`F  if? ”`»»:’‘  ii?       V »,   » <’·  ¥  "<     »—      if ”» 1    —  isi ·‘ .*.i   *   ‘ ; i   l
t    _ ;   y r » ’   f T T t   t J _ T · { »    `_*   ` ‘»_ F  
  .    A t     A  A t..r  
  _— . A STUDY OF worms. ISS q. A -  `. ,·  
Y  l ally DARTMAN; from the Franks we have the word     T
`_  _°»‘ l FRANK, implying the high moral virtues of the settlers of ‘ s  
  E France. The;Angles were so-called from settling in the   _
  =_  _ angles of the mountains, the Saxons from the curved "   _
  . sword or seax which they carried. From this race, which .  
 it conquered the Kelts or drove them to their fastnesses, we V _   _
  have received probably three-fifths of our words.  
 - The next great racial conflict that affected the lan- ,  
  guage was with the Danes, including the jutes and Nor-  
t i wegians, who belonged to the Scandinavian branch. l l '·,·  
  A They were blood#thirsty and intrepid sea kings, who for S  
 ” hundreds or years burned, fiayed and broke the bones of  
 . the Saxons. The last struggle, and that which aH`ected r   '
  most perceptibly the language, was with the brothers of V . ‘ "  .*
  _· --»» —~—, these vikings, who had conquered the Gauls in Normandy _ _ .  _“ ·
 iQ and had taken the name of Normans. Their language     V
  " ` was composed of Norse and bastard Latin. In England, J  
  after the conquest. it became the language of the court. . T i`  
 3. . the camp, the school—room by law; the fashionable lan- F , °  
 _ guage through polity. But fashion, and school-room,’ ·  
  and king, and army could not root fr0m the sturdy Saxon _ _   i
ij the beloved accents ot his mother tongue. He adopted ·  
  q the words of his conquerers, . but as grafts, merely. upon A `  
  S his own. From this union grew the language of Shake- l   ’
‘ _ speare and Milton and the English Bible—a language S  
  » peculiarly rich in synonyms and in capacity for growth.  
    A few of the words the Saxons have dropped are EYEBITE .  
  ` for FAc1NA;rE, [?’OD’S-SPELL for '].`ES'1`AMEN'l`, IN\ifIT for  
  CONSCIENCE, GOD’S-ACRE for cEME·rEnv, FLr·rTEn-Mousn A  
  for BAT, FonErAL1< for 1¤1zEFAcE, AFTERTHINK for RE- 5 t
l i>ENrANcE, STAR coNNEn for Asrnonoitnn, Bocimn for .
‘ i Aurnon, RIEDDLER for MEnrALoR. llis simple BOARD . _ _
F _ A . became Norman TABLE, his ox Norman BEEF, his sw1NE   if; V
¥ Norman nonx, his nousn Norman MANOR or PALACE. y S   `
  .`._ ‘_   _ _- a  
rr       ..,. . _ _ — t — ·  
_ "' "*¢.. V" r #—- ~·· 4.-;;;:-— ts ».·-,.,rf"‘, —r-?