xt7gxd0qrx6g https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt7gxd0qrx6g/data/mets.xml  188788  books b92-74-27213332v1 English Century, : New York : This digital resource may be freely searched and displayed.  Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically.  Physical rights are retained by the owning repository.  Copyright is retained in accordance with U. S. copyright laws.  For information about permissions to reproduce or publish, contact the Special Collections Research Center. United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Campaigns.Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937. Buel, Clarence Clough, 1850-1933. Battles and leaders of the Civil War (vol. 1)...  : being for the most part contributions by Union and Confederate officers : based upon "The Century War series" / edited by R.U. Johnson and C.C. Clough Buel. text Battles and leaders of the Civil War (vol. 1)...  : being for the most part contributions by Union and Confederate officers : based upon "The Century War series" / edited by R.U. Johnson and C.C. Clough Buel. 1887 2002 true xt7gxd0qrx6g section xt7gxd0qrx6g 


















  BATTLES AND
LEADERS OF THE
CIVIL WAR  

   VOLUME ONE



 













































































        THE  BUGLE (CAIlI.

FROMI THlE  INTVNl i BY' WILL IAM -M. I!UNT.

 



      BATT LES AND
LEADERS OF THE
CIVIL WARv










BEING FOR THE MOST PART CONTRIBUTIONS
BY UNION AND CONFEDERATE OFFICERS.
BASED UPON "THE CENTURY WAR SERIES."
EDITED BY ROBERT UNDERWOOD JOHNSON
AND CLARENCE CLOUGH BUEL, OF THE EDI-
TORIAL STAFF OF "THE CENTURY MAGAZINE"'

            NEW-YORK
         'Z4e (euturp Qao.

 































  Copyright, 1887,

By THE CENTURY CO.






























TuE DE VUNNE PRESS.

 
This page in the original text is blank.

 
























PREFACE.



ITITH the main purpose in its origin of interesting veterans in their own
Ai memories and of instructing the generation which has grown up since
the War for the Union, the " Century War Series," through peculiar circum-
stances, has exerted an influence in bringing about a better understanding
1)etween the soldiers who were opposed in that conflict. This influence, of
which substantial evidence has been given, North and South, lends additional
historical interest to the present work. Many commanders and subordinates
have here contributed to the history of the heroic deeds of which they were a
part. General Grant, who, in accord with the well-known purpose of President
Lincoln, began at Appomattox the work of reconciliation, contributed to the
War Series four papers on his greatest campaigns, and these are here included.
They were written before his severe illness, and became the foundation of
his " Personal Memoirs." The narrative of his battles, continued under the
tragic circumstances of the last year of his life, retrieved his fortunes and
added a new laurel to his fame. The good temper and the unpartisan char-
acter of his articles, and of the papers by the leading writers on both sides,
are the most significant signs in these pages. For the most part, each side
has confined controversy to its own ranks, and both have emphasized the
benefit as well as the glory of the issue. Coincident with the progress of the
series during the past three years, may be noted a marked increase in the
number of fraternal meetings between Union and Confederate veterans,
enforcing the conviction that the nation is restored in spirit as in fact, and
that each side is contributing its share to the new heritage of manhood and
peace.
  On the 17th of July, 1883, Mr. Bued, Assistant-Editor of "The Century"
magazine, proposed in detail a magazine series by prominent generals of
                                    ix

 



