xt7pzg6g2h4x https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt7pzg6g2h4x/data/mets.xml Kentucky Historical Records Survey Project 1938 books Y 3.W 89/2:K 419/no.20 Kentucky Historical Records Survey This digital resource may be freely searched and displayed.  Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically.  Physical rights are retained by the owning repository.  Copyright is retained in accordance with U. S. copyright laws.  For information about permissions to reproduce or publish, contact the Special Collections Research Center. Kentucky Works Progress Administration Publications Archives--Kentucky--Carlisle County--Catalogs Carlisle County (Ky.)--Archival resources Carlisle County (Ky.)--History Inventory of the county archives of Kentucky. No. 20. Carlisle County (Bardwell) text Inventory of the county archives of Kentucky. No. 20. Carlisle County (Bardwell) 1938 2012 true xt7pzg6g2h4x section xt7pzg6g2h4x T   U n 
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  Division of Womems and Professional Projects
 {gl; i··’ _ ig:}A§QA~Ffi.I I I I I I I I I I I I  
XII. Justices of the Peace . . . . ..... . . .... . . . Bl
    I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I  
Tax collections, Claims for livestock, Cash book.
Vouchers. Licenses.
XIVI   I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I  
XVI   I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I  
XVII   I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I  
XVII. Tax Commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
XVIII. Board of Tax Supervisors . .... . . . . .... . . . 105
Revision of assessments.
XIX. County Budget Commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • lOh
XXI   I I I I I I I I I • I I I I I I I I I I I I I I  
XXII   I | I I I I I I I I I I I I I • I I I I I I I I •  
XXII. County Election Commissioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Petitions and elections. Certifications. Expenses.
XXIII. County Board of Education . . . . . ..... . . . . . . llh
Minutes. Census. Buildings and equipment. Bids.
Financial reports, Invoices and vouchers.
XXIV. County School Superintendent .... . ..... . . . . . ll9
Appointments and contracts. Enrollments and at-
tendance. Resignations.
      I I • I I I I I I I I I I I I I I • I I I I I  
County board of health. County health officer.
Vital statistics. Service records: supplies;
laboratory and clinic reports; immunization;
diseases treated; sanitation inspection reports;
miscellaneous reports. Payrolls,
XXVI. County Livestock Inspector ..... . . . ..... . . . l28

 Q 5 1
Table of Contents Page
_ XXVII. Surveyor . . ........ . .......... . . 129
XXVIII. County Road Engineer . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Road bonds. Road contracts.
XXIX. County Agricultural Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Contracts. Soil conservation.
LL-H club. Bulletins.
    l I l I I O O I I D • I I I • I   I I I  
Legal Bibliography . . . ............ . . . 157
Chronological Index . . . . . . . . . ...... . . 1LpO
GGl1GTBlInd9X IO|I••I••••••|••IIIO  

 - h -
(First entry, p. 2h)
Carlisle County, the last of the eight counties to be formed from the
~ Jackson Purchase and the one hundred and nineteenth to be established in
Kentucky, was created in 1886 from the southern part of Ballard County.
On April 8, 188h, Albert W. Moreman of Meade County, representing the com-
mittee on Propositions and Grievances, reported a bill entitled, "A Bill
to Establish the County of Carlis1e," which was read and rejected. On
March 1, 1886, the bill to establish the County of Carlisle was read a
second time by William P. Thorne, and on April 5, 1886, the act creating
the new county was passed and approved. This act which was made effective
May 5, 1886, reads as fellows; "Be it enacted, that so much of the county
of Ballard as lies south of Mayfield Creek, and included in the following
boundary, is hereby created inte a separate county to be known as the Coun-
ty of Carlisle, to wit: Beginning in the center of Mayfield Creek, at the
county line of Graves and Ballard counties; thence down said creek with the
center of the channel thereof to the state line between the states of Ken-
tucky and Missouri; thence south with said line to the northwest corner of
Hickman County; thence east with the Hickman County line to where it inter-
sects with the Graves line; thence north with the Graves County line to the
beginning". (Acts of the General Assembly of Kentucky, 1885-86, Frankfort,
Kentucky, vol. 1, chT'H§5, p. El.) *—
Carlisle County was named in honor of John Griffin Carlisle, Lieuten-
ant Governor of Kentucky, 1871-75, who in 1890, four years after the county
was formed, became United States Senator, and during the administration of
President Grover Cleveland served as Secretary of the Treasury (Kentucky
Magazine, Louisville, Kentucky, September 1927). "~
The present boundaries of Carlisle County are the same as the original
ones, since no changes have been made at any time. It is bounded on the
north by Ballard County; on the east, by Graves County; on the south, by
Hickman County; and on the west, by the Mississippi River.
