xt7ht727bx1m https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt7ht727bx1m/data/mets.xml   Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. 1919 journals kaes_circulars_001_1_069 English Lexington : The Service, 1913-1958. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 069 text Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 069 1919 2014 true xt7ht727bx1m section xt7ht727bx1m  . F
Ii univ  `_
  COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE
 I THOMAS P. COOPER, Dean.
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Ir EXIICDSIOII DIVISIOII
Il if
I"I‘ `'`V ·’ ` FRED MUTCHLER, Director
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I’I&1Y_"  I
"` II ` I CIRCULAR NO. 69
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‘ H _ ELEMENTS OF BEEKEEPING
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I* IW By H. R. Mswowcrgn
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i1··· gn.1 ‘ March, 1919
1I·I <‘·~T’ ~
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It ll' v``` Piihlislioil Ill (‘0Illl¢‘(‘IIOIl with tho LI§LI'Il‘llIIIll`ilI ¢·xtv11sio11 work rur-
Il Im? I`I€II OU IIY ro-op··1·;1tio11 of tho (`oIh=;;•— of .\;ri<·uhur0. IvIII\`(‘l`SIl}' of
MHT II"   KGIIIIIVIQ}'. with tho l`. S. I)t‘]IiIl'IIIl(‘IlI of .\§l`Il'lII[lII'L`*. uml d
I im.] .i in f111·II1<~1·znm·e of tho work proviihul 1`or in tho Act of Congress of
“»_...;, ‘ May s. 1s•14.
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1*`()111'1\\'()111)  _
1\111111st eve1·_x· (‘U1lllll\11111}' 1111S s11111e 111·e111·e11e1·s. 1·`111· TE ‘
eity lllilll 111111 \\'11ll\2l1l i1 is 111`11·11 ll S<11lI`('1‘ (11- I'1‘l'1'1‘2l11U11 111111 111 I
111e fi1l'll11‘I' it is lll11l'k‘ 111. 21 si11e 1i11e. 111 lllillly 11lS1i11I1‘1*<. T}
1111si11ess si11e is 111st sight (11. 111111 111e 1i1111111·i111 l'(‘111I'1lS 111·1· 1A 1
p11yi11g· f111· 111e 11lll1‘ 2111ll 1l111l11‘}` 1l1\'1‘S11‘(1. (111 111e 111111-1 1111r ;
there 111·e 11111s0 \\'11U keep 11ees i11 il 121l`{Il‘ \\`2l}'. \\'111‘I`1‘ 1‘\`1*1`}'11·· I
11111 1l11l1i11121Q'1‘1I1(‘111 is w111·1ll1ll11lll11}' 111111 11·111·11 1`1·11111 14];.   (
the 1110111011% 111111p1e11 111 111111 p111·1i1·111111· 1111·111i1y. A
The 11ee1IlQ` 111is 1i11e is 1)011l{J_' 1‘ll1il!';I1‘l1. 11e11e1· lll1‘111(111S 111·1· 11·£:; 1 li
1 111111pte11. 111111 with 1111·ge1· 111·1111111·1i1111 1121S <‘l1llll‘ 11e11e1· 111111·1;·=   (_
1 111111 111,L’11Cl‘ prices. I H
The p111‘p11se 0f 1his ]111111i1·11ti1111 is 111 11ssis1 the 11e1·1<1··11 ‘ F
who 11218 1l21Il(111‘(1 1)1‘QS i11 21 $1111111 \\'11}' 111111 11215 11111 111*011 1·~1_ _
_ SllCCC$Sf111 011 11001111111 of the 121(‘1{ of 11e1i11i1e 1ll1`1l1`lll211111l1 1‘l1111‘*‘1 -  
  ing $01110 111 1110 111111·e p1·111·1i1·111 11101111111s.  
