xt7rbn9x215b https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7rbn9x215b/data/mets.xml The Frontier Nursing Service, Inc. 1960 bulletins  English The Frontier Nursing Service, Inc. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Frontier Nursing Service Quarterly Bulletins Frontier Nursing Service Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 36, No. 2, Autumn 1960 text Frontier Nursing Service Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 36, No. 2, Autumn 1960 1960 2014 true xt7rbn9x215b section xt7rbn9x215b JI’rcmt12r 3}2urf1ng §B1`hl£B
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1} Volume 36 Qutumn, 1960 Ellmiltf 2
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Picture by Anne Cundle
For her Story See Page 3
Cover Picture by Edith Anderson (Mrs. George Lawrence)
Published Quarterly by the Frontier Nursing Service, Inc., Lexington, Ky.
Subscription Price $1.00 a. Year
Edjt0r's Office: Wcndover, Kentucky 7
"Entered as second class matter June 30, 1926, at the Post Office at Lexington, Ky., ’
under Act of March 3, 1879."
Copyright, 1960, Frontier Nursing Service, Inc. . {
’ 1

T __;
{ 3 A Letter to Mrs. Walter White Jean Lorirner 31
eg- A Report on Hyden Hospital
  Chapel (Illus.) W. B. R. Beasley, M.D. 5
I Always Room for One More Brigit Sutcliffe 35
[ Beyond the Mountains 47
l Carolyn Banghart, Dean of the Frontier ·
Graduate School of Midwifery A Photograph Inside Back Cover
l Christmas at Wendover Anne Cundle 3
` Editor’s Own Page 30
  Field Notes 50
~ In Memoriam 19
Meeting the Unknown Betty Lester 45
Old Courier News 25
Old Staff News 37
Our Mail Bag 9
The Educational Value of the Midwife
to the Individual and Her Family Ca·rolyn Banghart 14
The Trip to Rome (I1lus.) Carolyn Banghart 10
Three Ships and Three Pilots (Verse) Thistle 2
Birds and Their Eggs The Countryman 43
Concert by the New York
Philharmonic Orchestra The English-Speaking World 54
Elephant Midwives Midwives Chronicle
and Nursing Notes 34
Indestructible When Well Built E. Power Biggs 23
Just Jokes 33
It J Motor Vehicles Frances P. Bolton 18
t I Pickled Okra A Recipe 46
" . Reports of Inspection of
, • Hyden Hospital 24
I I So You’re Busy The Colonial Crier 29
  The Spider (Verse) Walt Whitman 8
` Wanted Back Postal Service News 49
4 1 White Elephant 44

. V;
Three ships oT The deserT all sailed Through The nighT;  
They Tollowed a sTar—`Twas exceedingly brighT———  
Their piloTs were wise men Trom Three royal courTs;  
Their cargoes were Treasures Trom Three ancienT porTs:  
Merry ChrisTmas To you and To God be our praise!  
They sailed o`er The deserT`s dark mounTainous seas TQ
And ripples oT sand wiThouT even a breeze;  
No sexTanT was needed To Tell righT Trom wrong—  
Their course was well lighTed while Three hearTs sang a song: ll
Merry ChrisTmas To you and To God be our praise! lr
The piloTs all l~A ae —»R{·  
E Photograph by Mr. J. A. Riordan
 V. Despite best efforts, it has been almost impossible to keep
  ahead of Mr. Oscar Bowling (Master builder) and his family
 E team. He and his son Elmer, together with nephews Clinton and
 l Shafter, are not only quick workmen but do work of the highest
  caliber as befits the Hospital chapel.
 _ » All hands turned to to have the heavy rafters, the broad oak

