xt7ghx15p34d https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7ghx15p34d/data/mets.xml   Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. 1938 journals kaes_circulars_003_332_annual_report_1938 English Lexington : The Service, 1913-1958. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 332 text Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 332 1938 2014 true xt7ghx15p34d section xt7ghx15p34d   ·
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[ Q   Extension Division g
is _ A f ` `
l..lm(_ _’_.· THOMAS P. COOPER, Dean and Director _
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h or `—__
amp.   g CIRCULAR NO. 332 I
yards ——-— ———— I
[ t .
riveii ' i FOR THE I g i e
This · ‘ YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 1938 i i j
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i` G _Moking farm homes convenient and beautiful both inside and out, is a favorite i
I » i>1'0J€¤t with 4-H club members. i {
  Lexington, Kentucky   A
i » June, 1939 . j
  ~ Published in connection with the agricultural extension work carried on by C0-O[)€1’8.- ~
_ ‘ Um} of W10 College 0f AgricuIture_ University of Kentucky, with the U. S. DGp£\l‘Lll1€·l1l of  
i. *;§;;S‘g1}i;6I€ Ggdlgistributed in furtherance of the work provided for in the Act of Con- ]
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      LETTERS OF TR.~\NSMlTT,—\L ‘  
1 a :& 'J  
1 »_   Experiment Station  
    Lexington, Kentucky  
~ . r _ ’  
I. —   President Frank L. McVey  
  V- i` { University ol? Kentucky  
2 M t _ J 
y t ;_ My dear President McVev:   O
· °\ 4  
  ·   I have the honor to present the annual report ol the Division 011;:3; l
    é { Agricultural Lxtension ol the College ol Agriculture, University  [
  Kentucky, 1`or the year ended December 31, 1938. ln this reponli __’.  (
ll . . 4 . . . . . . ·__£E`;`
l “   _L will be lound a statement ol the various activities ol the past vezirl   (
    a hst ol publications and a hnancial statement ol receipts and ei-;   I
;   i V · ~   1
In   _I penditures. Q  
1 ,;_   Respectfully,     l
r. _ ",1.__ [__i-
y , .t _ `  
tn-—`r`=¥·· rlI·lONIAS Coovrzu l ~;;s;
L~ . .__,_—l   —:; (
  Dean und Director i_? ",’, if j
{   `: V  
t . A 1   ]
lc il y l University ol Kentucky]   `
y _``»   1 Lexington, Kentucky y   ‘
 _-:*-1 l Honorable .~\. B. Chandler E   1
  q. Governor of Kentucky °  
[2 rf, E-, t Sir: g.
  ln accordance with an act ol the Legislature of the State of Ken-1 it 
l;y],Q;; $.5 tucky, approved March 15, 1916, 1 herewith submit the annual   
  ])Ol`L of the Division o1` Agricultural Extension ol the College (rl  
  .`‘_   Agriculture, University ol Kentucky, [or the year ended Decembtti  
 y 31, 1938. '
  `_·; lg Respectfully,
  FRANK L. M cV1w .
 `EE     i Presi d en Z ‘
I `—ii.  $t>;£I`?T ~ D
‘ *¤·»`~·’*`€$?? Q .
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Circular N0. 332 ·
> 1 . j
· Prepared By T. R. BRYANT, Assistant Director ’
C _ . . · ` . , . . i l
'l he helplul influence ol the Lxtenston Service ttpon the affairs j 2
i of farm people is increasing steadily. .·\ growing appreciation of the V j  
Sim] j value of the service is evident whether one studies reports or listens , j
. tl _ _ _ , _ __ _ , ` 1
Nm, jj to the discussion of matters ol larmtng and country ltle at meetings 5 {
- *· . . . .