In 1780, the Chickasaw Indians were the undisputed owners of the terri-
tory west of the Tennessee River, including the ground at the mouth of the
Mayfield Creek in the northwestern corner of the present site of Carlisle
County, where Fort Jefferson was built in the summer of that year. Governor
Patrick Henry of Virginia had long desired to establish and fortify a post
near the mouth of the Ohio. Thomas Jefferson, the succeeding governor of
Virginia, in 1778, and again in 1780, urged the establishment of this post.
Consequently, General George Rogers Clark, with about two hundred soldiers,
left Louisville in the summer of 1780, proceeded down the Ohio and on down
the Mississippi to a point five miles below the mouth of the Ohio where May-
field Croek emptied into the river. There he erected a fort with several
bloekhouses which he called Fort Jefferson. (Richard H. Collins, History
EQ Kentucky, 2 vols., Louisville, Kentucky, 192h, vol, 2, pp. 59, HO; R. S.
Cotterill, History of Pioneer Kentucky, 1 vol., Cincinnati, Ohio, 19l7, pp.
162, 17h.) """ " ‘”_"‘ """"

 .. 5 ...
Historical Sketch (First entry, p. 2h)
The building of this fort aroused the fiereest resentment among the
Chickasaws, and they directed their fury against this invasion of their an-
cestral rights.` During the year 1780, the Indians engaged in a program of
plundering and murdering members of isolated families who had settled around
the fort. These raids ended in a siege of the fort which lasted five or six
days. The difficulty of keeping this fort replenished with supplies, however,
proved too hazardous and it was abandoned. The erection and occupation of
Fort Jefferson did much to inflame the hatred of the Indians and to decrease
the popularity of General Clark in Kentucky and Virginia. (Ibid.)
To settle all territorial controversies and remove all grounds for com-
plaint or dissatisfaction that might arise to interrupt the peace and harmony
in between the United States and the Chickasaw Nation of Indians, President James
I C Monroe, Governor Isaac Shelby, General Andrew Jackson, and the Chickasaw Na-
tion, with its head men assembled in council, agreed to a treaty of purchase
on October 19, 1818. By this treaty the Chickasaws ceded to the United States
_ all claim or title which they held to the land lying north of the boundary of
the state of Tennessee, with the exception of certain small reservations. The
territory so ceded was defined thus; "Beginning on the Tennessee River, about
thirty-five miles by water, below Colonel Colbert*s Ferry, where the thirty-
fifth degree of north latitude strikes the same; thence due west, with said
degree of north latitude, to where it outs the Mississippi River to the mouth
. of the Ohio; thence up the Ohio River to the mouth of the Tennessee River;
thence up the Tennessee River to the place of beginning" (Jackson Purchase
Treaty, Art. I, cited by‘W. H, Perrin, History of Kentucky, 1 vol., Louisville,
. Kyw 1887: P• 569)- __-
_ 4 In consideration of this relinquishment of claim to these lands, the com-
missioners allowed the Chickasaw Nation the sum of $20,000 a year for fifteen
· I successive years, and as a further concession they agreed to pay Captain John
, Gordon of Tennessee the sum of $1,115 for a debt due, and the sum of $2,000
to Captain David Smith, for services rendered in defending certain towns in
the Purchase from the Creek Indians. As General Jackson was chiefly instru-
mental in effecting this treaty and purchase, the tract which new eomposes
eight counties was called the Jackson Purchase. (J. Stoddard Johnston,
Memorial History of Louisville, 2 vols., Chicago-New York, 1896, vol. 1, p.