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1 ;

 » C1R<:u1.AR N0. 69
 V_ ELEMENTS OF BEEKEEPING
]1`,,I· 11, ~ By H. R. NISWONGER
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<‘1‘ l1&1Y . I%1·1·l;1·1-11i11;r. :1s :1 l'lll1‘. is 11111 11111l1·1·1:1l~:1·11 :1s :1 $11ll* 111·1-1111:11i1111,
‘\`**¥`}' 1l·· lllli is 11s11:1ll_1· 1·:11‘1·i1·1l 1111 :1s il Ill|‘2lNlll`<‘ :1111l :1 lll(.illlN (ll. 11l11:1i11i11g
11·1l·~11- il ]lilIIlI`éll 111·111l111·1 wl1i1·l1 ¢llll_\' llll’ ll1lll<'_\' l11·1· 1'iIl1 ]¥l'··F·‘ ]I1ill{1‘ il Q‘1>1I1l living l1_v 1l1·1·111i11g :1ll 1l11·i1· 1i1111~ 111 1l11~ l)I'(llllll'll‘)]l
1*1*** lii { 11f l111111~y.
_ 7 It ]]12l}' l11· s:1i1l S2ll'1‘l_\` 1l1:11 :111)* l111·:1lii_1· 11‘l11*1·1· l.ill'll1ll]jj`. {fill`-
i`Xl"ll`_;i 1 1l1‘l]lll;{ 111· l`l'\llT Q`l'1>\\`lll{l` is l`11ll11w1*1l. is :1ls11 il1lil])lCllSl1l<‘l`lllg` 1l11· :11111111111 11f 1·:1pi1:1l
  :1111l 1111111 (‘X11L‘Il1l(‘ll.

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—L ('1`r1·11!m· No. (I!}  s
Equipment
[]l.l'<‘. ll is mul [1l'l>`lllillllt‘ to lump l>1~1·s in ll(IXQ‘%_ mj] 1{AAIX  `
1»1· lI0ll<1\\' lugs, sim·1· it ls1111111»ssil1l1* ln l1*:11·11 tl1e·<·<»111ll1i·»11..;`;g·A 1
l11~1·sA 'l`l11~ wax lllillll illlll lw1~1lis··z1s1·s lllI'l{ lll tl11·s1·1·l1lrl';1~l1i..;_A; 1
lcv llllllxllg. )llll‘ll nl` ll11* Slll']>lll$ ll<>llt‘}“ is lnsli l><·<·:111s·· s11;1;·;__A  
ing Uillllllll lA1c1·<111l1·<>ll<·1l uml, i11 llll‘ l1<>11<·_v ll1z1l is Sl‘1'lll'~'¤l_ 1},;..  »
1s l>l.IL‘ll lllllllltl lwv-l11·1·;11l illltl _1·¤11111g lnmml. 'lllI1‘l‘¤‘ is il yy- _.
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Q illllllléll lwss lll l>¢·<~s. lllll_\' 111 1·1·;·;11··l I1»1l1·*·1‘LA - l
lily nl' l1<>111~_~.‘ lll‘t‘ll<‘1· \\'lll'lll¤‘l' ·li~·1.»~1‘ ~ ; ·
]r)l`(`S("lll'. A\ l2ll'Q’l‘l' yllllll (ll. ll(Ill("\' ls Nl‘l'lll°l‘ll ll(‘l‘2lll$!‘ $\\`Zll`lI1l'J l `
Cilll llc (j;>l¢·¢l us Ilu- stzuulelrel mul uswl llv ilu:
l‘   ` N I¤·¤-l11luius (-ight
»- >\x;.lll_   l·1 lm lIl|>\'2llJll‘ l·l'llllll"l. 'l`lu-M- l·l'ill!ll‘S <·<>ntul11 <· l`r»111ulu1islUl|S of ilu- lmsl- of \\'f)l'l>{(‘l`
. ;; ln, . , l~;·Il< mul am- <·<;11:xll_x· >;;zu·¤-¤l_v is vzlllv-`·:l;¤·· mul ll.»;x1··l.