l_£')(m of farm people. T his desirable result was obtained onlv bv the most j l
Sl lm careful planning. Growing confidence lll the extension program    
ilmj   has encouraged wider participation on the part of farm people and Q  
*x- ` . . . . l
more ready acceptance ol carefully prepared plans lor lurther ex- { B
_ . . t 5
tension work ol a helplul nature. j g
Increased work has been done among negroes, especially in —l-H j j
club work in gardening, in food habits and in home improvement.   j
Many of the activities engaged in by white —l-H club members had , _` i
not been fttlly available to negro children. Such activities as camps. j l
fairs and contests were more fullv >rovided in l€l?>8. .—\ successful ; i
. l j j
flllllflil Farm and Home \\leek was conducted at the State Industrial Col— 5
ucky lege for colored people, using that Institution as a meeting place.   ’
The development of volunteer leadership among negroes had its   1
most successful year.   *
The following publications were issued during the calendar   I
year 1938: l  
. f A 4 j j
Oi Ml l·Zx‘n—;xstox Ciacttrrtks .   _
tnual it ymjjwk . jj
yllege tt` 82. Revised. Corn project lor »l-H clubs. li. li. l·`ish and E. _]. Kitmey. z  
jcccmbj, li-l. Revised. Sow and litter project for 4-H clubs. (Qrady Sellards. j
` ll0. Revised. Poultry project for ·l-l—I clubs. C. li. I-Iarris. I ;
l57. Revised. Ilrooding chicks artificially. _]. Ii. I—Iumphrey antl _]. ll. Kelley.  
209. Revised. Grapes for the home. .\. _]. Olney. ; jj
2ll. Revised. The pig front birth to market in six months. Grady Sellards. ·
235. Reprinting. Raspberry culture in Kentucky. A. _|. Olney and \\'. W. j {
Magill. j  
YQ?. Reprinting. Clothing—llnit l, ;\nita Burnam and Edith Lacy.  
20}. Revised. Killing. cutting and curing pork. li. _[. \\'ill`ord and Grady j
Sellards. t t
  Reprinting. Burley»tobacco project for »l-I-I clubs. IZ, _[. Kinnev. ·  
593. Revised. Peach and plum spray schedule. .·\. _l. Olllfiy I  
-9·l. Revised. .·\pple spray schedule. .·\. _|. Olney. j

l hl ir,
  __ ll 6%;-.; 
  - il l  
·   sl Kmtltzr/cy lixlcnszmt Ctrculrzr No. 332  
  ‘   307. Pottuo growing. john S. Gurdner.    
l   308. Swectpotuto growing. john S. (Lurdner. i  
    309. The vegetuhle gurden. john S. Gurdner. V A co
    310. .~\nnuul teport of the lixtension Director. 'I`. R. Bryunt. t 3;; im
f 1 ‘—  { Bll. Electric service for the lurmsteud. _l. B. Kelley, Idu (1. Hugmun uml km;   {Vg V
  i V l G. \\'elch. l   lll
li l l SI2. Growing ulfulfu in Kentucky. IC. N. Fergus, Rulph Kenney und \\’m. Q l 3 [
é `     Vlohnstolne. 4 I     O
T V   312%. Clothing project I`or »l-H cluhs. Unit II. Edith Lucy uml .-\nitu l’»tnVn;uir_ Q   l)l1
l Vi ' ` 3ll. Home cunning. Florence lmluv uml l’eurl   Huuk.    
