xt7msb3wtd0h_26 https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7msb3wtd0h/data/mets.xml https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7msb3wtd0h/data/72m2.dao.xml unknown 166 Cubic Feet 381 document boxes, seven textile items, three map folders, one artwork archival material 72m2 English University of Kentucky The physical rights to the materials in this collection are held by the University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.  Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Frederick Moore Vinson papers Economic stabilization. Elections -- United States -- Congresses. Judges -- Correspondence. Judges -- United States. Judicial opinions Judicial process -- United States Legislators -- Correspondence. New Deal, 1933-1939. World War, 1914-1918 -- Veterans. World War, 1939-1945. Judges - general correspondence, A-D text Judges - general correspondence, A-D 2019 https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7msb3wtd0h/data/72m2/Box_165/Folder_1/Multipage3235.pdf 1949-1953 1953 1949-1953 section false xt7msb3wtd0h_26 xt7msb3wtd0h Hrs. Abe Conger _ . _

Beinbridge , G...




Be Not Content With 7/26 Appearance of Thzngs, Buz‘ Look For The 7rue Meaningr



U. S. Deb I
1Twmanis$twdflr Ihreat, ..  , . . ‘ ,





Macon Attorney
Praises Byrd; Calls
On Georgians To
Continue Fighting

Charles J. Bloch, prominent Macon At-
torney, says that the South is "the last
bulwark of real democracy."

In a letter to the Editor of The Augusta
Courier he says'that the time has now
come for the people of the South to have
the fortitude and the courage to remain
“the last bulwark of real democracy."

He emphasized the fact that this is "our
last chance" and that we in the South
must not "betray the obligation that rests
upon it to maintain and preserve the tra-
ditions of the nation."

He also says that democracy does not
connote the rule of a simple majority and
that we should see to it that a simple ma-
jority are not permitted to destroy the
South and the people of the South.

His letter follows:

' "I could tell by the expression on your
face last night while Senator Byrd was
speaking that you were enjoying it. Per-
haps you were occasionally thinking what
I' was—that it was nice to hear so dis-
tinguished an American urge those same
things that we have been urging over the

“I rather hoped that when Senator Byrd
mentioned the fact that in 1944 Georgia
was the only Southern state to vote for
Henry Wallace, that he would call at-
tention to the fact that some of the dele—
gation most strenuously opposed Geor—
gia‘s voting for Henry Wallace, and that
the only reason that the vote was un-
animous was that the Georgia delegation
was bound by the unit rule.

“He did say that that was a ‘different
Georgia' back in 1944, but I wish that he
had stressed just a little more how the new
Georgia redeemed itself in 1948.

“In 1948, I had the privilege of speak-
ing for that new Georgia in Philadelphia.
On that occasion, Georgia, speaking

' f through me, said some of the very things

that Senator Byrd said last night.

“For instance, we said:

“ ‘The South is no longer going to be
the whipping boy of the Democratic Party
and you know. if you don’t know, you can
learn here and ‘now. that without the
votes of the South you cannot elect a
President of the United States.’ (Official
Proceedings of the Democratic National
Convention, 1948, page 233.)

“We also said:

“ ‘The South has accomplished so much
in the last eighty-three years: when Lee
and Johnson and other leaders of the
Southern Confederacy were forced to sur»
render, and their war-weary soldiers tread
their forlorn way homcward, they were
left to fend for themselves. There was no
treaty of peace. There was no Southern
Recovery program. There was no Marshall

(Continued on Page 4)


simcnv Mum

I feel better. It looks like a little sanity is returning to our country.
I couldn’t help but sit on pins and needles for weeks while the
South Carolina negro segregation case was pending before a three-judge

The issue was too critical and too important not to worry. I knew
that the radical Federal Judge J. Waties Waring was one of the three
judges. I knew that since he got into a fight with his neighbors in Charleston
because they would not accept his Michigan wife that he had gone ab-
solutely crazy, entertained negroes in his home and openly advocated the
destructimi of the pattern of segregation and the mixing and mingling of.
the white and negro races.

