xt7v416t0b46 https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7v416t0b46/data/mets.xml   Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. 1943 journals kaes_circulars_003_400 English Lexington : The Service, 1913-1958. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 400 text Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 400 1943 2014 true xt7v416t0b46 section xt7v416t0b46 Annual Report
of the
Director of Agricultural Extension
Kentucky, l943
Circulor 400
umvsnsirv or Kmrucmr
College of Agriculture ond Home Economics
Extension Division

~ 1
Lexington, Kentucky
President H. 1.. Donovan y
University of Kentucky
My dear President Donovan: Sim
t ie
I have the honor to present the annual report of the Division of [ac
Agricultural Extension of the College of Agriculture and Home Eco- WO,
nomics, University of Kentucky, for the year ended December 31, CH]
1943. In this report will be found a statement of the various activi- far
ties of the past year, a list of publications, and a Hnancial statement DE
y ol receipts and expenditures. WO
. Respectfully, for
M Jet
lhomas Cooper gf
Dean and Director
t oft
University of Kentucky PC
Lexington, Kentucky .
Honorable Simeon S. \~Villis th
Covernor of Kentucky ve
Sir· lh
. . . . . , ria
ln accordance with an act ol the Legislature ol the State ol Ken- m
tucky, approved March 15, 1916, I herewith submit the annual reporl W
of the Division of Agricultural Extension of the College of Agriculture ll.
and Home Economics, University of Kentucky, for the year ended bl
December 31, 1943. SI
Respectfully, E
H. L. Donovan 5

By T. R. BRYANT, Assistant Director
The call t0 increase production as an aid in winning the war was
sent to farmers as it was to producers of other essential things. For
y . the production of essential things other than farm products the
facilities were in most cases vastly enlarged and the number of
` workers doubled and redoubled. But for farm production no such
’ enlargement of plant and personnel occurred. Both the number of
' farm workers and the supply of farm implements were reduced.
` Despite this paradox, however, farm production was increased. Farm
workers who were taken into military service or who left the farms `
for higher wages elsewhere were replaced in part by women, old
people, and children, and by a further increase in the working hours
of farmers and their employees who remained.
Even with such effort it is doubtful whether the results could have
been achieved without the organization accomplished and the infor-
mation given by the Extension Division, backed by the reliable data
furnished by the Agricultural Experiment Station. Hybrid corn is
an excellent example. By the use of hybrid corn, more bushels were
produced on each acre raised. The increase over ordinary varieties
often amounted to 20 percent or more. This hybrid corn was made
possible through years of patient research in the experiment stations. f
y There is a question as to whether or not agricultural production
can be increased much more or even maintained at its present level
through many successive years. The manpower shortage on farms is
very real, due in large measure to the limitations of endurance and
the problems of getting the available labor to the right place at the
right time. The supply of new farm machinery for use in 1943 was
n` reduced by about two-thirds. This had a slowing effect that could
`fl not be fully compensated for, even by the best of management. lt
lic therefore became important that all available labor be mobilized as
lll between farms, between counties and even between states. The re-
sponsibility for this labor-mobilizing program was assigned to the
Extension Division. Extension workers added the labor recruitment
program to their duties and kept moving. No one would claim that
their efforts completely solved the labor problem, but they did much
to bring relief. The ranks of Extension workers in Kentucky were
already thinned by the induction of 40 of their men into military scr-

