xt7qz60c003x https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7qz60c003x/data/mets.xml The Kentucky Kernel Kentucky -- Lexington The Kentucky Kernel 2005-10-19 Earlier Titles: Idea of University of Kentucky, The State College Cadet newspapers  English   Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. The Kentucky Kernel  The Kentucky Kernel, October 19, 2005 text The Kentucky Kernel, October 19, 2005 2005 2005-10-19 2020 true xt7qz60c003x section xt7qz60c003x Ull's injured “general" returns to football field
and lifts teammates’ spirits PAGE 7

Get the low-down on the latest movie releases
in this week's Frame by Frame PAGE 5


Trial brings

to hospital

Celebrating 3 years of independence

Lexington to

of a UK medical student and a Iexing—
ton resident who fought the grip of
HIV and AIDS in an African nation.





UK Medical Center tests PolyHeme,
an oxygen-carrying blood substitute

By Megan Carrell

The first oxygen-carrying blood substitute ever pro-
duced is on trial at UK.

PolyHeme is a blood sub’stitute derived from ex-
pired human blood. The oxygen-carrying hemoglobin
molecule is filtered from red blood cells and chemical
1y modified to create a blood substitute compatible
with all blood types. It is designed for treatment of
large volume blood loss, especially when blood is not
readily available, such as at the scene of an injury or
during transport to the hospital.

“The study is very transparent," said Dr. Andrew
Bernard, trauma surgeon at UK Chandler Medical
Center and principal investigator of the trial. “It is a
partnership with the community.”

The trauma center at UK has been participating in
the sixth clinical trial of PolyHeme since April 2004.
Bernard said UK was selected, along with 22 other
trauma centers nationwide, because it is a Level One
trauma center with experience in conducting rigorous
clinical research.

“A lot of credit goes to the highly trained para-
medics and hospital staff," he said.

The paramedics are just beginning their PolyHeme
training at the University of Kansas Medical Center.
After waiting about a year, the Human Subjects Com-
mittee in Kansas City, Kan., has approved the Poly-
Heme conducted by the university.

“We should be ready to start the trial at the end of
November.” said Suzanne Porraf. trauma research co-
ordinator at the university.

PolyHeme may be superior to blood in some ways
because it has attributes blood does not. When patients
receive a large volume of red blood cells, they also re-
ceive a small amount of the donor's plasma.

“It’s like getting a little bitty transplant," Bernard
said of a blood transfusion.

See Trial on page 2

speedy studies
a new route
to med school

Program allows students to take three
years of accelerated undergrad courses


By Julie Fitzpatrick
m: kzvrucn mm

Starting this year, UK students will have an oppor-
tunity for early enrollment into the College of Medi-

The new program works allows students to enroll
in three years of accelerated undergraduate classes
with specialadvising. Then they can apply to medical
school and be considered for early admission at UK,
even though they will not have yet received a degree. If
their progress is advanced. they will be accepted into
the standard first-year medical school courses after
three years of undergraduate studies.

“Another way to look at it is that the student's first
year of medical school will double count for the fourth
year of undergraduate studies," said Darrell Jennings,
dean of academic affairs and project coordinator.

The program‘s goal is to accelerate good students
who know they want to practice medicine. said Chuck
Staben, project coordinator of the B.S./M.D. program
and vice president of research for the university.

“The major objective for the program is to offer
special opportunities to outstanding students, as well
as recruiting exceptional students to the university,"
he said.

The program also takes aim at students before they
even reach college.

“Ten highly talented students that are outstanding
in high school and have excellent letters of recommen-
dation and service research activities have been cho-
sen this year to participate in the early admission pro-
gram," said Carol Elam. the dean of admissions for
the College of Medicine.

Phillip Bonner. director of undergraduate studies
in biology. is on the operating committee for the accel-
erated program and said students are constantly in
touch with people from the medical school. The stu-
dents are counseled monthly and are able to take tours
of UK’s facilities in order to see what goes on.

But though a large focus is putting the students on
a fast track to medical school, there's still another way
students can direct themselves.

“One large difference in this program compared to
other schools is that students are not required to apply
to medical school after their early enrollment.“ Bon-
ner said. "After three years of undergraduate studies.
they have the option of applying for their master‘s de-

See Speedy on page 2

Mapholiso Tebane enjoys the morning sun in a Mapoteng,
African nation of Lesotho. Today, four doctors tend to mo

Jonathan "I... I STAFF

Lesotho, village. Mapoteng is home to Maluti Adventis Hospital, one of the best in the
re than 200 patients who need care for HIV-related diseases.


Weekly workshop corners creative writing

By Sara Henderson

Crossing t’s and dotting is is only the

The Creative Writing Corner is a
workshop centered on improving the
way students creatively express their

“I think it is a wonderful opportunity
for students who write creatively outside
of their schoolwork, but don’t have a
chance to talk to other people about it or
to practice with a group," said Libbie
Morley. director of the Thomas Clark
Study in the WT. Young Library, where
the workshop is held.