  ` l EHS. How to estimute the cost of wiring. equipment uml electric service for thu    
{V   l furmsteud. liurl (L. Welch uml _]. B. Kelley. l Y lll
\· L   fllti. Nleul plunning. Ilnit l. Florence ltnluy uml Peurl _]. Huuk.   V- SU
Q ‘ L Ell7. liurth dzuns for furm reservoirs. liurl (L. \\’eleh uml _]. I,. \lcKitriek. ` . —
l, °   BIS. Crimson clover uml other winter legumes. li. N. Fergus. Rulph Kennet l ` Wl
lr .-  ‘l uml \\'m. C. johnstone. ‘ ¥ {K
  l Sli). lilectricully operuted vvuter systems for furms. V]. B. Brooks. l _
" Z   320. One·dish meuls. Floremte lmluy uml Peurl _|. Huuk. l ll'
l-·   {   321. sl-H food project. Ilnit l. Dorothy 'I`hre|keld uml Edith Lucy.   V (-(
y   _·i_v   $$22. Hume. Ilnitll. t _l
    $$23. Sume. Unit III. l L
{ ` -`·. Q El2—l. Home cunning of meuts. Florence lmluy uml l’eurl   Huuk. l ]_
y   |_ 325. ~l—I-I woodworking project. linit l. _]. B. Brooks uml E,. R. Young.  
_`.V._&   326. Mineruls for livestock. »\uimul lndustry (Lroup. V
"‘ Q V‘i"lV 327. Heulth progrutn for cltth memhers. `   it
l;   328. Suggestions for hird study for I-I-I cluhs. \\'. l). Funkhouser. 1 V W
  (Zrop record hook for -l-H cluhs. Reprinting, °
l _V °_   Foods record hook for I-I-I cluhs. Reprinting. l · (.(
  {Vw (llothing record hook for I-I·I cluhs. Repriuting.
f? ».;   ` vt
..   Poultry culendur. C. li. Hurrls. U
  VQ}, I.lT.-\l·`I.l·Z'l`S ll
lil-" . V . . l c
      (lover crops. Reprmttug. \\`m. (1. _]olmstone.
  i. Lime uml phosphute for Kentucky soils. Repriuting. S. (Z. _]ones. t li
ly ZQ`=l YI Recommemlutious for the control of leuf diseuses of tohucco. Reprinting. V L
l.   Q} ` V \\'. I). \'ulleuu uml li, Nl. lohnson. ·
  (Zoutour cultivution. liurl (L. \\'elch uml _}olm I,. Mcliitriek. l
 gg.,   Soil tests for need of lime uml phosphute. l’.   Kurruker. l I-
  —§ Rupid soil tests. l’. li. Kurruker. l °
  é F
 {_ Birds of Kentucky. I-I-I Cluh Program for 1939. H. C. Brown. l t
  il`. Extension Service I-Iumlhook. li, _], Kilputriek, l
*‘ :iZ.._;i` " `l 1
  This yeur was the Hrst in which all counties in the state hurl l
  . County agents. In uddition, 36 assistant county ugents were Clll· °
  ployed during most of the yeur. The following were outstztndillg l
  fCZlLLl1`CS of IIIC \\’()l`K of C()Ulll}' 2lgCIILS. _
51m.,   ?. .
"‘f°=k .`·‘ Y   
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. Anntzrtl Report for the Year 1938 5 T
.·fgrit·tt!lttruI Conserwtliott Progranz. ,»\bout 27 percent of the   i
county agents` time was used on the seyeral branches of this one  
. item. This year, 203,l-ffl work sheets were turned in. Thru the i Q
ml · inihtenee and with the help of county agents nearly f,00t),0t)0 ton~; g ;
ll- (L- ` of iiniesfolltj \\'Cl`C U5C(l Ull lllC lilllll lll lllgg, Zllltl ·lfl,()fl() fariners `   l
Hump honglit and applied 33,000 tons of triple superphosph;ite_ Ji
Hum! Iilettlri/icaiion. This project grew yery rapidly and since l  
Mlm nie s;nttlf beginning in 1937, 5,080 miles of line have been (jon. ·    
strucietl to serye over 18.000 customers, at an average cost of $277.00    
mm e;it·h_ (lounty agents, home demonstration agents, and extension    
heltl agents made contributions to the R. E. .\. project in l0»f coun-   ;
ties, and 27 of these counties made yery important progress toward    
totnpft-tion dttring the year. .\ suryey of 2.l00 farm homes liaving    
electric lights installed during the year, shows that (380 refrigerators,    
I,§00 irons. l.500 radios and 800 washing machines were purchased. l  
·/-Irl (1/tths. Under the immediate superyision of county agents y I i
iu .\griculture antl Home Economics —1—l,087 ·f-H club members l l
were enrolled and 553,058 or 82.0 percent completed their projects. i  
(Iotntlyt pfgrfctz/ltmtl Progrrozz 1’/ttzzning. \\'ork was done in the V l i
counties by the county agents and the county planning committees.    