  4 Exrmsston Cmcmasiz No. 400
vice. New personnel with reasonably satisfactory qualifications were of L]
. hard to find. SUPP
.·\s the war holds on, new diiliculties arise, such as the trucking of I;
farm produce to market. Much has been done and continues to be ego],
done in sharing trucks and other equipment, swapping work, lending Ul- Il
equipment, performing custom work and otherwise cooperating. How mer,
well these efforts and the resourcefulness of Extension workers, their \,O]V_
cooperating agencies and farm people, will be able to compensate for [God
losses, remains to be answered; but the efforts ol the Extension Divi- (km
sion to help with these problems does not slacken. , HP0.
Neighborhood leaders and pro_ject leaders continued their excel- aggr
lent work without pay, as Extension funds cannot be used to pay any H Va
of these leaders. The work of these volunteer leaders helped greatly Gmc
V to make success possible. 1
lt was decided to enlist in 1943 more than twice the number of wm.
4-H club members enlisted in 1942. The great difliculty was not the ]
enlistment. but supervising properly the work projects of 105,825 mm
boys and girls. The actual enlistment of boys and girls in projects yam
making a direct contribution to the winning of the war appealed to [uw
the imagination of the public press and to a suflicient number of ° `
volunteer local leaders and rural communities in general to make
success possible.
The "work project" was designed for boys and girls who were so .
situated that they could not carry the usual projects but who were (-Op
willing to work on farms or in farm homes a sufficient number of in 2,
hours to gain enrollment as ful1—fledged 4-H club members. This hm,
plan was successful. V in
The part that women took in the farm enterprise has put many wc]
counties over the top in their production efforts when it would have Ur
been impossible without their help. The \Nomen’s Land Army, as Wl,
such, was found best adapted to women employed for limited periods hm
for seasonal work and to the enlistment of women for work on their
own farms. Many difficulties beset the attempt to substitute women Wm
for men as hired hands on farms. The enlistment on home farms and me
in seasonal work may represent a flank attack upon this problem. that of
will prove much more successful than a frontal attack. ml
\\'ith these unusual demands upon the time and strength of country wc
women it was natural that they should seek all available information bot
on time-saving and labor-saving equipment and methods, and upon Pri
preserving and storing of foodstuffs. New questions on clothing and lm
on home equipment arose. All these things complicated the program

 ,'\NNll[\L Rrroatt or ‘rnt·: liX'l`liNSl()N Dnu·1c·roa 5 ‘
of the county home demonstration agents and the specialists who
supported their programs.
Perhaps no project did more toward winning the war than the
effort to have the home farm feed the family. In addition to the value
of the produce itself, was that of saving transportation, storage, and
merchandising and all the other operations that would have been in-
volved in providing an equivalent amount of commercially prepared
food. This effort extended all the way from large farms to city gar-
dens, and embraced the victory garden idea. It had its influence
upon that growing multitude of part-time and tiny farms. In the
aggregate it produced a vast quantity of first—class products and saved
a vast amount of handling, but the exact Hgures in either phase of the
enterprise will perhaps never be known.
ln building programs of work, extension agents made sure that i
every proposed project was directly in support of the war effort.
It is fortunate for farm people and for the nation that when the
time of great need came, the resources and studies performed in past
years by the Experiment Station enabled the Extension Division to
answer so many of the questions that trouble farm people.
Organization.-Sixty-six home demonstration agents, two of them
colored, served ti—f— counties. \t\’orking through 854 organized groups
in as many communities and with the assistance of over l7,()()(l leaders. n
V home demonstration agents fostered improved homemaking practices
in some l50,000 rural homes. County home demonstration agents
were assisted by a staff of specialists and supervisors from the College
’ of Agriculture and Home Economics in perfecting organization, dc-
* vcloping local leaders, building their programs, and disseminating
* homcmaking information.
_ Program of work,-'l`he homemakers program of work in lE)·1f$
j was dehnitely a war program. Conservation of food, clothing, equip-
ment, and furnishings was included in all programs. Conservation
I of time, energy, gasoline and tires was considered in planning the
county programs. Meetings were combined; less essential meetings
Y were eliminated; and central meeting places were selected. Neigh-
l borhood leaders disseminated wartime information and distributed
l printed helps. Circular letters and news articles kept the public in
Yl touch with important wartime information of interest to homcmakers.
H Foods and nutrition,-.—\ll foods and nutrition work was geared