both sides. The original suggestion (based upon the succes of two articles
from different points of view on the John Brown raid, in " The Century" for
that month) was of eight or ten articles on the decisive battles of the war,
and included in the main the features of the expanded series. Mr. R. W.
Gilder, the Editor-in-Chief, at once cordially adopted the suggestion, com-
mitting the charge of its execution to Mr. Johnson, the Associate-Editor,
assisted by Mr. Buel; from the start Mr. Gilder has aided the work by his
counsel, and by the support of his confidence in its success and public use-
fulness-ends which could not have been attained except for the liberal and
continued support of Roswell Smith, Esq., President of The Century Co. The
elaboration of the first plan, the securing of the contributions, and the
shaping and editing of the series were shared by Mr. Johnson and Mr. Buel,
the former devoting the more time to the work duiing the months of organ-
ization, and the latter having entire charge of the editing for nearly the whole
of the second year. The course of the series in magazine form was from
November, 1884, to November, 1887.
  That the plan and the time of the enterprise were alike fortunate, may be
estimated from the unprecedented success Ad the articles. Within six months
from the appearance of the first battle paper, the circulation of " The Century "
advanced from 127,000 to 225,000 copies, or to a reading audience estimated
at two millions. A part of this gain was the natural growth of the periodical.
The still further increase of the regular monthly issue during the first year
of the serial publication of Messrs. Nicolay and Hay's Life of Lincoln (1886-87)
has proved the permanent character of the interest in important contribu-
tions to the history of the Civil War.
  The present work is a natural sequence of the magazine series, and was
provided for before the publicatik - 4 the first paper. Both the series and this
expansion of it in book form are, in idea as well as in execution, an outgrowth
of the methods and convictions belonging to the editorial habit of "The Cen-
tury" magazine. The chief motive '8ss been strict fairness to the testimony of
both sides, and the chief endeavors hlasse been to prove every important state-
ment by the " Official Records " and 'ther trustworthy documents, and to spare
no pains in the interest of elucidation and accuracy. These ends could not have
been attained without the cordial cooperation as writers, and assistance as
interested actors, of the soldiers of both sides; in these respects the aid
rendered by veterans, from the highest rank to the lowest, has been unstinted,
and would be deserving of particular mention if such were possible within
the bounds of an ordinary preface. Nearly every writer in the work, and
very many others whose names do not appear, have been willing sources
of suggestion and information. Special aid has been received from General
James B. Fry, from the late Colonel Robert N. Scott, who was the editorial
head of the "War Records" office, and from his successor, Colonel H. M.
Lazelle; and thanks are due to General Adam Badeau, George E. Pond,
Colonel John P. Nicholson, Colonel G. C. Kniffin, and to General Marcus
J. Wright, Agent of the War Department for the Collection of Confederate
Records.



PREFACE.



x

 


PREFACE.



xi



  Material for the illustrations, which form a most striking and not the least
important feature of the work, has been received from all sides, as will be
noted in the table of contents. Special acknowledgment is due to the Boston
Commandery of the Loyal Legion, to whose complete set of the Gardner and
the Brady photographs, as well as to other material, access has been had
from the beginning of the series. Colonel Arnold A. Rand, Secretary of the
Boston Commandery, and General Albert Ordway have rendered valuable
aid in connection with the Brady and the Gardner photographs and in other
ways. The importance of accuracy has been kept constantly in view in
tie preparation of the illustrations-a laborious work which has been exe-
tnted under the direction of Alexander W. Drake, Superintendent, and W.
I wis Fraser, lManager, 4f the Art Department of The Century Co.
                                                        THE EDITORS.
 NEW YORK, November, 1887.

 



























                             CORRECTIONS IN THE FIRST EDITION.

Papg  1. FYr Aditral Charh's A. Davis (o printed in part of the edition), r-m;o Admiral Charlet It. Da'lu.

P.age ,; nd page 10H. F-r Charles t;. Mtiniuger, ret 'bristophier ii. Meinmioger.

Page- 4t. 'From Moultric to 8umter," by t-eneral Doubleday. C.onernig tbh statemuent that Major Robert
           Audersou, of Kentucky. '- was a regular ofer and owner of a sla e plantation in Georgia."
           Major Anderson's widow writes to the Editors that he never onued a plantation anywhere, and
           that be nerer reided In Georgia. She adds, " He inberited 8laves in Kenttieky from his father,
           Colonel Richard tlough Atiderson, and these he liberated ininediately on coming tnto poses8ion of
           them, whieh was a f.-w years after he waa graduated at the Military Academy of Weot Potit."
           General Doubleday will nodify tht statement for other edMitio-

P'age S1. For Lieutenant James A. Yates (so priate.1 i, part of the edition). rcAd I i-utettaut Joseph A. Yates.

Page 2:6. For Sergeant 'i'hots ShotoFabte (so printed I larlrt of the editti.... r),a  Srergua.t Joseph Shu-ate.

Page-21 "The-runed rate ('   t-iinlssariadt at Manassa-," by touclNorthrop  Xear the aiddic of the second
           cIolumnu-for" Lieutenaut-Clonie  Rob-ert B. Lee was addel...' .l.ad "I.ieutenant-Colonel Ricbard B.
           Lee was added."

1'aige 43. In the foot-note: For  :eneral (ticore W r ' olton is. printed I pilrt of the cdititn., read (tener-i
           (;.-orge W. Culbun.

i'5ge 67t;. " The Campaign if ithiloh," by ( ...eral t;. T. tS'atiregtrtl. lit-! 27,- fir the lath of February, read the
           13th of March.

Pa.e A,-i. Title to i ortralt. Fr 'ulonel ZA'bulou Bi.  te lead Brigadier-Ucuerau Bobert B. Vance.



 




               CONTENTS OF VOLUME ONE.