with the assistance of field agent, Bruce l’oundstone. ln building I 3
their extension programs for 1058, these workers made use of such   »
long-time planning as had been deyeloped in previous years. The   <
extension program was coordinated as far as possible with other    
kindred agricultural programs such as the r\gricultural (1onserya—   l
llllllls tion work. l·`arm Secttrity ;\dministration and others. ()ne of the  
principal t‘e;ttttt—es. howeyer. was preparing a well-designetl fZlllIl·   Q
management program for the county with a long-time yiew as a .  `  
guiding principle. Special work was begun in seyen counties and  
the results will be used as a foundation for the continuation of this 1  
program in 1030. In I02 counties two or tnore long—time planning 1  
meetings were held. y  
r[`)`{lfHf71y_ unt! l'.rt· of [.ocrt/ /.t·tu{er.s and .·f. C'. I’. Contntt/Icctnetr. ·  
()nt· of the most important features of the year`s work was training ._  
VC hm] llllpilitl leaders in the ttsual extension projects. and lfilllllllg .\. (T.  
.C Cm (i(llllllllll(`(`!IlL‘ll and clerks in their duties as paid workers. lillll  
lndinp i\>$l*l1llll‘<‘ was given by the State _\_ .\_ _\, office both by personal  Tf
\"l>ll> Zllld by group t;t>nft·renees, The extension field ll;.fL`1ll$ lll soill· `  

1 V   . {
1   21  
f __.- 11 6 Kentucky Extension CVl'I`(`lll(1TAl()_ 332  
5 ` 1 .   ...·
{ 1 1 7 +- 
¤ ¤ =t ~ · - · ·   ust
1 `   2111Cl. CYOPS \\'C1`C \'Cl`y 11€1l)1l11 111 [1`2ll11111g [11CSC C()1111111[[€€111CD to 11Qlp   ‘·‘
  5   farmers in earning payments thru soil-building pi·aetiec$_   KFC
` V it ,.*1* *
1   . . . .   ol
E         lL7`()Sl!)}I C()1ll)`()l. 111 El(lll1[ CKLC1`lS1011 \\’O1`1< 11lC USC ol QYHSSCS,  
1   1 . . . . ` ;,;‘*?§<— 2110
  ‘ ,   [€1`I`&CCS Hlld C()I1[OLl1` CL11[1V3.L10l1 to COl1[l`()1 5011 Cl`OS1()l1 WVHS 2i(1\'0—  
t‘· · = , , '=·. fa; sta
V7 g   (j3.LC(l.. SONIC   l)€1`CC11[ 1110l`C 12l1`l11Cl`S SO\\’C(1 1€gLl1I1CS 3.H(l gI`3.SS SCC(l   A
Y i_ 1 ‘ . . . . - · . `:/:1 , 1 51
1   11 than in any previous year. An increase in the amount ol soil-build. .,,:3;
1 . ‘ ‘ . . . . .   mt
i _ _ 1 ing allowance earned indicates something ol. the work clone ttl .   {
1 ~ `,`»   l111l)1`O\'C and conserve the sotl lltrttottt the state.    