li 6 Exraivsion Cmcutmz No. 400
to the war effort or postwar anticipation. A survey showed that an Oui
° average of 70 quarts of fruits and vegetables was canned and 195 sP€C
pounds stored in cellars and freezer lockers, for each person in Ken- WP?
tucky. Of this amount the members of homemakers clubs canned WW
84,126,935 quarts of fruits, vegetables, and meats in the home and assis
2,265,309 at community canneries, and stored 1,630,219 pounds of 4
foods in freezer lockers and 4,846,764 pounds dehydrated. There were tml;
55,167 families who produced 75 percent of their food supply and Oug
60,007 who increased the amount produced this year. Food preserva- mm
tion meetings were held in every county. Methods of canning, drying, and
dehydrating, freezing, and storing foods were discussed at these meet-
ings. Many persons canned for the first time and others canned more MO
than ever before.
. woi
_ Emphasis was placed on meal planning and methods of using WO]
home—produced food to the best advantage. The use of soybeans, the
homemade cheese, wild greens, herbs, alfalfa, and home—produced Sm
cereals and beverages was increased. Of 15,313 homemakers who dc,
were questioned, 11,039 reported that their families were using whole- ma
grain cereals and breads twice daily or enriched bread three times mc
A a day, 11,879 were using their quota of milk daily, and 9,523 were MC
serving fruit daily. am
The best methods of preparing foods to retain the food value, mf
improved flavor, palatability, and attractiveness were demonstrated Sal.
at all foods and nutrition meetings. Preparation of vegetables was
improved by 8,618 families while 7,726 improved the preparation of
meat and eggs and 2,231 made yeast breads for the first time; 2,605 V mf
improved the method of making butter and 2,377 that for making BC
cottage cheese. Because of the necessity for increased production, em- mf
phasis was placed on the live-at-home program and a new approach an
was made through neighborhood leaders. The organization and of
methods of procedure were planned by the Live-at-Home Committee W
composed of representatives from each Department of the College Cl,
of Agriculture and Home Economics working on production and m
conservation of food. Each department prepared a small leaflet which C0
was published in sufficient numbers for every farm family to have 21 bs
copy. Before sending out the leaflets, district meetings were held for F1
county and home demonstration agents. The state leaders and their
assistants attended these meetings, discussed the situation, set up in
goals, and suggested methods for getting the job done. A specialist ci
followed these meetings with training schools for leaders. sl
Wartime clothing program.- The clothing program was carried ll

 ANNUAL Rzponr or rm; EXTENSION Dimzcrov. · 7 -
out to meet wartime needs as planned by the women and the clothing
specialist. Care of clothing through daily care, seasonal care, storage,
repair, and laundering was given particular emphasis. Clothing clinics
were held in 52 counties that had home demonstration agents, to
assist the women in remodeling old clothing.
Clothing construction, including sewing-machine clinics, was an
important part of the program. In these clinics machines were thor-
oughly cleaned, oiled, and adjusted and the use of time-saving attach-
1T1€HtS was demonstrated. Members of homemakers clubs (both white
and colored) cleaned 3,934 machines.
Wartime home-furnishings program.- This program was built
around conservation of all furnishings on hand. All projects were
worked out to emphasize conservation. Discarded materials were _
worked into handmade rugs, more than 2,000 rugs being made by
the homemakers. Useful household articles were made from the
scrap bag as another means of converting scrap into use. Care and
cleaning, repairing, restoring, and reclaiming of all furnishings to
make them last longer composed a major part of the program and
more than 20,000 pieces of furniture were restored by the homemakers.
Methods of restoring the surfaces of worn and cracked walls, floors,
and woodwork were emphasized. How to make wise selections in
replacing worn-out household articles was not overlooked, but at the
same time the homemaker was urged not to buy unless necessary.
Home management.- There was a steady demand for help in "
reducing the time and labor expended on routine household tasks.
V Better planning helped women re—evaluate their tasks to the end that
many processes formerly considered important were omitted without
affecting the morale or health of the family. Easier and better ways
of doing their work reduced fatigue. Placing equipment in compact
j work units saved cotmtless steps. Rearranging storage spaces so that
_ everything could be reached without moving something else saved
j time and energy. Sitting comfortably instead of standing to do long-
I continued work helped women turn off a fourth more work. Untold
[ back and foot aches with resulting crossness have thus been prevented.
F Frequent rest pauses, too, increased production and relieved latigue.
t Learning how to use and care for equipment and furnishings to
1 make them last longer and to give better service was greatly appre·
t ciated by Kentucky homemakers. Since women have learned to
sharpen knives and scissors they work with sharp tools and can do
j their work more easily and quickly.

