xt7v416t0t5h https://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt7v416t0t5h/data/mets.xml Alabama Alabama Museum of Natural History 1948 Other titles include: Alabama Museum of Natural History museum paper, Geological Survey of Alabama, Museum of the Geological Survey of Alabama. Other creators include: United States. Work Projects Administration, Geological Survey of Alabama, Tennessee Valley Authority. Issues for 1, 3 carry no series numbering. No. 2 also as Education papers no. 1. UK holds archival copy for ASERL Collaborative Federal Depository Program libraries. Call number  AS36 .A2. journals  English University, Ala. : Alabama Museum of Natural History, 1910-1960 This digital resource may be freely searched and displayed.  Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically.  Physical rights are retained by the owning repository.  Copyright is retained in accordance with U. S. copyright laws.  For information about permissions to reproduce or publish, contact the Special Collections Research Center. Alabama Works Progress Administration Publications Museum Paper, no. 25, 1948 - including "The Perry Site Lu 25, Units 3 and 4, Lauderdale Co., Alabama" by Wm. S. Webb and David L. DeJarnette text Museum Paper, no. 25, 1948 - including "The Perry Site Lu 25, Units 3 and 4, Lauderdale Co., Alabama" by Wm. S. Webb and David L. DeJarnette 1948 2015 true xt7v416t0t5h section xt7v416t0t5h {
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— EEEJLEIISIGAL SURVEY CIF ALABAMA
WALTER EI. JDNES, STATE GEDLCIGIST
‘  
MUSEUM PAPER 25
ALABAMA MUSEUM UF NATURAL HISTORY
  THE PERRY SITE LU°25
nw Units 3 and 4
·` Lauderdale C0., Alabama
A -4 By
V Wm. S. WEBB
  and
__ DAVID L. DeJARNETTE A
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  UNIVERSITY, ALABAMA
[ 1948
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j GEDLEIGICAL SURVEY DF ALABAMA
" WALTER B. JDNE5, STATE GEOLCJGIST ·
rg_L1·saL¤M PAPER 25
 _ ALABAMA Museum mr NATURAL r—usT¤RY
. THE PERRY SITE LLv°25
` Units 3 and 4
` ` Lauderdale C0., Alabama
. By
 ‘ Wm. S. WEBB
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V DAVID L. DeJARNETTE
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UNIVERSITY, ALABAMA `
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`   Introduction 7 ,,.. 7 ..,, 7     ,,,,.,,,, 7 ,,..,r V rr--—r   --—-———--- - -···-······ - ---—----·--- 7 9  
  Previous excavation 77 ,,r. 7 ,,.r.. 7   7 7 77777 7 777.77777   7 777   g · 
7  4 Figui
- Acknowledgments 7 777777777.77777 7 7.777777 7 7 777.   .7.777..7777     777.   it, _`
· l. E
I Units 3 and 4 77 77 .777777777...  7 7.   7 7777.77rr77r»»» 7 »Y~r-~--r-----r-»»r»~   l2 7 g_
l Natural Zones 7777   777...77 7 7.777777 77 77 7..77 7   r»7rr 7 r»»»- 7 -~------- 7 --rrr-rr»»~rr - 7 ii  `
l Features 77777 77 7 7 7777 7 7.777777 7 77777 . 7 77777.777 7 77777777 77   777..777.777.7777 77 77 18  · .
