.. 5 ...
Historical Sketch (First entry, p. 2h)
The building of this fort aroused the fiereest resentment among the
Chickasaws, and they directed their fury against this invasion of their an-
cestral rights.` During the year 1780, the Indians engaged in a program of
plundering and murdering members of isolated families who had settled around
the fort. These raids ended in a siege of the fort which lasted five or six
days. The difficulty of keeping this fort replenished with supplies, however,
proved too hazardous and it was abandoned. The erection and occupation of
Fort Jefferson did much to inflame the hatred of the Indians and to decrease
the popularity of General Clark in Kentucky and Virginia. (Ibid.)
To settle all territorial controversies and remove all grounds for com-
plaint or dissatisfaction that might arise to interrupt the peace and harmony
in between the United States and the Chickasaw Nation of Indians, President James
I C Monroe, Governor Isaac Shelby, General Andrew Jackson, and the Chickasaw Na-
tion, with its head men assembled in council, agreed to a treaty of purchase
on October 19, 1818. By this treaty the Chickasaws ceded to the United States
_ all claim or title which they held to the land lying north of the boundary of
the state of Tennessee, with the exception of certain small reservations. The
territory so ceded was defined thus; "Beginning on the Tennessee River, about
thirty-five miles by water, below Colonel Colbert*s Ferry, where the thirty-
fifth degree of north latitude strikes the same; thence due west, with said
degree of north latitude, to where it outs the Mississippi River to the mouth
. of the Ohio; thence up the Ohio River to the mouth of the Tennessee River;
thence up the Tennessee River to the place of beginning" (Jackson Purchase
Treaty, Art. I, cited by‘W. H, Perrin, History of Kentucky, 1 vol., Louisville,
. Kyw 1887: P• 569)- __-
_ 4 In consideration of this relinquishment of claim to these lands, the com-
missioners allowed the Chickasaw Nation the sum of $20,000 a year for fifteen
· I successive years, and as a further concession they agreed to pay Captain John
, Gordon of Tennessee the sum of $1,115 for a debt due, and the sum of $2,000
to Captain David Smith, for services rendered in defending certain towns in
the Purchase from the Creek Indians. As General Jackson was chiefly instru-
mental in effecting this treaty and purchase, the tract which new eomposes
eight counties was called the Jackson Purchase. (J. Stoddard Johnston,
Memorial History of Louisville, 2 vols., Chicago-New York, 1896, vol. 1, p.
The act creating Carlisle County authorized R. M. Shelton of Ballard
County, E. C. Hodges of Hickman County, J. W. Hooker of Graves County, J. L.
Bethshars of McCracken County, and W} P. Lee of Marshall County to locate
the site of the county seat of Carlisle County, and to meet for this purpose
at Arlington the second Monday in May, 1886 (Acts, 1885-86, vol. 2, eh. 920,
p. 561; County Court Orders, 1886, vol. 1, p, 5 in Carlisle County Archives,
see entry 160),
A Another act of the legislature defined the duties of the county judge
and provided that, as soon as Carlisle County was formed, he should appoint
three householders whose duty would be to lay off the county into as many
magisterial districts as they might deem necessary, not to exceed five in
number (Acts, 1885-86, vol, 2, eh, 920, pp, 559, 560; County Court Orders,
vol. 1, p, 27, see entry 160).