  8 · Exrmwstou Cnzcutan No. 400
Money management has appealed to many women because their gm!]
patterns of spending have been drastically changed. jam
Recreation in the home demonstration program.- Limitation Citi;
of travel increased the need for recreation in the home and the neigh- Plac
borhood. Realizing this, a period of recreation was made a part of
every homemakers’ meeting. The program was built around a theme
for the month, and included songs from our allied countries and sim- ]
ple games that wopld appeal to old and young and could be used mm
in homes. CHIP
As another type of recreation, the reading chairman of each con- com
ducted a "Rocking—chair Tour of the Mediterranean? The material lead
was prepared in a most interesting style by Miss Grace Snodgrass, wd
Experiment Station Librarian, and sent to all reading leaders. In fam
turn, they often supplemented the material with maps, cards, and [Om
pictures of the country studied. The women thoroughly enjoyed this can
and are requesting a second "tour." Many counties used this at their Heh
monthly club meeting for recreation, while other counties added a to  
game from the country studied. This form of recreation was espec— for
ially enjoyed because so many of the participants had sons, husbands, QOH
brothers, or friends in the Mediterranean area. WIN
Several counties held their annual socials or picnics. One had a Sup
county “international day" with lectures and lantern slides given by ubc
persons who had travelled in foreign countries. Another had a
county-wide folk-game evening. Several had county banquets. A few
counties had an all—day or a two—day camp, carrying out a program of jeu
singing, crafts, and recreation. All in all the counties made a patient In
effort to maintain a high morale among their groups and to suit their V QC
recreation to their needs. Ll"'
Civic activities of homemakers clubs.- Homemakers as indi- kc]
riduals and as groups sponsored and assisted in many activities. X/Var the
needs came first. Red Cross work included making garments, rolling wm
bandages, supplying and equipping Hrst—aid kits, sponsoring hrst-aid
and home»nursing classes, giving blood donations, and assisting in ll')
drives for funds. I-Iomemakers sold war bonds, helped in all salvage P"'
campaigns. and contributed hose, paper, tin cans, scrap metal, cloth- in
ing. and money. Many served as hostesses and supplied food at USO *l‘*
centers. In promoting better health. homemakers helped in crippled- I-VV
children clinics. sold Tl} (lhristmas seals. donated food and hours
of work to school lunch programs. Hg,
Other activities included clean-up and beautihcation projects, fur- WC
nishing club rooms and community centers, aiding in health pro- gpg

