xt7ksn011r1p https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt7ksn011r1p/data/mets.xml North Carolina United States. Work Projects Administration. North Carolina 1940 Other contributors: Levitt, William H.; Reidsville (N.C.); North Carolina. State Planning Board. vii, 27 leaves including tables, diagrams : maps (some folded, including frontispiece) ; 29 cm. UK holds archival copy for ASERL Collaborative Federal Depository Program libraries. Call number HD268.R38 A5 1940. books  English [Reidsville] Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. North Carolina Works Progress Administration Publications Report of the Real Property Survey, Reidsville, North Carolina: 1939-1940; Work Projects Administration, O.P.  65-1-32-148; Sponsored by City of Reidsville [and] North Carolina State Planning Board; William H. Levitt, State Supervisor text Report of the Real Property Survey, Reidsville, North Carolina: 1939-1940; Work Projects Administration, O.P.  65-1-32-148; Sponsored by City of Reidsville [and] North Carolina State Planning Board; William H. Levitt, State Supervisor 1940 2015 true xt7ksn011r1p section xt7ksn011r1p   '   1~u@mmemH@g@@imgH@H@UjuW§g@¤wmgm
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 I REPORT T
of I
The Real Property Survey
REIDSVILLE, NORTH CAROLINA I 
WORK PROIECTS ADMINISTRATION l
o. P. 65-ll32-148  
sPoNsomzD BY P ,
CITY OF REIDSVILLE I
NORTH CAROLINA STATE PLANNING BOARD  
WILLIAM H. Lzvm  I
Stcxte Supervisor .
1939-1940

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NORTH CAROLINA STATE PL NNINQ BOARD
John W. Harrelson, Chairman
Theodore S. Johnson, Consultant
* 1
NORTH CAROLINA WORK PROJECTS ADMINISTRATION
C. C. McGinnis, State gdiministrutor
May E. Campbell, Stste Director (
Professional ond Service Division I
Charlie Huss, State Supervisor
Research and Records Section
NORTH CAROLINA REAL PROPERTY SURVEY STAFF
William H. Levitt, State Project Supervisor
Jacob Levin, Assistant Stite Project Supervisor 1
Minno K. Abcrncthy. District Project Supervisor
Hudson C. Stunsbury, District Project Supervisor =
H. 1, F, Nonton, Supervisor, Negro work
H. Esther King, Chief Clerk
J
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TABLES
» 1
Land Use pagg ,
I
I. Area of Land by Use ......................... . ..... 1
II. Distribution of Land by Type of Use ............... 2
III. Number and Area of Structures by Type ............. 2
Real Property
IV. Number of Dwelling Units in Need of Major Repairs
or Unfit for Use as Percent of Each Rental Value ‘
Group by Occupancy Status .............. . ........ 3
V. Number and Percent Distribution by Value of  
Property of All Single—F mily Owner—Occupied
Structures, and Percent of Each Value Group
Mortgaged, and Percent in Need of Major Repairs
or Unfit for Use .......... , ..................... 5 I
VI. Number of Inadequate Dwelling Units by Monthly
I
Rental and as Percent of All Dwelling Units in
Each Rental Value Group by Occupancy Status ..... 6
VII. Dwelling Units in Need of lajor Repairs or Unfit (
for Use as Percent of All Dwelling Units, by
Occupancy Status, by Plumbing Equipment .. ..... .. 8
VIII. Percent of All Dwelling Units with Hodern 1 I
Facilities in Each monthly Rental Value Group ... 8
IX. Number and Percent Distribution of All Occupied
Dwelling Units, by Race of Household, by
Occupancy Status ..................... .... ....... 10 4
X. Number and Percent Distribution by Condition of All
Occupied Dwelling Units, by Occupancy Status, by
Race of Household ... ..... . .............. . ....... IO
XI. Dwelling Units with lore Than One and One—Half I
Persons Per Room as Percent of All Occupied
Dwelling Units in Each Group, by Occupancy
Status, by Bice ............. .. .................. II Q
XII. Number of Persons in Units with More Than I5
Persons Per Room as Percent of All Persons in
Each Group, by Occupancy Status, by Age of
Persons ... .......... . ....... ..... ............... I2
Low Income Housing ,
XIII. Number and Percent Distribution of Dwelling Units
in Each Substandard Category, by Occupancy
Status, by Race of Household ..... . ........... ... I4 4
XIV. Number of Dwelling Units with Physical Inadequacies
as Percent of Lll Dwelling Units by Occupancy
Status . .............................. . .... ...... I4
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INTRODUCTION ,,
l
ln 1815 Reuben Reid settled on the farm hwici later bccane the gitc of the village of Reidzville, nawed
in honor of his son David, Governor of North Qarolinl in 1851. The growth ana development of Reidsville p2r2l—
lels that of other and larger induz1riaI centers in the Piedmont section of the atate. The manofactorc cl ;ig-
arettas is the principal, and almost cyclosivc, occupation of the town and employs up»ard of 2,5OO persons.
