xt7qjq0stw34_5845 https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7qjq0stw34/data/mets.xml https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7qjq0stw34/data/1997ms474.dao.xml unknown archival material 1997ms474 English University of Kentucky The physical rights to the materials in this collection are held by the University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.  Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. W. Hugh Peal manuscript collection W. Hugh Peal, In Search of Charles Lamb text 43.94 Cubic Feet 86 boxes, 4 oversize boxes, 22 items Poor-Good Peal accession no. 11453. W. Hugh Peal, In Search of Charles Lamb 2017 https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7qjq0stw34/data/1997ms474/Box_84/Folder_12/Multipage45187.pdf 1954, undated 1954 1954, undated 
  Scope and Contents

Includes typescript essay [by Peal?], Some Footnotes to Lucas' Lamb and a 1954 Phi Beta Kappa pamphlet from the University of Kentucky announcing Peal's presentation of his essay.

section false xt7qjq0stw34_5845 xt7qjq0stw34 CHAPTER ROLL Adams, W. Lloyd Albro, C. Hal Allen, William R. Anderson, C. Arnold Baugh, Lucy Gaines Billington, Mary Elizabeth Boone, Mrs. Anna Bruce Boyd, Paul P. Boyarsky, Louis Brady, George K. Buckner, G. Davis Caldwell, Lee Carpenter, Cecil Carr, Wilbert L. Carter, Lucian Clark, Thomas D. Coleman, Lee Cone, Carl B. Cooke, Arthur L. Cutler, John L. Dantzler, L. L. Diachun, Stephen Didlake, Mary L. Donovan, Herman L. Dugan, Mrs. Frances L. S. Dunn, Keller Eaton, W. Clement Faust, George Hargreaves, H. W. Hatch, Maurice Hahn, Thomas M. Haynes, William Hegeman, Daniel V. Hochstrasser, Donald L. Hopkins, James F. Humphreys, Margaret Bell 1953- 1954 Humphries, James C. Jennings, W. W. Jones, T. T. Kammerer, Gladys Kaplan, Sidney King, Margaret 1. Kirwan, Albert D. Kraehe, Enno McCloy, Shelby T. Mooney, Robert N. Oppenheim, Mrs. Adele S. Pattie, Frank Plummer, L. N. Randall, Frank Rannells, Edward XV. Rea, John Riley, Herbert P. Ripy, Sara Roberts, George Robinson, Mrs. Lolo Robinson, Mary Sanders, Irwin T. Sears, Paul Server, Alberta W. Smith, Paul Snow, Charles E. Spivey, Herman E. Stahr, Elvis J., Jr. Thompson, Lawrence S. Thompson, Raymond H. Weaver, Ralph H. Webb, William S. White, M. M. Whiteside, Frederick Yost, F. L. Young, Edward E. Phi Beta Kappa Alpha of Kentucky University of Kentucky Lexington OFFICERS CARL B. CONE . . . . . . . . . . President FRANCES L. S. DUGAN . . . . . . Vice President MARGARET BELL HUMPHREYS . . . . . Secretary MAURICE HATCH . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer INITIATES 1953-1954 Fall S em ester Diogenes Allen Sally Weltha Hill Floyd McKee Cammack Mary Ordell Ray Patricia A. Hervey Nancy Allen Turmnn Mary Conrard Voorhes Spring Semester Lewis Brinkley Barnett Mary Lewis Patterson Mildred Scott Bell W. Hugh Peal Carol Sue Caton Thomas Warren Ramage Catherine C. Comer Donald Clayton Rose Thomas P. Lewis George Sanderson Elaine Moore Hymen Olin Spivcy Judith Fauquier Napps Mary Carlyle Winkler HONOR GUESTS Lois Clark Dale Paul Ray Eggum Victoria Shaver George Richardson Park Marguerite Karol Martersleck Nancy Ann Roberts, Book Award Twenty-Ninth Annual Dinner May 4, 1954 Student Union, Blue Grass Room 6 o’clock 6W9 é’ll‘s Invocation Introduction of New Members MARGARET BELL HUMPHEEYS Response . . . . . . . DIOGENES ALLEN Introduction of Honor Guests . CARL B. CONE Twenty-Ninth Annual Phi Beta Kappa Address “111 Search of Charles Lamb” W. HUGH PEAL IN SEARCH OF CHARLES LAMB The search for Charles Lamb began in my case, as so many searches do, as the result of a gift. The gift was a copy of "Tales from Shakespeare" by Charles and Mary Lamb, and the giver was an aunt who believed that little boys should be introduced to good literature at the earliest and most im- pressionable ages. The gift was not one which could be classi- fied as a collector's item. It was a small oblong volume bound in green cloth with cheap iridescent decoration. The paper was cheap and the printing would not have been approved by Didot or Baskerville. It was, however, the best copy obtainable from Sears & Roebuck, the only book vendor available to the lady, and she knew that ten year old boys can quickly find the kernel in a nut in spite of the forbidding shell. Whether children of these days can be interested in the Tales from Shakespeare seems to me doubtful. A good many of the stories were somewhat threadbare and worn renaissance material even in Shakespeare's time, and the plays are read- able now only because of the extraordinary beauty of the poetry and the subtleties of the characterization. When reduced to prose, even the artful and urbane prose of the Lambs, and sim- plified for reading by children, the narratives