The workshop, held Tuesdays from 6
to 8 pm. begins with a pre-write to get

students thinking in a more creative way.
Students then share their writings and
discuss the results with the rest of the

This session is for students who want
to improve their writing skills, have
questions about papers for class or
pieces they have written in their free
time, said Christina Cornelison, a senior
undergraduate student who has been
working with the Creative Writing Cor-
ner for two years.

Though the Creative Writing Corner
has been open to UK students for nearly
five years, it has had very little response
in the past. Cornelison, along with Mor-
ley and Katharine Osborne, a graduate
student, are restructuring the program
to make it a more effective tool for stu-


“I am excited to get this off the
ground; I have a vision and I would like
to see where that goes,” Cornelison said.
“I know there are a lot of creative writ-
ing students at this school, and my over-
all goal is to get people who want to im-
prove their writing."

Individual attention is also given to
both students and types of writing.

The first hour is dedicated to sugges-
tions about how to be a more creative
and imaginative writer. The prompt is a
good place to start and creates a basis for
their writing, Cornelison said. The last
hour is devoted to personal writings. Stu-
dents can bring in their own stories and
get suggestions about how to make them

See Writing on page 3








Interior design freshman Amanda Zimny paints a pumpkin during Octoberfest at the
North Campus courtyard . Other activities included: face painting, needle in a hay

stack and pumpkin carving.

See more photos from Octoberfest

on PAGE 6


Student finances
affect grad rates,
College Board says

By Peter Hong
Los ANGELES mics

As tuition across the United States continues
to outpace gains in financial aid, students‘
chances of attending college and finishing with a
degree increasingly have become linked to their
families‘ income. the College Board reported yes-
terday. ’

The nonprofit group, in rebasing two reports
on college costs and financial aid. noted big gaps
in graduation rates even among students who
have high test scores. Those from families with
the highest income and education levels finished
college at more than double the rate of high-scor-
ing students from the lowest socioeconomic

Sandy Baum. a College Board analyst, said the
data show that college completion increasingly is
“not about academic preparation, it’s about mon-

Not including room. board and books. the tu-
ition and fees at four-year public colleges rose by
a national average of about 6 percent from last
year to $5,491 today

Private four-year schools raised their tuition
by an average of about 7 percent. to $21,235. the
group reported.

The gain in public college tuition was smaller
than the double-digit increases of the last two
years. when numerous states experienced budget
strains and passed more costs onto students. Pri-
vate college tuition increased at mughly the same
rate as the previous year.




 PAGE 2 | Wednesday. Oct. 19, 2005


Continued from page I

This can have negative ef-
fects on the patients' immune
systems. making them vulner-
able to infection, PolyHeme
does not cause adverse im-
mune reactions and is metab-
olized by the body.

These benefits to the pa-
tient are important because
they are the reason the Food
and Drug Administration
granted a waiver from patient
consent at the time of enroll-
ment. Due to the seriousness
of their conditions. patients
who are randomly selected to
receive PolyHeme are in no
shape to have a consent dis
cussion. Throughout their
treatment. however. efforts
are made to notify the pa-
tients' families.

At the
Kansas. l’arrof is responsible
for trying to contact a pa-
tient's family every half hour
to give them the option of re-
moving the patient from the

Also. of the approximately
two million people in the area.
Parrof has only received 30
requests for bracelets that ex-


Continued from page 1



Jennings said this ap-
proach helps students stay
happy with their choice.

“We feel as though we are
getting the best of both
worlds." Jennings said. “Stu
dents are not locked into stay—
ing in school when they are
unhappy. and we are produc-
ing and attracting high per—
forming students here at UK.

“After three years of un-
dergraduate studies. the

University of

press the decision to not be a
part of the trial.

In Kentucky. these
bracelets can be obtained by
calling the PolyHeme hotline:
859-323-3546. ext. 248.

The only recorded reac-
tion to PolyHeme is a mild
rash. which does not occur
frequently. doesn‘t cause dis-
comfort and disappears when
PolyHeme is no longer admin-

lf the FDA decides to ap-
prove PolyHeme after review-
ing the data from this sixth
trial. it will have a large im-
pact on the medical field.

“It could revolutionize the
care of the bleeding patient
where blood is not available,"
Bernard said.

“Being able to administer
PolyHeme at the scene of an
injury is... years away from
what we're able to do now,"
l’arrof said.

At UK, the projected end of
the PolyHeme trial is in the
first quarter of 2006 and
Bernard said he‘s glad UK had
a part.

“We are fortunate to be a
part of this trial." Bernard
said. "i am hopeful of an optiv
mistic outcome.“

newsw kykernelrom

scholars have the option
they can continue school.
study abroad, or do a variety
of things before enrolling in
medical school."

So far the program seems
to be working out. as the 10
students already accepted
into the program are perform-
ing well.

“(They are) very strong in
their motivation and eager to
quickly move through under-
graduate studies in order to
proceed into upper level
courses." Jennings said.

newsra kykernel. com