Other industrial Activity, on a smaller scale, include; the manurzciurs of textile products, in which BGOUT SOG
persons are cnglged.
Although R@idsvil|e‘s numerical growth in popolgtion ha; not been zo great as that of other cities in ‘
the area, the rats oF growth, particularly during the last {gn ycars, has been as phenomenal as that of the
larger cities, as the following populetion figures reveal: ;
. l
Year Population % of lncrqggc
A 1&¤0 2,sé;
Wm 3,26; 9.9 ,
19lC *.925 ¤@.¤
192O 5,}]} 16.5
NEO @@51 gs.5 '
19%: ]_O,jQ¤ §;_7
The chirnctsr of Reidsvillals housing is typicgl of rgpijly incustrializec areas, and is almost cntirc-
ly gcv¤rncJ hy who industrial ncturc cf the city, qnrclievcq Ly nhc zivergiricgticn or cccupjtion Ana intertst
{cond in lirjcr urban centers. The housing situciion in Feidavilla. as elsewhéfé, hai become incrensinqly
zcotc as much because of the tremendously increased population and thc failure to zccommoddte this increase rith
;¤r+a¤i,¤; new construction, ds becauso of the neglect or nousini stanjards and the detcrioration or dwellings '
of unsound ond chcap construction.
It has long been recognized b thas: who Arc concerned lizh the hoosinn roblen and gr; inzrrcsted in
_, F
its solution, that basic jute most first be m;dc avgilzblc zhcot structural conditions, pccolgiion, income,
rEn(s, end ‘:clliii¢s. Such information cln bc5r be ottgined by meking 3 survey cf real priperty. The lxch
of private funjs for research of che nature znd scopc of 1 real property survey has scan a great factor in
rcijriing thc Attack on the housing prohlgm. Th; Jvailamility or relief »0rkers of the chit; collar class
xho cgold corvg IS snumcrgtcrs zh; :;¤J|;tors of thc Yuta has providci ; uniiuc oppbriuhliy to O¤T1l” this
'
vital information, while furnishing these uorksrs in occupation guitiblc tc 1r;ir srnhdards and training.
A stzndxra set or instruction; For carrying out rcgl propgrty sorvcys, criitlqd Technique for 1 ?;al
Propcrly Survey, mls ievaloc;d in 19}% by the co-opsrarivc ;¥fort or thc thsn $0r*s Progress udministrition,
thc Cenxrgl Stqtisticzl Board, who {hw Fcdergl HcJsEng Auminlsfr;fio". This unircrr t;cnni;u», hhich prc- *
'
vides for tho proper Training of personnel, chgckiné gf enuwyr;tio¤5, rgvic»ing 0* sch;Julzs, znd rcrnful
organizntion of the t1bulAti0ns end mnp WOTKT has wojc it ccssiule tc collect sinllzr jztz in All parts of
the United States for dealing with A problem which rz: dcfinitc nation1l scope.