                                                                                         PvalS
FRONTISPIECE, "THE BUGLE CALL." From the lithograph by D. C. Fabronius of the painting
         by William M. Hunt .    .................       ,         ....   ...       .       V

PREFACE .......................                            .........     ............       IX
      ILLUSTRATION.S: Camp Gossip, from (4ardner photo.; and Confederate Wooden Canteen (Wl. Taber).

LIST OF MAPS ............ .........................                                ...................i. .... XXII

LIST OF ARTISTS ...... .       ................. ............... ................     . XXIII

LIST OF DRAUGHTSMEN .......      ... .... ..............X................   ...... .. XXIII

LIST OF  ENGRAVERS ..........    .... . ...... ..   ............ .......... ........   . . XEI



                                  INTRODUCTION.

PRELIMINARY    EVENTS. From the Charleston Convention to the first Bull Run     . . .  ...  I
     ILLUTrATION;: The Reveille (WU. rTtb-,.

ORGANIZATION OF THE TWO-GOVERNMENTS .........              .................... .... .
      The United States Government: The Buchanan Administration; The Lincoln Administra-
    tion; The United States War Department; The United States Navy Department.
      The Confederate States Government: Provisional Organization; Reorganization ; Confed-
    erate States War Department; Confederate States Navy Department.
      Governors of the States during the War.



                                  SIGNS OF WAR.

WASHINGTON ON THE EVE OF THE WAR ....... GENERAL CHARLES P. STONE                       .   7
      ILLIsTRATfIs R: Rotunda oftle Caitol i U1861, from photo. Ient by General M. C. Meiga (fE. .r. Jr-k- )-
    Map of the United States in 1861, sowing Military Posts oecnpled by United States Troops January 1,
    lni. and Approximate Limit of Territory controlled by the United States Force July, 1861 (Jamb
    Wefla)-Uniform of the National Rifles; Uniform of the Potomae Light Infantry (H. A. Ogden) --Brevet
    LleUt.-General Winlield Scott, from Brady photo.- Headquarters of General Scott f(Teo. R. Daeis) -
    Washington Arsenal, from Russell photo. (E. J. feeker)-The Columbian Armory ('. R. Dartet-Joseph
    Holt, Secretary of War, from Brady photo. - President Bucbanan. fron Brady photo.- General Charles
    1. Stone, from.. Braty photo. -President Lincoln, from ambrotype taken May 20, 18Bo-Vice-President
    Hamlin, from Brady photo. - South or Garden Side of the White Honse (F. H. Cacke) -The White House
    at Night (Joseph Pennell) - Inauguration of President Lincoln, from photo. lent by General MI. C. Mega.

WITH SLEMMER IN PENSACOLA HARBOR ........ COLONEL J. H. GILMAN               .   .......... 26
      ILLUSTrATIONs: Pensacola Harbor from the Bar (TA-. f. Drnsr  - The Mail who refused to baul
    down the Union Flag (WiUia.s Wand) - Map of Pensacola Bay. redrawn. from "Frank Lestlie'" (Fred.
    IL. ifft)-Confederate Water-battery, from photo. lent by Loyall Farragut (W'. Taber) - Lieutenant
    Adalm J. Slemmer, from Brady photo.

RECOLLECTIONS OF THE TWIGGS SURRENDER.. MRS. CAROLINE BALDWIN DARROW. 33
      ILLUSTRATION8: A Texan Ranger. front amtbrotype (.i. C. trdeood)-The Alamo, San Antonio
   (Abroan Hosier)-Colonel Dantel H. Vinton, from photo.
  In onter t asne - not.-I repetition. Particula-r crdit I. here gIl iven to the Boston Comaiantdery ofthe t.vsi I.diW in tcl.
 eele- Aroold A. Rand. (-eneral Albert Ordway, Charle B. Hall, aid W. H. Whit-o, for tIhe ue of photograph .n.l drawig.
 W-r time photographere whose work 1i of the greatest historivalue, osdl ha been freely draw .1pon in thte pretarution
 r4 th-e Illistrations, are M. B. Brarl, Alesonder Gardner, and iaptain A. J. R.-ell ID the North; ad D. H. Andle-son of
 ftichiaond. Vs.. and George S. Cook of Charleston. S.C.- tie latter ince the wa.'havlng succeeded to the o..nerhip oF the
 Ander-on .e  tl-.
                                             xlii

 




xiv                        CONTENTS OF VOLUME ONE.