planks for the ceiling, the styrofoam insulation, the sheathing,  
the concrete and asbestos shingles for the roof in hand before l 
their arrival. Eugene Dixon created a lovely cross made of five yl,
iron bars for the west end of the chapel. When Mr. Elmore
brought a large bell for the opposite end of the roof, Aubry Dixon
laid down his work on bulldozers and made the iron belfry to ,.
contain it. The roof went on rapidly, while the window jambs  
were being set, and a scramble was under way to prepare for the ,j
floor. Using a mid-twentieth century method in this fifteenth V
century building, the ground inside the chapel was covered with ,
two inches of sand and this overlaid with heavy polyethylene for
a moisture barrier. The plastic was bound down by the blocks =
to support the sleepers, which, incidentally, necessitated that
the carpenters pull off their heavy boots and put on thick, soft
woolen socks to walk on the plastic while setting the joists and ,
headers. By means of a special chemical and steam treatment I
the joists were protected against rot and termites. At this point
the electricians came quite literally on the run to bring the wir-
ing up from the conduit before the chicken-wire-supported rock
wool and subflooring were put down. T
The floor, like the ceiling, is of broad oak planks; and because
of their breadth, they are pegged. Although as yet unglazed, »
the windows are hung deep in the flared stone recesses. Making i
a jamb for the East Window was no problem for Elmer Bowling; p
he did this with accuracy and dispatch, making use of a templet
of plywood taken from the metal frame of the ancient window j
itself. When the facings were cut and fitted inside and out they
were ready for the arrival of the expert in stained glass. · 
Mr. Riordan, our Cincinnati Expert, came at 2:30 Thursday l
afternoon, November 17. No, indeed, he did not wish to rest J;
after his 7 —hour drive; he was ready to work. Carpenters laid
down their tools; stone masons put aside their trowels and .
brought their truck (for hauling stone) down the mountain to 1
Joy House. The window had been in that attic untouched for ,
21 years and was carefully braced in its crating at that time by
Oscar Bowling himself. As they left the chapel to go down for it, Y
Oscar called out that when it had been put into the attic he had  ji
had to take out the door jamb to get it in. Such difficulties did if 
not need to be repeated, however, at this time the window was V
removed from its crate and all pitched in with a will to carry it  

  down to the truckbed. There it was held upright by Alonzo and
`.  Shafter while the rest returned to the attic for the separately
pi, packed central panel of St. Christopher. It was stood on its side
on a mattress on the bed of the truck.
As lovely a sight as one could wish to see was that of the
,, great old window being balanced on the truck by a dozen careful
° hands while the driver carefully climbed the winding hospital
  road in the autumn afternoon. It was unloaded with equal sim-
ii plicity. Putty was expertly smeared around the jamb and the
q window was set in. The beading tacked around and all was now
ready for the final step, that of setting in the central panel of
¤ this masterpiece. Mrs. E. J. Moore was there with her camera.
The Matron, the Hospital Midwife, and a large crowd of keenly
interested spectators stood by to view for the first time this
, ancient glass at the time of its installation. So, Alonzo and Wiley
{ and Oscar lifted it into place under the expert’s supervision.
But it didn’t fit. We were aghast. This could mean taking
out the leaded glass, reworking the steel frames, releading the
glass, and finally completing the installation. Various attempts
I were made to grind off the bulge of the frame, to remove hinges
and put it in backwards. All failed. Suddenly Wiley suggested
» that the frame might be forced apart by pounding in a small
I stick of proper length. With no further ado, the carpenters cut
A it. The hammer was put in Mr. Riordan’s hand and he pounded
d in the first wedge; and then a second; and then a third. The
I central panel slipped in as though nothing had been amiss. The
props were removed, and as the frame resumed its form the
J panel was firmly gripped in place, never again to be removed.
I The time was just 4:30. In two hours the most dangerous part
_s · of the job was over.
if The window is quite as lovely as we had been led to expect.
, Its colors blend beautifully with the yet more ancient sandstone.
z Small fishes are in the stream at St. Christopher’s feet and he
I carries in hand a staff with an unidentified flower while behind
him is considerable blue, rather like the blue of the nurses’ winter
1 uniform.
 ji Next morning the problem of the glass for the side window
`  was settled and arrangements were promptly made with Mr,
Hensley of Harlan for a storm window of polished wire glass,
  the mullions of which are to duplicate those of the old one. This

