xt7qjq0ssh3j https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7qjq0ssh3j/data/mets.xml   Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. 1928 journals kaes_circulars_001_3_167_02 English Lexington : The Service, 1913-1958. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 167 text Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 167 1928 2014 true xt7qjq0ssh3j section xt7qjq0ssh3j University of Ker1tucky—C0llege of Agriculture . .
THOMAS ·P. COOPER, Dean and Director
CIRCULAR NO. 167 (Revised) APRIL, 1928 .
Published in connection with the agricultural extension work carried '~ I
011 by co-operation of the College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky,
witl1 the U. S. Depatrtinent of Agriculture, and distributed in furtherzmce
of the work provided for in the Acct of Congress of May 8, 1914.
1 When and How to Cull A
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_22li Euos IN 1 YEAR 82 EGGs IN 1 YEAR
A How They Looked August 15th
Y.]; l’¤1¤i··»u¤s (]1t·lvic or lziy bones) 1, Pin bones close f0g<:‘U1€1` (ONG
‘l_;¤1· :11>:11·1, fingers width or less).
3. \i·111 imle rind plizible. 2. Vent yellow and puckered.
  l.zI1·,u·t·, 1`ull, bright red comb 3. Pole, shriveled comb and
MII w·1rtII·s, wuttles.
‘ $]xl·H]_L'iIlc yellow to white beak and 4, Deep yellow beak and Shanks-
Culliug, the weeding Ollt of inferior individuals, should be done
tliruout the year. Hatching eggs should be selected carefully and all
small, Inissliapen, off-color and dirty eggs culled. At hatching time
_   wmki (‘1`iDl)l9€$» beak
img il mid Shanks in the same order that it went Out, OUIY the Color m'
turns much more quickly than it goes out.

 4 Kentucky Extension Ciircular N0. 167
l Body Changes Due to Laying. Heavy production is also shown K
by the quality Of the SKIN. Fat goes out from the skin and body
with production, so that the heavy producers have a soft, velvety
V skin that is not underlaid by layers of hard fat. The abdomen, in
` particular, is soft and pliable.
The character of the head is one of the most valuable factors in
culling. The head of a good layer is deep and broad, yet it is not
coarse. The skin of the face is smooth and not underlaid with fat.
The eye is full, round and prominent, especially when seen from the
front. The head should not be small and over-refined.
After the hen lays heavily the feathers lose their sleek and
glossy appearance. It is characteristic of a good producer to be iu
a worn and threadbare condition during the summer.
l A laying hen has a large, moist VENT, showing a dilated condi-
tion and looseness as compared with the hard, puckered vent of a  ·
non—laying hen.  A
The whole ABDOMEN is dilated, as well as the vent, so that the ‘
pelvic bones are widespread and the keel or breastbone is forced _
down, away from the pelvic bones, so as to give large CAPACITY.
Just beside the vent are the two Delvic bones, one on each side, `
projecting towards the rear. By placing the fingers, flat, between
these bones, the width apart can be determined. If the ends Of the
bones are soft and pliable and the width of two or three ordinary
fingers (varying with the size of the hen) can be placed between
them, the hen is, in all probability, laying at the time of examination.
If the bones are close together and the points hard, the hen is not
laying. `
The comb, wattles and ear lobes enlarge or contract depending
on the condition of laying. If these parts are large and smooth, or
hard and waxy, the bird is laying. lf the comb is limp the bird if _
either coming into or going out of lay, or laying but little. When the
comb is shrunken and rough, the bird is not laying.