Because cf the rrowinw zvwqno For {hog; fictoil IBIJ gn thg pgrt cf awgkcning ;io§; qrOc;c_ Ann {ny
'*€¤QhlTl0h Gi Yhv hvcl for lnprovhn housing, thc Norah Carnling stgto Planning Bcaru, in 19jS. sohmittqc
for approval tc tho Work Projocts Adwinistrgtiyn A grcjgct ;r9;c;ina to make A c0¤pl¤¢» ntuoy or land use l
) 4
resi property, and low—incone families in s,vcril North Qdrqlinl ;iti;s and tolns, of which ¤¤idsvill¤ was Ong,
Following the standarl nrocrdure {cr ro}! yrgyprzy inv»ntori;s, tho cntirc city was enumerntej by blocks. {
A shout was prepared {or exch bloch on which th; 4r~i “vl(UF%m~¤CS JUG icscrictlons of ihé uS& Ol every ploi ol
lznd and every structure were listen. Twig ihforritign €urni5hgn on rh; block liority, these data on low—incomg families here trggtcj ss e sqpgrgta survey. The originzl schedules, i
utter thcir enumeration had born chqcked, more ;o1s¤ ana trgnscribcz to date cards tron rnlcr 1+7 tables mer:
lcrived.
l
The Real Property Survey set up IH otfice in Reidsville tor the duration of the land use survey nn; tn; `
ynomcrntion of ine Jwslling znd loc-incorc fgnily g;h;3oI,;7 gs yell as an; crslininzry cnccming of trcso
activitiws. The scncjulos were than sent to the Asneviilc tislc center ter cojing in: taboleting, sro trtncn
to Raleigh, slate neaoqoarters cf tc; Survey, for napoing ;n1 analysis. ,
Actusl work on tre state project was begun in October 19jé, And the Sorvcy ocerco tre Reizsvillo un?
in Scotcmrvr 19jQ. Bone tan people, white ond negro, »#r: employod in Qcissvilla, too Jcteo gs fielu cno¤gr~
1tors wnj psrformed cloric;l tunctions and cnccking xoties. The workers nerr tzk;r Fron the local zurtified
rolls of the Work ?roiccts Adninistration. Tne city 0* ieidsvilis provided ine C°;iC¤ 5QTCc, &§¤i;”€¤Y, €UD·
plies, torws, ind other netcrigls ncccssiry for tn; completion ci tn; survey. By inc nijllc cf Oesombcr
the ti·lJ cnororgtion was ccmciotud .n0 tic schedules sont tc Asnoville. jlcck tzLol;tion; and thc tgbu-
Iztion of l¤¤—income family ¢it> were completzo in Joril LQMO. hcngrzl tzbulzticns iyre completed hy the
mijcle of June, and tn, gnglysig at tnc ost; in July. Fr,sen*;rion mgps ana charts rare completed in Lugosi.
l
iltncuqn ccmplotc nzcorgcy is inpo;si¤le tr gsrieie in sorvgys o* anis typc, every pratuotion ;;s
tiker to kccp Eng percentxin ol crror doom to i ninimum. ln gpite of {hos, il4n;nts ot norngl numzn ‘1lli-
bility which zro zlweyg prescnt, wow :n» nc;;;;ity for suecd as A pctainl. lsclor ©p¤r1ti¤9 1:¤in2t tnt r
quality of thc Aork of the onunyrztzrz. 2 spot cneck, in hnicw ‘ivc ;¤rccnt o‘ tn; total enumeration iz;
l'¤3‘»*~OVition in narrative torr. {
lhc Qonl Uropcrty Survey could not hgvz Deon ro¤pl,tej soccozslully nil it not boon for th~ ·~cellent `
spirit ot c0—oporztion cispliyed by the cit, o*ri;i;ls {no citizenry of Qeids»illo. Fvidenrc ol keen in-
forest in ine whole problem of noosinn wz: foonu qvgryohgrc, inn thc work ol the survey A4s lolloacc cl0:—ly
by mqny civic groups anj injividuais. I
( 
Uisposition ct mgterigls and result; ol env projgst is as follcie:
l
Basic scVcA¤les wotn {or reol nropqrty anu low-incgn; f1¤ily dit; kill N; filed with the City Mrrxcor
· `
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  "*   _,,,,»“,.`,,§'[,'Y   ` , r _ ·'"‘ "" N .  —       ’¤·' f "“ ` — ·.*~ - - N , `
of Reidsville. Block tabulations. general tabuletions, and =2 srt of correlation tables derived from the
general tobuldtions will also be turned over to th-; City winger. Presentation maps and land use maps will
be given to the city for the use ofthe city engineer. Copies of the final report will be filed with the ‘ 
universities, libraries, and proper city sind county dep»;rtrr»_nts. In addition, such agencies es the Federal
Housing Administration, the United States Housing Authority, and the Howe Owners Loan Corporation will be '
furnished copies of the report. ,
lt is hoped that the results of this survey will assist in the future planning and development of
Reidsville, as well as help lay the groundwork for the ernzlioretion of those social ills commonly acknow-
ledged as the concomitants of e housing problem.