In other words, you and I and everybody else knew what his decision
in this case would be. ‘

Therefore, the only doubt existed about the other two.

To those who knew Judge George Bell Timmerman there was no
doubt about what he would do. Judge Timmerman is one of the finest
gentlemen who ever lived in the State of South Carolina. At the same
time he has been one of South Carolina's leading lawyers. He is a fine
student of the law and a great jurist. , '

He is not one who would let politics or anything else sway his judg—
ment. He is one of those rare individuals who has a legal mind and the
utmost respect for the courts and the traditions of the law. '

Judge George Bell Timmerman is not one of‘these long—haired, wild»

eyed radicals who wants to change everything, tear up all the law there
is and to throw everybody into one melting pot to be poured out in one

, Judge Timmerman is perfectly sane, has great ability and is one
of the finest characters who ever graced the bench in South Carolina
or any other State.

The third judge was Judge Parker of the Circuit Court of Appeals
in Richmond who is a native of the State of North Carolina.

Judge Parker’s legal philosophy has been somewhatwishy-washy.
On this negro question his. position was doubtful until the decision was
rendered on Saturday morning, June 23, 1951.

It was a very pleasant “surprise when Judge Parker joined Judge
George Bell Timmerman in holding that segregation in the public school
system of South Carolina did not violate the Federal Constitution.

The radical Waring said that it was a violation of the Constitution to
keep the two races separate. '

I can't help but give full credit to Judge George Bell Timmerman for
this decision of the Federal Court. He .wrote the opinion which was of the
majority. It was Judge Timmerman's ability and forcefulness, his known
knowledge of the law, his reputation as a jurist with a fine mind and a
spotless character which undoubtedly influenced the decision of Judge
Parker to join Judge Timmerman in this decision.

Let me say here and now that the people of the South ought to remem-
ber George Bell Timmerman. He is a great Southerner, a great judge, man
of courage, man of ability and a judge with a keen knowledge of the law.
Having such a man on this court to write this opinion was the finest
streak of luck the people of the South have had in many years. We should
always feel greatly indebted to this fine South Carolina Judge.

Had we had some of these crazy federal judges sitting on this court
in the position which Judge Timmerman Occupied the decision would

(Continued on Page 8)


‘ Americans Face

Grave .Problems
For Many Years,
Senator Byrd Says

Senator Harry Byrd of Virginia in his
speech in Atlanta on June 25, 1951, de-
nounced the administration of Presiden
Truman. '

Speaking on the occasion of the Jeffer-


son-Jackson Day Dinner he contrasted the ~; .‘

party of Jackson and Jefferson with what?“ ‘v

he called “the Truman Democratic Party.”
He pointed out the irresponsibility, the
corruption, the waste. the ,graft and the
socialistic trends of the Truman Admin-
istration. 7' »

In the first part of his speech he dealt *

principally with the financial irresponsi- ‘~
bility of the Truman Administration and
In this connection he said: , ’

,. "It is a very great pleasure for me to
come to Georgia. When I went to the Sen-
ate on March 4, 1933, your two very dis—
tinguished Senators—George and Russell
—.—were there. No other state has at this
time the same two Senators who were in
the Senate when I entered that body.

_ ”One of the real pleasures of my service
In the Senate has been my close associa-
tion with Senators George and Russell
It so happens I have been on the Finance
Committee with Senator George as Chair-
man, and on the Armed Services Commit- ‘
tee with Senator Russell as Chairman. I
have had a close opportunity to observe
their fine ability and the great service they
are rendering to their country.

"Both of your Senators have the com-
plete respect and confidenCe of their col-
leagues of both parties. Senator George is
the outstanding fiscal expert in Congress
and Senator Russell is one of the most in-
fluential and able" members of the Sen-
ate. As Chairman of the committee investi-
gating the Truman-MacArthur controver-
sy, his has been a masterly exhibition of
tact. and fairness in developing the real
facts of the question. I can say that no
state in the Union is better represented,
both in the Senate and in the House than
your State of Georgia.