l 7
  Dog burials 77 77 777..77777. . 777777 7 777..777 7 777. 7  77777. 7 7777..7777.77 7 ...7.777..777 7 22 in
` ‘ 3. 1
  Burials 777777 7 7  77   77 7 7777 7 7777777.777 7 7777 7 7777777777777777.77777777777 7 .77777777.777 7 22 ’ `
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2 List of Burials with associated artifacts 7 77 7777777.777.7777777.777777777 7 7777 7 33  “ 4U
‘ `
  Artifacts without burial association 7   7 77777 7 77777777777777777777777777 7 45 '
l  7 5- l
l Description of Artifacts from general excavation 777777777777777777 77 7777 43  
1 Y
7 Stone, other than flint 7777 7 7777..77.777777 77 77777777777777777777777777777777777   45 r 6,
i Bone and Antler  7 777777 7 777777   77 7   _777 7  7 77777777777,77r7   77777 7 il _A 
  _
Q Film 77777777.7777 7 77777 7 77777 7 7777777777777777777 . 77777777777777777777777777777777777777777777 54  I
T l
l Tabulation of depth distribution of flint types 7777777777777777777777777777 7 57 “ T-
i Pottery study by Marion L7 Dunlevy 777777777_77777777 7 7777 7 7777777777i7777777 58  _ 34
` l Pottery Summary 77  77 777__ 7 7777777_7__777__77_7_7777__777___77777_7777__7_7_77777777 99 V `
` I Pottery vessels tabulated 777777777_777777777_77777 7 77777777777777777777777777777777 $4 L
i Conclusions Regarding Pottery 7777777777_777_777777777_77777_777777777777777777777 65  » 9-
l 7
l l Conclusions 7777 7 777777777   7_77777 7 77_7_777_777_ 7 _77__777_7 7 7_777____77___77777_____7777777777777 7 G'
i L·t . · 69
I 1 eratuie Cited 7777     77_7777777777_77_7 77 77 77777__77 7 77_7___7__777____777777777__77777 7 V 7
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.,  LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
  Map I   region showing Seven Mile Island and the mouth ’
 in of Q C Beer Creek on Tennessee River ..».».»..,ir. V ...r,   r~V.,..rr F1`0¤'€iSPi€€€
 f Fneuass
  mgm 1. Page
  i, 3 chart .e.I.eee_L .. e_..eee.ieeeee .. e,....eLL.e.   i.dL   L.iee_ . L.... . eee. . e.eeeeee   ll
 ·; 2. lsolating Block No. 8. Remaining portion of
E Block No. 7 is in foreground   ,r...r,,.r,,v..rrre,,r,r, . ,e,rrr,,,rr. .. ...,rV.   13
Q  General view of Site Lu`”`25 looking northeast
 1 toward the head of Seven Mile Island ...r.r...,.....,e..   rrrrle 1 .,rr.,.... 13
 ·' ~ Block Nos. 10, 11 and 12 staked and isolated.
 . Base of Block No. 8 in foreground .. .     ,..rr.,1 . r,,.   .,r,Y,..._A . 13
‘ 3. 1 Excavation of Block Nos. 10, 11 and 12 .. ..............   .... . .._....... . 14
: ~ Block Nos. ll and 12 nearing completion. Block
Nos. 13, 14 and 15 staked for excavation ............. . ....,.... . ............ 14
 _` -1. isolating Block Nos. 13, 14 and 15 ......,.........................1..,_......e   16
` ~ Block No. 16 nearing completion ............. . ......_. . ........ .. .,............, .. 16
 5 5. » Scattered post—molds on the surface of Zone B of
Block No. 14  . ........ . ....   ......___r... .. .. ..... . ..._.... . ......_.. . ....... .. .,...... 17
 ’ ‘ °ost-molds on a definite occupational level, Block No. 8 ......... 17
6. Feature 113, a fire pit, in Block No. ll, Unit 3 ,  
‘ rear the bottom of the midden .... . ...c.... . ..i.. W .     ..   ..  21
g Two dog burials. Note how the limbs of the skeletons
have been folded. In a human burial they would be
sléssed as “‘fully flexed" ._._ . ._..   ........____...._._..._. . ........   _...   21
V T- ?iI of Burial N0. 580 intruded into silt below Zone E. ............. 24
r,  Burial N0. 580 exposed in pit .._.... . .... . .... . ....   ..., . ..,....._.....   24
’ 3 Burial Nos. 440 to 446 inclusive and No. 448. Many `
‘ _ HTG typical fully flexed burials ............ . ....... .. .. ..... . . .   ..     25 ,
_ Burial Nos. 561 and 562 typical sitting burials, elevated
V. knees, Burial No. 562 at somewhat lower level has col-
` YZDSGG Or slumped, and head has fallen   ....... .. ...... . .................. 25 `
`  9- Burial Nos. 401 and 402 adult and child, each with pottery I
 g ressel .. . . _...   ,   , , _r_._     H .,...__   __._.   27 I