 _ ·*~`~;ur.ll]N‘l’. i'_x‘ lu-0-
l \\'ll¤l   ll><‘ lll(’ lNlX·lll\`<‘ illltl l]'(‘(‘ "g_[‘llll1.·· il l}llX \\'lllt‘ll
lu- qt. - ‘ is pl;u·¤-ll un u»;» <¤l` ilu- lmuul-¤·lu1111lu-11 llmz1i11i11g‘
1Ex··»~   A_ \\‘··~»<·¢·li<»u» zuul 11>¤·s0
li~·~.»~»· i~ » r>l` tlu- lll'1‘l` llu- lill`Q`\‘l' alpiexrisls use cxlm

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6 ('l.I°<'Hl(I)' X11. ti.'1  "
l_11·oml»t·l1a1111lmersulmtg witl1 shullnw t‘Xll`ill'll|l{.f·Nll]N‘l'N, i11 tI1.· 1.,, _
tl11<·ti<111 ol` t·xt1·u<·t<·tl llUlll‘_\'.  ‘ I
(fun11-Iz`.1‘¢·/1u{1`i‘. ll`l|<· t11t<·m·l1—t‘x<·l11t‘lll|l;_[`N llt‘l\\'t‘t‘|l thc win- _i11st l&ll`{L'<‘ <~m>11;;|1 11.] t,.»,   H
111it the pussugv ul` \\'lll ;;·t1i11g· up i11t<1 tI1t·s11p<·1· uml lllilvlllf   _ ]
i11 the 1·t¤111l>s t‘tllllilllllll{.l` the s111·l1l11s llUll<‘_\'. lt is ttswtl lu1·u··_ tl
i11 the ]1l't>1llli‘llt)ll ul` (‘lllllll( uml t·xt1·ut·t<·1l lltlllt‘_\`.
_ Het-I:'swt1]u‘ ttm] Iimtrtl. 'l`ht· l}t‘(‘-<'Sl'Zl[>t‘ uml l»<»u1·l{lll{.{' of lwvs is ll(‘&‘t‘$S&ll`_\'. lt is pitt 1111 lut·· 111* i
l"\`L‘lllllg' l}<‘li(1I't‘ thc tluy when tho super is tu hc tul¤>u1·i¤····· ··t` x·.~ _
tuckctl uvcr thc ht>lt·. is llSt‘(l us {lll l|lllt*l‘ 1·1»vt·1· uml 1···11..1;~
Oll tho hive thc }'<‘&ll' ill't‘l` uml th<· hivv <‘t}\’l‘l`. ; g
Kim] of [hrs. 'l`h<· llilllilll lives url- <·<111sitl<·1·1··l th·· li, < »
p1·t>iltul>le uml ure very IN>]1lllill' illlltlllgf tht~ lIt‘t‘l{t‘<‘I>t‘l'S i11 ‘ ~
(·01111t1‘v. Tlwy urc vig<»1·¤>11s w<»1·l<<·1*s. {.{`L‘|lIlt‘ tn humlhn lllI hivv witl1 l`l`£llI1<‘S t'ttlllilllllIl;_l' t`11ll ~l.~’— I 41
1 of 1110tli11111 b1-(mil fttlllltlilllwll.  . 11
  Two shulluw (‘Xll'2l<‘illl{J_'-Sll]N‘l'S <‘t>IIl]>lt‘lt‘, with llilI`l'll,  Y H
(Qll(‘t,‘I1-CXt‘llltll*l', Ol
One l’<>1·t<·1· ll(‘(‘·(‘S('il[)t‘ uml l>t>lll'tl,  
‘ llivc tool, 1 H
Bcc veil, i :1
Stu11tlu1·d SIllOl{CI‘,  ,
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1 ll1•·i·1·~. _ xpm,] N11, Iii) li1111<·1l \\'ll'i‘ l'<»1·wi1·i11g.·;<:<»111h l-()llll(l21ll¢)]] in the
l l>1‘<1<»11_\‘ nli ll{‘l‘S 1'<1l1>l>lS nl` illlfrlll 25.()l)l) 1»1‘
j` 1,1.1,4 1- iii111·1· i11¤li\'i211‘I nli Ihv }'('2l1' lll(}I'{} are
1I·· l11` ` _ ,. ,
1. ..   ·¢7S=. /
will. li ‘_ ` °7:7-.' I-! ,-3
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1~11la1· _ 1 \  'af 1     A  \   f'
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lll l11·", `
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* \\`1»1‘l<1#1‘ lJl1l"·‘ll 1>1‘<»111·
 ‘ lll`1‘~1‘llI. i11 Slllilll llllll1l1l*l`S. lll1ll<‘ hvvs. 1·11ll1·1l llQ‘S. whose sulc
li;111 l~~ lllll.1ll*$l` is In 111:111* with 1l1<* 111 3.000 <>1· 1111111*.