"It is a pleasure, too, for me to be here
with your very able Governor. Only last
week Governor Talmadge made a speech
at Old Point Comfort, Virginia, in which
he stated a truth which should be re-
peated time and time again and resound
through the land. He said that the Ame-
rican system of free enterprise, the home,
the school and the church are the main
gagtors contributing to the Nation’s moral
i re.

“The subject of what I shall say
to you at this Jefferson-Jackson Dinner
is ‘Thc Truth at Washington as I See 'It.‘
And I shall give it to' you straight, and
unvarnished, for I believe frank discus-
sion of public affairs is the abiding obli—

(Continued on Page 2)

lift minis bWfiirfi hinwmlto ii are rum is rum





 Page Two





One year


He who spares no class of men is angry at no person,
but the vices of all.

Published Weekly by The Courier Publishing Company.
1007 Southern Finance Building.
Augusta. Georgia

Entered as Second-Class Matter at the Post Office at Augusta, Georgia



Six months





Senator Harry Byrd of Virginia made a brilliant speech contrasting
the Democratic Party as it used to be with that of what we know as the

Truman Democratic Party today.

He literally blistered the Truman Administration and showed it up in

its true light.

Since none of the daily newspapers in Georgia carried this speech in
full The Augusta Courier is going to carry it in full for the benefit of its


Since our space is limited we will not be able to carry all of it in one
issue but it will be divided into three or four parts and every word of it

presented to you.

We carry the first installment in this issue and the others will follow

in succeeding issues.

Look for these installments of Senator Byrd’s speech. Read them care-


When you have read his speech it will then be time for action and we
hope that everybody who reads this speech will stand ready to do what-
ever is necessary to help rescue the Democratic Party from the hands of
those who have been produced from the most ruthless and corrupt political

machines on earth.

It is time the people of the South developed and displayed some




Americans Face
Grave Problems

. . “For, Many Years,
Senator Byrd Says

(Continued from Page I)

. gallon of men entrusted with public of—


lice. It is an obligation not to be carried
Ilgllil)’~ and especially in these times of
national peril. .

“It is a privilege to meet tonight with

those amour: us who. all of our lives. have ,
the founders of,
We know.

endeavored to emulate
our great Democratic Party.
the Democratic Party of Jackson and
Jeffersonesthat it is of unquestionable
ancestry; that it was born out of sharp
conflict. and that our heritage is un‘
muzzlcd debate among ourselves with-
out fear of tyrannical reprisals by party
leaders. These are dark days for the ad-
herents to this principle. but the Demo—
cratic Party of Jefferson and Jackson has
withstood the mailed fist. before. and we
shall survive it again.

“The Democratic Party of Jefferson and
Jackson will survive because in the
hearts of millions of Americans there is


“In discussing with you the distinction
between the Democratic Party whose foun-
ders we are honoring tonight, and the Tru-
man Democratic Party. I am aware that
you are conscious of much of the situation
that I shall describe because four South-
ern States have given concrete evidence
of their disavowal of the Truman party.
as manifest by the actions at the polls of

“Imt inc quote the words of one of the
greatest living Southerners. Governor

James F. Byrnes of South Carolina, whog
Virginia two yearsé

said in Lexington.

" 'We are going down the road to State-

ism. Where we will wind up no one cari'
tell. but if some of the new programs. _ . 1 .
1 Umt‘ed Nations Will ever be. It IS the only

should be

seriously proposed
there is danger
whether farmer,


of the State.