week coming, the pegged iloor will be sanded and stained; the  
finishing touches of the glazing will probably be done, and the A
Master Mason will begin the iinal phase of his work. There are ii,
to be two small bits of carving next the lintel and the stone altar  
must be made. George Bowling has already cut the six-foot slab =
for the altar and the great blocks of stone are there for the ‘s
legs. Skimmer John is working on the dogwood cross and the I
candle sticks are begun under Aubry Dixon’s hand. Soon the *.
temporary door will be replaced by the heavy chestnut oak one ‘
with its strap hinges.
A noiseiess, patient spider,
I marI<`cI. where, on a Iittie promontory, it stood,
MarI<`d how, to expiore the vacant, vast surrounding, I
It Iaunch`d torth tiiament. tiiament, tilament,
out ot itseitg `
Ever un reeiing them—ever tireIessIy speeding them. _
And you. O my Soul, where you stand. _,
Surrounded, surrounded, in measureiess oceans ot
space. °
Ceaseiessiy musing. venturing, throwing,—seeI__ V _
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On Board the launch "Fair Laely," luncheon guests of the Editor of the Nursing ;
Mzrror, DIISS J. Ehse Gordon, are Carolyn A. Banghart Kentucky; R
. . . ’ .
Sally Yoemans, Chicago; Helen Rowe, Great Britain (Queen’s
Midwnfc); E. Springer, Republic of Panama. S
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The luncheon hostess (seated fourth from the left) with a gr0up_ of her guests among §
whom is our own Catherine Lory (seated at far mght) who IS working with g
U. S. 0. M. to Liberia. _ _ V
Nursmg Mwror photographs  [

Yi ;~ °  ’ .
· ci Ll'? ·.
· E .'   il"  THE TRIP TO ROME
  <  A9; code lv  ‘. by
, ¢ ,`;;°*· -,5%  cARoLYN BANGHA1=rr,R.N.,c.M.,B.s.
* ..   _ -  ·
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. It was a great privilege to represent the American Associa-
", tion of Nurse-Midwives at the twelfth congress of the Interna-
N tional Confederation of Midwives in Rome. I was one of a group
J of ten nurse-midwives from the United States who attended the
  congress. Before going to Rome we spent two weeks on a tour,
{ which included professional visits to maternity hospitals and
i midwifery training schools in five different countries. Through
‘ the splendid efforts of Miss Marjorie Bayes, Executive Secretary
R, of the I.C.M., and the Convoy’s Travel Service, a full schedule
I ' of interesting activities had been planned.
v_   The warm welcome we received in Edinburgh, our first stop
after leaving the transatlantic plane at Prestwick, Scotland, was
_ repeated wherever we went. Miss Jean Ferlie, President of the
Royal College of Midwives, together with Miss Beckett, Chair-
,, man of the Scottish Council, Miss Taylor, Matron of Simpson
. Memorial Maternity Hospital, and Miss Grant, the senior tutor
  there, extended warm greetings and hospitality.
i We were blessed with clear weather on the flight down to
London, and could see the lovely lake district. Arriving in Lon-
i don we were met by Miss Bayes and Miss Margaret Atfield, tutor
i at the Royal College of Midwives. They graciously welcomed us
_ on behalf of the College, and the British Midwives. Within a
  short time we were taken to "Fair Lady," a boat on Regent’s
I Park Canal. Miss Gordon, Editor of the Nursing Mirror, and our
 _p hostess, had chosen a unique place for the luncheon in our honor.
 I We were delighted to meet Miss Helen Rowe, Queen Elizabeth’s
i Midwife, and Lady Peel, wife of Sir John Peel, the Queen’s
  Obstetrician. Both of these kind ladies were also luncheon guests.
  A reception at the R.C.M. enabled us to meet some leading