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C U A P Cl E lk I
A
LAM; USE A
The uses to which R¤id:vi|lp's lgno iz put are n.i;r;||y Jffzctéc by znc city's industrial chzractor. '
Uses {Of i Vidustfia I JW! ccmrwzrc i Jl rrurpmigs usuiz l ly I zkg pr;c·_#:erw:,·3 ovcr uies for F-I S lC&V\i ii l , educational,
and recreational purpoaes ano oeterwine their nature and cxtent. The location of much ot the living space,
the tgnuré of the homes, zneir type; of construction, the meuillty of the population, the value ot ine land
inn the buildings, the rents Hnich they commané, 2; well 3; the extent to which all the amenities of life
»re provided ire all affected by th; imporvancé of mgnofgcturing and trajing in tre ;ity's economic make·up.
Less lh3¤ hilt, Of *7.} percent: ot the total xrea ot 4¤ouL four squgre miles in Feidsville was in por-
manent use at the time of the survey. Of the zozJI Ixnq in pgrrqndnz use about li percgnt is covered by i
buildings devoted tc in1ustrial uae;] among which cnn manu€.;ture of tgoocco pradcoinjzcs. Tn: iniostrias are l
located principally along inc Boutncrn Pailroax »ni;n :r;vgr2ei The city from north no soqtn. An additional
one-aovantn of the ucei land i; covered by commercial buildings znd the rest Dy eitnor residential or public g
tuilqings of various kinds. A
Tnc only purpose of thc Wegl Property Survey I; tc fin; out what cna existing conditions are and to I
prcscnt than ~s ;rao%icelIy aa po;c?>I¤. Thi; E1 Joie Linn Lnu Jog ut two mops, p¤rtic»|;’|y: the Lend Use M3?
ini the Lan} C0¢¤r;¢: tac,
int first of these map; ghcw; all parcels of lang; in .¤c¤ block, in terms ot street frontage, accord-
ing to their uses, as follows: single-‘emiIy rczilontizl ;trocture;, two- to tour-famiIy residential struc·
tore;. apartment houses without business units, npgrxvent n:J$cs witt roziness unite, other mixed business and
r=sid;n1ial structures, commercial property, industrial precdrty, public building; {schools, fire houses. i
cnurcnea. nospitzls, iv2titution;_ governmenrgl ooiliin;;, ,tc.l, pcrmoncnt open 5:wce (carve, playgrounds, V
:~n»t¤rio2), nenyorary bosingaz uses, pdrxinn gr ure; car Iota, gn: Jnugen lgnd. Tne second map Shots. by
proportions of each olcck, tncsc xnroe igctors of l;n1 cov;r.1e tncroinz ina 1;nc not in permanent use, the
lnnd in pormanent ogy, zno trut peri of ina latter cowerei my mwior rtructures of all kinds. V
Table I
AREA OF LAND GY USE
Lrew lin squxra ‘e;tl
Type of usc or percent I
Totzl er;4 of limo 117,819,99T  
Arun of land in permanent usa $5,6*Li$“5 i
L1nd in permanent use 15 percont of ;|l Iind *7.j
Lind covorago ot major structures “»C65»7}i
Land covered by m-jor etronturte ;> p.r;¢nt ot lin1 in porn¤n~nt use 7.}
. . . l
TWC Other mlpqr the |d»ny]{];JtiOn Mgp Ang tho Elggk Qqzg M¤p’ prnggnt iid; in tn: leturmnnztnon ct ·
the |;nd'5 us:2 is wgll as intormgtign gucurcd in the Qojl Prop.rty Survey proper, Thc first of thcsv shows
the numbwr xssigncl to each hlock includgd in {nc zrce cgv¤r~d, thus zidinq in the idqntificlxion of each in
connoction with data prgsgntsd olaewhcrc ly block;. Tn; élocv Getz Aap prcstots tor exch block sight pcrti- l
nant items dealing with strocturgl inc j;e||ing unit tact; ;$ soil ax with non-residential structures.