grams, furnishing leaders, sponsoring 4—H club work, and aiding needy
families. Homemakers helped others by being good neighbors and
CILIZCHS, and worked unsellishly to make their communities better
places in which to live.
Requests of the VVar Food Administration for increased produc-
tion of certain food and feed products determined the character and
emphasis of the Extension program for the year. Community and
commodity programs using county, community, and neighborhood
leaders were built largely around agricultural products suited to Ken-
tucky conditions. A live-at-home program designed to encourage all
farmers and rural people to grow and save at least 75 percent of their ,
food requirements was organized in each county. In this program,
carried on jointly by county agents and home demonstration agents,
neighborhood leaders were called upon to distribute literature and
to encourage their neighbors to plant gardens, feed chickens, care
for dairy products, and carry out other phases of the program. Data
collected by neighborhood leaders indicated that for the state as a
whole, 114,452 farm families grew 75 percent or more of their food
supply and 112,238 others increased their home food production
above that in 1942.
Supervisory problems, methods, and accomplishments.- In
setting up the program in individual counties it was necessary to keep ”
in mind the shortage of labor, machinery, and fertilizer; therefore,
t each program included labor-saving practices, better farm organiza-
tion, use of hybrid seed corn, and so on. Since about two-thirds of
l§entucky’s farms, according to the 1940 census, are 100 acres or less,
the importance of home food production and conservation in the
_ war effort is at once apparent.
The livestock program consisted largely in presenting informa-
, tion on the need for greater production of swine, dairy products, and
E poultry. 'I`he rapid increase in hog production along with increases
_ in other livestock and livestock products resulted in a critical lieetl -
i situation hy late summer, necessitating the adjusting ol livestock to
. feed supplies and greater efficiency in feeding.
5 personnel problems- Since the beginning of the war 40 county
agents and assistant agents have entered the military service, and 22%
" \\‘Cl`C lost to industry, government agencies, and private farming. l)e—
*· spite such loss of workers, the work was carried on.

i 10 Exrmvsron Crncumin No. 400  
Farm labor.- The farm labor recruiting and placing program   FI
was given attention in all counties, with heavy emphasis in about 60   COUU
counties. A farm labor committee was formed in each county to    
assist county agents in carrying out the program. An important con- E  A
tribution to farm labor in the vicinities of Camp Breckinridge and ..   
Camp Campbell was the work of German war prisoners, arranged for   i,
by the county agents. Work by prisoners from Camp Breckinridge s  $2;*2112
from june to November totaled 19,240 man-days.   ` A
Much experience was gained in recruiting laborers for harvesting   Kiwi
strawberries. No serious loss was suffered from lack of strawberry J  Om;
pickers. Much credit is due to the fine cooperation of schools and i  A
city organizations. In Campbell county the agent reported placing    
249 strawberry pickers in one week. All requests were taken care of.   Calls
Trimble county strawberry producers stated that at least half the    
crop would have been lost if this service had not been rendered. E  Total
From the results obtained in 1943 it would seem advisable for P  Anil;
farmers, county agents, and farm labor assistants to rely more upon  __ r
local help in the future. Where this was done, the farm labor pro- V  
gram was successful. x  
Selection and training of local leaders.-The neighborhood .  Om;
leader system, started in 1942, was further expanded in 1943. The 5   
assignments given this group of leaders during the past year were ._  2
4-H enrollment, live—at-home program, salvage of grease, scrap-iron Slnnn
drive and related war programs. The leaders in most counties were    
trained at community meetings either by the extension agent or by -_  Vvlur
a special community leader trained at a county meeting. ·  I
Work in cooperation with other agencies.— Every effort was  
made to cooperate with other agencies. Related work or work involv- Z  I
ing joint responsibility took up much of the time of supervisors and ,  ~1.I—[
agents. County agents are continuing to give every assistance possible  ._ 1942
in the educational work of the AAA, especially the soil building A  to tl
phases of the program. Extension agents hold agronomy leader train- 4; win;
ing and other educational meetings to which AAA committeemen serv;
are invited. jects
In soil conservation the agents explained the state district law n \
where interest justihed, and they helped to work out a program and g  hear
make plans after an organization was perfected. Q staff
A considerable part of the county agents’ time was spent in ex- - lull)
plaining to farmers the numerous types of credit available to tl1€nl· ‘  grou
The most frequent questions had to do with seed loans, Production  . scho
Credit, and Farm Security loans.   fam