llllll(llN il ]llll‘l&‘llS.
my wg,  ‘ Noir In (/1/ Ii·1.<. Nll<‘l<’l ll12l_\' lw 1llll'l`llZl$("ll 111- 1·1»l1»11i1·s i11
5 lllllliillllkhllliillllo liiws. ll` l`11ll ;111·l Sll‘<1Ily` ····l<»11i1—s il1`O <»l1t11i111~1l
  0111·l_v i11 1h1· sl>1·i11g‘. l'l`llll.llS l'1·1»111 thu szilc lll. the llli<‘11 pzny fur thv lll\'<‘Nllll(‘lll. I1 is ulwziys &l21vli—
1; **21* 1z1h1»111 5.000 111 l3.()l)l) l>1-os} with il g·1>1»1l (lllolxll. lly full

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b ('I·I’n'Hl¢lI' Nu. UH  Z
u l`1tll-sim-nl <·<1l1»11_v will lu- ltnnilt uml il` tltt-t·1- is :1 gntml ln·»1t»·_1»‘
ut tltut st-usntnt ntl` tltn- _1’n-ur. ttm- lll2l_\' 1-xntn-1·l swim- snnrntlnts Int,-, ; I
Tmits/'rr1‘n`1ny;/11rllntnwnlnln-I·`r1nnnnn- Ilinws, \\'lll‘ll l»·-»·\ 1 I "
l\<‘¤‘ll t1nnrn·ltus1-nl int ll<1X~l!l\'t\<, it is lIt‘4‘1‘NN&ll'_\' ln ll`2lll*l.t‘l' nl,»-;;_-   l
tlti- lll!>\'&llll<‘-liI'2lllll‘ Iti1·1·. 'l`Itis llliI_\' lu- 1l1tm· lt_1‘ 1|1n· t`·tll1t·,, _  · l
tm-tlt<1n·l( llI<‘ ltntx lu ]tin*n·1-<_ Iirst l`\.llll}\-lll! ll
sith-. lllll ¤>11t tltn- l‘1>llIllS uml sltulnn- tltn- It1·.—s ttpnttt ll t.n .·_i. - Y
n ruttvus nr u slnn-1-I lll. lIt‘\\`S[>il]N‘l'. int lirwttt 1»l` tltt- 1-11tt·u1t···· 1.5*  A
m-w him-. lt is \'l‘l'_\' inttttntrtuttt tltut tltn- ttm-1-11 lnn- with 1lt·~l ii·. 1
'l`lt1- ttm-1-tt uml tltn- ltt-1-s will tltt-11 i‘l'2I\\'l ittttt tht- m·w ltinw- np  2
ltt-gint \\`lll'l(lllyl' jnnst us u Ill‘\\' >‘.\`&lI'lIl. 'l`ltt· ttltl l‘|llIlll\. il` ··t···1-.·  ’
or (ll*t‘El$l‘ll sltunnlnl ltn- tm-ltn-nl nnnt uml tl1·· ll¤>ll•'_\’ uml nnux tts L ‘
ll. mt tlisrust- is ntrn-sn-ntl, Ilan- n·1»n11l1 n·ntn1lui11i11g· lttwtml uml  I
]ll2!_\' lin- 1·1nt In lit the- l·l'2llll<‘$ 1»l` tltn- lIl‘\\` ltivn- uml lt1·l·l itt nt.