The worc particulxr purpog· of uno Rggl Prop rty Sqrwcy ig to conniwcr such pnesea of rezl property is »
concern its use for rezidgntiil pnrpo; a. T~l; we-we A ~V1or~in;rion of thc n;ture of sucn uso, as r jifds
the kinds of building; novotoi to living iu¤rt;r;, :hcir cnriltion, zgc, ot;. is wall as 4 detiilpd examine- -
ti0n ot tha living quarters thgnsalvqzy their ;q;pt4bility int zdcquncy. Tn: importance ci environmental
factors within tht home Along iitn tnosc zurrGunJlnt tn; hs¤·, in their glfcct upon thu x@lI»h;ing of thc
citizenry, requiros 1 czroful znilyeir.
I `
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DISTRIEUTIOB. CF LAND BY TYPE OF ¤5E I
l Area 0* levi! P¤rc·2n• /:?strl¤Lti;n I
( n
Type c' use I isqggrg fcyl G? gm;
Ycfzl ll7,BL§,9§§ lC·0.0
Law! in y.c·rr¤1:r1·;nl use ’¤j,é'9A,&a5 JV.?
I'e¤1p·;r;ry busimsi usgs QQCE I I
l·,ifI mzraqe arm 1
IY?"= CI $tV*I?T¤V€ f.;rri·r11 Tmgl grw I Pemerz 1:: atrucwr-es _
I ‘,11~;._r 1IgtrII1.1tE·u¤* I;;_;{r;- €.;;rl :ietr*b;=t?0r" i5,;14;rr· +»~-Al
I MMI 3.51;;   ~.;€—$.TiF I ;i—1.i Liv
I SM1);-f.1r¤? ly ztrugtung 2,079 T';~,~¢ [.;Cl Lil 55.C LCS? I ’ _
I 2·¥ family Structure; l;?§   l#‘?,Qé·3 *.9 l.·jYF' I
I Anartmenns .·.i1h<;m imsinass unit; 13   -- I -- -- I
Apartrwmtz {with bushes, uvltg VJ QC ..- I -- I -- I
·.2i>¤*¤·—-’ " =··’** I "*‘·· “‘
».:a ·-
I}

     ’   ·   ·· ····· ···w*· - L Z i"  " "‘f"`"‘T`T*‘T  `‘‘`` T  ‘     Y    T-F>~       ’   w' r   ‘  » .  
T
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` ._.,· __ — \ J   4 A J — .r   V! 72 K  J     .,,, _ 4 T-Ti " `   ' 1 ~ • I
Uk K J   H     fw   yl; i ‘ T —;;i//i/if/' T . ·T   _ _. #T>\ > i
· T TT 4 · »;` i T   4`TT     I
' lz V A :·-—-, _` ` LA A/A 'T—\-,,_,_\ir T
‘     · E T? ’ "  ET T»~J;Q;T  
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‘ ` T l A   \x
T   » A i; 5; 1. ,
E L, CONVERTED STRUCTURE MAR  
T /  .
  RETDSVILLE. N .C .
Q *` REAL Pncparvv $URvE~ . SEPTEMBER TTM .
` ` WPA PROJECT NO 65-I-32—<4&
T STATE PEANNTNG BOARD-SPONSOR .