show signs of age and the characters are wooden and artificial. In my Western Kentucky village, however, we were short of books and amusements and, above all, we had that naivete which springs from a lack of standards of comparison. Having known no great merchants and money—lenders, we accepted the transaction between Antonio and Shylock as authentic and rejoiced in the ending as a triumph of Justice. The deep and tragic role of the Jewish money-lender in an alien and hostile world, so im- portant in Shakespeare's play, is omitted in the paraphrase and we missed it entirely. Similarly we enjoyed "Timon of Athens" as a straightforward tale, credible to us because we were not weighed down by critical standards or modern psycho— logical theories. The first Lamb item I found for myself was the fable known as ”A Dissertation on Roast Pig". It was in a tattered copy of one of McGuffey's school readers which, having been discarded by my eldest brother, became a part of my private library. I had no means then of knowing that I had stumbled on a remarkable literary performance, but I recognized, as generations of schoolboys had done before me, that I had found a delightful story. I also recognized the need for more, and Sears & Roebuck again obliged, this time with the full "Essays of Elia”. This was the real beginning of a search which has continued with growing interest and pleasure for more than forty years. For the greater part of this period my acquisi— tions were necessarily limited to printed material: the second series of the Elia essays, the poems, the plays, the miscel— laneous essays, the critical edition of extracts from the dramatists, the letters in the Talfourd, Ainger, Harper and Lucas editions, the biographies by Ainger, Lucas, Procter, Hazlitt, Blunden and others and the great mass of secondary material on Lamb, much of it written by his friends and con- temporaries. To these of course were added muchématerial by or about Lamb's friends and associates, Coleridge, Wordsworth, Southey, Lloyd, Hazlitt, Talfourd, Moxon, Cunningham, Kemble, Hickman, Scott, Haydon, Knowles and others. At long last, however, I discovered that divine providence, having removed the great collectors‘of the past, Campbell, Anderson, Folger, Huntington, Daly, Morgan, Newton, Scribner, North, et a1, had made available to me some original manuscripts and letters by and to Lamb and by and to his friends. With your permission I propose to talk about a few of these acquisitions. Each of the items to be discussed has been chosen as illustrative of an important incident or situation in Lamb's life or work. Perhaps they will serve to make clear to any of you who are not collectors the excitement and pleasure to be derived from handling and investigating these little relics of the past which we call autographs. Sometimes autograph letters seem at first sight to be unpromising material, and of course many of them are of no value. On the other hand, even a short note often gives to the diligent researcher an insight into the actions and motives of the writer or his friends that cannot be gained through finished literary work. Sometimes the key is in the handwriting, as in the last of the Lamb letters which I shall discuss this evening. Sometimes it is in a reference to a third person that fixes an important date or contemporary attitude, as in the case of the first letter I shall discuss. In any event the patient investigator is often rewarded by being transported back into an actual situation where he can see great events or amusing situations as they develop and before they have become shopworn from repetition or distorted by reflection. The whole process is not unlike that of the modern detective story where the reader knows the denouement but has to piece together the action and motivation from small clues as he goes along. My first item is a letter written by Lamb to Samuel Taylor Coleridge in August 1797, when Lamb was twenty—two years of age and Coleridge was twenty—five. It deals with an erratic incident in the troubled career of young Chares Lloyd, then aged twenty-two, the protege of Coleridge and friend of Lamb° In itself Lloyd's problem was of small importance, but it pro- duced an exciting moment in a rapidly moving course of events that was to culminate in a year in the most important new work in English literature since ”Paradise Lost" and was to result many years later in the emergence of a great new prose writer. I hope that you will bear with me while I attempt to sketch the background of the letter. It involves five young friends who were writing poetry. In August 1797 Samuel Taylor Coleridge was living with-his wife and infant son, Hartley, at Nether Stowey in Somerset. The young family had a very humble