` w1NsroN-sA1.1;M 26; 1}
chinery in the State was that introduced by Vaneman Zevely in 1815. In .;
1836, as agent for the Salem Cotton Manufacturing Company, Francis Fries ’  
built the first cotton mill in the town. He began business on his own account  
in 1840 with a small wool-carding establishment, and in 1849 he and his  
brother operated a wool and cotton mill. ri
When Forsyth County was formed in 1849, Salem lay near the center  
of it and was the natural choice for a courthouse site. The congregation 3
agreed to sell land just north of Salem for a county town on condition that  
the courthouse should be placed on the crest of a hill and that the streets i
of the new town should be continuous with the streets of Salem. For two  
years the county seat had no separate designation, but in 1851 the legislature  
named the new community for Maj. Ioseph Winston of Kings Mountain · Q
fame. During the building of the courthouse, the Forsyth courts were per- {
mitted to meet in the Salem Concert Hall on condition that no whipping `
posts be placed within the town limits. In 1854 the plank road to Fayetteville,  
120 miles long, was completed.  
Salem was incorporated by the assembly of 1856-57; Winston by the V
assembly of 1859. Incorporation marked the separation of town and church  
affairs in Salem. After Winston became the county seat it attracted residents 7
from the North Carolina Piedmont, Virginia, and elsewhere who built mills  
and factories. As the members of denominations other than Moravian in-  
creased they erected their own churches.  
At the outbreak of the War between the States the younger generation  
of Moravians, free from scruples against bearing arms, enlisted with their Q
neighbors. The Forsyth Rifles were uniformed by Francis Fries. Wachovia  
saw Union soldiers only when Stoneman’s raid reached Salem, and when §
the roth Ohio Calvary was quartered there after the war. At that time F. and f
H. Fries woolen goods and Nissen wagons were widely known, but gradu- E
ally the tobacco industry assumed first place, the first tobacco factory and _
the Winston-Salem Tobacco Market opening in 1872. R. ]. Reynolds built Q
his first tobacco factory in 1875 and in the same year the Western North  
Carolina R.R. began serving the town. This was followed by rapid expan— {
sion as new factories were started and banking and commercial firms i
sprang up to meet the requirements of the growing community. ;
Winston-Salem is the center of the State’s largest banking organization, `
a trading point for a large section of the Piedmont, and the home of six- -
‘ score industries with an annual production valued at $300,000,000. T
Calvin Henderson Wiley (1819-87), First State superintendent of schools 4
in North Carolina (1853-65), spent- many years in the city, and assisted in  
founding its graded-school system. Largely through his efforts the perma-  
nent public school endowment was not touched for military purposes during ‘
the War between the States. K
The present local bands are developed from trombone bands that played L
at Moravian festivals long before the Revolution. The largest is the band of
the Home Moravian Church with 150 members; its leader, Bernard ]. Pfohl, g.
has been with the organization since 1879. The Mozart Club, organized. in
1932, founded a loan fund for music students. The Civic Music Association ,
arranges concerts by talented artists. Salem College annually presents a May 4