l>_x· strittgs 1»r rnnltltn-r ltumls. 'l`I1is will sux·1· tltt- ltt-··~ tl1·· ·i·· Ll
ntf ltuvittg tu ltnnilnl m-w 1·1·1ttl1s. 'l`l'illISl·<‘l'N (‘2\ll lu- Ill2l¢l<’ us    5
us liI'IllI ltlmttttintg lN‘l'ltl(l. sn-lt-··tittg u wurttt 4lZl_\' l'1»t· tlt·· vo:  
lf this truttsl`n-r is tttunlt- ut tht- ti1m· \\'llt'lI tlt1-t·1- is u s··ut·1·i·_1 · i
lll>llt*_\' tltnw uml tltt- m-w ltirn- wntttuitts l>lll_\' l.l'zllll¤-s ul' t’··tn-~ V
ti·»tt.tlt1-ln-1-s sltunnlnl ltr- ll-nl u tltint >ll;1'2ll'S_\`l'll[\ 1ttu1l1·l»_1‘·li~~ »  
intg stngur i11 wurntt wutn-r. twin t»ut·1s1»l` \\'illt‘l' 111 11111- ntl` sttuut f
l ]tt1!mr!nnn11·1 of (fum] (Lin/Mtns. Slll'l‘(’.l2ll`_\`. il` ~ Tl
<~utt lit- nlum- ll_\` ll'2lllSli<‘I'l'lIIQ` u l.I`;1lIl<‘ tnl' ltnwtttnl tuttttuittittg Y.  4 il
ttm-1-tt-<·n-lls frntttt tltn- ltn-st t·1>l1>tt_v tnt tltn- ttm- tu ltn- l'<‘-<]ll ··t·‘ ~   Sl
` first titukittgz tlnn- n·n»l<»tt_x· ¢|ll<‘l‘lll<‘SS. l\\`<‘lIl_\'-l.t>l|I' ltntnnrs It1~t`··n··~ ; . li
ing tht- l‘in><- l|ll('l‘ll-{‘('llN.  J sl
I.o¢·r//nlttt rt/` ,lp[1n1·_n;. lim-s tltriw- ltn-st int tltt- 11111-tt ltnnn      
11
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 " IJ/1-111111/x of ”{'i'A'/'/'[)I.II{] Q
11·111·_1¤'  '
Ill` 1,,,,11   l,1111·1· 11·l1i1·11 is s11<·11··1*<·¤1 1.|`*1ll1 1111- 111*1-1-:111111;; \\'1ll(1S. The 1111111c1·
WM 111 1  of ,1111 111111 S1|il<1l‘ 1S (11. <*¢1l1%1<1<*l‘211111- 111111r11‘121111·1· 111111 111:1-s seem
_l_ Il It H 1 11, \\'11l'1{ 1}(’11(`1` \\’1l¢‘l'¤‘ i1l<*_\‘ 1*2111 1:1*1 1111- Il|<1}'l11ll}! Sllll 11111 11*111-1-1;
1".]l· . . , .
i.'1H11_1 1 [1],1.|,j1·1·$ {1l‘(‘ >11;1111-11 111 1111- il11(’1'I1(1(11l. 1311-1*1111- 1111; 1ll\'Q ll1)()\'(j
H “_]   1 1],11 1;1·11111111 111 1((‘¤‘]1 11111 1|11|'\|11|1|{! 111-sis :11111 111 111*11111 (12llIlI1ll(’SS,
K ` 1 *1-],1. ,111111- ill 1.]'llI|1 111 1111- 1111*1- S11<1I11(1 111- 111-111 1·11-:111 01 11*1-1-11s
`I. »lx.-» ' . . . . ·
1'1\_iH11 _'  111111 13111 gl'&1>< >1lI<*<‘ 11I1‘~1‘ 11111111-1* 11l(‘ 1)(‘4‘$ 111 1111-11- “·1,1·k_
1 '1"-'·*`   , . .