‘ ‘Rcvmre of
said (loserrior of those
who promisc- y ,. . hlch does
not belrmg to in . It can be
given to you only . -


the individual—:
manufacturer. i
lawyer or doctor—will soon be an econ-l
nomic slave pulling an ear in the galley;

‘out the American military materiel sent
thr Crock? bearing gifts].
/ have driven the Germans from her soil,

or the expense of another who may not
produce to make the promise good.’

“I am a Southerner, and I am proud of
it, but I speak tonight the views of one
without sectional bias. I believe you will
agree that there is no part of the country
today more free of seetionalism than the

“Of course, we have our peculiar geo-
graphic problems and problems peculiar
to the fact that we were the first settled
section of this vast country. But we re-
cognize these problems, and, by our own
efforts and wisdom we have determined
how to overcome them and that we shall
overcome them.

“I yield to no section greater national
patriotism than the South. And except
when, by relentless interference in local
and state problems from a government
in Washington forced us into a War Be—
tween the States, no part of this nation
has responded in every national crisis
with greater unanimity than the people
of the South.

“We in the South will always respond
to honest. sincere. orderly. responsible
government. But. by the same token. we
of the Jefferson-Jackson Democratic
States will always fight hypocrisy and

”Waste and squandering of public funds

, , , _ . .comes first amon the irres onsible oli—
in the traditional princ1ples laidl g p 13

down by Jefferson and implemented by:
Jackson for the betterment of human
welfare unsullied by hypocrisy and irw

cies of the Administration at Washington.

“We are faced with a fiscal crisis which
must be viewed from the background of
the financial obligations we shall have to
meet for many years. Let me review very
briefly these financial burdens we must
bear, because fiscal solvency is not only
the foundation of our constitutional demo-
cracy but economic strength is the source
of our capacity for military preparedness.

“In the coming years. and perhaps for
generations. we in America will have two
great“ burdens to carry. On the one hand
we must make ourselves so militarily
strong as to defy aggression by communis-
tic nations. On the other we must preserve

.and fortify our free enterprise system,

which, after all is said and done. is the
real source of our future strength and

"The free enterprise system is a greater
deterrent to world conflict and a more
dependable guardian of peace than a

force in the world that Russia fears and
recognizes. .

“Russia knows well our capamty to mass
produce implements of war. because, With-
lo Russia in the last war, she could not

The mass production capacity of America,

, under the free enterprise system, enables .
wrn' expense ‘ us to produce. with only 6 per cent of the medium of Federal employees and heads


world’s population, twice as much military
equipment, as all the rest of the world com-

“Without the competitive enterprise sys-
tem, this mass production is not possible.
This system can be destroyed by excessive
and unreasonable taxation, by excessive
regimentation, by government competi-
tion, by state socialism. ‘It can be destroy-
ed by national insolvency. To destroythis
economic system, I think, is Russia's sin-
ister purpose, and we must admit that
headway is being made in this'direction.

”Let us not be deluded. The emergency
in which we find ourselves may last for
many, many years. It will require enor-
mous annual expenditures. General Ei-
senhower says it may last for 20 or 30
years. It presents to America the great-
est challenge that has ever come to us
in our history. It calls for leadership
characterized by unselfish and selfless
patriotism, which will present the stern
issues and requirements to the American
people for the wisdom of their decision
unencumbered by personal jealousies and
political considerations.

“If first things are to come first, what
we need above everything else, is an im-
pregnable national defense. This may
determine our survival. We must have a
military defense builded upon the latest
inventions in warfare and the most ad-
vanced scientific military research, and
this defense must be kept in step with
all future inventions and developments.

“As a member of the Senate Armed
Services Committee, I have actively sup-
ported all measures to provide an im-
pregnable national defense. I am for
universal military training, for an Air
Force of IOU-groups or more, or what—
ever may be necessary, a radar screen
around this country so that hostile air—
planes can be detected before they get
here and for an adequate Army, a power.
ful Navy and an enlarged Marine Corps.

“Faced with the necessity for long range
expenditures such as never before con—
fronted us, all of us, including the Presi-
dent, must recognize the imperative need
of conserving our resources and the fiscal
strength of our government.