                                   FORT SUMTER.
                                                                                          PAGE
FROM  MOULTRIE TO SUMTER .............         ... GENERAL ABNER DOUBLEDAY            .... 40
      ILLIJ8TRATIONS: VIew of Charleston fro. Castle Pinckney (T. R. Dorix) - Major Robert Anderson,
    front Brady photo.- Major Anderson and hi. Officers, from Cook phItl.- The Sea-battery at Fort Mon1-
    trie, front photo. -Map of Charleston Harbor (Jacob Wells) - The Hot-shot Furnace, Fort Moultrie, fron
    photo.- Major Anderson's Men Crossing to Fort Sumter (Thco. R. Daris).

INSIDE SUMTER IN '6i .............       .  ....... CAPTAIN JAMES CHESTER ....              5o
      ILLUSTRATIONS: South-we-t or Gorge Front of Fort 8umter. fron. photo. Ienit by the Washington Light
    Infantry, Charlestou, S. C. (W. Taer) - The Sally-port of Fort Suniter, from photo.- Ground Plan of
    Fort Sumter (F. E. Silts) - interior of Fort Sumter after the S8rrender, troai photo. (W. Taber) -
    Interior of Fort Sumter after the Bombardment, showing the Gate and the Gorge Wall, from photo.-
    Interior of Fort Sumter, showing the 10-inch Colmtihiad hearing oni Charleston, fro- photo. lent by G. L.
    G.. Cook (W. Tober) - Etfect of the Bombardment on the Barbette GIIs, from photo. lent by the Rev. John
    Johnson (E J. Meker) - The Sumter Garrison Watching the Firing on the "S 8tar i)f the West" (T. R.
    Daris) - Confederate Floatilg Battery in Ai-tiou (T. R Daria) - Pliu of the Floating Battery, fromn a
    Sketch by Colonel Jo-eph A. Yates - Sergeant Carmody Firing th- Barrlbte Ginns of Sumter (T. R. Daria)
    -A C(asemate G(n during the Conflagration (T. R. Daris) - Ruins of the Casemates and of the Barbette
    Tiler of GUns, from photo's.

THE FIRST STEP IN THE WAR ................... GENERAL STEPHEN D. LEE .74
      ILLUSTRATI-IX5: Bursting of the Signal-shell from Fort Johnson n-er Fort Sumter (T. R. Daris) -
    Governor Francis W. Pickena, from photoi. lent by Louis ManigaIit-Con federate Mortar-battery on
    Morris Island, front photo.-General G. T. Beauregard, from Anderson-Cook photo.-Secession Hall,
    Charle.ton, from Cook Ithbito. (E. J. Meeker) - Fort Sumter at the close of the Bombardment (T. R. Daria)
    -Jefferson DatVis, from Brady photo.-View of Cumming's Point (T. R. Dor;ij.

NOTES ON THE SURRENDER OF FORT SUMTER,.,COLONEL A. R. CHISOLM .82



                    ORGANIZING FOR THE CONFLICT.

WAR PREPARATIONS IN THE NORTH ..........G ENERAL JACOB D. COX .84
      ILLusTRATioNs: The Awkward Squad (W1. Taker) - Life-mask of Stephen A. Dougla, from photo.-
    Portrait of Stephen A. Douglas, from daguerreotype taken in 152 - Major-General George B. McClellan,
    from photo. by R. W. Addis- Major-General Gordon Granger, from Brady photo.- Camp Dennison,
    near Cinclnnati. based upon photo. (W. Taber).

THE CONFEDERATE GOVERNMENT AT MONT-)
    GOMERY. By the Editor of the Charleston       . R. BARNWELL RHETT ............... 99
    'Mercury" in 1iS0-'2 .. .   ..... .
      ILLIusTATIONs: Montgomery, Alabama, in 1861, showing the Confederate Capitol (T. R. Daris)-
    Alexander H. Stephens, from Brady photo.- William L. Yancey, from Cook photo.- Robert Toombs,
    from photo.- Leroy Pope Walker, from Brady photo.- R. Barnwell Rhett, from Cook photo.- Howel1
    Cobb, from  photo. lent by General Marcus J. Wright - Stephen B. Mallory. from daguerreotype -
    Judah P. Benjamin, from photo. lent by James Blair - Charles G. Memminger and John H. Reagan,
    from ateel-engravings, by permisson of D. Appleton  Co.



                     FIRST OPERATIONS IN VIRGINIA.

