC(l to the field. In 1955 tl`C3tl11€l1tS were · ’ ` _ ` _ . _ i. _ _. `
. r _ _ _ _ of tl1e plant to the t1a11spla11t111g b()llltl()l1b llllllllg 1955
Lv npphcd m two WayS_aS trtmsplautmg Solumms   "lIl(l 1956 Tl1ere was tl1e possibility th·1t ch·1ngin *
1i11t 1er )lHl1t a11d as di s tl1e soil core wl1icl1 was . _ l . _ . ` _ ` ' _ l`
I 1 I . P , _ llIbC‘Ct l)()Plll21t10ll5 111 tl1e 1oot zone, as well as s11cl1
knocked loose from tl1e l1ot was (l1Pl)C(l 111tO the solu- { __ _ _ . — _ _ _ _ ‘
_ _ _ , actois as 1HlI1l'&lll Ol t(‘1I]l)(‘1<ll1(”, 111ay have C2IllbC(l
tl()11 for Hl)Ollt 2 seconds). Al(l1']ll, (ll€l(l1'lll £1l1(l l1ep- this SG_N(m,li (iiii;Q1_(_uc(_ '
‘ tacl1lor at 0.5 l)()llll(l per 100 gallons for dip SOllltl()llS Eiiyccig of h_(__mm_ut< ion Vicki, in 1956 W(_l_(_ (_l_l__mC
ik 2lll(l 0.5 pOLll1(l per acre for t1'8llS}_)l2ll1tll1g solutions, , _ . _ _` T _` . _ . _  
_ _ _ _ lla11ts given tl1e tlilllbplillltlllg §Ollllfl()llh 111 some cases
\ X kllltl l11](lk1l1€ at ().25 l)Olll1(l 111 l1otl1 types of solution giwwcd Slight inclvweg Ovcr the Check Almiygig
Q ‘ _ _ _ i . ( . . ' ' . ( t 1
were used 111 COll]l)l11`lSOl] \Vlt'l1 water (the check). _i _ . _ _ _ _ _. ..
  s 1owed these ll1Cl1;‘i1b€b, however, to l1e ll()t b|l.{lllflC2lllt.
“' Vqyigries Used in 1955 Granular applications of tl1i111e