“Mr. Truman sent to Congress a bud-
get that actually increased domestic civ-
ilian spending to the highest level in the
history of our country. He incorporated
all of his socialistic measures known as
the Fair Deal. I said then, and I repeat,
now, that considering the conditions now
eon-fronting us, this budget recommen-
dation represented the very height of fis—
cal irresponsibility. Not only was domes~
tic civilian spending increased, but new
and costly ventures in government spend—
ing were included.

“What we must do, if we are to sur-
vive as a solvent nation, is to cut to the
bone nonessential expenditures, which
everyone knows can be cut. We have a
right to ask that Mr. Truman take the
lead, yet he asks the citizens to make
deep sacrifices in their daily living while
he declines to make political sacrifices
by the curtailment or suspension of mea-
sures for the distribution of funds for
nonessential spending.

"A ’Byrd’s’ eye view of the budget:

"Expenditures for fiscal 1952—3572 bil-

“Income under existing taxation—$58
to $60 billion.

“Deficit——$12 to $14 billion.

“Exclusive of the military, of interest
on the debt, of cost of the veterans, of
foreign assistance, the President recom—
mended domestic-civilian expenditures of
$9.8 billion for fiscal 1952, as compared to
$3.6 billion in the war peak of 1946 and of
$6.1 in post—war 1948, for the same pur-

“There are now 2,400,000 civilians on
the Federal payroll in the executive
branch. The number of new Federal em-
ployees now being added to the public
payroll is little less than a national scan-
dal. This new employment has been aver-
aging nearly 1,500 additional employees a
day for a year. As the pay for federal civ-
ilian employees averages $3660 a year, the
addition to the payroll cost has been aver-
aging more than half million dollars a day.
The cost of the federal civilian payroll is
now running at an annual average of $8.5
billion, more than it cost at the peak of
World War II. And this is not all. Plans
are already made to increase the number
of federal employees to nearly 3,000,000,
as compared to 969,000 in 1939 and 1,-
946,000 in April, 1950 a year ago.

“After sending to. Congress this waste-
ful budget, padded with non-essential
items, the President then, in a public an-
nouncement, ‘dared’ the. Congress to re-
duce his figures. I submit that this is not
the proper attitude for a President of the
United States to take. The Constitution
provides that all money must be approp—
riated by the duly, elected representatives
of the people, and this duty on the part
of Congress should be performed without
the threat of Presidential disap royal or
Presidential pressure, as is now eing ex-
erted upon the Congress through the


of bureaus who have the influence that
comes from distributing vast amounts of
public funds.

“The Congress has accepted the Presi~
dent’s ‘dare.’ Considerable headway is‘be—
ing made in reducing the President’s bud—
get. Only two appropriation bills have so
far been considered, and it appears likely
now_that there will be a 10 per cent re—
duction in the total of'these two bills. This
success has come only after bitter Presi-
dential resistance. With the President’s co-
operation, ‘I say, without fear of successful
contradiction, that the Federal budget as
now proposed could be trimmed to the
extent of at least $8 billion without sacri—
flcmg a Single essential Federal function.
Some desirable but not necessary activi-
ties would have to be cancelled or post-
poned, but all the essential activities, in-
cluding national defense, could be accom-
plishcd if we were able to make such a

“I say to you that Santa Claus must
be put in a deep freeze for the duration
of the emergency.

“As we pay tribute tonight to Jefferson
and Jackson, it is well for us to recall what
they had to say as to government spend—
ing. Jefferson said:

“ ‘I‘place economy among the first and
most important virtues and public debt as
the greatest danger to be feared. The rigid
economy .of the public contributions and
absolute interdiction of all useless expen-
ses, Will go far towards keeping the gov-
ernment honest and unoppressive.’

“Jackson was intensely proud of the
fact that in his administration the public
debt was paid off in toto. He said: ‘No
one Will ever have that opportunity again.’