JACKSON AT HARPER'S FERRY IN        i8bi..... G.... ENERAL JOHN D. IMBODEN .            11
      ILLUSTHATIONS: Rtichmond, Va., In 1861 (Thea. R. Davi) - Palmetto Regiment parading in Charleston,
    S. C., e rode for Richmond (Thea. R. Daori) - Map of Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland (JErcob
    Wells) - Court-house, Charleston, Va., where John Brow. and his Associates were Tried and Sentenced,
    froti phbt.t. by W. G. Reed (Hang F.,..)-Map of Harper's Ferry (0. H. Broj - Portr ait of John
    Brown. front photo. by J. W. Black  Co. with Autograph) - Engine-bouse, Harper's Ferry (Joseph
    Pem-sl) -Portrait of Colonel Robert E. Lee, from photo. taken before the War, lent by General G. W.
    C. Lee - View of Harper' Ferry looking down the Potomac, front photo. (W. Taler) - Harper's Ferry
    from the Maryland side, from photo. (W. Taber)- Lieut.-General Thomas J. IE Stonewall ) Jackson,
    C. S. A., from photo. by Tanner  Vant Nes - General Jackson In 1861, from pen sketch lent by Mrs.
    Harriet Coxe Bledane (A. J. Vokk) - Colonel Roger Jones, from Brady photo.

 




                            CONTENTS OF VOLUME ONE.                                         xv

                                                                                           PACE
McCLELLAN IN WEST VIRGINIA .................. GENERAL JACOB D. COX ........_. u126
     ILLutrrRATa07so: An Affair of Outposts (W.  ber) -MajorC-General Lew Waltace, from  Brady
     photo.- Map of Campaigns in West Virginia (Jacob We) - Brig.-General T. A. Morris, fro  Brady
     photo.- Plan of Combat at Rich Mountain (J. WeUle) - Brig.-General John Pegram, C. S. A., from
     Anderson-Cook photo.- Brig.-Gencral R. S. Garnett, C. S. A., from photo.-M tajor-General W. S. Rose-
     i-rans, from photo. by Bogardus - Brig.-General R. A. Wise, C. S. A., from Brady photo.- Brig.-General
     J. B. Floyd, C. S. A., froin photo.- Pot-hospital and Wagon-shop at Kanawha Falls, from photo. lent
     by General J. D. Co. (Harry ,n-) - Plan of Gauley Bridge and Vicinity (Jacob Wells) -View-of
     Galey Bridge and Ne- River Cliff., from photo's lent by General J. D. Cox (Harry Feca) -Plan of
     Affair at Caratfex Ferry (Jecob Well.) - Floyd's Command Recrosaing the Gauley River, and Preparing
     to shell Rosecraus " Camp at Gahley Bridge, from sketches by W. D. Washington owned by J. F.
     Gibson (W. L. Sheppard) -View of Romtney, Va. (A. R. Wand).




                     FIRESIDE AND FIELD OF BATTLE.

GOING TO THE FRONT (Recollectiois of a Private-i). WARREN      LEE GOSS.        ...    .... 149
      ILLUtSTRxTioNs: Fac-stinile of the Concluison of General Dix'. -American Flag" Dispatch, from the
    origiIal lent by the Rev. Morgan Dix, D. D.- Arrival of the New York 7th at Annapolis (Thea. R.
    IDris) - Unlform of the tth Massachusetts (H. A. Ogden)- 'And the Corporl did" (E. W. Keaelbe) - A
    Mother's Parting (ift (El. W. Kemsble) - Militia Uniform tf '61, from photo. of the statue by J. Q. A.
    Ward - The New York 7th Marching down Broadway (W. aber) - Federal Hill. Baltimore (. H.
    ,ehell) -Pnnsylvanlia Avenue, Washington, in '61 (The.. B. Dris) - The New York 7th at Camp Cam-
    t r on, Washington (M. J. Burns).

VIRGINIA SCENES IN '6i ......................... MRS. BURTON HARRISON ......... 160
      ILLUSTRATION8: Confederate Battle-flag, from original flag lent by Mrs. Karrison (E. J. Meteker) -A
    Virginla Homeatead, from sketeh lent by Mrs. Harrison (E. 3. eeer- Confederates on the Way to
    Manasas (E. W. Kesmble) - Listening for the First Gun (E. W. Keble) -Fac'simile of Autographic
    Copy of the First Stana of "My Maryland."




                 CAMPAIGN OF THE FIRST BULL RUN.