1*   S\ \OI’S1S OF CO1Y1\1\ -.~\(Q1·,N1 .\C1l\'1'1l1·.S .;},fg: C1
    _»—· 1 1931 1931 gz;
\"`€` »: · · ,· [ri la]
1 ·· ·>\ Counties with agents ......4.............................. 119 1211  
r j 1 County Extension Organizations .,......................... 107 1113   lm
1 _;°Q__l Meml1ership—n1en .,.................................. 15.0~l5 13,121   H,
  (Zonununities that built extension programs ..............4. 1,256 1,2151     _ ’
'   Connnunitv leaders in eommttnitv·l>uilt nrotrrants .......... 7,580 8,1172 jx m
1 —~ .· . . 4 1 ¤ tt
1     Leader-training meetings ....................,............ 1.830 2,561}   at
l -.=,·_;__ .~\ttendanee o1` local leaders ......,.................... 23.583 37,9112   {:1
    Meetings held luv local leaders. not participated in by ` _   m
L jig}! eounty agents .................................... 5,513 7,1151   la
_,;§{`;,j1 ,»\ttendanee .,......................._....., _ ......... 93,518 151,1721  
1 ’   Number paid .1\. C. leaders in adjustment programs ......... 2.117-1 2,68]   Ty
iv _,.V"‘   Method and result demonstration meetings ..............,.. 21.200 3.753     ta
’    _— . .v\ttendanee ..................... , ..........,......... 60.315 73,81lt 1, ( ,
  ()ther lixtension meetings ............ . ....,.............. 13,681 15,1731 » H]
  .·\ttendan11 ZIQCII LS. 71 11C ])l`()gl`2i11l lll
—;J,`;·i,_··r `$ ~ . . ` ` _
 I-ji; \\’Ol`l< 111 CHC11 COL111l)’ WVHS (`211`1`1C(1 OI1 L111`l1 111C (jOL1ll[y 11()111Cl1121l€Ul` »
YET? A? 1 r »
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1- _   l i
    Amzual Report for t/11: Ycrzr 1938 7   i
mlpl { Msoeiatioti, a lederzttion ol Conununity homemakers clubs which   ,
i are the study groups ol rural homemakers tnterested 111 problems L 1
. ol ll()lllClll2ll{lllg and community intprovement, under the immedi-   y
Sscl my supervision ol the home demonstration agents, assisted by il   1
dv"` , 511111 oli supervisors and iield agents lroni the College ol ,Xgl`l(jL1lLLl]`(j_ y   ,
$$11* Assistance was rendered by supervisors, lield agents and home de- Q y
mm l 111o11sn·atio11 agents in —lli other counties llot having home demon-    
C UI 1 stration arents.    
1 1))`()g`)`(i)I of ll"()}`/f. hlkljor pl`0_]CCtS were llll(lCl`LLll{Cll in clothing, I   l
ll()lll(I management, l1o1ne decoration, loods and nutrition, cl1ild 1  
care a11d [amily relations. Minor or special projects were llll(lCl`~    
ml taken in landscape gardening, rural electrilication, reading in the    
  home, better speech, music appreciation, handicralt, recreation, {  
l31(\2il style trends, millinery and dress lorms. The program undertaken    
  in any county is determined by discussion, lirst i11 tl1e community   €
215611 and then in county groups in order to have lull participation ol as  
mm many [arm won1e11 as possible i11 lirst analyzing their needs and,  
i7.$lQl later, detern1ini11g a program based on those 11eeds.  