` Burial No. 435, a child with shark teeth beads and ,
copper ear ornaments .............. .. . .....     . ....... .. ....... . .... . .... .. 27 ,
Bartially flexed Burial No. 433. A bundle burial of ‘ I
.- bones No. 439 and a disturbed Burial No. 440 ot a child , i
`—¤DD€r left. All ot the Koger's Island Complex .......... . .......... . 27 I A
j in Burial N0. 505 with pottery  ._.._..,. _ _... .   _ ..... . _ __....... 28  
» Burial N0. 506 with shell beads and pottery . .... . ...... . ....   .... 28   S
— Burial No. 458 at depth of 4.7 feet, far below the ’  
DGtIer]~‘ zone, hence, a typical shell mound burial. I I
 · lime tubular Stone pipe   ........ .   .. .... . .._.   . . ..,. .. .....   . 23   I
       
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  FIGURES—(C0ntinued)
  Figure No. Page
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‘   i]_ (a)_ Burial Nos_ 496 to 500, inclusive   .....rrrr. . rr..rrrVr..»rrrrrrr 7 30
‘ (b). Burial Nos. 384, 385 and 386 77   ,,r....,r.»»Arrrr,,rrr.,,r~ 7 ,.,,.,,,,, 7 30
i
  l2_ (a), Burial Nos. 537, 538 and 539. .,.,,.,.A.,.,,».,,,,.. 7 ,,.A   ,,..,.,,,,, 7 3;
; (b). Burial Nos. 607 and 615 to 620 inclusive. Here Kogers
`   Island burials have been intruded into burials of the
  Shell Mound people   r..l.rrrr 7 .r,,,.rrr,,, 7 ,,,.,»»,,.ll,., 7 ,,.,r   31
  i3_ (a)_ Burial No_ 623 with cache of artifacts cc,.r.cll.,cclttrcrr,r 7 ,,t, 32
(b). Burial Nos. 616 and 617. Note projectile points in .
,   chest cavities of both burials r.r.rl   .rrrrr.c.cr..rrr..»r,   7 32
1 14. (a). Artifacts associated with Burial Nos. 384 and 385,
i Koger’s Island 77 .,t.,......V.o.,,   tlrr 7 7.77777 7 7777777777777777 7 77777777 7 el
· i (b). Tubular pipe and terrapin carapace with Burial No. H _ .
l 458, Remaining artifacts with Burial NO. 436 7..,7777.7777 . 41 Oh `
i 15. (a). Artifacts in association with Burial Nos. 381, 435,   Govt
5 505, 506, 607 and 680  .....777.7   ...7.,,,,,7.7,77.7,777 7 7,,..7,77...7,77 i3 Y HON; _‘
` (b). Artifacts in association with Burial Nos. 546, _ A `
I . 558 and 623   ,,,.7,,. 7. .77777. 7 7777..7777777....77...77777.77..1777777777777 43 §
i 167 (a). Artifacts in association with Burial Nos. 624, 642,   Qiln
i 673, 674 and 692 7 7...7777 7 777.7 77 7777777777   777777. 7 7.77777777.7 7 ii rg " `
` (b). Artifacts without burial association _7_777777 7 777_7777777777777777   4%  _
, 17. (a). Shale pendants, limestone and schist bar gorgets, it  7
~ i steatite vessel fragments with lug, stone beads. Two   I 6
` i limestone discoidals, which may belong to the Koger’s  _ ‘l I'}
[ ., 7 {7 7
5 Island people ,777 7 77777777,, 7 __77__ 7 7777__,_,,_77777__7___,777 7 777777777777 7 U  i »0lll= J
l (b). A Type 5p Moundville Filmed Engraved water bottle g   lt is ~.
Q { (a 1991) with Burial No. 493 7 7 7777   77i777777 7 77777..7 7 5*] { Ala], ·
E 18. (a). Fragments of atlatl stone weights. Atlatl antler _ 8
` hooks, bone and antler projectile points 7 777777_7.77777. J3 ·
` (b). Bone pins (hairpins), bone awls (ulna of deer and  {
some canine), bone fish hooks from bone spatula and _ ··
from toe bone of deer777 77777_7777 7 7777777 7 _77777 7 77777_7777777ll77 7  *3  
, 19. (a). Some of the stemmed flint types which were most  
‘ ' numerous. Numbers indicate projectile point type __ 3 
[ , in Pickwick Basin classification 7777 .7 77177777777 7 7777..777777.7  
’ (b). Two lower rows show the types of crude flint kniveS "°  _
i I 20. (a). Type 2aa, Henry Island water bottle (a 1811) with _,  
` , Burial No. 372 7   77777 7 _7__   7777 7 7777   7      _
l (D) Type 5a, Plain shell water bottle (a 1889) 7777777777 7 777777777777    ri
1 (c). Type 5a, Plain shell jar (a 2000) 7777 7 __77 _ 7777777777777777777777    I
f (Cl). Type 5a, Plain shell jar (a 1908)   777_   77777777 77    *
» i (0). Typc 5:1, Plain shell jar (a 1888) 77777777 A i77777777 7 77 77.7.    g
i (f). Type 5a, Plain shell bowl (a 1804) 7777777 7 7777777777771.7 77 UL  ?