home and little money, but Coleridge always thereafter called the period the springtime of his troubled life. For the first and last time he was really happy. After many false starts and impracticable and foolish plans he was settled - or thought he was. His publications were already rather impressive, especially the first and second editions of his poems. Charles Lamb had con— tributed to both editions and Charles Lloyd had several items in the second edition. Coleridge had also taken a hand in Robert Southey's ambitious epic, "Joan of Arc". Southey was then twenty-three and at the beginning_of a career that was to make him the poet laureate of England at the age of 39. He and Coleridge had married sisters. By August 1797, however, the Coleridge—Lamb—Lloyd partnership and the Coleridge-Southey col- laboration, with Lamb as critic, were weakening. Coleridge had drawn William Wordsworth and his gifted sister, Dorothy, into his circle. Wordsworth, the son of a Cumberland attorney, was twenty—seven when he Joined Coleridge, near Nether Stowey. He had published verses as early as 1787, had graduated from Cambridge in 1791, had traveled extensively in Europe and had sired an illegitimate daughter in France during the Revolution. In 1797 he was an object of suspicion to the police for his radical opinions, England then being the victim of a case of the Jitters much like ours in 1954. Wordsworth was a man of great industry and ability and brought a fixed purpose and strong will into the nebulous Coleridge dream world. In return he gained from Coleridge, as he tells us himself, the concept of Joy. This is neatly illustrated, I think, by four lines from one of the minor poems written Jointly by them at the time, the children's classic, ”We are Seven": "She had a rustic, woddland air, and she was wildly clad: Her eyes were fair, and very fair: Her beauty made me glad." One of the satisfying rewards of being a collector rather than a scholar is that one can make wild suggestions and leave others to do the work. Perhaps some of the scholars here assembled would like to dig into the voluminous Keats liter- ature to see whether the tributes to beauty in "Endymion" and the "Ode to a Grecian Urn" were not in fact suggested by a childhood memory of these lines. Keats was three years old when "Lyrical Ballads" was published. "A thing of beauty is a Joy forever" sounds to me very much like a neo—Elizabethan's expansion of Wordsworth's restrained "Her beauty made me glad". Robert Southey was living at Burton in Hampshire when Lamb's August 1797 letter was written. Our generation has de— cided with great unanimity that Southey's books make handsome bookcase furniture when well bound and regularly dusted. In 1797, however, and for a long life thereafter he was regarded as an important poet. He was also a fine and generous person with an open heart and purse for everyone in trouble, qualities sometimes obscured by middle class prejudices and an irascible temper. He was particularly the friend of young lovers and had had a leading part in getting Coleridge married. For his pains he had to support the entire Coleridge family for many years, but he probably didn't realize that in 1797. As will be seen when I eventually read my letter, Lamb and Lloyd laid their problems on his doorstep. Charles Lloyd was a son of a wealthy and distinguished family. Originally of Welsh origin the Lloyds were among the earliest Quakers. Charles' grandfather, Sampson Lloyd, gave his name to Lloyd's Bank, now one of the great financial institu— tions of the world. He was a friend of Dr. Samuel Johnson and is mentioned several times by Boswell. Charles' father, Charles Lloyd of Bingley, was in his youth a friend of Benjamin Franklin, and attempted unsuccessfully to work out a compromise with the American Colonies to avert the struggle that became the Revolutionary War. He also became a distinguished banker and published creditable translations of Homer and Horace. One of his daughters, Priscilla, abandoned the Quaker Faith, married Christopher Wordsworth, brother of the poet, and became the mother of two bishops and grandmother of a third. William Words- worth was devoted to his brother and to the two sons. Their influence was paramount, I think, in converting him from the radical of 1797 to the tory who was castigated by Browning as "The Lost Leader”, but that is a story for another day. Lamb was the Cinderella of the poetical quintet. His father had been a valet to a barrister and headwaiter at the Inner Temple. The fortunate event of his early life was his nomination to a good boy's school known as Christ's Hospital where he spent seven years and made many friends, including Coleridge. He left the school in 1789, when he was fourteen years