McDOWELL'S ADVANCE TO BULL RUN ........... GENERAL JAMES B. FRY ............ 167
      IIIL'sTaATION5: Scratiitzing a Pas at the Long Bridge, based on photo. (WF. H. 8hdt-er)-Unitorm
    of the 14th New York at Bull Run (iW. Taber) - Simon Cameron, Secretary of War, from Brady photo.
    - Uniform of the 1st Massachusetts at Bull Run (H. A. Ogden)- General Irvin McDowell, from photo.
    by Fredericks-Uniform of the 2d Ohio at Bull Ran (H. A. Ogden) -Map of the Defenses of Washing.
    to., July, 1861 (Jacob nWell) - Fac-imile of a Washington Pass of 1861 (obverse and reverse), lent by
    Murat 1aistead- View of Washington from the Signal Camp, two cuts (Thco. R. Doria) - The Stone
    Church, Centreville, from Gardner photo. (Harry Fen.) - Uniform of the 11th New York (Fire Zounves)
    at Bull Run (H. A. Ogden) - Outline Map of the Battle-field of Bull Run (Jaeob Wells) -Sudley Springs
    Hotel (Joseph Pennell) - Sudley Springs Ford in I14 (Joseph Pennell)- Sudley Springs Ford, from
    Gardner photo. (Harry Fn) - The Stone Bridge over Bull Run (Joseph Pennell) - Fatigue Uniform
    and Kilts of the 79th New York (H. A. Ogden) - The 8udley Springs Road, from photo. hy Captain J. E.
    Barr (J. D. Woodaeard) - Major-General Charles Griflin, and Major-Gneral James B. Rlcketts, from
    photo's lent by General James B. Pry -The Contest for the Henry Hill (W1. Taber) - Unifosm ea lbe
    Garibaldi Guards (H. A. Ogden) -Uniform of Bleaker's 8th New York Volunteers (H. A. O_)-
    Brig.-General Louis Bleaker, from Brady photo.

THE OPPOSING ARMIES AT THE FIRST BULL RUN. Table of Strength, Composituo.,
    and Losses .............. ...     .... ........................... . .           ...... 194

THE FIRST BATTLE OF BULL RUN.            ..         ......... GENERAL G. T. BEA4UREGARD. . 196o
      ILLUsTRATIONS: A LouIsiana 1'Tigert (A. C. Redwood) -Arlington, the Home of General Robert E.
    Lee (J. H. Coek) - Map of the Bull Ron Campaign (Jaeob Wells) - The McLean House, General Beaure-
    gard's Headqnarters, near Manassas, from Gardner photo. (W. Taber) -Topographical Map of the Bull
    Run Battle-tleld (Jacob Welld) - Rallying the Troops of Bee, Bartow, and Evans behind the Robinson
    Rouse (T. de Thustrap) - A Louisiana ' Pelican" (A. a. Redwood) -The Robinson House, from Gardner
    photo. (J. D. Woodward) -The Main Battle-ground, two views, from photo's (Harry Fena) - Colonel
    F. S. Bartow. from photo. lent by Georgia H1storical Society-Fairfa  ('ourt-house, from Gardner
    photo. ( . Taber) - Ruins of the Stone Bridge, looking along the Warrenton Turnpike toward the Battle-
    field, from Gardner photo.- Confederate Quaker Guns, from Gardner photo. (A. C. Redwood) - Generals
    B. E. Lee and J. E. Johnston, from photo. by D. J. Ryan (with Autographs).

 




xvi                        CONTENTS OF VOLUME ONE.

INCIDENTS OF THE FIRST BULL RUN ............ GENERAL JOHN D. IMBODEN ...... 229
     ILLIJ5TRATIoN: The X.t. Henry Houwe and the Monument of the First Battle, from photo. (WI.
     Taber) - Confederate Fortification about Manastut Junetion, and the Stone loua- on the Warrentont
     Turnpike. from (Gardser photo'. (Harry Peat.)-Plan of the Bull Run Battle-fl-dl (Jacob WelaJ) -Brigm-
     dier-General Barnard E. Bee, from photo. by Tunker  Perkiu.

RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE FIRST BULL RUN ......G FNERAL JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON .... 24t
      ILLU5TBRATION: tQuaker (uin f lund in the Confederate Work. at Manuasa, fron (Gardner photo.
    (WI. Taber) - Gn-neral 9tainu-l Cooper, from phote. by Da-is lent by General Manrus J. Wright - Lienteit-
    ant-0eneral Ric-hard S. E-11, fronm Anderson-Cook photo.- "Stonewall" Jackson asa First-lieutenant
    of Artill-ry, from tdauerreotype lent Iby his niece, Mis Alice E. Underwood.

GENERAL EWVELL AT BULL RUN....           ....  ....MAJOR CAMPBELL BROWN            ...

THE CONFEDERATE COMMISSARIAT AT MANASSAS               .COLONEIL L. B. NORTHROP           21il





         WILSON'S CREEK. LEXINGTON, AND) PEA RIDGE.