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LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
i University, Alabama
{ May 24, 1948
E How we James E. Folsom
A Gow of Alabama
{ lloni ery, Alabama
 ; su-;
  Q ·’e the honor to transmit herewith the manuscript of
j  21 re; —n "The Perry Site, Lu°25, Units 3 and 4, Lauderdale
1 CONT alabama", by 'Wm, S, VVebb and David L. DeJarnette.
 . lt is ested that this be printed as Museum Paper 25 of the
  Aluli Qlluseum of Natural History. _
It  Respectfully,
i  YNALTER B. JONES,  
 i State Geologist p
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` Previous Excavations
I T Pickwick Landing Dam on the Tennessee River in
. Harte ounty, Tennessee, was authorized by Congress Novem-
 J beri 334. The dam was completed and the gates were closed
 l Fehr c 8, 1938. At that time the reservoir lying largely
{ in th ate of Alabama began to fill, and the rising water be-
' gan i bmerge scores of archaeological sites in Pickxvick Basin.
 ‘ A Archaeological Survey of the basin was early under-
_ taken E excavation of important selected sites was begun May
t 4, ltr?
I T Perry Site, Lu°25 on the northern end of Seven Mile
V lslanr ~ the Tennessee River near Sheffield, Alabama, (see
` from ce map of the region) was chosen as one of the sites
= veort ; carcful excavation.
" X I xcavation of Unit 1 of this site, see Base Chart Figure
l. 52; ne direction of Mr. James R. Foster, Junior Archaeole— ,
V Qist ' ·.., was begun April 25, 1938, and finished August 30, ‘ l
 s 1938 we excavations of Unit 2, under the direction of Mr.
 i Haw . Andersen, Archaeological Supervisor W.P.A., was be-
sun I .-diately and continued to November 15, 1938. The
‘ resell . these excavations formed the basis for the report*
 J llll Y` ite in "An Archeological Survey of Pickwick Basin
liull tl, Bureau of American Ethnology."
F _ E eport of this excavation showed a total of 83 special
- Mllll listed and a total Of 350 burials recorded. The site A
 · lY‘l"’_'·* ~ be a very important shell mound, and excavation in I
lun vealed an extensive late intrusion of the Moundville I
'*l` l"= S Island Complex. Because of the iinportancc of the l
  also because of the fair state of preservation of its I I
4 *"‘l`- Ililtclifil, it was deemed advisable to continue the eXC21— , _
mtu i   after closing other field work in Pickwick Basin in
;l'll;l‘<` wcrniit a more extensive study of this site and in 01`€l€1`    
, __’   ‘fl‘ lllc skeletal series from this site and thus enhance J
_ llit V 1l£}' of statistical measurements of skeletal material.   .
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V Z and DeJarnette, 1942.   J
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T 10 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA  _
1 1 However, due to the labor conditions, excavation in i not  A
1   resumed at this site until June 29, 1939. At that ti llr. ·
A Andersen began the excavation of Unit 3, consisting of rocks  t
1 8 to 12, inclusive, see Base Chart, Figure 1. After th esig. A
nation of Mr. Andersen in the late summer, Mr. Wav   ll'. V
. liraxberger, Archaeological Supervisor W.P.A., took chi as ell  I
. the site, completing Unit 3 November 12, 1939, and imm lately  .
1 beginning the excavation of Unit 4, consisting of Blocks 1 »> 1).  A
inclusive, see Base Chart, Figure 1. ~
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Z
1 i To Messrs. Andersen and Kraxberger the authors press  
l their·appreciation of the excellent field techniques ei eyed. A
and the carefully kept records which have provided ti hasis ·
  for this study.
, , To Dr. Lawrence L. Durisch, Chief Social and L nomic A LO
i i Research Division, Tennessee Valley Authority, and to D— Walter  _ (\] .
I B. Jones, Director of the Alabama Museum of Natural sion`. V O
the authors express their deep appreciation of many rsonal g D
kindnesses, and are pleased to acknowledge much aid a assis- · —]
  tance from the organizations represented by these genti ren iii _
i   the cooperative endeavor of the Archaeological Survey Wir  ?