  Home lllmtugemettl. Home management projects were nnder· . 2  
3.733 taken i11 l2 counties. '1`hey dealt with conservation ol time, energy I  
  and money thru good management. lillicient housekeeping saves    
617.51111 tit11e lor other things. Convenient arrangement ol` working equip-   `
  lllCIll. in tl1e home, l2ll)()1`-SZl\'lllg devices, improved equipment, elh—   A
cient 1netl1ods ol work, adequate storage lacilities, good business l  
  methods. adequate records, good 1no11ey management, better buy-   l
5-11:511 ing and financial planning, are all part. ol a h1>n1e-management  
21.7% program. During tl1e year, -167 kitchens were remodeled and 79   "I
759.51112 new kitcl1ens were added. ln addition to complete renovation,   Z
W lllllllC1`()llS improvements were made, such as l,2l7 relinished kitchen L  
1g;_`111;1 walls. l.l2(l relinished kitchen lloors, 1,075 improved kitchen lur- l  
  nlshings, 2,0-1-} lamilies obtaining labor-saving equipnient, ($,~lltl l  
  pieces ol` labor-saving kitchen ewtnipment made or purchased. fllllll l J}
pieces ol labor»saving laundry etlniptnent made or purchased, 5.0Sl  
useless articles removed. 'l`wo thousand, two hundred and sixty-    
Mics in llllle l-?lllllllCS were assisted with such financial problents its l>lltlgCt*.  
thc Sw llollle 2\(`(`()lllltS. better buying, use ol business methods in the home.  
mm Ul liwo thottsand. tour l1tmd1·ed and seventy-nine clothing closets were  
Qmumx C1lhC1` built, remodeled or reorganized and -l~12 other storage llllllS V  

 ! I
  i   8 Kmzlizc/cy Ijxlcnsion Circular No. 332  
..    S *-3;    
  .   were provided. Sixty sewage systems, 1 13 water systems, [our central   mh
    heating systems and 710 lighting systems were installed. Tg   [OY
  c   C/ol/zing. Major projects in clothing were undertaken in 15   Sm
i   counties and special projects in 50 counties. Rural lamilies are be-     `LJT
    coming clothes conscious as a means ol making them more at east   V.
      in a group and ol expressing individuality. There is no better look-     iii]
    ing or better dressed group in Kentucky than the rural homemak     mi
  iv 7 T ers who attend the Farm and Home Convention at Lexington, not    
i     because they spend a large amount ol` money on clothes, but be Q   kh
i V ·``-   cause they have spent intelligently what little they had and because Y.   im].
    they have been enabled. thru information, to make what they hart   ‘_'‘' lm
  ’V`.   on hand "look like what it isn’t". During the year, lll,393 indi-  ’ {Q Wh
t`   viduals were reached with clothing information; —l#l,70+l garment~ ii ‘ I-Ur
T gfgfl were made, at an estimated value ol` $84,0412.02; 9,974 hats were rc- Z   SCH
y   _`V`   conditioned by cleaning, renovating, blocking dyeing or trimming. L Sch
il   and 705 new hats were made, at a saving ol` $E),—1()#1.88. Over 11,000 _ ml,
l__  garments were remodeled at a saving ol $25,295.39. Dry cleaning I ._ qq
ii,  costs were cut thru better methods ol home cleaning. ln all, thct [  
  clothing program saved Kentucky homemakers $85,08].59. The i ii ui
li   T; money value, while important, does not compare with the value to   N an
lg   the [arm homemaker ol` being able to have lor hersell and her lam-   . ml.
M   ily, clothing that is becoming, appropriate, well made, economical   du
    [ , and modish, which objective she has been able to attain thru know]-   — ing
  [ edge ol` color, line, design, construction processes, clothing selection.   th;
  j- better buying and better grooming. ln the better grooming project.   Of
2L »...   ai H5,687 improved practices were reported in the three counties carry   any
  _.i‘ ; ing this project. These included use ol perspiration check, care ol  
  hands, hair, skin, teeth, use ol cosmetics, better care ol` clothingi im.
    Quantities ol` home-made perspiration check, hand lotion and tooth § im
  powder were made at a saving ol thousands ol` dollars. The recott l Sm.