“ ‘Undei‘ every aspect in which it can
be consrdered, it would appear that ad-
vantage must result from the observance
of a strict and faithful economy.’

“Grover Cleveland, great Democrat that
he was, said:

“ ‘Economy in public expenditure is a
duty that cannot innocently be neglected
by those intrusted with the control of mo-
ney ’drawn from the people for public

“I emphasize that we have a public debt
of more than 1/4 of a trillion dollars. We
are faced with colossal expenditures for a
long‘period; yet, confronted with these
conditions, the president continues to re-
commend the waste and squandering of
the people’s money, which, if continued,
can end only in insolvency.”

(To be continued)


We have always contended and still con-

tend that bribery does not pay.
_ It never has and it never will. However,
if you are going to practice bribery and
buy« somebody it is good to follow the
advice of the old politician and never buy
g'son—of—a-gun until you have got to have

1m. .

We have reference to the policy of try-
ing to buy France and Italy and England
and the other Western European countries
away from communism.

So let’s see how we have been getting
along in buying them away from commun-
ism. They recently had an election in both
France and Italy and we did not: come out
too well.

In France one out of four votes was
cast. for the communists. The United States
during the last five years has put four
billion dollars into France to keep them
away from communism. After all of our
effort and four billion dollars in five years
the communist votes have dropped six
per cent.

In other words it took four billion dol-
lars just to get a little handful of votes.

In Italy we didn’t fare quite as well as
we did in France. In Italy the communists
received two out of every five votes.
The United States has put more/ than two
billion dollars in 'Italy to buy them away
from communism. In five years and at
the cost of two billion dollars the com-
munists received four per cent more votes
than they did in the last election.

We poured lots more money in England.
We poured six billion dollars into Great
Britain. Yet Great Britain has gone social-
ist and almost down the road to com-

So it doesn’t seem as if we are getting
along very well trying to buy friendship
and buy people away from communism.

Take France and Italy for instance. With
all of the communists which they have
how can we depend upon these two coun-
tries when we know that their armies,
their government, their diplomatic ma—
chines and labor unions and their indus-
tries are honeycombed with communists
and communist sympathizers?

Let's translate conditions in France and
Italy into similar conditions in the United

(Continued on Page 3)


New Buildings
Should Be Built
To Conform To
General Program

A definite educational program should 7

be adopted by every county in Georgia

before planning a school building. pro-~

gram. 3
Buildings should be constructed to fit;
the program adopted. 3
This is advocated by Claude Purcell,‘,

Director of the Division of Administra-T
tion of the State Department of Educa-‘


Recently in a‘ paper written for the
use of school people Purcell said:

“After the various types of school cen—
ters have been located and the instruc—
tional program has been decided upon,
it becomes necessary to determine the
size of the school plant. the facilities to
be included, the buildings that can be
retained and altered, and the construc-
tion sequence. Although only one build—
ing may be erected during a period of
years, it should be planned and con-
structed in ’such a place and manner
that it will become a part of the total

"Determination of Building Sizes and
Sequence for Construction. .

“The development of a center involves
many complicated problems and requires
the professional assistance of teachers.
department heads, supervisors, principals,
superintendents, board members, state de—
partment of education officials, local busi-
ness officials, architects and engineers.
When this group works together effective—
ly, many costly buildings and school pro
gram mistakes often may be avoided. If
local officials have promoted a continuing
study of their needs, agreement on the
size of departments, their equipment,
types of construction, and community uses
of the plants can be settled with a reason-
able degree of certainty.

“Careful thought must be given to the
order in which the centers will be de-
veloped. Obviously too much construction
at one time will probably eliminate good
competitive bidding. Usually present
plants can be altered or addition can be
made rather quickly and inexpensively,
and a large part of the necessary housing
can be made available quickly if this type
of building is given first place on the con—
struction agenda.