A   wick Basin. ·
i F To Mr. Harold F. Dahms, Miss Marion Dunlevy, ·Jl Ml`-  
1 , James R. Foster, all of the Central Archaeological Lai ;ito1‘>`· i
·   the authors express their gratitude for the services idered  
  by these scientists in aiding in the compilation of the d from .
l this site. The authors are indebted to Miss Dunlev; »r the  4
.   *`€Dort on the pottery from this site, published here, ai; to Mr, —
i   Foster for the data on the flint classifications.  ·
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I 12 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA  g
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A THE PERRY SITE .
Lu°25, Units 3 and 4 , >
This site is a shell mound located in the SEML of th slit, l Q 
Section 30, T 3S, R11W, Lauderdale County, Alabama, oi-th. ,  
A west of the city of Sheffield. See frontispiece map of the eign, ,  
A The mound is a conspicuous elevation near the north sf re of  f  
Seven Mile Island in the Tennessee River. When the riv· is at  ?_ V A
its normal elevation of 414 feet above mean sea level, the ;ound ;· ·_
I can be excavated entirely to its base. A general view of 1 s site I  
1 is shown in Figure 2—b.  »  
p   As shown on Base Chart, Figure 1, Unit 1 consistei If the  ;  
. zero trench and Blocks 1, 2, 3 with the trenches abou them. A _
  Unit 2 consisted of the 115—foot trench and Blocks 4,   3 and  
I Block 7 to the B Zone.  _  
In this report Unit 3 is made of the base of Bloc; Q and  `  
A I Blocks 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. These are shown in Figures u and I  
c. Figure 3-a shows the excavation of Blocks 10, 11 nd 12  = i
, nearing completion. Mr. Harold V. Andersen was in cl ge of Q ,,
I   this portion of the excavation.  j  
V Unit 4 was made up of Blocks 13, 14, 15 and 16. Mr Jayne  
, , W. Kraxberger was in charge of this excavation. Fi; G 3-ll  I  
$ shows the first three blocks staked off and Figure 4-l V ,; Vi V. ,;,,V      
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‘ THE PERRY SITE 15
ley; is possible to obtain more correct depth distribution (
. A dah ‘ic block method of excavation has yielded evidence of
i  i str; phy where the trench method has failed to demonstrate
  ii. . ;ord of the material coming from the isolating trenches
l is rr Tly kept and the material is studied in the same way as
 ` the ; the block, but in the determination of lower boundaries
 l of iq Tl zones it has been found that the data from the block
y . is ni eliable.
 A Natural Zones
i Tiits 3 and 4 natural zones were apparent as layers of
’ nee: re shell which were separated by more compact layers
? ` con 1 silt. Some of the lower zones seem to suggest re-
t dep Y shell by flood action. As inpmost shell mounds the
T zen not continuous over the whole site, but represent local
T acc iions of shell or midden as the result of occupancy of
T za lo ea. As occupancy shifted from. one portion of the site
V to 21   the zones were made to vary in thickness, and at
. son its to disappear entirely. In general, it may be said
 T that little cultural significance can be attached to some of .  
._  tlw vs, especially in these new units. For this reason, i
. altli the zones -were noted for each block, and they varied
in t ss from block to block in both units, all material was
. ree »y foot levels and has been studied on that basis.
A inly significant features which seem definitely related
 ,   Q are the post-mold patterns which occur on the top of A
—T mir Here these post molds seem to show that some kind of l
  stri Ts built of poles were selected at this level. Zone A is A
*ll"f — “lJ thick and it seems to suggest a continuous occupancy T
`Tl`l“¥ waited shell and midden debris without interruption. T
llir   Zone B was a more compact layer of clay and silt in l
` Wl? ~Tt molds r·erif.·;jnjng_ This level shows possibly three
‘l"’lT‘ Mftures in Blocks 8 and 9 in Unit 3. Figure 5-b shows l A
lll? ational level in Block 8, These structures are poorly i A
T   ·l.>Ut they all seem tg have as a common trait 3 Célltfal l L
T m` T“ P&1‘€a. Such structures as seem to be indicated here J
“‘“‘ ¤'llY have been permanent, and seem to have been little  
  in a temporary frame work upon which some roof ma- V i
t°’° i> Dlaced. There were many scattered post molds found T  
·»21 1 gi of Zone B in Blocks 13, 14 and 15, and figure 5-a shows   .
 a    l
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2
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