thought it incompatible with the dignity of a Jew and
a Christian to be subject to the authority of a heathen
magistrate. Hence the injunction of Paul to Titus.
He would have him to correct this error among the
Jewish Christians, and to enjoin upon all the Christian
brethren submission to the authority of their political
rulers, though that authority might, in the providence
of God, be vested in the hands of a heathen magis-
  The Roman government, with all its sins upon its
head, was one of the best of ancient times, and how
long and dark the dreadful night that followed, when
the sun of that empire set to rise no more!
  Paul, in his epistle to the Romans, treats this sub-
ject more in extenso, and in terms yet more em-
phatic. He says: "Let every soul be subject to the
higher powers. For there is no power but of God.
The powers that be are ordained of God. Who-
ever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the or-
dinance of God, and they that resist shall receive to
themselves damnation. For rulers are not a terror to
good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be
afraid of the power Do that which is good, and
thou shalt have praise of the same-for he is the min-
ister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that
which is evil be afraid; for he beareth not the sword
in vain; for he is the minister of God, a revenger to
execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.  Wherefore
you must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also