12 Fnoiwrimn NURSING smavicm 1
specialists in obstetrics, and many British Midwives. Sir Cecil  
and Miss Ferlie Wakeley were host and hostess. There were if
many old and new friends to greet. Among the old friends——Nora J,
Kelly, Eve Chetwynd, Elizabeth Hillman, Jane Carpenter, and -.
Marion Hickson—FNS, so dear to our hearts, was the topic of J
conversation. First, among numerous questions was, "How is Q
. Mrs. Breckinridge?" i
Among the hospital visits were trips to Woolwich Hospital  
for Mothers and Babies, the General Lying-In, and St. Thomas' {
Hospital. There was also a lecture and demonstration by Dr. Y
Perchard on, "the place of hypnosis and suggestion in the ante- I
natal program." *
Leaving London for Amsterdam it was, "Goodbye, I’ll see l
C you in Rome," for many of the people we met in our visits were _
going to the congress in Rome, also. 2
In Amsterdam there was an excellent tour through a mid- I
wifery training school, Kweekschool voor Vroedvrouwen. General ip
nurses training is not required of the student midwife; however, p
the trend is towards a basic nursing program first and then mid- A
wifery as in Great Britain. Dr. Huitema, the director of the ,
school, had been a guest of the FNS only two weeks before, and , -
had attended a home delivery with a student and myself in a p
district home on Buffalo Hill.
The visit to Geneva was the Palais des Nations (W.H.O.)
was interesting and informative. Dr. Mortara of the Maternal
and Child Health Unit and Miss Lyle Creelman, Chief Nurse,
told us of the structure and functions of the W.H.O. with special _
reference to their own fields. They mentioned the great need for C
trained personnel for the developing countries.
In Geneva there was also an interesting visit to the Hopital `
Cantonal and University Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1
Mlle. Audrie Reymond, the director of the Obstetrics Clinic,  
showed us through her hospital. We saw her a few days later C _
in Rome as she too was a delegate to the I.C.M.  
Then, there was Rome and the Congress. Over 1,400 trained  `·
midwives from 41 countries filled the beautiful Palazzo dei Con- ,
gressi in the immense E.U.R., a few miles outside the city. There,
in an atmosphere like the United Nations, complete with ear-
phones and simultaneous translation the work of the congress ·

l QUARTERLY Rum..m·m is
l went on in English, French, Spanish and Italian (German and
it Swedish were added during the group discussions).
J, The theme of the Congress was, "The Midwife in the World
-, of the Future." Dr. Sarwono Prawirohardjo, Professor of
J Obstetrics at the University in Indonesia, gave the opening
Q address. In his very stimulating talk he said, "There are only
t three specialist health workers who are competent to provide
  maternity care of a high standard. They are the obstetric spe- g
Z cialist, the general practitioner obstetrician, and the trained mid-
? wife. It is impossible for the obstetrician and the G.P.O. to care
, adequately for all the pregnancies and labors themselves, and
e therefore they will have to intrust a large part of this care to
w the trained midwife. Apart from this, the midwife has an im-
I portant function as a health educator. In developing countries
x this is particularly important, for in these countries she is the
. backbone of the maternal and child health work."
P After this address, and for the next four days, there were
I 21 papers presented by delegates from as many countries. Group
  discussions came after all the papers had been given. The func-
tions of the trained midwife today and her role in the future
l were discussed at length.
New associations (national) of midwives were admitted to
I the I.C.M. The Republic of China, which had been sponsored by
our American Association of Nurse-Midwives and Great Britain,
had Miss Lillian Chang, former visitor to FNS, as its representa-
tive. Nigeria and Guatemala were the other new member coun-
tries. To become a member to the I.C.M. the country must have
¤ a professional organization of trained midwives.
The Congress ended on a note of the midwife’s great respon-
sibility in helping to make the world a better place in which to
4 live.
{ The next congress of the I.C.M. will be held in Spain in 1963.