   ANNUAL Rtzvotrr or THE EXTENSION Dtmacron 11
 ‘ The following figures were compiled from statistical reports of
  county agents for 1943:
·°  Counties having county agricultural agents ............................ 120
  County Extension Organizations ...................................... 114
$  Membership (men) ............................................... 17,752
r_  Neighborhood and community leaders actively assisting ................. 20,702
  Voluntary local leaders or committeemen actively engaged
'  in forwarding the Extension program ............................. 29.706
»  Communities that built Extension programs .......................,.. 1,150
_;  Leader training meetings ................,............................ 3,480
 1. Attendance of local leaders .........,......................,...... 40,886
  Meetings held by local leaders, not participated in by county agents ...... 3,830
fl  Attendance ...................................,................... 80,783
  Other Extension meetings .......,.................................... 17,157
  Attendance .................................................i..... 521,771
=  Farm visits made by county agents ..........................,.i........ 92,455
Farms visited by county agents ...............,........................ 51,634
Y  Calls relative to work
`  Office .,.......................................................... 422,670 '
_  Telephone .......,............................,.................. 223,493
{  'l`otal meetings held by county agents ..........................,....... 7,204
{  Attendance ....................................................... 104,173
_ Animal projects in ·l-H club work completed
·,  Poultry .................... . ..................................... 779,193
_1 Dairy ..............,................,............................ 2,710
Beef ,.... . .........................,............................. 3,465
*  Sheep ......,......,........,..................................... 5,915
_ Swine ..................,........................,.......,........ 21,690
V  Other —l-H projects
’  Home gardens, acres ...............,.............................. 10,552
1  Tobacco, acres .......,.....,..,.............,..................... 2,141
( Corn, acres ..........,............................................ 7,889
Summary of contribution to war effort
Estimated number of days devoted to food supplies and
 ,· critical war materials .........,................................... 11,748 -
. Voluntary local leaders or committeemen of other
  Federal agencies assisted during the year ........................... 3,485
 Q. In 1943 in Kentucky 105,825 boys and girls were members of
, —l-H clubs, an increase of about 124 percent over the enrollment in
1  1942. This enormous growth in club membership was due largely .
'  to the desire of rural youth to have a definite and personal part in
Q  winning the war. Boys and girls felt that the production and con-
V  servation of food was their way to help. Of those who started pro-
`_ jects, 88,330 or 83.4 percent completed them.
Very careful planning, a great deal of hard work, and whole·
hearted cooperation were required on the part of all the Extension
A staff, the local volunteer leaders, and club officers, to handle success-
. fully such a rapidly expanding program. Many other agencies and
°  gtoups made valuable contributions, such as the public and private
E schools, the churches, the press, radio, banks and business houses,
f farm organizations and service clubs.

 j I2 Exrmvsiow Cnzcur AR N0. 400  
.  2
About 7,500 local leaders helped with the program. The increase gf [air
in local leadership was obtained largely from the older club members   and
who supervised the work of the members in their neighborhoods.   mm
There were about 3,500 of these junior leaders in 1943 compared  A Elej
with 800 in 1942.   .j_H
Projects were revised to meet wartime needs and only those which ·  low
were helpful to the war effort were stressed. The greatest change in  Q jsm)
project work was the emphasis on quantity of production rather than   (hw
on quality of products. The increased need for food during wartime ;.  Ply,
justified this change. Information on how to carry on the projects  
was provided in leaflet form. The records required were reduced to `  yea]
a minimum. Q  Sho
The 4-H club members produced and conserved a substantial quan·   Sho`
tity of food for home use and for market and did other things helpful ‘  Cem
to the war effort. They grew 34,816 gardens from which about a mil- V  in I
lion quarts of food were canned. They produced 772,359 chickens;  ` ,
4,351,000 pounds of pork; 2,809,600 pounds of beef. They also made >  Crea
or remodeled 54,631 articles of clothing. The hours spent by club L  lhes
members at work to relieve the labor shortage amounted to the labor T  Gmc
of 300 1nen for a year.   of t
Several events which had formerly been helpful incentives in the `  mw
4-H program had to be omitted because of conditions caused by the Q  '
war. The most important were junior \*Veek, the State Fair, district 1
‘ t   · . __  Ul yr in xrsrg;     syjjj », · g
  U   fil;   —, ’f $1*% rtli   li; P ~ 
' g,  Q ,  jj r ,   s,   ’ j g 1
    ,rf§%; i“f*.f“}? ·- Us   .”..   Wi     Z 
»’§        »`%/ M;    4
’”  ~~  e  f'    rf? ' rt   , ’%—t=;  i it ‘ {  .
.,g  2;  za  m j;. ..» t     ·.t  .  wi  _
          .     4.
  ” ’ t
in • ` A E_ 
  ·   ·»_, {   i   ..l· ;. f
Brood sows of excellent type, such as this one, helped 4-H club members tc if  (jom.
produce nearly 5*/2 million pounds of pork in 1943. I draté