I 1 .. Y • k{ `/~_ ', `_ i` `·.‘_A‘Av",·_"` —,`\< .
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1`1;1·1.111i r '   ·‘ _ ‘ ku ·` · • '° ¥`·’ fit¢.%'!
\\`;1\ 11~ _·· ` ;' ’ § ·. '· _;  
1   1*2
111111;--1»  V ` ` . x ` 1 `;  \ " — ‘~ 79 J
. _ Z rl '\ _ I ` _ _ / . , » A < g '
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1- ;1~  _° Nm ` ‘ ` ` J  S .,_ ::2 -,·' · ·.** "/
1]""·· :' , '• ~ •·‘ ' ‘ , 1 ` . *'   `g•_—** ` r _
·‘&l1'1*I`_\ `  z   JN g 'gj»·-‘ *'»'   'V ’ . ` ·   {  `» 1
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11 1·111?,-- · Q;. *v 1 1 • _\ _ ‘ , .   · »
v_ _ ' *';">n \     ` ' \"..* ~ I  
  ·°·`-···~Kk*‘ ·*"‘*"‘ °"¥ 1
1`>11:;1t "'¥ ¥ `"ffi -T¢= ·'? "1~ ‘ `*(< ‘Y*`,v.-ii" ""\~"*¤
1 1 ; {$11;.- · •¥Q§• ‘*"!' -.`°"71` ·`· ‘1 ;\,1_  
1·1»11111·*;   1-— 5 rs ~  -*5* —¤ ·: . 1 . ~ ‘   1 _ s
\\`11¤1 111 ·  `
j 1*1;. T—1Z1*··1~·1 1·1·1111·_ s1111w111: 1-11111 111111 1-:1111111i 1-1·1ls. '1`l11— 1:11‘:•·.
1111' " · ` 1»~·:111-11->·1.11···1 .·1·_····1s ;11*·· 11111-~11 ·~· ll:~, 1-1` I11~* 1·11··11 1-1-11s. 1111· 1l\1`2(‘l` 1·111·s,
_ . l1*IlI`111·· 1111111; 1·i;;,1»!1;11111 1·111·111·1*_ :11*1- ·l1*·»111· 1···I1>; 11-1- 1·1111·1*s ilI`l* \\`111‘1{1·1`
1~ I··!"   1··lE>. 11iy 1~·-;1·1··>y 1·1` 11.1- 1'1»1111·1·111-111 1:X]1~1`11ll¤l11 $11111-1111
1·;1\1-~ ~ 1
'<1\11 · ' 1*111*1/11.1<111 111&lll 1111` 111*111I111·111»11 1»1` 1111x 111* Sl‘1‘11l111 11(111(x_\·. A\f11-1*
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 1 *11*111111 !‘l‘2l1111:111_\* \\`111'1{ 111111 1111- 111'11(1l1l‘11l11l 111 (`X11`11(°1l\(`1 1l11ll<‘}'.
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1 111¥·F11_11(‘1$ \\‘111l 1`l';\]111‘< 1*11|11;11Il11lg` ll&1l'1`11\\' N1l`1pN 111. 111111 $ll[1<‘l`

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` (*111111) f11111111111i1111 111-1- 11111 111111 1I11- 1.1'21lll1‘N 111111 \\*11`(‘<1 111 111·.~· \·.1 — 1 1'
11113 1(`111'1112` (11>\\'1l (11. 1111` (*01111) 111 111(‘ ll1°()('(*>S 111` ('X11`ZU'1111!.   1
il 1{‘11·1`1`21111(` $111)\\1' U1' 1I1\'1‘ 1NN1_\’ 111111* 1.1`&11l11‘S i11'<‘ llS•'11 211111 1*; 1 1
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