THE FIRST YEAR OF THE WAR IN MISSOURI           ..... COLONEL THOMAS L. SNEAD ....... 24;2
      ILLU.TIATIUON.: A V-ry Raw Reruilt (E. W. KMebfej - Map of Op1erations 1in Mis1ouri, 1861 (Jacob
      W,11fl,)- ,rernor Cttzibornuc F. Jatt-ksou, from phototype lent by I ...leeral Mar-us J. Wright-Brigdier-
    General D. M. Frost, from photo. by Seholten-- Fat--siuil- ..f Missouri War S-rip, lent by R. 1. Ho]-
    -otnte- Makjur-Geao-rdl Sterling PrIce, from Ande-rson-took photo.- Mafjor-tl-nn-rtal D,:vicd Hunter, fron
    IR-oly photo.- lapr-Clenerti Henry W. Italinick, front photo.

IN COMMAND IN MISSOURI            ..      .       GENERAL JOHN C. FREMONT ...... 2 s
      ILsL5TR AT10: Off to tIn- War (WI. Tuber) -F.ajor;encrai 1F 1. IJlr, Jf, fI .... Brudy hibt.lo-lrig.-
    t;ento-rttl NatbanitI Lynn,, from BRrndy photo.-Mttor-(lenernt Franz .it.. -I. ft-ot pIoto.-lajur-Ot-ucra
    Joli.t C. F'.-( mut. frtnt sitl ttortrait lenxt by Mrs. Frt(,aont.

WILSON'S CREEK, AND THE DEATH t)F LYON ... GENE'RA.L WILLI4AM           M. WHERRY     .   2SI)
      IL.LUsTRATIONs: tavait-"ntitof I tI- Unlit-d States Reg"larsr In 1861 (II. A. Ohdet)- M.lt of Wit.,.'.
    (-r-ek, tar (tatk Hilla (Jtob ifefla)-njttr-teneral John. M. St-bohtl-, fr,,ill rIaIIy pltoto.-Battle-fetld
    .,f Wilttou' ('reX-k frt- Is-luinti l'-ur-e't ('nImp, frpt t titlo,,'s (E. J. fee-ker)-Briani-tenerat X. B.
    Pearce, ('. S. A.. f-ttn Bratty photto.

ARKANSAS TROOPS IN T-HE BATTILE                         R     N B.
      OF WILSON'S CREEK.NRA J .N........ . (ENR
      ILLUSTRATIONS: Bloody 11111 fruit titt- East, frotit photo. by Sittler t-nt bIy R. 1. llolctnije thU.
    'abt-r)- MkJor-Gen-rtnl Be-. it-'tth1it(-t. C. S. A., frotin pihtot,.-Brigttler-.ent-ral W. Y. Slat-k, C. Y. A.,
    frtnn Brady pituto.

THE FLANKING COLUMN A( WILSON'S CREEK..            (;ENERAL FRANZ SIGEL.                ..0

THE OPPOSING FORCES AT WILSON'S CREEK, MO.            nntpo.siti.tt., Strength, a-tI Losset.. .:

THE SIEGE OF LEXINGTON             .................... C'OLONEL JAMf:S A. MULLIGAN.        :l407
      ILLUSTuATINS: Confetterates Fighting behind Henip,-bales (Wt. Tuber) - M, tof the Siege of Lexing-
    ttit (Jacob WIelt) - Battle tf L-xington. as seen front Partotua's positilon, after sketelt by F. B. Wilkie it
    - Frattk  lit'"  (F. 11. Nhtel) - Coltel Jtuttea A. Mtllilgau, from photo. (.Yidney L.. Stbifh).

THE PEA RIDGE CAMPAIGN ..........         ........ GENERAL FRANZ SIGEL ..........         :4.. 1
      tI.LLUTRATION: Uniftort of the United States Regulars in 18B1, fromu photo. (H. .A. 0gden)--Major-
    I-t-eral Samuel B. caurti, from photo.- Major-General Earl Van Dora, C. S. A., frtto pt4tot.. by Earle 
    soi (vwith Autntgrapht -3Malt of the Battle-field of Pea Ridge, or Elkhorn Taveru (J.e-b Weila) - Major-
    tttealn 1 Peter J. Ost-rhau-, from photo. by Frederieks-MaJor-tGenerul nrgene A. Carr, frotm Brady
    hoto.- Brgadk-r-neral Jitmes McIntosh, C. S. A., from photo.-The Union Right under General Carr
    at Pratt's Store, 8'coud Dtty of the Battle - and Last Hour of the Battle of Pea Ridge, frtntt paintitgs by
    IllNtt P. Wilson owned by Southern Hstortcal Society of St. Louis (.Shel and Hogan) - Brigadier-
    General Albe-rt Pike, C. S. A., from photo. by Seholl, and Brigadier-General Slannd W:ntie, C. S. A., front
    phtt', I-nt le, Gt-0 rttl M!arcus J. Wrngbt.