  ,  . ditioning ol` old sewing machines took sewing out ol the drudgert ‘ Cm
E i`_’     · class ol tasks lor many homemakers. The special project ollered in Cm
    the spring and Iiall on style trends in clothing and millinery reached _ Su]
  M_ a very large percentage ol the homemakers in home demonstration P0
  counties and is largely responsible for well-dressed rural Kentucky. K be
    _ Home Iitzrzzis/1i21g. The home furnishing program carried in fh HC
i{ f_ counties is creating a desire lor more livable and beautilul homts Pl,
  and lor higher standards ot living and is giving the homemaker tht _ ga
I—"§‘?;} 1

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1 V 1 1
l . l f
E xfllllllllflfrf?/)()1`[ for the Ymr /938 S) 7
uml   iuforination, appreciation and skills which are making it possible   y
I ll [Oy hertto acliieye thgse Itles‘it{es.`kTlie lyotpey fprnlisliing pi·ogi~a·n`i    
y bc,   nails with ptoytt ing p easing   gtottnc s oi tie uinis rings, pic-   n
3 tures and even lot the family itself. .-\ study of walls, floors, and 3 _
uml   wimlniys resulted in 7,125 new or reconditioned floors; 8,396 iomiis T l 1
tert with walls repainted or papered: 19,179 windows with new or re.   f
mllll miitlitioiietl shades, curtains or draperies; 5,365 rooms with retin-    
ml   ished wootlworls, Zll1(l *l,l*l5 llC\r\' or lnlpl`U\`ed floor coverings, The I    
ml selection. arrangement. reconditioning and remodeling of l`ui·ni-   l
uml ture, pictures and accessories are further steps in making a truly f   Yi
WF   livable home. l‘l0l1lClll2llC· I  
  fftllse of more adequateproduction and utilization of the farm foflfl i  
_ Sllpply. Budget gardening, budget canning and storage. the (lalr)2 1 fi
  })9lllll`l` flock and home-butcherecl meats are saving farm families  
yy Jetween 5399 and $699 a year; besides meeting their 11Ull`1llOll?`il  
yn   llC<`(lS and building for health and resistance to disease. Tllrll fllli I  
  l;1`9_l€€i» ·l-251 families raised at least 15 varieties in their vegetable  
gardens: 2.283 families used a food preservation and storage budget i. y

1 - 1  .
1 _ ti  " 
`   ]() I(e;t/trelty lixtension Cirrttlrtr No. 332  .
  tt  ~
t   to ensure adequate sttpply and vartetv of foods for the non-grow. -,  Vidm
t *  s
  il ing season; #157 pressure cookers were purchased; 536 storage strtte.   Chile
i .   tures were either built or improved; 6,609 families improved nre.   lem;)
~ -· .3 __ . . .   ‘
5 j ,t thods of food preparation; 2,269 used time and labor saving methods   equi
[ Y     of food preparation; 1,376 individuals were helped to correct some   1;
Q _»   definite nutritional disorder, such as overweight, anemia, pellagra,   on ar
f fl and constipation. Assistance was given to 15.546 fam1l1es 111 can. E,  bctu
    · ning or otherwise preserving fruits, vegetables and meats. The   boo],
l gf estimated value of products canned by members of homemakers   acm
  f clubs in -16 counties was $#13<1,515.06. Seven thousand families re.   htm
, _ wi .  ,23
    ported planning better-balanced meals.   Pmv
1 `-E3   [-Iommmtleers Curb Markets. There are in Kentucky hve home-   boot
f ,2 ls makers markets which offer homemakers the opportunity to market   mak
· _»r> . ) . . - ·  3*
i   sur >luses of the farm and to su > nlement the farm income. Over   t
,   l l  _ . agen
E {I these markets superior products are sold to discrnmnating buyers,  ig; Pm;
t ._.;_T\ The prohts go into home improvements, education and a higher Iii? Lib}
  .`._   standard of living for farm families. Local merchants have given  {Q5 Suqg
T ,_;¤·¥.>.§ excellent cooperation, realizing that the homemakers who sell ott “   yepe
1- Qt . . .. i
1 fj t these markets are not their competitors. The homemaker sells what w   ]
  Q'.; h she produces in order that she may buy what she can’t produce.   mee
  Her prohts go into the tills of the local merchants. Market sellers ._ ‘ [ion
  have been helped, thru discussions and demonstrations, to grade  ¢   mem
    { and judge products, to standardize methods of production and pre-  T   njgg
t , -‘‘‘ ‘ . . . . . . . ’ -.