` IOOO O :000 20iTO 3000 AOUC SUV
T SCALE TN FEET L
LEGEND
A NUMBER OF COMPLETELY CONVERTED STRUCTURES I
X NUMBER OE PARTIALLY CONVERTED STRUCTURES U
T-;. ..... .    .,. .__,   » -  gg  ,, 4  ·_ · ..¤:¤¤;a¤¤·¤¤¤.a-a•a¤··¤’\»~~»·—·-·=¤¢·>=-¤=—·- · ~—· "······*"‘·· ` ‘°"°` `       " ` 

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CEiAl"iliB II
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REAL l".i.OPL;ti"i
l
in bringinn tcqcther the information collccten by field enureratorz, tne Reil vroperty Burugy attempts
TO Df‘¤:'>··.·nI thu FOS! Ccrnprehaniivvg data xvailablg On ri congijtgraulc number of the pnyiicxl ini Oicupzncy
charsctnristics of Rcidsville‘5 dwelling;. The crigf anglysis hhich follows rqprezenta an iitcnpi to lni%r·
pret the tin~ilngS :*1 l'0vtz·2Ired in the uxtcngivg tjbulgtions, redc of tne zsserrblcd data on J.·.»;llir*Q Siruttturci
tnri univ,. I
DWELLING STRUCTLQES
At the tim; the survey was mace there were 2,28} dwelling strictures in Feidarille containing 2,5%% L
·f.»~2l|inq units. Sixteen ztructurpi. were unlcr conetruction. L5 uf which were gingle·femily :—.w-ellings. Tw  ,
greatest number of existing structures, 2,021, cir 88.5 percent nf all structure;. are of the singlc—f2tnily
rbtached type. The l7¤ duplex houses, amen; which the tm-family side-hy-side type rirecominstcs, account tor
IC percent of ..l| residentiiil structurea. There are aix ctructurcs cf the four-family double two-decker _ i
typ-2, li) which combine trusineeg with regijgntial uses., ,:'T.j 25 ure listed 25 "cther n0n—ccnv·2rt·eC" types,
.·.hich include q‘ir>—qe apartment; and Other gtructurei not rcmily clessifieblc as tc type. Thr j~* ccinvertcd
ntructures, 20 ct uhich ere only- partially cnnyerteq. ccntgin @5 jugllln; units, and pr0l*>>1¤·ly%ervc thc cur-  I
pzaua for which rnultipls;-uprgrtmlent structures, gf ,~hich ther; are ncme; in Reidsyille, are intended. Only
three conversions dutc back tc thc éecnue 192f-L7?}. The rermining §l ;tructurez have ill scan converted Q
:.inc·; thun, 2*+ of them curing the lest cive yur;.
T a b l  l V
NUMBEQ OF DWELLING UNITS lk %.EEO CF MAJCR REPAIRS
OP UP~FlT FOR USE /·S PERCENT OF EirCl¤ RENTAL VALuE GROUP
EY OCCUPANCY STATUS
*__’___ Occupancy status
Mnntnly rental sr All luslling units Qluners T.-nznts Vacznt AI
r;nt»4l vxluc Number Pnrccnt Number I P-_rct nt Mumggr I F: rggnt r,ur—;;.r P._.rg.;n7
Tctzl reports on rentel WM .19.C ll Q).; I jii f¢.~ IQ ij.} I
5 M9? or less _ 26 7.Z.L E T7.` I lc 65.7 > liJC.C I
me .- 2. 9.99 225 51·.+ —S @.5 I U;   li 70-e
l.¥).lJn - 14.99 ill?   gi l6.C · Lit 2—.— E DFA i
L5 OC -   Fi?   *..2 L; cn? 2;% 9.Q G TLC ·i'
I lrjnutf »- £`~i.;*9 L4 U.} 6 mi B C; ;· Q.;)
  - Je. t~> c ¤.~»   1.- 5 I 5..5 *‘ il'.?
¥·"*.C‘J - WF? Q I .1.5 T L5 Z I.; rl O.? I
l .
—+11~.~JE.l percent Ol thc city'z tntzl.  ,
Brick, is ihe typc OF nxtcrisr rnttgri ~l c.-,-A, ij rr_;,»;;rT··;· in I.} r~.Vr.;.;r»t gt .-ll ·:,,¤§ chil, Ira; {him _1_ ry r-
cent of ill ruairtcntiul structurcg er., tzuilt nt tt0r*··, ztuctc, or other exterior rretcrizlu. It it Stir-gticnahle
whether thc csmll number of structures with bxcwncritg, li.i rtrcerzi nf thu total. can he riismiaserl cn th. .
qrcunrls that the clirrutc cf Rtéitisvillc nancy. the prcvigion ct stwcc fur the insttllnticn cf furnere hqatinq
qquicmcnt in unncc·=¤snry luxury. Furthcrmnra. tn» lack nf ¤1e»;r·t·ntg freaqucntly indicate: improper foundations
3
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