 



                           CONTENTS OF VOLUME ONE.                                        xvii

UNION   AND   CONFEDERATE     INDIANS I                                                  PAGE
                 IN HE IVI WA., ,, f ......................WILEY BRITTON ....................  ..... 3.,3.,1
      IN THE CIVIL WAR ....       .                WIE.RTTN:
      ILLUSTRATION: Elkhorn Tavern, Pen Ridge. from photo. (W. Tabr).

THE OPPOSING FORCES AT PEA       RIDGE. Composition, Strength, and Losses .... ..:.1..... :7,





                        BELMONT AND FORT HENRY.


RECOLLECTIONS OF FOOTE AND THE GUN-BOATS           CA4PTAIN JAMES B. EADS       ......
      ILLUSTRATIONS: Building the Eads Gun-boats at Carondelet (Theo. R. D.ris) - The "De Kalb," for-
      merly the "S t. LoDU " (Typ of the ' Carondelet,  CInclnnati" t- Isxolville," - Mound City,-, Cairn,"
    and Pittsburgh j, fromn photo. lent by Captain Eadg - Captain James B. Eads, from photo.-Th.
    0sage" (Twin of the XNeosho") - and the ' Chiekasaw" (Type of the "M ilwaukee,"  Winnebago,"
    and" Kiekal- u), from photo's lent by Captain Eads (P. J. Meeker) - Rear-Admiral Andrew Hull Foote.
    from photo. by E. Anthony - Rear-Admiral lienry Walke. front anlibrotype.

NOTES ON THE LIFE OF ADMIRAL FOOTE. k             JOHN A. FOOTE.
      Ity hiY Brother....    .....   ..            J

GENERAL POLK AND THE BATTLE OF BELMONT.                         W
    By his Son .......CPAN WLLIM M. POLK.
      [From the MS. of the " Life of Leonidas Polk" (unpublished).]
      ILLUSTRATIONS: Portraits of Confederate l'rivates of the West, from ambrotypes (H. .t. ()dea)- Malt
    of the Battle-lield near Belmont, Mo. (.Y. . Kcmp) -Lieute-nsut-Geuner-t Leonidas Polk, Bishop of
    l ouniana-, frotim photo. lby Morse -Brigadier-General U. 1. Grant (1861), front photo. lent by 0. Hfelan.d
    -The (ann-boats "lTyler" an i Lextlagton- figihting t,' ('olIntbus Batteries during the Battle of
    Bein.ont, from drawing hy Rear-Admiral Waike (F. f. Sehefl and T. Ifga)ss -Confederate Fortifica-
    lions at Colnutbus, Ky., front sketch made for '1 Frank eIslie' " antd lent by G. N. Putnam (J. D).
    W-d-tar,) - Captain Jobh  A. Rawllns (t161). front phottt. tent by 0. Hufelanhd - Rci7barkatlon of
    (ratits. Troops after the Battle, frotm drawitig by Rear-Admiral WnIke (F. H. Scheflo intd T. Hragt.

THE GUN-BOATS AT BELMONT AND FORT HENRY           REAR-ADMIRAL HENRY WALKE .              ::5.
      tLLUsITaATIO.s : Army Transports-at tile Cairo Levee (T7.. R. Doria) -FlFqg.-Ofibr Foot- it it,
    Wltil-h-bomse of the  Cineiunati" at Fort Iteatry (1W. Ttter) - Wharf-boat at rairo, froto photo. lent
    ty Major J Et. Benton (W. Gafer ) -The Gun-abotn  " Tyler" and "- Lexington" engaging the Batteries
    of Columbus, from sketch by Rear-Admiral Walke (Harry Feat.) -lap of the Region of Footel' Operit-
    tIoRs (Jacob Wells) -United States Gun-boat "Tyler," from drawing ty Rear-Admiral Walks- Map of
    Ftrt ffenry (Jacob Well.) - Cross-seetion of a Contederat, Torpedo fottud in the Tennessee River (E.
    .J. Heeker) - Between Dceks: Serving the Gntt, front drawing by Rear-Admiral Walke e A. C. Redr-eod)
    - General Lloyd tilghman, from phboto.

THE DEFENSE OF FORT HENRY..             .   .     .CAPTAIN JESSE TA YLOR         .        :1418
      Ilt.LSTRATION: The Attack upon Ftrt Henry, fro..t drawing by  ear-.Admliral W.ltk-.





  MILL SPRINGS, THE BIG SANDY, AND FORT DONELSON.


HOLDING KENTUCKY FOR THE UNION               - .. COLONEL R. M. KELLY           .. I.    .
      ILLI5TRATtONS: Military Water-sled (Fnl. H