"Financing the Program

“After the number. size, and types of
organizations to be housed have been de-
termined, the next logical step will be to
estimate the cost of the program by school
centers and buildings. Sometimes school
officials have allowed architects without
school—plant planning experience to help
estimate plant costs with the understand-
ing that they will be given some of the
work. This practice should be condemned;
experience has proved that even the best
architects, without specialized training in
the school-plant field, make many serious
and costly mistakes.

“SchoolJJuildings may be financed from
county or city bond issues or by means of
state bonds issued by the State Public
School Building Authority. Where build—
ings are erected from local bond fund, ad:
ditional local levies beyond the mainten-
ance and operation, school tax must be
collected annually to retire the bonded in—
debtedness. Where contracts are made
with the Building Authority for the erec—
tion of buildings the rental payments go
to pay for the buildings. The Authority
in turn uses the rentals to retire the state
bonds issued at the time the buildings
were erected. Local school officials
should decide the extent of the build-
ing program to be financed by
one or both of these means. The
capital outlay fun ds allotted each
school system under Section II of the
Foundation Program may be used to ser-
vice local bond issue or for rentals to the
Building Authority which is also a pay-
ment for buildings. Most school systems
will need to exhaust the legal limit of
indebtedness from both of these sources
in order to adequately house the children
of both races.-

"Architectural Services

“The State Department of Education
has architectural services that are avail-
able to local school systems for small
plants and consultative services for large
building projects. If a private architect is
employer]. he should be selected strictly on
his professional qualifications and the ex-
cellence of his past services in connection
with school buildings. He should not be
employed on the basis of bids or sketches.




Page Three




(Continued from page 1)

ave been different.

This leads me to say that all of us ought to write our Congressmen
l/and Senators and urge them to be most careful about the type of men

./ they put on the Federal bench. It is a shame that South Carolina has

a Waring. It is a shame that other states have judges similar to him.

Our Congressmen and Senators slipped a cog in Georgia.

They slip-

ped up when they let Abe Conger be appointed to the bench in this
State. You will remember when the Convention of the Democratic Party
in Georgia met in Macon in 1950 it adopted a resolution denouncing these
federal decisions against segregation of the white and negro races in the
public schools and committed the party‘to ignore these decisions and the
party officials to go to jail rather than mix the two races in the same
school rooms. It must be remembered that Judge Abe Conger denounced
. the Democratic Party in Georgia and the people of this State who are so
anxious to preserve and protect the pattern of segregation.
It is a pity we do not have more men on the Federal bench like Judge
George Bell Timmerman instead of men like Abe Conger.
In the first place the negroes would never dare to organize and con-
duct their campaign to destroy the pattern of segregation unless they
were encouraged to do so by white people and especially by white


The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People met
in Atlanta last week. Their avowed purpose is to destroy segregation. That

is the object of the organization.

Yet Atlanta’s Mayor, Billy Hartsfield, went down to the City Audi-
torium and welcomed this group who are attempting to destroy the white

people of the City of Atlanta.

His picture appeared in the Atlanta papers welcoming this bunch of
of racketeers to the City of Atlanta. He let them know in no uncertain terms
that as Mayor of Atlanta they were glad to have them meet there to pre-
pare plans to destroy segregation in the public schools of the City of Atlanta

and elsewhere in the South.

It is strange to me how any white man can welcome such an aggregation

into his town and city.

Bill welcomed them for one purpose and one purpose only and that is
to get the negro vote in his race for reelection.

The reason I call attention to this fact is to show that Southern men
are willing to stoop so low in the effort to get votes as to welcome this
bunch of hoodlums into Atlanta to plot and plan to destroy the City of
Atlanta and the people of the South.

If this is the kind of courage that Southern leaders have then the

South is in a bad fix.

We need mayors. governors, congressmen and United States Sena-
tors with the courage to allow their throats to be cut before they would
stab their own children in the back with such a dastardly deed.

It is time for the people of the South to quit