The act creating Carlisle County authorized R. M. Shelton of Ballard
County, E. C. Hodges of Hickman County, J. W. Hooker of Graves County, J. L.
Bethshars of McCracken County, and W} P. Lee of Marshall County to locate
the site of the county seat of Carlisle County, and to meet for this purpose
at Arlington the second Monday in May, 1886 (Acts, 1885-86, vol. 2, eh. 920,
p. 561; County Court Orders, 1886, vol. 1, p, 5 in Carlisle County Archives,
see entry 160),
A Another act of the legislature defined the duties of the county judge
and provided that, as soon as Carlisle County was formed, he should appoint
three householders whose duty would be to lay off the county into as many
magisterial districts as they might deem necessary, not to exceed five in
number (Acts, 1885-86, vol, 2, eh, 920, pp, 559, 560; County Court Orders,
vol. 1, p, 27, see entry 160).

 - 6 -
I Historical Sketch · » (First entry, p, 2h)
The town of Bardwell, located west of the center of the county, was
chosen as the county seat, and the commissioners proceeded to undertake the
erection of the county buildings (Deeds, 1886, vol. 1, p. 2, in Carlisle
County Archives, entry 15). U
- There are no colleges or private schools in Carlisle County but the
average educational advantages are available to both the white and Negro
population of the county (Kentucky; Resources, Attractions, Opportunities,
Carlisle County, Louisville, Kentucky).
_ The physiography of Carlisle County is by nature adapted to the general
‘ purposes of building and highway construction, for which sands and gravels
are used. These materials, together with large deposits of clay and artesian
( and spring waters, form the principal natural resources of the county. (Ibid.)
L Unusually rich, fertile soil and an excellent natural water supply have
made farming the chief industry in Carlisle County. Although it is one of
the smaller counties, with the systematic development of a well-balanced
farm program, including dairying, poultry and hog raising, and truck garden-
ing, it ranks as one of the foremost agricultural counties in Kentucky.
Over 1,000 acres are devoted to commercial orchards, and the growing of
strawberries has proved most successful. (Ibid.)
Bardwell, the county seat, is also the site of various factories and
mills, since an adequate water system, cheap power rates, and good railroad
facilities are conducive to small industrial enterprises (ibid). It has a
population of 1,159, according to the population census of`l950 (15th Census
of the United States, 1950, vol. 1, United States Government Printing Office,
Washington, l95l, p. M55)-
The population of the entire county in 1890 was 7,612; in 1900 it had
increased to 10,195. Ten years later the number had dropped to 9,0hB, and
. in 1920 another decrease in the total number of inhabitants occurred, the
census of that year recording the population as 8,251. The census of 1950
lists Carlisle as having 7,565 inhabitants. (Ibid.)
Arlington and Milburn, both banking towns, and Burkley, where one of
the county*s numerous canneries is located, are other important towns in
Carlisle County (Kentucky; Resources, Attractions, Opportunity, Carlisle
County). ""`*`M` __—""`"—` _”`°"*"`*` `—"-—_-—`-— `_"———__
_ The Chicago and New Orleans Division of the Illinois Central Railroad
intersects Carlisle County at Arlington. The Mobile and Ohio Railroad passes
through Winfield, serving the extreme western section of the county. Inter-
_ state highways 51 and 62 pass through thc center of the county; state high-
ways 98 and 125 also traverse the county.

 - 7 -
V _ Bibliography
County Court Orders, 1886, vol. 1, entry 160, in Car-
lisle County Inventory, this volume.