 1  l
  I ./\NNtmL REI‘()R’I` or rmi Exrmsiow Dikiccrok 13
  fairs and shows, and county fairs. All the events which could be held
  and which did not in any way interfere with the war effort were
  retained, with necessary modifications, and one new one was added.
  Eleven district wartime conferences were held instead of the usual
  -1-H camps. These were attended by 800 boys, 900 girls, and 100
  local leaders. The theme of the wartime conferences was "Save the
  l·`ood \Ve Raise" The girls received instruction in canning, dehy-
  rlrating, and storage; the boys in year-round garden, home meat sup-
  ply, and storage structures.
‘j  All shows for market livestock usually held were carried on this
{  year. Kentucky club members participated in the Tri-state Lamb ,
T  Show held in Evansville, Indiana. Of the highest 15 awards in that
V.  show 10 were placed on Kentucky exhibits. Club members in eight .
n  central Kentucky counties took 370 lambs to the District Show held
  in Lexington. The grand champion lamb sold for 32%¢ per pound.
  There were 3,156 club members who did their part in the in-
 ‘ creased production of meat by feeding baby beeves for market. Ol
. these calves 1,642 owned by 507 4-H and Utopia club members were
-  entered in the State Show which is held annually in Louisville. Some
  of the requirements were changed in order to reduce the time neces-
T sary to carry on the project. For example, no exhibitors were required
·—¤ — i a  
K   ;.§»  1  
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l   wt. -9 —
,,  · -_».       .
i  .   Y T *,‘’’ i V   , 
1 af  Q ~ i i  
.    .»‘' -    A · *;~&
4  Community dehydrator for fruits and vegetables. This home-made device dehy-
. drates 250 pounds of apples, by using only two buckets of coal.

 1 14 Exrisusion Cmcutnx No. 400 i  
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The motto of the 4-H clubs is "Make the Best Better." This champion Hereford »—  Ch;
steer at the 1943 show illustrates the excellence of the work done by these club ? wl]
members.   _
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to break their calves to halter or teach them to lead or pose. About s
1,000 calves were exhibited. Many club members had to sell their  ?' W?
calves before the show because of the drouth and shortage of feed. nil
The grand champion calf was an Angus fed by a \tVashington county  _· pu
boy. lt weighed 085 pounds and sold for 71¢ per pound. The grand   dw
champion carlot was produced by club members in Garrard county. =  l
The 15 calves averaged 952 pounds each and sold for 22¢ per pound. ·V lu"
The sale price of all the calves in the show was satisfactory. *0
. . . . · ~ E(`
DlSt1'1Ct p['O_]€Ct 3Cl’11€V€1'1'1€I’1t COI`lt€StS.— Tll€ HCV] €V€l'1L 1l'l {116  
4-H program was holding 12 district project achievement contests.  
These meetings were so distributed over the state that the Club (ll
members could attend them and return home the same day. The _ T
county agents selected their county project champions and entered t  gr
them in the district contests. Friends of 4-H club work provided 3  *5
funds to purchase war stamps for each county champion who atten€1€(l   [O
the district meeting and a $5 book of war stamps for each diSl1`l€l  __ C1
champion, Of the 120 counties, 107 sent county champions to lllf?  { “`

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