by -
CAROLYN A. BANGHART, R.N., C.M., B.s. (Ed.) i
Dean, Frontier Graduate School of Midwifery r
Member, Board of American Association of N urse-Midwives  
Presented to the International Congress of Midwives  
Rome, Italy. October 1960  
Madam President, Ladies and Gentlemen: lg
It is a privilege and a pleasure to take part in this Congress.  
I wish to extend greetings to all of you from the American  
Midwifery is not generally accepted in the United States by ig
the Medical Profession. But through the example set by the few Ei
trained midwives (approximately 400), and with the great inter-  
est shown by such a person as Dr. Eastman, Professor Emeritus  
of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Johns Hopkins University {
School of Medicine, and a speaker at a former Congress, we feel  
the time is coming when the College of Obstetrics and Gyne- Y
cology will accept the nurse-midwife and will promote the  
development of more midwifery training schools. Midwifery is Q
developing along different lines in the United States; however, ·
the aims are essentially the same. {
In my paper I will be repeating facts and ideas which have ·
already been so well presented; nevertheless, these facts and
ideas can bear repetition. I will refer to midwifery practices of Y
the Frontier Nursing Service for that is the work I know.
I would like to add at this time a special note of gratitude —‘l
to Great Britain for the great contribution to midwifery in the i
United States. It was principally from there that the first  
trained midwives used in the United States came, and where i
Americans received training before any schools were established
in the United States. THANK YOU, GREAT BRITAIN. ‘
W Years ago, a great pioneer in the field of public health nurs- I
ing, Miss Lillian D. Wald, described the function of the public  
health nurse as, "the promotion of right living, beginning even ,

before life itself is brought forth, through infancy into school
' life, on through adolescence, with its appeal to repair the omis-
L sions of the last generation, and, finally, to help potential parents
~- to do better for themselves and the oncoming generations than
has ever been done before." Nurse-midwives working with the
  Frontier Nursing Service in the rugged, mountain country of
  Southeastern Kentucky have every opportunity to demonstrate
lg this challenging function, which can be equally applied to the
l; trained midwife. Living among the people to whom nursing care
  is given, they see the mother through pregnancy, deliver her
Ig baby in the home or rural hospital, or assist the medical director
ii when complications arise and intervention is necessary. Infants
ll are closely followed throughout the hazardous early days of life,
{‘ past the formative years of childhood, to adolescence and adult
I; life.
  The trained midwife is a public health worker, and as such
  plays an important role in maternal and child health. You and
_i I know that the midwife has a ready entry into a home. She is,
i' perhaps, brought more closely into intimate contact with the
. family than any other person, and is accepted as a friend when
i others are merely tolerated. To a greater degree than any other
y public servant, the midwife enjoys the affection, the esteem, and
i the confidence of the families she is privileged to serve; and
, because of this fact her potentialities as a teacher in hygienic
J living are without equal.
  When a mother becomes pregnant it is the responsibility of
the trained midwife to instruct her in the physiology of preg-
I nancy, and labor, to give her some idea of the development of
i the baby in utero, to explain the process of labor with the accom-
_ panying pains, and, generally, prepare the mother for the great-
{ est profession in the world—motherhood.
W Prenatal care is the most important achievement in obstet-
i_ rics during this twentieth century. It is aimed at promoting
the health of mother and child, and through it the trained mid-
if wife has unlimited opportunities to teach with head, hand, and
 [ heart. Regardless as to whether the pregnant woman is expect-
 I ing the first child or the eighth she has a right to an under-
., standing of the child-bearing experience. It is still the exception
.   rather than the rule to find the pregnant woman who knows
, very much about her bodily functions and much less about the