3

ligiaYt iAt 'iii 'httaige cbhduLct. "0 thou father of a jackass!"
they cried, ' thon hasthelped the thief to rob thee of thy jewel."
But he' Silenced their upbraidings by saying: " Ii would rather
lose her .thap sully her reputation. Would you have me suffir
it to be said 'a'iong'the tribes that another mare had proved
fleeter: than triini  I have at least this comfort left- me, that
l1lafd day sihe never mIet with her match."
  -ifibrett cdintries lihAve their diflerent modes of horseman-
hi'p,:but aniringsk all of them its first practice wawcarried on in
bitt a rude and indifferent way,'being hardly a stepping stone to
the comfort and delightcgained from the use of the horse at the
present day. The polished Geeeks as well as the ruder nations
of Northern Africa,' for a long while rode without either saddle
or bridle, guiding their horses! with the voice or the hand, or
with a light switch with wvhich they touched the animal on the
side of the face to make him turn in the opposite direction.
They urged him forward by at touch of the heel, and stopped
him by catching hirm by the muzzle. Bridles and bits were at
length introduced, but many centuries elapsed before anything
that could be called a saddle was used. Instead of these, cloths
single or padded, and skins of wild beasts,. often richly adorned,
were placed beneath the rider, but always without stirrups; and
it isgiv ep as an extraordinary fact, that the Romans even in the
ti.me when luxury was carried to excess amongst them, never
desired: so simple an expedient for assisting the horseman to
inount, to lessen his fatigue and aid him in sitting more se-
curely in his saddle. Ancient sculptors prove that the horse-
nmen of almost every cotintryvwere accustomed to mount their
horses from the right side of the animal, that they might the
better giasp the mane, which hangs on that side, a-practice uni-
versally changed in modern tines. . The ancients generally
leaped on their horse's backs, though, they fsometimes carried a
spear, with a loop or projection about two feet from the bottom
which served them as a step. In Greece and Rome, the local
magistracy were boqnd to see that blocks Jjr mounting (what
the Scotch call loul-in-on-stanes) were plated along the road
at convenient distances. The great, however, thought it more
dignified to mount their horses by steppingoon the bent backs of
their servants or slaves, and many who could noi cotnmand such
costly help used to carry a light ladder about with them. The
first distinct notice that we have of the use of the saddle occurs
in the edict of the Emperor Theodosius,;(A. 1). 385.) from
which we also learn that if was Usual for those who hired post-
horses, to provide their own saddle, and that the saddle should
not weigh more than sixty pouinds, a cumbrous contrivance,
more like the howdahs placed on the backs of elephants than
the light and elegant saddle of modern times. Side-saddles for
ladies are an invention of comparatively recent date. The first