y.   _ paratton of foods for market and to improve continually the quality _- p am)
T-.    of goods sold. Fort r-seven sellers on the hve markets have made  ifi sehr;
iZ=.4 `· rl  -`
  ‘ sales totalling $13,006.59, or an average of $276.72 per seller. Most  j in tj
  ; of the markets operate on Saturday mornings.  T`. ‘ neer
i,=`¥;,_ ‘ Child Care and Trztirtirte. This >ro>·ram was offered es >eciall\   ` 5 my
r     ¤ ia l ~ ; l
  2- for mothers of young children. Requests for help came lrotn groups . com
§‘¥2_§s=._ °i of mothers in lsf counties. The work included a stud i of the >l`l1l;   min
  ._ 1 _ l l
E_<··-Tg _ ctples of habit formation and the application o1` these principles trt r folk
  gr building good habits and reconditioning poor habits, the use ttf i ,
r‘.·l-e·__?;` ¤' . . . . . . . _ ¤
i.-’i:,e;ey — positive rather than negative methods of discipline, and betttt I- _ and
  understanding of the children. Problems of adolescence were alstt l incl
    discussed with these groups. Parents of 13413 children, 9415 mothel‘~ t i. folk
  {V ~ and 268 fathers, participated. Four hundred and twenty-four fault ; ° mal
$$53  lies reported improving habits of children; 334 were successful iv E the
_—5q¤.,r gt _ . . . . . . . . . _ t
  ; substitutin · )()SlllVC for ne attve methods of d1sc1 line; 513 )l0· 1 Ket
%2 tion, folk games, active and quiet games, table games, skill games,    
;lt   mental teasers, stunts, music, etc. As part of their regular club l I
‘t~ meetings, 499 communities had 4,872 recreational programs. Recre- i i 1
ti ation in the home and community was encouraged and training l `l
dv schools were held for recreational leaders. Suggested entertainment 1 l i  
M in the home was used by 1610 families. Homemakers, realizing the    
need and value of more and better recreation in their communities j lj  
lh sponsored 877 social functions for the entire community, in 409 1 .1
ip~ j communities. Among these activities were dramatics, operettas,  
iu, i minstrel shows, amateur radio programs. peace programs, pageants.  
to 1 folk game evenings, carnivals, costume parties and many others.  
wl H0l7H’HH1ftM‘.s‘ Vr(1(`(1fI·()’)1 Cam/}.v, Five lioinemakers V21C21llOl1 CZUHPS {  
ttl _ fllld one County camp, with 897 attending, were held. The pl`0g`l`Hll\    
ilsw included handicraft, music, relaxation, nature hikes. camp fires.  
lt‘l`* f0ll< games, vespers and discussion of the recreational needs. HOHli”·  
mi- makers are increasingly aware that providing recreation is part of  
in the serious business of providing a full and satisfying life in rural 1  
im- Kentucky.    

 ii s
e ji
2   tl
  L  i
V   il  
Y   l2 Ivmztuc/ty Extension Circufrtr No. 332  
  $2 s 
j   Community Projm·t.s. lt is the goal of every hoinemakers chit,   whit
    in Kentucky to undertake during the year some community im.   RCP.
g H   provement project. Among projects undertaken were clean-up cam.   (
    paigns, improvement of schools and school grounds, improvement   [
      of other public grounds and buildings. Twenty-one community   (
    club houses were established, 76 communities made a study of their   1
ls j social needs and 503 communities were assisted with problems of   l
  Q· tl community organiz