Deeds, 1886, vol. l, entry 15, in Carlisle County In- l
ventory, this volume.
Acts 2; the General Assembly 2; Kentucky, 1885-86,
vols. 1, E, (John D. Woods, Frankfort, Kentucky).
Collins, Richard H., History 2; Kentucky, vol. 2,
(John P. Morton and Company, Louisvi e, Ky., 192h).
Cotterill, R. S., History 2; Pioneer Kentucky,
V (Johnson and Hardin, Cincinnati, Ohio, lgfif.
Johnston, J. Stoddard, Memorial History Ei Louisville,
vol. 1, (Biographical Publishing Company, Chicago-New
York, 1896).
Perrin, W. H., History 25 Kentucky, (F. A. Battey and
Company, Louisville and Chicago, 1887).
Kentucky Magazine, (published by Associated Industries
of Kentucky, Louisville, Ky., September 1927).
Kentucky; Resources, Attractions, Opportunities, (pub-
lished By the Kenticky Opportunities Department of
Associated Industries of Kentucky, Louisville, Ky.).
15th Census of the United States, 1950, vol. 1,
(United StatE§ Government Printing Office, Washington,
D. C., 1951).

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 - 9 -
The act creating Carlisle County, approved April 5, 1886, defined
the boundaries and appointed a commission to lay off the new county. An
amending act passed one month later appointed a second commission to per-
fomn the same duties as the former commission. Until such time as the
local administrative and judicial government of the newly-created county
could be established, justices and constables in the territory taken from
other counties to form Carlisle County served until the next regular elec-
tion could be held, and other officers were also temporarily appointed by
Governor J. Proctor Knott to serve until this election. Provision was
made for the selection of suitable sites and the erection of necessary
county buildings. (Acts, 1886, vol. 2, ch. 920, sec. 2h, pp. 559, 560.)
Until 1891 the justices of the peace in Carlisle County exercised
jurisdiction with the judge of the county court, when that court sat as a
court of claims, to assist in laying the county levy and in making appro-
priations (Const. of 1850, art. M, sec. 57; Acts, 1850-51, ch. M19, secs.
1-21, pp. L-H6; see*office of County Judge, pT”E0). The Constitution of
1891, however, abolished the court of claims and established the fiscal
court, composed of the county judge elected by the county at large for a
four—year term and four justices of the peace, each of whom is elected
in his respective magisterial district (Const. of 1891, secs. 99, 101,
155, lh0, 1h2). Jurisdiction pertaining to financial matters, generally,
and to claims against Carlisle County is new exercised by the fiscal
court and includes the authority to raise revenue for the county¥s needs
as prescribed by statutes and to supervise the expenditure of funds for
the maintenance of county property and for building roads and bridges.
(See Fiscal Court, p. 22.)
Since the creation of Carlisle County, the county court clerk has
had an elective four-year term, and his role as county court clerk has
made him the principal custodian of records and the major recording a-
gent of the county. He has, since 1886, served as clerk of the board of
tax supervisors and the quarterly court. With the establishment of the
fiscal court in 1891, he became clerk of that court also. Since 1906 he
has been clerk of the juvenile court and, since 1950, clerk of the board
of election commissioners, In 195h he became clerk of the county budget
commission. The county court clerk performs a host of other duties in
connection with tax collection, issuance of licenses, and elections.
(0011815. of 1850, art, 6, sec, 1; Const, of 1891, secs. 99, 100; Carroll,
s"`““Zecs. 5TES-’Z"1’5, 26, 1855, 185le-TTT-- “‘“"`”
The county judge is elected for a four-year term and prcsides over
the county court. He is chief conservator of the peace, conmnssioned
by the governor. (Const, of 1850, art, LL, sees, 29-57; Acts, 1852, Ch.
22, P. 96; Cvnst. of—1891;75£YTjDi0; see County Court, p. 65.) He