xt7np55ddv91 https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt7np55ddv91/data/mets.xml Alabama Alabama Museum of Natural History 1943 Other titles include: Alabama Museum of Natural History museum paper, Geological Survey of Alabama, Museum of the Geological Survey of Alabama. Other creators include: United States. Work Projects Administration, Geological Survey of Alabama, Tennessee Valley Authority. Issues for 1, 3 carry no series numbering. No. 2 also as Education papers no. 1. UK holds archival copy for ASERL Collaborative Federal Depository Program libraries. Call number  AS36 .A2. journals  English University, Ala. : Alabama Museum of Natural History, 1910-1960 This digital resource may be freely searched and displayed in accordance with U. S. copyright laws. Alabama Works Progress Administration Publications Museum Paper, no. 21, 1943 - including "Two Prehistoric Indian Dwarf Skeletons from Moundville" by Charles E. Snow text Museum Paper, no. 21, 1943 - including "Two Prehistoric Indian Dwarf Skeletons from Moundville" by Charles E. Snow 1943 1943 2015 true xt7np55ddv91 section xt7np55ddv91   -
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‘  ~_ GI·)OLOGI(?AL SURVEY OF ALABAMA Q _~  
I  \\'AL'l`,l£l{ BRYAN JONES, S·1·A·r1: G1zoLou1s·r my Lmvnu ·    
  MUSEUM PAPER 21 l ·  
  A IAABAMA MUSEII M O]? NATURAL HISTORY _    
  lll =VO PREHISTORIO INDIAN DWVARF I I    
 " %KELETONS FROM IVIOIINDVILLE      
5  BY Y  
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  ysical Autlrropologist, Alalyama I\[uscum-`\\*.I’.A. Archaeological   `  
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LETTER OF TRANSMIT'l`;\L   .    
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University, Alabama     `
1  ]anuary 8, 1943 - ‘    
M  
r Hoy ~rable Frank M. Dixon   ;  
‘ lovernor of Alabama   .  
Montgomery, Alabama    
i »   ‘  
 <’ Sir;   r {  
have the honor to transmit herewith the manuscript of a A    
_ i‘<3].·~ t entitled “Two Prehistoric Indian Dwarf Skeletons from    
lla, rdville", by Charles E. Snow. It is requested that this be ‘  
print ed as Museum Paper 21 of the Geological Survey of Alabama. lr  
i  Respectfully, ` S   ,  
STE\\':\R’I` J. LLOYD   l  
· Asst. State Geologist    
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l1:;~ l en very gener0us with his stiggestiniis relative to the r 0f the t `  
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lllOllll(l5. the two Illdlilll Dwarf skeletons were ftmml 111 tl1c area marlcctl \\'lll`I the <.l0u|>le X5 l1OI'lll\\’C5t of Mmmcl (J. 'll1c \,
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¥ ‘,`4 ’ . i Five years later, in 1939, while excavating the post—mold pa me { i` 4  { ,
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,t ; I ' the same mound (Northwest of Mound ‘G"), the Civilian on-   ·
`l , "   ' servation Corps, under the supervision of the National Parl %t·r-  Y
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{ Q had been buried face downward, at a depth of one foot an  # 
    extended position, with the left arm tightly flexed at the <¤ nr;    {
E I i ' ‘ · the right arm, bent at ri¤‘ht an les, lav under the bodv, aero- zhe E?   " A
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i   _ , bottom of the rib-cage. The lower right leg, also bent inwr i l at      
    I i` the knee joint, was placed across the back of the left knee =nt, ,,  ,_·p  {fg V
    i See lfigure Z. The left leg was completely extended. ’,l`her·· ere ,    
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  ; · no artifacts in associatton with the skeleton. The Llll(l1~l‘~ wt. • ,.   
· `_*l , i extended segments of both dwarf skeletons made possibl the   "T 
{ TQ i measurement of them including total length or stature.     4
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Q ~ ii ` , The skeletons were studied at the \YP.·’\ Arcliaeologiczr ith- . F  i =»· ij
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l · 4 oratory in B11'1ll11lg'llZl.Hl, part of the statewide project spotfted 4 {_  
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` ( 4 ` were processed and repaired, all of the more intact bones ine} V Ne    if  
l   i , the vertebrae. pelves, and the crania of the dwarfs were m<·:· trol 44;  
  `lf `· and observed bv the writer, with the usual l1lStl'll1ll€Ill` wi ‘ `Q   
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  j' , i . techniques. See ltigures 4 and 5. ;'\(l(lltlOll{ll measurements · M 44 Q     
i .   skulls were taken for comparison with those of an acliontlroi iii g    ¥4Q_ "
  ,l ` l dwarf from Tonkin reported bv Xuan Nvuen Hop? ‘ I     .
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i Eff   have all become misplaced or lost, and no description othet we-     ;4 
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` ei · ‘i i "ifi*fi iri iirw_i" 7 ¤w`__rr`?—` "    
: jjj _- , \\Y}'lllZll1· while working in lflorida in the l870`s niatit ;1;._g · 
  ’ i   earliest record available on an Indian dwarf as follows:
E ‘ t
f l
  " ~ ` "XIany fragments of an imperfect lnunan skeleton were found .i  
. ‘ ’ ` the mound on I/nn/wort Is/mid, and near Huntoon Creek. 'l`hey xo  
t ' _:   covered with shells to the depth of eighteen inches, and though M  “* ;é
{ 1   place was completely explored, only tlte following were cliscovert   %
E ` ‘ i viz.: fragments of a skull, an imperfect lower jaw, pieces of the ri~.~ fg   [
ai ` ‘ , , l and left thigh bones, a piece of an upper arm bone, some fragnte _  `ggow ij 
‘ ‘l ¥ ' of tlte_toreat‘1n and leg. and a few joints of fingers and toes. l . ·  
1 I . ' bones were all of a diminutive size, evidently those of a dw  
{ , ~ Basing an estimate on the proportions of the thigh bones to    
  p ` whole skeleton, the individual is supposed to have been about th; .   
  feet and a half high. lhe angles and articular process of the lo·.  
f V jaw were broken off and the molar teeth had nearly all disappe:o·~    i
l V ` duritly life, and their alveoli had been absorbed. These facts iw  
i _ , , cate an individual which was, at the least, adult,"  
{ , , ogy?  1 }  .»
t i  
i — · · . t 5 V . _ . . . 1 1 fjif/ ~ 
; Likewise Merard l·owke describes the remains of :1 dw .21: ,  
i 1 - found in one of the tihio Adena mounds near \\vaverly:  *.3 
; . . ".\t tive and one-half feet front center with skull in the e·  
E 3 of a bed of ashes, which had been raked from a fire bed near  
  ‘ _ center, and the rest of the body extended on :1 layer of muck t° .  
, 4 _ ` _ _ , y-,,2*Q;
  ‘ A formed the bottont of ttte mound, was a skeleton of peculiar foz  
  i lt was not over five feet long but the bones were very thick J  
  tlte process for attachment of the muscles were extraordinary in ti  
§ ` development. The skull was nearly half an inch thick and of ttntt—  
J ` · . size mostly back of the ears though the forehead was full and hw  
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i , ‘ lhe teeth were large, hard and bnt little worn.l' ·?  
1 1 .t 1 1 1  "t {
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  ` j Morphologically, the bulging, overlarge, and rounded »· reiial ,
A   " *   vault is the most noticeable feature of the male dwarf skull Fee ‘
E ji `i U . Figures 6-IO. The skull form, flattened in back by tli~ prt,.
  I 'i   nounced occipital deformation leaves the parietal aud [ na] i
  F T   regions unusual